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Publication numberUS1818320 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 11, 1931
Filing dateNov 10, 1927
Priority dateNov 10, 1927
Publication numberUS 1818320 A, US 1818320A, US-A-1818320, US1818320 A, US1818320A
InventorsGorsuch Robert A
Original AssigneeCongor Mfg Company
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Unfolding construction for brooders and other inclosures
US 1818320 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Aug. 11, 1931. R. A. GORSUCH UNFOLDING CONSTRUCTION FOR BROODERS AND OTHER INCLOSURES Filed Nov. 10, 1927 2 Sheets-Sheet l 11, 1931- R. A. GORSUCH 1,818,320

UNF'OLDING CONSTRUCTION FOR BROODERS AND OTHER INCLOSURES Filed NOV. 10 1927 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Patented Aug. 11, 1931 'OFF'lC-E ROBERT A. GORSUCH, OF GAMBIER, OHIO, ASSIGNOB- TO THE CONGOR MFG. COMPANY, OF GAMBIER, OHIO, A CORPORATION OF OHIO UNFOLDING CONSTRUCTION FOR BROODERS AND OTHER INCLOSURES Application filed November 10, 1927. Serial No. 232,262.

This invention relates to an improved container that is especially adapted for use as either or both a shipping box for baby chicks, and a so-called primary brooder, an example of such a device being shown in my Reissue Patent No. 16,518, granted January l, 1927.

It is the main purpose of my present invention provide a construction for a device of the aforesaid character that is, initially, in a n collapsed or folded condition so that it will occupy a relatively small space, thereby to facilitate storage and shipment of the device in its original form and before it is assigned to its intended use, and that may be readily its unfolded and thus conditioned for use, as for the transportation of chicks, and for employment a brood-er.

A further object is to provide a very simple and inexpensive construction through which the foregoing purpose'is attained.

Other and more limited objects will appear as I proceed to describe the invention by reference to the accompanying drawings wherein like reference characters designate correspending parts throughout the different views, and in which Fig. 1 is a perspective view of my improved container or brooder in its initial and unfolded condition; Fig. 2 is a similar View of the container or brooder un- 36 folded and with the side and end walls secured together; Fig. 3 is a vertical longitudinal section through the container with a cover applied thereto; and Figs. 4 and 5 are enlarged sectional details through the connection between the bottom and one of the peripheral walls, and illustrating the manner of bending the edge portion ofthe bottom wall downwardly so as to dispose the other wall in a vertical position.

For ventilating and cleaning purposes, it is desirable to make the bottom walls of primary breeders of a foraminous material such as wire screen of suitable mesh, and in my present invention a bottom wall 1 of such material is shown. In constructing the container or brooder, peripheral walls consisting of end wall 2 and side walls 3 are layed upon or disposed in sidewise relation to the end portions and the side portions, respectively, of the bottom wall 1, with the outer edges of the peripheral walls in register with the edges of the bottom wall. Metallic channel members dare then engaged over the outer edges of the peripheral walls and the underlying edges of the bottom wall, and are secured thereto as by forming depressions 5 and 6 along the outer and inner sides of the channel members a.

when in collapsed or folded condition, the peripheral walls may be pressed down to lie very closely to the bottom wall 1 so that the unit comparatively thin and in this form may packed for storage or shipment in relatively small space.

When it is desired to unfold and condition the device for use, a suitable tool 8shown by broken lines in Figs. l and 5 and which maybe in the nature of a folding brakeis applied to the channel members l, and the edges of the bottom wall bent downwardly so as to dispose them, and consequently the peripheral walls, in right angular relation to. the bottom wall, as shown in Fig. 5. According to the construction illustrated, wherein the side walls 3 overlietheend walls 2 and have inwardly folded end extensions 3 for a purpose which will presently appear, :the edges of'the bottom wall to which the side walls 3 are connected are first bent downwardlyso as to erect said side walls, after which the end extensions 3 thereof are folded outwardly at substantially rightangles to the body portions of said. walls. The ends of the bottom wall may now be bent downwardly so as to dispose the end walls 2 in perpendicular relation to the wall 1, and fastening means, such as wire staples 9, may then engage through theend extensions 3 and the end walls 2, as shown in Fig. 2. A cover 10, designed to telescope over the peripheral walls, completes the container; The cover 10 and the peripheral walls 2 and 3 are preferably constructed of suitable cardboard or corrugated paper board.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim is:

