|Publication number||US1814758 A|
|Publication date||Jul 14, 1931|
|Filing date||Apr 5, 1927|
|Priority date||Apr 5, 1927|
|Publication number||US 1814758 A, US 1814758A, US-A-1814758, US1814758 A, US1814758A|
|Inventors||Mccarthy J Clarence|
|Original Assignee||Armstrong Cork Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (4), Classifications (12)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
July 145 l93l. J. C, MCCARTHY N 1,814,758
PRINTING BLOCK AND METHOD OF' MAKING THE SAME lFiled Abril 5, 1927 s sheets-sheet 2 lllllllllllllllllIIIIIIIIIIIIHIIHIII INVENTOR @W (3W July 14, 1931.A J. c. cccccc HY 1,814,758
SSSSSSSSSSSS t 3 mvENToR www Patented July 14, 1931 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE J. CLARENCE MCCARTHY, OF LANCASTER, PENNSYLVANIA, ASSIGNOR TO ARMSTRONG CORK COMPANY, OF LANCASTER, PENNSYLVANIA, A CORPORATION OF PENNSYL- VAN IA PRINTING BLOCK AND METHOD OF MAKING THE-SAME Application filed April 5, 1927. Serial No. 181,085.
This invention relates to printing blocks and more particularly to metal printing 'blocks such, for example, as those used in the printing of linoleum, felt base goods, and wall paper.
Heretofore it has been customary to use wooden blocks for printing designs on oor coverings, such as linoleums. These printing blocks are made with narrow parallel grooves on the printing face thereof to insure proper distribution of the aint and to permit withdrawing the bloc from the printed surface without sucking away the wet paint. Some of the blocks have been made i ith the designs executed in pegs protruding therefrom, the ends of the pegs serving as a printing surface to transfer paint to the covering. The pegs afford ready access of air to the printing surface when the block is withdrawn from the wet paint. Other printing blocks have been formed of wood with the design formed by brass rules set therein.
The wooden blocks have proved objectionable for a number of reasons, among which are the expansion and contraction due to atmospheric changes, humidity and temperature. Such changes in the dimensions of the printing blocks seriously affect the registration of the colors. Another objection to the use of wooden blocks has been that each block must be routed out separately from the design stenciled on the surface. The wooden blocks are also subject to rapid wear and I propose to obviate the foregoing diflculties by making the printing blocks of a suitable metal, the repeats in the design being all formed from one master plate. The metal blocks may be made in the form of sawn blocks, peg blocks, or outline blocks, as desired.
In the accompanying drawings, illustrating the present preferred embodiment of my invention Figure 1 shows a master printing block formed according to my invention;
Figure 2 showsa unit prepared to form the block shown in Figure l; i
Figure 3 illustrates one of the rules used to form the unit illustrated in Figure 2;
Figure 4 shows a master block built up of Pegs;
Figure 5 is a perspective view of the peg used to form the block in Figure 5;
Figure 6 shows a master printing block made of wood having the design brassed in;
Figure 7 is an end elevation ofv a printing block made from the master block shown in Figure l;
Figure 8 shows a printing block made from the master block illustrated inl Figure 1;
Figure 9 illustrates a quad used in forming the master peg block;
Figure l() is an enlarged 'detail section of theEl brass rule block illustrated in Figure 6; an
Figure 11 shows a portion of a printing head having metal printing blocks attached thereto. l
Referring to the illustrated embodiment,
there is shown a master block formed of a' series of beveled metal rules 2, the block being clamped in a printers chase, indicated generally by 3. The strips are previously arranged, as shown in Figure 2, and are subsequently routed out to conform to a design stenciled on the surface, as shown in Figure l. The fgure,'of course, may be drawn or transferred to the surface of the stripsand then engraved in a manner similar to that at present used for cutting wood blocks. The portions which are cut away from the design are preferably removed to the depth of a shoulder 4 (Figure 3) leaving the plain portion of the finished master block a plane surface.
As shown in Figure 3, the rules from which the printing block is made are cut to form a printing surface 5 on an upstanding portion 6 projecting from a base 7 The rules are conveniently made type high, since such material is commonlyused in connection with regular printing and the rules with the general shape illustrated may be easily obtained from printer supply houses. The portion 6 is cut with draft d so that the printing surface 5 is narrower than the upstanding portion 6 where it joins the base portion 7. The
, rule is further provided with a shoulder 4 Which serves to space the strips apart, giving the effect of a'saWn b lock when a number of the strips are placed side by said (Figure 2).
After the block has been cut out with the desired ydesign as shown in Figure l, a mold is made from the master blockl and the printing blocks are cast from this mold, the printing blocks being in one piece of solid vmetal but retaining the characteristics of the design cut on the master block as Well as the structural characteristics of the projecting portions not -cut away in forming the de- The printin surface is therefore formed of a series o? parallel surfaces on the top of Wedge shaped upstanding portions affording maximum strength and ample relief. Figures 7 and 8 show finished blocks.
A block cast from a mold .fashioned from the master mold will retain all of the characteristics of the had in various compositions. I prefer, however, that the actual printing blocks be cast from aluminum or aluminum alloy, which is light in Weight and can be easily used on the regular printing machines. Such a metal printing block will permit a more thorough cleaning than a Wooden block, both from the standpoint of scrubbing and from the use of paint solvents. Furthermore, the metal block is not subject to dimensional changes from variations in atmospheric conditions. Neither is it liable to damage from heat.
