|Publication number||US1816021 A|
|Publication date||Jul 28, 1931|
|Filing date||Jan 25, 1929|
|Priority date||Jan 25, 1929|
|Publication number||US 1816021 A, US 1816021A, US-A-1816021, US1816021 A, US1816021A|
|Original Assignee||Max Meyerson|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (27), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
July 28, 1931. M. MEYERSQN 1,816,021
TEMPORARY BINDER Filed Jan. 25. 1929 H k fur @f ya L W J1? 14 252a Patented Jul 28,1931
1113mm STATS sarear@st'ice MAX MEYEBSQN, or NEW YORK, N. Y.
TEMPORARY BINDER Application filed January 25, 1929. Serial No. 334,897.
This I invention relates to a temporary binder. I
An object of the invention is to provide a temporary binder which may be 'inexpene .;5 sively manufactured and which will be efiicientand practical in operation;
;I A more specific object is to provide a binder including snap. acting ring shaped members for holding the sheets in'the binder, and in .10 which all of the'parts are of simple, and
easily and in which I have shown merelya preferred I form of embodiment of the invention Fig. 1 is'a' longitudinal sectional view through a binder constructed in accordance with this invention, a section being taken sub: stantially uponthe plane of line II of Fig. '2; i r Fig. 2 is'a top planview ofthe structure seeninFig.1. 1' 1 f Fig. 3 is an enlarged transverse sectional view taken upon the plane of line III--III L f of Fig. 2. l
Fig. 4 is a similarly enlarged view taken upon the plane of line IVIV of Fig. 2. Fig. 5 is a view similar to'a portion of Fig.
Fig.6 is a viewsimilar to Fig. 5 but illustrating. a further modified construction, and Fig. '7 is :a sectional-view taken upon the plane of line VIIVII of Fig. 6. r 3 Fig. -8 is a sectional view similar to the lowerportion of Fig. l but illustrating a furtheimodified construction, and Fig.9 isa-sectional view takenupon the plane of line IX IX of Fig. 5. I I
Referring to the drawings for. describing 2 but illustrating a slightly modified'form of in detail the structure illustrated therein, the reference character L indicates what may be termed the back or binder portion of a book, said back preferably carrying at its opposite sides the usual hinged'covers 1 and 2.
The covers 1 and 2 may be parts of a single continuous piece of fibre board if desired, in
which instance the intermediate portion of said PIECE of fibre board will extend across and comprise,or form, the back or binder portion L.
The binder portion is preferably provided with depressions or seats as 8 adjacent its opposite ends for receiving the sheet retain- .ers Gr therein, and these seats are covered by spring metal plates H which have openings as 4 through which portions of the sheet retainers G movably extend.
These parts at opposite ends of the back are of identicalconstruction and a detailed description of one will apply to both as follows: Y
The sheet retainer consistsof two separate members as Band 6. These have stemportions as and 8 lying parallel to each other and ring portions as 9 and 10 continuing laterally in opposite directions from one'end of the stem portions and being curved around so that when their outer ends are'together. as I in Fig. 4 they will'complete a circle within which the sheetsas 11 may be retained in a manner well known to this general type of binder, it being understood that the sheets are provided with the customary apertures as 12 therein for looselyreceiving the ring shaped members 9 and 10 therethrough. I r The depression or seat 3 in the back is so arranged andproportioned with respect to the stems 7 and Sand withrespect to the plate H that the walls .of said seat co-operatewith the under-surface of the plate to provide a snug hearing within which the stems are capable, of rotating under friction whenever the ring shaped portions 9 and 10 are manually swung between the positions Figs. 3 and 4. The spring plate exerts a continual pressure against the stems holdingthestems in turn ressed against the bottom and side walls 0 the seat so that'thestemsare fric It is further suggested, as seen particularly in Fig. 3, that if desired the stems. may be provided with projections or other suitable formations as 15 co-operative with partsas 16 provided upon the spring plate to serve as snap acting means to yieldingly hold the ring members in either-of. their; extreme positions.
