US 1814747 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
W. FRIEDMAN July .14, 1931.
TOILET ACCESSORY Filed 'July 26, 1929 avwemtoz William Friedman Q51 bio C1 tfom'un Patented July 14, 1931 UNITED STATES PATENT-OFFICE WILLIAM VFRIEDMAN,
on Y' R N. Y., ASSIGNOR' To L ss; me, on NEW YORK, N. Y., A CORPORATION on NEW YORK roinn'r AccE's'soiiY Application'fil'd my 26, 192a Serial no. 381,121.
This invention relates to toilet accessories, and more particularly to such'devices' as are carried by women and commonly termed vanity boxes for holdinga make-up material, such as face powder.
The objects '0f the invention are to provide an" improved toilet accessory of this sort which is adapted to be -used with loose powder as distinguished from a powder compact, to enable the powder to be securely retained against inadvertent spilling or loss; to provide for very easy application of some of the powder to apoyvder puff; to secure immediate closure of'the container upon removal of the powder puff; to thus obtain a toilet accessory for loose powder having means fo'r readily dispensing the powder similar to the operationof obtaining powder from the present day compact; to provide a structure wherein the parts may bereadily blanked out with easily constructed" tools; to thus promote quantity production and economical manufacture to enable the parts to be readily assembled; to secure simplicity ofconstruction and operation; and to obtain other advantages and; results as may: be brought "out-in thefollowing description;
Referringrtothe accompanying drawings in, which like numerals of reference indicate similar parts throughout the several views Iiigure- 1;is a;pla'n of an'open toilet-accessory embodying: my invention; Y
1 Figure 5 2 is asectional-- view thereof on line 2-2; i 3
Figure 3 is similar sectional :view "showinggthe-dispensing= retainer beingi depressed Y Figure et-isa plarrof a modified construc tion ,oftoilet accessory inopen position and Figure 5 is a sectional View on' line 5'5 of F g-1:
In the specific; embodiment of the inven= tion illustrated in; said drawings,- the reference numeral- 1 indicatesthe body or box portion oftheftoilet-accessory, this boxor body; portion being adapted:-'to receive a make-up material in powderfor'mfi' Prefer; ably, asv shown, I- provide an outer cover 2, and, closing;theusualiopening 3 of thebox, but'adapted' to be enclosed also zby said outer cover 2, is an inner cover which I prefer to call a dispensing retainer 4. Both the cover and the retainer are preferably hinged, as
at5 and 6 respectively,to the body, so they K may be openedindependently of each other,
opened only for such purposes as in'spection v and filling the box 1, the retainer having means for passing the powder therethroug'h as requlre The dispensing retainer 4, forming an essential part of the present invention, is of such nature that it is normally closed to prevent escape or spilling of the powder from the box 1, but has a construction enabling it to automatically permit escape of a limited amount o'f'powder when'properly manipulated as by'ru'bbing or tapping. The openings through which the powder thus escapes, nevertheless, will close as soon as pressure is removed; Of the various ways of accomplishing this action, I have illustrated herein" a retainer composed of a resilient sifterplate 7 and juxtaposed thereagainst is an imperforate or closure plate 8. Preferably the resilient plate 7 is stamped from a single piece of material providing anouter rim 9 forming a closure around the edge of theboxopening 3, which in the present showing-is circular but not necessarily $0.". The'mi'd'dleportion of said plate is'preferably/ cutaway for a restricted area at least'suflicientto receive the shank of a rivet hereinafter referred to. From this central ;cut-away portion, the plate is stamped or otherwise provided with a plurali-ty ofemanating slots l O, her'ein shown as radial andeiitending part way to the edge ofthe plate. a It is to be noted that the slots 10 openinto the common cut awaycportion at the'middle part of the plate'so' that the slots and cut away portion are all connected openings. As a result of this construction, the plate provides'a luralit of resilient segments 11 which can beflexd' by pressure' near orat the center of said plate: I
While'the toilet accessoryfmight be used under some conditions without addition of other parts, that is, used with the slotted resilient plate alone, it is preferable to associate the closure plate 8 therewith for pre venting escape of powder except when the powder is desired. The closure plate furthermore is utilized to act as a feeder for the powder to the resilient or dispensing plate 7. As shown, the closure plate is of a diameter greater than the distance between outer ends of alined slots 10 in the dispensing plate, and shaped to underlie all of said slots and close the same when the two plates are flatwise together or in juxtaposed position. For securing the plates together, I have shown a washer 12 overlying the inner ends of the segments 11 on the opposite side of the resilient plate from the closure plate. A rivet 13 passes through the washer and the closure plate securing those parts in fixed relationship, the ends of the segments projecting between said closure plate and washer and slidable with respect thereto. As a result of this construction, the washer and closure plate may be depressed thereby depressing the inner ends of said segments the efl'ect of which is to separate the plates from each other at their peripheries. Depression of the imperforate or closure plate causes air in the container to be expelled,
and since the plates are separated at such time, the air passes out through slots 10 1n the dispensing plate. It is to be noted that this flow of air will carry powder with it from the container, and for this reason I term the imperforate plate 8 a powder lifter. when pressure is removed from the washer, the parts return to normal position by virtue of the resiliency of the material of the upper plate, and the closure plate thereupon seals the slots so that powder will not escape inadvertently. As shown, I prefer to offset the tip ends of the segments, as at 14, at the place where they enter under.the washer, so as to provide a substantially even or plane surface for the dispensing retainer for wiping the powder puff across.