By forming printing bloc-ks in this fashion, I am enabled to form any desired number of exact duplicates which may be used in repeat designs, or interchangeably in the same design. As shown in Figure 11 the printing blocks are preferably secured to a sup forming part of a printing head. If, or any reason, a block should be damaged, as by a piece of scrap metal in the material being printed, the damaged block may be easily removed from the support B and replaced with a spare unit with a minimumloss of time.
The use of such blocks based on a series of master blocks, obviates the necessity of large fire proof storage vaults for the printing blocks, for in case of loss or damage to the blocks actually used in printing, a duplicate series can be easily made from the master blocks. Furthermore, the printing units, as illustrated in Figure 11', may be easily disassembled and the individual blocks stored in a comparatively small space.
Figure 4 illustrates a printing block formed With a pe surface. This type of block may be forme from a master block in a manner somewhat similar to the printing block previousl described. The mold for casting such a bloc is made from a master block formedof a number of pegs' such as illustrated in Figure 5, having quads (Figure 9) set intermediate Where n0 printing is required on the design. This method of forming a master block and may bel rtB,
master block -requires a minimum of cutting, the pegs may be set up by handin units of sufficient size to accommodate the pattern desired, locked in a printers chase and a mold may be made from the design so produced.
ter pattern is convenient for such designs, the
depth of the printing surface on such a block, however, may be limited to some extent by the depth to which the block metal may be successfully poured in'thin sections. A practical outline block may be formed, however, with' a depthless than that ordinarily employed, if air vents are made through the base of the plates. By using a slightly harder alloy the wear on the blocks is negligible and there is little danger of the lines thickening even though the section supporting the printing surface is beveled.
As shown in Figure 10, the brass rule employed in making the block shown in Figure 6 is beveled to provide draft to permit the finished block to be withdrawn from the mold. The brass rule is sharpened on one edge and is held in the wood, simply by driving the strip into a groove previously formed in the Wood by a suitable implement.` This isthe usual method of applying brass rules to Wooden'blocks to form outline printing blocks.
Thus I provide an improved method for making metal printing blocks in units based o n the repeats of patterns. -I further rovide for the making of a .master block from a plurality of pieces, the component parts of the master block being locked together and eld in such position until a mold has been made conforming to thc contour of the master block.
I further provide a metal block having a printing face, a base and an upstanding integral portion projecting from the base and terminating in the printing face.
Other advantages accrue to my invention by reason of a method whereby duplicate printing blocks may be quickly and easily made from a master block, obviating the necessity of cutting each individual block, as
- has been done heretofore.
lll() lil() necessity of large reproof storage -heretofore required for the accommodation of the fragile cumbersome wooden blocks. The use of metal blocks permits the ormsto be broken up and the units comprising them to be filed away in any desired order, minimizing the labor of reassembly and yet requiring small storage space. y.
While I have illustrated and described certain preferred embodiments of my invention, it will be understood that the invention is not limited thereto but may be otherwise practised and embodied within the scope of the following claims.
I claim: v
1. The method of making a printing block comprising clamping a plurality of units together, said units being formed with bases having upstanding portions thereon and shoulders for spacing adjacent upstanding Vportions apart, cutting away undesired parts of the upstanding portions to form a design7 making a mold conforming to the contour of the remaining upstanding portions :and casting a printing block in the mold so formed.`
2. The method of making a printing block, comprising clamping a plurality o strips together to forma blank having a plurality of spaced apart 'upstanding portions, routing out undesired parts of the upstanding por. tions to form a design, making an impression of the remaining upstanding portions to form a mold and casting metal in said mold to form a printing block having a base with integral upstanding portions thereon, the upstanding portions terminating in printing' surfacesorming a printing face.
3. The method of making a printingblock comprising clampingl a plurality of umts together-to form a substantially plane printlng ace comprising a plurality of closely spaced printing surfaces, cutting away undesired portions of the printing surfaces, making an impression of thel remaining printing sur'- faces and forming a metal printing block to conform vwith the impression.
4f. The method of making a metal printing block for the printing of floor coverings comprising assembling a plurality of units to form a substantially plane face made up of a plurality of closely spaced printing surfaces,
. cutting away undesired portions of the printing surface, making an impression of the assembled units and forming a' metal printing block to conform with the impression.
5. The method of making a printin block comprising assembling a lurality 4o units having bases with upstanding portions thereon, the upstanding portions being of lesserav width than the bases, the units being assembled with the bases adjacent one another whereby the upstanding portions are spaced apart, cutting away undesired parts of the upstanding portions to form a design, making a mold conforming to the contour of the lspaced apart upstanding portions, removing undesired parts of the upstanding portions to form a design, making an impression o the remaining upstanding portions to form a mold, and producing from the mold a printing block from a suitable material, said block having a base with integral upstanding portions thereon, the upstanding portions terminating in printing surfaces forming a printing face.
L The method of making a printing block which comprises assembling a plurality of units insuch manner as to form a master block having a base with a plurality of upstanding portions thereon, which portions are spaced apart and have their tops lying substantially in a plane, said top portions, while spaced, lying suiciently close to one another to form a printing surface capable of laying a continuous film of paint over substantially the entire' composite area thereof, said composite area forming the outline of the desired ligure to be printed, forming a mold from such block and producing from the mold a printing block vfrom a suitable material, the block having a base with integral upstanding portions thereon correspondin to the upstanding portions of said assem ly.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand.
J; CLARENCE MCCARTHY.
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|U.S. Classification||101/401.1, 101/368, 76/DIG.600, 101/398, 76/107.1, 425/DIG.300, 101/400|
|Cooperative Classification||Y10S425/03, Y10S76/06, B41C3/00|