|Publication number||US1815708 A|
|Publication date||Jul 21, 1931|
|Filing date||May 12, 1930|
|Priority date||May 12, 1930|
|Publication number||US 1815708 A, US 1815708A, US-A-1815708, US1815708 A, US1815708A|
|Inventors||Gilbert Alfred C|
|Original Assignee||Gilbert Alfred C|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (2), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
July 21, 1931. A, Q GILBERT 1,815,708
CONSTRUCTIONAL TOY Filed May 12, 1930 4 Shegts-Sheet l INVENTOR July 21, 1931. A. c. GILBERT CONSTRUCTIONAL TOY 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed May 12, 1930 O O 0 O G O G O O y 21, 1931- v A. c. GILBERT 1,815,708
CONSTRUCTIONAL TOY Filed May 12, 1930 4 Sheets-Sheet 3 INVENTOR July 21, 1931. I
A. c. GILBERT GONSTRUCTIONAL TOY Filed May 12, 1930 ooooo ooo0o -000000 0 oQooooOQ o o c llbertf 621601;
4 Sheets-Sheet 4 INVENTOR Pate ted July 2 1, 1931 i asm "o. GILBERT, ornE'w HAVEN, ooNnno'rIoU'r "1; oorts'ritoorronAn TOY Ap pl icat'io'n filed. m 12,
present invention relates to mechanical ele'rnents adaptedtoq be'added to well known constructional toy outfits-to make possible i the: building of boat} models. (Such: outfits i include .apluralityZ of interchangeable, sepa-,
rableparts or elements which can belfast ened I together,;a's-?by: means off-bolts andnuts, to form: a great variety oftoysand small engi; neering models, "and the devices so built are i readily disassembled into the c,ompnent:ele-
merits and. the partsmade-us'able again; and againin different c'ombinations to form en? i l tir'elyf different models; By: the inclusion in such: an outfit of' the relativelyfew j newelements. hereinafter :described the variety or. models which may ;be; constructed from the outfitisenlarged toincludeagreat -numberof boat emodels, the construction ofwhich hasfnot heretofore. beenrpossiblej Moreover, the 'toy boats' constructed bynieansof; the present invention are iaadapted to floatand to'beTpropelled under theirown' power;
: In the Specific embodiment of the .inven tion herein: described, the new elements comf? prise essentially a unitary. or multiple section hull,"amultiple1 part deck, a propeller;
and auxiliary'elements ,s'uch: as a rudderandoneior morekeels. zThehullQkeeli-anddeck; parts' are each provided withperforations of dimensions that have becomestandardin; the well eknowihM'eccano constructional toy; outfits; I which perforations are ;-spaceidf; to conform with the spacingfof theperforations r in the otherielemen'ts oftheoutfit wherebythe c0nstr1icti0n of the modelsgfrom the'variouselements is' simplified. and a wideivarielty'iof combinations thereofis madepossible. I
' For a better understanding of thei'nvention ingsin jwhicha s I V Ijlg. :1 is a viewof, e' forlnof hull comfpllSlIlgwit unitary lstructurey a T Fig. 2 isia .viewof anotherforin'of hull I p provided along the lower part of the ballast "comprising a multiple part structure;
I fl i'gs. [5and '6;,ar e; perspective views illus-i comprise ,a 'unitaryi structure 1 preferably which; and through surface 5, are relatively reference is made to the acctompanyin-g-draw-;
= a. ballast keell? isfastened to the keel 16 as j Fig.1S is a View; of themultiple pfart deck;
- the hull may be made of separate'sections 1A;
1930; serial No. 451,590.
trating of the many models which be built; y Referringtothedrawings, and more parp if ,ticularly to Figs. 1, 3 and l, the hull may of metal,with a pointed; bow 2land fiat stern 3. Adjacentthe stern 3, a portion of. the bottom of thehullisraisedto form an up wardly and forwardly projecting section having'aplanesurface 5 in-clined at an angle tothe horizontal. Tothe rear, of ;section 4:-is a -slightly raised portion of'the bottom having a plane'horizontalsurface 7 through large perforations 8; and 9, respectively.