Obviously detail changes and modifications may be made in the construction and use of my improved toilet accessory without 7 departing from the spirit or scope of the invention, and I do not wish to be understood as limiting myself to the exact construction shown and described except as set forth in the following claims when construed in the light of the prior art.
For instance, it is not to be understood that I restrict the invention as disclosed to any definite proportion or relation of slots and segments. In Figures 1, 2 and 3, the slots are shown as relatively narrow and the segments of greater width. In the construction shown in Figures 4 and 5, I have shown dispensing plate 15 and closure plate 16 thereunder, the dispensing plate having relativelywide slots 17 and narrow seg ments 18. As in the construction above described, I show a washer 19 above said segments connected to the closure plate by rivet 20. In both constructions, it will be observed that the free ends of the segments are directed toward a common center or close to a common point, and will act to centralize the closure plate and washer by engagement of the rivet with the ends of the said segments.
Having thus described my invention, I claim 1. A device of the character described comprising a resilient plate having a plurality of segments in substantial continua tion of the surface of the plate so as to be readily wiped, said segments being separated by slots, said slots being connected to each other and arranged so as to permit the segments to be flexed.
2. A device of the character described comprising a dispensing retainer having a resilient dispensing plate, said dispensing plate having a plurality of segments separated by slots, said slots being connected to each other and arranged so as to permit the segments to be flexed, and a closure plate adapted to normally close said slots.
3. A device of the character described comprising a resilient plate substantially in a plane having a cut away portion withslots emanating therefrom thereby providing a plurality of segments adapted to be independently flexed and providing a surface readily wiped with a powder pufi while comprising a resilient plate having a plurality of segments in substantial continuation of the surface of the plate so as to be readily wiped, said segments being separated by radial slots, said slots being connected to each other and arranged so as to permit the segments to flex and provid ing a surface readily wiped with a powder puff while the segments are in either normal or flexed position.
6. A device of the character described comprising a resilient plate having a plurality of segments separated by radial slots, said slots being connected to each other and arranged so as to permit the segments to flex, and a closure plate adapted to normally close said slots; 7 p
7. A device of the character described comprising a resilient plate having a plurality of segments, a closure plate on one side of said resilient plate, and a Washer on the other side of said resilient plate, said closure plate and Washer being connected so as to flex a plurality of said segments at one time. i
8. A device of the character described comprising a resilient plate having a plurality of segments, a closure plate on one side of said resilient plate, a Washer on the other side of said resilient plate, and a rivet or the like connecting said closure plate and Washer so as to flex a plurality of said segments at one time.
9. A device of the character described comprising a resilient'plate having a plurality of segments having free ends close to a common point, a Washer and a closure plate on opposite sides of said resilient plate overlying said free ends of the segments, and a rivet opposite the said free ends of said segments and connecting the closure plate and Washer, engagement of the ends of the segments with said rivet retaining said closure plate and Washer in relatively centralized position With respect tosaid plurality of segments.
10. A device of the character described comprising a resilient plate having a plurality of segments having free ends directed toward a'middle part of said plate, the marginal inner end portions of said segments being offset, a Washer in said ofiset portions of said segments thereby providing a substantially smooth surface on Which to Wipe a powder puff, and a closure plate on the other side of said segments from said Washer, said Washer and closure plate being connected together. Y
' WILLIAM FRIEDMAN.