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Publication numberUS1815065 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 21, 1931
Filing dateMay 25, 1929
Priority dateMay 25, 1929
Publication numberUS 1815065 A, US 1815065A, US-A-1815065, US1815065 A, US1815065A
InventorsLucy Thomas A
Original AssigneeLucy Thomas A
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Building construction
US 1815065 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

July 21; 1931. T. A. LUCY 1,815,065

BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Filed May 25'. 1929 s Sheets-Sheet 1 .ZNVEW ra Thomas/4. Lw

July 2l, 1931. T. A. LUCY BUILDING CQNSTRUCTION Filed May 25. 1929 s Shets-Sheet 2 lA/P5A/TOR rhomas FZLu q ,BY WKW flTTOPNEY I July 21, 1931. T. A. LUCY 1,815,065

BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Filed May 25. 1929 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 Thomas l9. L 03 Patented July 21, 1931 PATENT OFFICE THOMAS A. LUCY, or BIRMINGHAM, ALABAMA BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Application filed May 25, 1929. Serial no. 365,880.

This invention pertains to building con struction and more particularly to partition ccinstruction by the use of wall board or the li (e.

One of the objects'of'this invention is to provide a system of Construction in which the wall board may bemouhted on suitable studs in sucha manner as to dispense with complicated fastening devices.

Another object is to provide a system of construction in which novel means for securing and spacingthe sheets of Wall board are employed.

Another object'is to provide metallic studs Y IS for such a system with improved fastening devices whereby the wall board may be quickly and securely fastened to the studs.

-Another object is to providesuch a system which will lend itself readily to the construction-of either solid orhollow partitions as well as of ceilings. i

Another object is to provide novel securing devices for securing the wall board in place.

Another object is to provide such a system i in whichthe wall may be plastered over the.

wall board and which will provide ample means for keying the plaster coating.

Further objects will appear from the following description, taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, in which Figure 1 is a perspective view illustrating a solid partition constructed in accordance with this invention;

Figure 2 is a sectional view of part of a 35 similar wall;

Figure 3 is a perspective view, illustrating the construction of a hollow partition in accordance with this invention;

Figure 4 is a'section of a hollow partition showing the corner construction;

Figure '5 is a perspective view illustrating the manner of constructinga hollow partition of greater thickness in accordance with this invention;

Figure 6 is a sectionalview of a wall constructedin accordance with the plan of F i gure 5; T

Figure 7 is a detail showing one of the spacing ties used with a construction of Fig- 0. ure 5 .the wall board thereto.

Figure 8 is a perspective view illustrating the arrangement of studs and spacing bars in accordance with this invention;

Figure 9 is a. detail of a stud constructed in accordance with this invention, which may be used either for wall or ceiling construction;

Figure 10 is a detail showing one of the securing elements for securing the wall board to the studding; V

Figure 11 is a sectional view of a hollow partition constructed in accordance with this invention, showing the manner of securing the wall board and of keying the plaster coat;

- Figure 12 is a perspective view showing the construction of a ceiling in accordance with this invention;

Figure 13'is a detail showing a suspension 7 clip whichmay be used in the construction of Figure 12;

Figure 14 is a detail view showing another 7 method of supporting the ceiling runner of Fig. 12;

Figure 15 is a perspective view showing another clip intended for use in the construction of Figure 14; and

Figure 16 is a detail of the corner separator.

In the construction of partitions by means of wall board which is afterward plastered over, it is desirable to provide means forrapidly setting up the studding and securing the same in proper position and for mounting the wall board thereon and securing the same thereto in a rapid and simple manner. To this end various types of metallic studs have been devised which may be set up and secured in place by various locking devices. Means are provided on the studs for securing These means, however, often lake'the form of projecting pieces or tabs which are drawn or bent outwardly from the stud to secure the plaster board thereto. Such projecting pieces are objectionable as they interfere with the proper .handling of the studs and are liable to be broken off-in handling and, therefore, not

available for use when wanted.

In accordance with this invention, a stud is provided which has no projecting pieces and to which the wall board may be secured with a minimum of manipulation.

Referring to the drawings, more particularly to Figures 1 and 2, a series of studs 1 is mounted in any well known manner so as to receive sheets of wall board 2 to be mounted thereon. The studs 1 may be constructed as illustrated in Figure 9. The studs shown in this figure have a flat face 3, side flanges 4 and inwardlyturned flanges 5. The flanges 5 serve to stiffen the side flanges 4: and also to act as locking elements for securing the stud in place, as will be more fully described hereinafter. The stud is provided at intervals therealong with fastening elements, each comprising a pair of wings or tabs 6 cut from the face 3 of the stud and bent inwardlythat is, toward the interior of the angle between the face and flange of the stud. The tabs 6 are bent inwardly only a short dis tance and are separated only slightly so that their ends are close together and the tabs are in-po sition to form a toggle element.