1. A device of the characterset'forth comprising a rectangular wire screen bottom wall, peripheral walls consisting of end walls and side walls disposed in sidewise relation W 7 wall, the outer e dges of the peripheral walls registering with the edges of the'bottonrwall, a metallic channetmember embraclng the outer edge of each of the end and side walls and the corresponding edge of the bottom wall and extending substantially the full length thereof, the peripheral walls being adapted to be positioned at right angles to the bottom wall by bending the edge portions of the bottom wall downwardly, certain of the peripheral walls having eXtensions that are adapted to be connected to adjacent ones of the peripheral walls.

2. As an article of manufacture, a collapsible box comprising a bottom wall having bendable edge portions, peripheral side walls disposed in sidewise relation to the bottom wall, means for embracing the outer edges of the side walls and the corresponding edges of the bottom wall and extending substantially the full length thereof, the side walls being adapted to be positioned at a relatively wide angle to the bottom wall by bending the edge portions of the bottom wall down wardly.

3. As an article of manufacture, a collapsible box comprising a bottom wall having bendable edge portions, peripheral side walls disposed in sidewise relation to the bottom wall, channel members for embracing the outer edges of the side walls and the corresponding edges of the bottom wall and extending substantially the full length thereof, the side walls being adapted to be positioned at a relatively wide angle to the bottom wall by bending the edge portions of the bottom wall downwardly.

4. As an article of manufacture, a collapsible box comprising a bottom wall having bendable edge portions, peripheral side Walls disposed in sidewise relation to the bottom wall, channel members for embracing the outer edges of the side walls and the corresponding edges of the bottom wall and ex tending substantially the full length thereof, the side walls being adapted to be positioned at a relatively wide angle to the bottom wall by bending the edge portions of the bottom wall downwardly, and means for securing together the adjacent side walls in such angular relation to the bottom wall.

5. A device of the character set forth comprising a metallic bottom wall, U-shaped channel members embracing substantially the entire edge portions of said wall, and peripheral walls disposed in sidewise relation to the bottom wall and having their bottom edges disposed within said channel members whereby the peripheral walls may be positioned at a relatively wide angle to the bottom wall by bending the edge portions of the bottomlwalldownwardlyV H H i In testimony whereof, I hereunto afiix my sign aturc.

ROBERT A. GORSUCH.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2493281 *Nov 24, 1947Jan 3, 1950American Box Board CoFolding paper box
US2534010 *Apr 26, 1946Dec 12, 1950Leslie T SwallowRe-usable pallet bin
US2534011 *Jul 25, 1946Dec 12, 1950Leslie T SwallowRe-usable pallet bin
US2620117 *Jun 9, 1950Dec 2, 1952Container CorpPallet load divider tray
US2778560 *Nov 5, 1954Jan 22, 1957Pfeiffer Edward JCollapsible box
US3797727 *Mar 10, 1972Mar 19, 1974Caterpillar Tractor CoCollapsible container and assembly method therefor
US4691859 *May 5, 1986Sep 8, 1987Oi Forest Products Sts Inc.Collapsible bulk shipping container
Classifications
U.S. Classification229/120.1, 229/199, 229/122.31, 229/104, 229/122.3, 229/198, 229/117.7, 229/189
International ClassificationB65D5/42, B65D85/50, B65D6/18
Cooperative ClassificationB65D85/50, B65D5/4295
European ClassificationB65D85/50, B65D5/42V