Along; the bottom of the hull 1 are perform tions 10 of standard size. Hollow shafts '11 and' lZ-jthreaded at theirlower "ends are fastened ,withinthe perforations 8' and 9. respectively by" means of lock-nuts screwed over the threadedportion of'the shafts, and I 'locatedon eitherside of the plane surfaces I 7 and '5.;. A-rod 13a,,upon which isri'gidly mounted] a rudder. 13, passes throu h the, bore ofshaft 11. ;Ashort perforated 14: serving as a tiller is mounted at the upper end of man by means ofv a collar 14 Passing through the bore ofshaft 12 is a rod 15a benttoforma hook at its upper end and carrying-a propeller 15 at its lowerendn :i'A keel -l6;providedj with perforated lugs; 16a; is, fastened'tof the hull by means of nuts screwed on bolts passing through the perforations in lugs'16a. and through the perforations 10in the bottom of thehullLxTo 1 I I make thefl'construction Water tight,f rubber -r gasket washers 10a are usedas shown to prevent leakage about elements which pass, through the bottom of the hull. If the boat" model to-be constructed is of the type which 9: needs additional ballast to prevent capsizing,1
shown in Fig., 3-. gSpaced perforations are keel so that'additional ballast may be obv tained byfastening any number of metal strips thereto.- 1
' Ifnsteadof theunitary above described,
2A and 3A (Fig. 2) provided with perforated strip V dependently. Though notshown 3Acould together by end: portions 1a, 2a and 3a respectively by constructed that the bow section 221' and stern section 3A may be joined to form one structure and the mid-section 1A used in-' be replaced by 2A giving the structure a cruiser stern, similar to the-bow. 'InFig-s. 4, 5'and 6 for simplicity the unitary hull of Fig. 1' has 1 been illustrated, but it Will be understood that the hull of Fig.2 could be employed as readily in the models illustrated I in these figures. When the multiple section hull isemployed, suitable gasket :washers may be inserted between the end portions 1a and' 2a' and 1a and Salwhen they are joined bolts passing through the per:
forations shown therein. 1 e
The multiple part deck (Fig- 3-) comprises I bow sections 18 and 19, a stern section 20- and a central section 21 from which is cut out an oval, shaped piece 21a. The sides of bow, stern and central sectionsare each provided with flanges extendin arallel to the sides of the hull and provided with perforations adapted'to 'register 'with perforations along theupper sides of the hull." Eachd'eck part:
is provided with a plurality'of perforations spacedto conform with the standard and so distributed as to permit 'thefother elements of the usual outfit to be combined with one or more deck secti'ons in a-variet'y of ways, In the stern deck section-20 one larger perforation' 20a is provided for the passage therethrough of the shaftl l. 1 Each deck section is symmetrical about-the vertical plane passing through the -tip of the bow and center' ofthe stern. s 'T-his permits anyone of the sections tobe attached to the hull either with the flangedside portions extending upwardly to make 'th at deck lower than the top of the hull, or extending "downwardly 'to make'the surface of that section flush with the top of the hull. *7 The fmul'tiplepart in vertiblef deck is 'o f' prime'importance asi't makes possible the construction of wholly different types of models. For example, if
rowboat isjdesi're'd, sections 1'8 and 20'only are "used. If an open sport model motor boati'sl to be built all parts but "210; are used.- Ifsa tug "boat orst'eame'r is to be built sections Band 20" may be inverted, sec tion' 19'raised by 'adding standard strips between it and the hull, and sections 21 and 21aused--=at still higher levels; 'For example, in the motor 7 boat shown in Fig. 5 section 21a is usefld as 'a' canopy top, Whereas in the excursion: looat shown in Fig. 6 this same section forms the roof of the cabins, while sectio'nsl21 and 19 are mounted at lower levers, and section 20 is inverted and fastened flush with the top of the hull. I
In each model the same driving mechanism may be employed, An example of a readily constructed mechanism adapted to be made from standard vparts is shown, in Fig. 4L. This mechanism includes a .rod 22 horizontally and rot'atably mounted in perforations in angle strips 23 fastened to the underside of section 18; Rod 22 had mounted thereon a gear'24'which'meshes with a larger gear 25 mounted on a vertical shaft 26; Shaft 26 is 1=-otatab1ymountedin a perforation in deck section 18' and carries above the level ofthe decka ratchet wheel 27 with which a pawl 28 co-operates. Pa'wl 2'8 isrotatab ly mount ed upon a screw'fast'ened in another perforan tion of' the de'ck'and is held; firmly in engage" ment with the teeth of the ratchetwheel 27 by means of a spring. 29 f'astenedto 'a perforation in the'fi 'ange "of the deck. A handle 30 mounted on' an arm 31 fastened. to rod26 serves crank for'winding the mechanism. The end of rod 22 is bent to forma hook, To
transmit motion fro-m red 22' to propeller shaft 15a, and to-store the energy for driving v the propeller during winding of the mechanism, a strong el'astic band 32 is looped about the hooked "ends of rods 15a and 22. Granking themech'anism by means: of handle: 30 while preventing rotation of propeller 15 serves'totwist theband 32 so that. when the boat is placed in the water and thepropeller released, ftheband32, in untwisting itself,
will'rot'ate the-propeller shaft and thereby propel the boat? The abovesimple form of driving mechanism has been found suitable for thetype of models herein described, but any suitable, manuallyfwindable mechanism may be employed as, for example, a'spring motor and-such motor miight 'give a greater range'of travel of the boat. I Where the driv, in'g mechanism of Fig.4 is employed in the multiple section hull of Fig; 2, suitable perforations are provided in the end portions 1a, 2a and 3a for the passage therethrough of theelastic band'32; y V In Fig. 15'is illustrated a-motor boat model using comparatively few elements for its construction. The keel 16, propeller 15-and rudder 13- are mounted upon the hull as described in connection with Fig. 4. Deck secti'on'18 is fastened to the hull with the flanged sides extending upwardly and a driving mechanism similar to that above described mounted thereon. Decksectionsyltl, 20 and 21 are likewise mounted with the flanged sides extending ;upw'ardly. A steering'rod 32,r tatab1y mounted in angle strips 33 fastened to deck portion 19, base wheel '34 mounted upon one end thereof to simulate a steering wheel. A; string 35 wound about llii wheel 34 I I model of an" excursion boat sectionQOisfinv'erted so as to 'give a surface flush with the topof the hull, and sections 21 and 19 are raisedtoa higher level by the in j -termediary of strips 37 from the standard Qoutfit: Deck section 18 is not visible Fig. 6but is fastenedin place by bolts 38 to which arealso fastened short perforated strips 39. Strips 39 serve to support strips 40 which ea tendparallel to and above thebow of the hull to-fsimulate a guard railand-to conceal the winding mechanism, which mechanism may be similar to that described in connection with Fig. 4 and may besimilarly mounted on deck18.