Vhen the sheets 2 are put in place as illustrated in Figure 1, they may be secured to the studs by means of securing elements 7,

such as shown in'Figure 10. This element comprises a cross-bar which spans the gap between a pair of sheets 2 and an extension 8, which may be formed of sheet metal and corrugated as shown, so as to provide a series of spaced offsets therealong. At the ends of the bar 7, teeth 9 may be provided to enter the wall board so as to secure the fastener against slipping. These securing elements are applied by placing the cross-bar against the faces of two wall boardsheets 2 and passing the rearward extension or shank through the stud 1 between the ends of the wings 6, as illustrated in Figure 11. The eXtension'is drawn back and the corrugations are threaded through the gap between the wings 6 until'the cross-bar is pulled tight against the wall board. In thus pulling back the clip, the corrugations are stretched and one of them is positioned to interlock with the ends of the wings 6. Thus the securing element is tensioned so as to hold the wall board resiliently in place and the offset portions interlock with the wings 6. At the same time the wings 6 are in the position of a toggle so that tension on the securing element forwardly will tend to bind he toggle more securely together and lock the securing clip; more tightly. This provides a verysimplesecuring element and one which is easily and quickly applied.

In the wall shown in Figure 3, the studs 10 may be provided with broad flanges '11,

The sheets of wall board 2 may be applied in the same way as described for Figure 1.

In this case, however, sheets may be applied to both faces of the studs 10 so as to provide a hollow partition. The sheets 2 may be supported at intermediate points by means of a separator 13 having upwardly-turned flanges extending therealong as shown. These flanges have tabs 14 adapted to bear against the inner face of the wall board and a tab 15, which may be bent downwardly over the front face of the wall board so as to secure the'same in place.

Figure 1 shows the manner in which the corners are constructed. In this case the corner studs 16 have a simple angle section and are held in'spaced relation by a spacer 17 of the form shown in Figure 16 and having tabs 18 adapted to enter the openings at the 1335- tening elements6 to be bent over on the other side of the stud so as to'hold the two studs securely in spaced relation.

In the construction shown in Figure 5, a pair of studs 19 ofthe formshown in Figure 9 is placed back to back in a sill 12 of channel form. Thesestuds are held in spaced relation-by means of. aseparating tie 2O having a T-head 21 at each end thereof. The T- heads 21 are dimensionedto fitwithin'the flanges of thestudsso as to secure the same together. In order-to support the ties .20, the wings 6 of a pair of fastening elements are bent inwardly at right angles to the stud as shown at 6a,Fignre 5,-andthespacer 20 is placed upon the in-turned tab. The wall board is secured to the studs in the manner already described.

In FigureS is shown a partition similar-to that of Figure 3, in which the studs lOareaccurately spaced by means of crossmelnbers 'The members 22 may be provided with simple tabs 23, which may be bent outward- I ly at right angles to the member22 so astoi stand edgewise between'two sheets of wall board, as illustrated at 24. The crossmembe rs 22 may also'be provided with fastening members 6 as already described. In this partition, the cross member 22 provides both for spacing the sheets of wall board andfor securin the same in place.

Ceilings may be constructed in a manner practically identical with that of the:par-

titions already described. As shown in Figure 12, a stud '25, preferably of the form shown in Figure 9, is secured to a bar joist or other support 26. The fastening maybe made by'means of a clip 27 having a T-head 28, as shown in Figures 12 and 13. The T- head is interlocked with the flanges ofthe stud, as shown, and the shank of the clip is bent over the lower chord of the bar joist as illustrated in Figure 12. lVhere the studs 25 are to be secured to I-beam supports, a: clip such as illustrated in Figure 15, may be applied as shown in Figure 14. The sheets 2- of the wall board are applied to the studs 25 in the same manner as for a partitionand held in place by securing elements 7 engaging the fastening elements 6 in the manner described. 7

It will be seen that this invention provides a system of partition wall construction which lends itself in a simple manner to the construction of any type of partition wall. The

metallic studs are of simple angular section in handling is obviated.

lVhen the wall boards are all in place, a coat of plaster 29 may be applied to each face of the wall. Prior to this, the wings 6, which are notv in use as fastening elements,

may be bent inwardly substantially at right angles to the stud so that the openings so made will admit the entrance of plaster to form keys 30 as illustrated in Figure 11. The inwardly bent wings 6 serve to support the plaster of these keys until the same has set. Wooden grounds 31 may be secured to the studs in any suitable manner, as by wiring thereto prior to plastering.

A partition may thus be built which is very rigid, but which at the same time is very light and very easily and rapidly constructed. Either single or double partitions may be constructed with the same equipment. No special tools are necessary.

While the invention has been described as a complete unitary system, certain individ ual features may be used alone independent ly of the remainder of the system, and the employment of such sub-combinations is contemplated by this invention and is within the scope of the appended claims. It is further obvious that various changes may be made in the details of construction, within the scope of the appended claims, without departing from the spirit of this invention. It is, therefore, to be understood that this invention is not be limited to the specific details shown and/or described.