In assembling these parts it is simply necessary to lay the stems of the sheet retainers in the seat 3 with the parts 13. and let in properengagement, then apply the spring plate in position over theseat with the ring shaped" extensions 9"and 10'projecting through the openings 4 of the plate, and
finally. fasten the plate as by means of the rivets or other fastening devices 17 illustrated, it ibeing noted! that the devices 17 are removed from the region of the stems so that the portion of theplate engaging the stems is permitted a suitable degree of spring flexing movementto accomplish the purposes above referred to;
The position ofthe ring-shaped. extensions 9- and: 10 extending through. the openings 4 of the plate will prevent any longitudinal.
displacement of. the stem portions, the openings: 4 being. of course suitably elongated however to permit unobstructed swinging movement of the extensions between the positions Figs;3and4.. q
The abutting tree ends of the ring-shaped extensions 9' and 10 may if desired be provided with co-operative snap latching elements adapted to-interengage with eachother for holdingsaid ends together, and the drawing therefore suggests that the member 9 maybe provided with; a headed extension 18 for engagement within a spring socket 1-9 of the member 1 0, said. parts constituting a; latch of thetypecommonly known;as glove f-astenerf. f
r'lhe springplates HH are preferably set into shallow depressions20 provided in the back sothat the upper surface. ofthe back will be smooth. and unobstructed throughout. the modificationFig. 5 the structure is identicalwith that already described except that the toothed engagment betweenthe stems of the sheet. retainers is omitted and said stems are separated from each other and held in separateseats so that. the two ring shaped members are. capable of independent movement with respect to each other, as illustrated in Fig; 9;
Inthe modification-Figs. 6 and 7 the structure is again the sameexcept that here each sheet retainer consists of only asingle ring.
shaped member. The stem as 21 ofthis retainer is received within a seat or depression 22 provided in the back and is held therein under friction by the spring plate H as heretofore. (Jo-operative parts as 15 and 16 are provided between the stem and the plate for holding the stem in its opposite extreme positions. The outerend of'the ring shaped extension 23 of this retainer is intended to move into and out of an opening as 24 provided through the plate H at a point removed from the stem, and if desired said end of the extension may be arranged to rub frictionally againstthe wall of said opening and be provided with a notch 25 therein for yieldingly interlocking with: said. plate" in the manner as clearly seen in Fig. 7 thus tov afior'd a more permanent means of. holding the sheet retainer'against accidental movement tosheet releasing position. The ring. shaped extension 23 will of course be sufiicientlyresilient to permit its yielding engagement withthe plate to accomplish this result.
By reference to the illustration Fig. 8 it will be seen that the depression or seat. 3 for receiving the stems? and 8 and the ring shaped portions 9 and lOlmay if desired consist of a hole as'26'ofappropriateshapeextending. entirely through a separateback or filler member as 27 which is fitted into;: a main. back or hinder portion L, said binder portion being in this case shaped to provide: a channel as 28 throughout itslength of a sizetosnugly receive and? hold the: filler 27 substantially the manner as shown and described more fully in my pending application Serial No. 272,578, filed April 25th,. 1928. The filler 27 may be cemented, riveted, or
otherwise held in a. substantially rigid position within thechannel 28, andv the upper flat surfaceportions of the binder L. underlying the holes 26 will of course constitutesbottom walls for closing the lower ends of'the holes 26 thereby constituting them as1 seats for proper co-operative action with thestems and ring shaped portionsin the samemanner as-above described with respect to: previous figures.
A separate filler as 27 acts. as a're-inforcing element for the binder portionL and at thesametime enables the outer surface ofsaid binder portion to-be made perfectly smooth and uniform throughout. its extent. The metal plates H may be riveted toathe filler 27, thus even avoiding appearance of the rivet heads exteriorly of the binder L if desired,
.with projections or other suitable forms as 15 and 16 above described for producing snap actingmovement of the sheet retainers in the same manner as recited with reference to the previous figures.
As many changes could be made in this construction without departing from the scope of the invention as defined in the fol lowing claims, it is intended that all matter contained in the above description, or shown in the accompanying drawings, shall be interpreted as illustrative only and not in a limiting sense.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is 1. A temporary binder comprising a back having a seat therein, a sheet retainer having parts movable within said seat, and a spring member carried by the back in engagement with said parts of the retainer to exert friction against said parts and retain said parts within said seat.
2. A temporary binder comprising a back having a seat therein, a sheet retainer having parts movable within said seat, and a spring member carried by the back in engagement with said partsof the retainer to exert friction against said parts and retain said parts within said seat, together with means formed partly upon said plate and partly upon said retainer to produce snapacting movement ofthe parts of the retainer.
3. A temporary binder comprising a back having a seat therein, a sheet retainer having parallel stem portions intended to rotate about their respective longitudinal axes within said seat, a closure for the seatco-operative with the walls of the seat to provide a snug bearing for said stems, and snap acting means to hold the stems yieldingly against rotary movement.