Deck section 7 21a is fastened by means of a"su'tfi'cientnumberof angle pieces to perforate-d strips .41 similarto strips 37 but bent to conform to the outline of deck 21a.
Upon deck section 210 are mounted two flanged perforated nplates 42 and 43, the,
former, rectangular in shape and the latter tapering towardthebowf Plates l2 and 4:3 serveto carry funnelsit, turret 4:5 and life boats 46 constructed; from short, stripsand Tangle pie ces. a
The models disclosed and are but examples of the many different kinds of boats which maybe constructed from the elements in a standard toyoutfit when the new. elements *of the presentinvention are added thereto. "Side-wheelersp tankers, airplane carriers, sailing' boats, battle-ships,
' barges, scows, and many otherimodels' may I, also be. constructed from such an enlarged outfit. The construction of this wide variety of models is dueprimarily to the provision of the multiplefpart deck andv to the provision in the sides of the hull'and in the flanges and planelsurfacesofthe deck sections of the. pluralityof perforations con:
forming iii "spacing. and" dimensions to the spacing and dimensions of the perforations inthe stand'ard'elements of the usual outfit. In the deck sections, Fig. 3,- it will be noted that wherepossible the spacing between adjacentperforations is made equal to or a multiple of the standard spacing. j Whensuch standard spacing is not feasible, as, for example about the rounded end portionsof section 21a, the perforations are so positioned. that the spacing" therebetween is along radii or chords' whi'ch conform to the standard. 1
It is apparent that" thestability of the model shown in Fig. 5 and thatof Fig. 6, p
' rations in the upper sides of said hull, in said deck sections and in the flanges'thereof, and
due to the difference in' amount of super structure or variationsin length of hull,
, bolts passing through wouldbeentirely diiferent necessitating the provision of aniauxiliary keel which maybe shiftedfore and aft, and to which weight .maywbe added. This-feature is exceedingly important for these toys are all, workable and itis essentialithat when the same structure is used to serve asthe hull "for several. 7 models, which willhave different centersof buoyancy and meta-centric heights, provision must be made to assure stability when afloat. The properly disposed perforations in the hull sections permit this to be done.
For example, in Fig. 6 the weight would be secured interior of the hull, for were it added exterior the increase of hull resistance due to it being centered close to the hull would so retard the speed as to make the model practically unworkable.
center board and if necessary the proper gardless of its contour.
The following is claimed:
If the hull 'were Sloop rigged, a keel similar to that shown in Fig. I 3 would be added, the plate substituting for a 35 weight distributed thereon. In like manner f each model may be properly stabilized re- 1. A constructional toy boat comprising .in combination a plurality of sections adapt ed to be, connected together to form a watertight hull andprovided with spaced perforations about the upper. edges thereof, and a plurality of flanged deck sections equal in number to the number of hull sections and corresponding therewith said deck sections being provided with spaced perforations in 'the flanges thereof adapted to register with said perforations in the hull sections where- 1 by the deck and hull sections may be connected together to form models of'various lengths. g i
2. A constructional toy boat according to claiml wherein each of said hull sections is;
provided with an end wall and said sections are adapted to be connected together by v registering perforations in said end walls. r
3. A constructional toy boat comprising in combination, a hull, a multiple part deck consisting of flanged sections adapted to'be positioned either side up to form a deck of i i 1 variable elevations, symmetrically disposed perforations in the upper sides of saidhull and in said deck sections and in the flanges thereof, all said perforations being spaced in accordance with a predetermined standard to permit said elements to be secured in positions to form more than one type of boat.
-' 4. A constructional toy boat comprising in combination a hull, a multiple part invertible flanged deck, a hatch cut from one of said deck parts, meansfor positioning the hatch cover flush with the deck or at various higher levels, symmetrically disposed perfo- Vin imagms said hajtch'wver, all said iaerforation be:- irrg spaced in accordance with v a; predetermined standarditovpermit sazil eliemenibs to be secured in positions toi form more thanv one type of boat.v '-i I In testimony name to this sp
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US7329166 *||Oct 7, 2002||Feb 12, 2008||Interlego Ag||Automotive toy comprising flexible elements|
|US20040248500 *||Oct 7, 2002||Dec 9, 2004||Jan Hatting||Automotive toy comprising flexible elements|
|U.S. Classification||446/90, D21/542, 446/93, 446/113|