Having thus described the invention, what is claimed is:

1. In a partition wall construction of the character described, a supporting frame member of angular section having a face thereof provided with a fastening element extending inwardly of said angle, a sheet of wall board positioned against said face, and means cooperating with said fastening element to secure said board in place.

2. In a partition wall construction of the character described, a supporting frame member of angular section having a face thereof provided with .a fastening element extending inwardly of said angle, a sheet of wall board positioned against said face, and

resilient means cooperating with said fastening element to secure said board in place.

3. In apartition wall construction of the character described, a supporting frame member of angular section having a face thereof provided with a fastening element extending inwardly of said angle, a sheet of wall board positioned against said face, and a securing device constructed to interlock with said fastening element and adapted to secure said board in place.

4. In a partition wall construction of the character described, a supporting sheetmetal frame member of angular section having a face, a portion of which is bent inwardly of said angle to provide a fastening ele-- ment, a sheet ofwall board positioned against said face, and means cooperating with said fastening element to secure said board'in place. g

5. In a partition wall construction of the character "described, asupporting frame member of angular sect-ion having a facehaving a pair of wings cut'therefrom and bent inwardly of said angle to provide a fastening element, a sheet, of wall board positioned against said face, and means cooperating with said fastening element tosecure said board in place.

6. In a partition wallconstruction of the character described, a supporting frame member of angular section having a face having a pair of wings cut'therefrom and bent inwardly of said angle to form a fastening toggle, a sheet of wall board positioned against said flat side and a securing element cooperating with said toggle to secure said sheet in place.

7. In a partition wall construction of the character described, a supporting frame member of angular section having aface thereof provided with a fastening element extending inwardly of said angle, a sheet of wall board positionedagainstsaid face, and a securing element having a resilient extension cooperating with said fastening element to secure said sheet in place.

8. In a partition wall construction of the character described, a supporting frame member of angular section having a face having a pair of wings cut therefrom and bent inwardly of, said angle to form a fastening toggle, a sheet of wall board positioned against said flat side and a securing element having a resilient extension engaging said toggle to secure said sheet in place.

9-. In a partition wall construction of the tionechagainstsaidmember, and a. securing a securing element engaging said sheet and element engaging said to e to secure said interlocking with said fastening element.

sheet in place.

10. In a partition wall construction of the th character described, a supporting frame member, of angular section and provided with a fastening element extending inwardly of said angle,*a sheet of wall board positionedagainst said member, anda securing element having an extension adapted to interloclcwith said fastening element.

' 11. .In a partition wall construction of the character described, a. supporting frame member of angular section and provided with a fastening element extending inwardly of said angle, a sheet of wall board positioned against said member, and securing element having an extension provided with an offset portion adapted to interlock with said fastening element.

12. In a partition wall construction ofthe character described, a supporting frame member'of angular section'and provided with a fastening elementextending inwardly of said angle, a sheet of wall board positioned against said member, and a securing element having a corrugated extension adapted for interlocking engagement with said fasteningelement.

.18. In a partition wall construction of the character described, a pair of supporting frame members each of angular section and having formed thereona fastening element, and a locking element extending between said members to interlock therewith and supported by said fastening elements.

v14. In a partition wall construction of'the character described, a pair of supporting' frame members each of angular section and having formed thereon a fastening element, and a locking element extending between said members to interlock therewith, said fasten ing elements being bent inwardly to support said locking elements.

'15. In a partition wall construction of the character described, a pair of supporting frame members, a sheet of wall board secured to said members, and a cross member extending between said frame members and having parts interposed between said sheets to sepa rate the same.

16. In a partition wall construction of the In testimony whereof I afiix my signature is 6th day of May, 1929.

THOMAS A. LUCY.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2796158 *Oct 22, 1947Jun 18, 1957Johns ManvilleWall assembly
US2821274 *Dec 20, 1951Jan 28, 1958Olsen Anders CBuilding structures
US2881877 *Apr 12, 1954Apr 14, 1959Olsen Anders CBuilding structure
US4727700 *Jun 9, 1986Mar 1, 1988Eberle George FCeiling or wall having improved fire resistance and method of installing the same
US7823350 *Feb 9, 2007Nov 2, 2010Hi-Tech Tilt Intellectual Property Management, Inc.Structual stud
US8919064Sep 22, 2010Dec 30, 2014Hi-Tech Tilt Intellectual Property Management, Inc.Structural stud
DE1609672B1 *Jul 8, 1966Feb 26, 1970Otto HofmannAls bleibende Schalung geeignetes bewehrtes Wandbauelement
Classifications
U.S. Classification52/349, 52/363, 52/356, 52/353
International ClassificationE04B2/78, E04B2/76
Cooperative ClassificationE04B2/7854
European ClassificationE04B2/78C