4. A temporary binder comprising a back having a seat therein, a sheet retainer having parallel stem portions intended to rotate about their respective longitudinalaxes within said seat, a closure for the seat co-operative with the walls of the seat to provide a snug bearing for said stems, said closure comprising a spring plate arranged to exert a continuous spring pressure against said stems, and said plate having openings therethrough through which portions of said retainer extend.
5. A temporary binder comprising a back having a seat therein, a sheet retainer coinprising a member having a stem portion and a ring shaped portion, the stem portion being arranged within said seat intended torotate therein about the longitudinal axis of said stem portion, a spring plate attachedto the back exerting a continuous spring pressure against said stem portion and having an opening through which the ring shaped portion extends, and said spring plateand said stem portion each having a projection thereon, said projections being co-opera-tive with each other to provide snap acting movement of the sheet retainer.
6. A temporary binder comprising a back having a seat therein, a sheet retainer comprising a pair of ring-shaped members having parallelly disposed stem portions arranged torotate about their respective longi- I tudinal axes within said seat to therebyienable the ends of the ring-shaped portions to swing into and out of engagement with each other, a member carried by the back engaging said stems to produce snap acting movement of said stems from one rotary position to another, and means providing an interlatching engagement of the ends of said ring shaped portions with each other when said ends are moved toward each other.
7 A temporary binder comprising a back, covers pivotally connected at opposite longitudinal edges of said back, a separately formed member overlying the inner surface of said back substantially co-extensive therewith and rigidly connected with the back,'
sheet retainer to exert friction against said parts and retain said part-s within said seats.
8. A temporary binder comprising a back having a seat therein, a sheet retainer having parallel stem portions intended to rotate about their respective longitudinal axes within said seat, a closure for the seat co-operative with the walls of the seat to provide a snug bearing for said stems, and means providing interconnection between said stems to insure simultaneous movement thereof and said closure being resilient and having a portion engaging at least one of said stems to produce snap action of said stem from one position to another.
9. A temporary binder comprising a back having a seat therein, a sheet retainer comprising a member having a stem portion and a ring shaped portion, the stem portion being arranged within said seat intended to rotate therein about the longitudinal axis of said stem'portion, and a spring plate attached 7 toithe back exerting a continuous spring pressure against said stem portion and having any opening through which one part of the ring s'hapedportion 1noves, said plate having a second openinginto and out of Which an end part of the ring shaped portion moves.
10-. A temporary hinder comprising a back having ,a seat therein a sheet retainer comprising a memberhaving a stem portion and a ring shaped portion, the stem portion being arranged Withinsaidseat intended to rotate therein about thelongitudinal aX-isof said stem portion, and a spring plate attached to the back exerting. a continuous spring pressure against said stem portion and having an opening through which one part of the ring shaped portion moves, said plate having a second opening into and out of which an end part ofthe ring shaped portion moves, together withnieans comprised in said plate and ring shaped portion co-operative to provideoan interlock between said plate and said mentioned end portion.
V Intestimony whereof I afiiX my signature in the presence oftWo Witnesses.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3205897 *||Nov 13, 1962||Sep 14, 1965||Albert L Jamison||Binder means|
|US3251364 *||Nov 3, 1964||May 17, 1966||Goldman Sanford L||Loose-leaf binding element|
|US3331373 *||Oct 18, 1965||Jul 18, 1967||Lohmeier Ludwig||Plate of plastic material with fastening means for loose-leaves|
|US5980146 *||Oct 20, 1995||Nov 9, 1999||World Wide Stationery Manufacturing Company, Ltd.||Ring binder|
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|US20040013463 *||Jul 3, 2003||Jan 22, 2004||To Chun Yuen||Ring binder mechanism|
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|US20050260030 *||May 20, 2004||Nov 24, 2005||Hong Kong Stationery Manufacturing Co., Ltd.||D-ring binder mechanism with complementary ring tips|
|US20060202465 *||Feb 17, 2006||Sep 14, 2006||Harris Richard H||Refillable notebook|
|US20070031214 *||Aug 4, 2006||Feb 8, 2007||General Binding Corporation||Binding elements and plurality of binding elements particularly suited for automated processes|
|US20080298881 *||Aug 4, 2006||Dec 4, 2008||General Binding Corporation||Apparatus and Methods for Automatically Binding a Stack of Sheets With a Nonspiral Binding Element|
|USD620977||Jan 11, 2010||Aug 3, 2010||General Binding Corporation||Binding element|
|U.S. Classification||402/36, 402/45, 402/43|
|International Classification||B42F13/22, B42F13/00|