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Publication numberUS1818670 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 11, 1931
Filing dateSep 24, 1929
Priority dateSep 24, 1929
Publication numberUS 1818670 A, US 1818670A, US-A-1818670, US1818670 A, US1818670A
InventorsWilliam H H Bixler
Original AssigneeWilliam H H Bixler
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Hypodermic equipment
US 1818670 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

lAug-'ll 1931- w. H H BlxLER 1,818,670

HYPODERMIG 'EQUIPMENT Filed Sept. 24, 1929 .m1, MMM@ @dummy Patented Augell, 1931 UNITED STATES PATENT 'oFFlca WILLIAM H. H. BIXLER, F BALTIMORE, MARYLAND HYPODERMIC EQUIPMENT Application led September 24, 1929.v Serial No. 394,843.

which may be manipulated easily and used safelyand conveniently, and provide an arrangement which is susceptible of economy in manufacture as compared with existing devices.

Illustrative of one embodiment of the invention, reference may be had to the following detailed description of the accompanying drawings wherein Fig. 1 isl a side elevation of a complete syringe with the cartridge or ampoule positioned therein; Fig. 2 is an enlarged longitudinal, sectional view through the syringe shown in Fig. 1;

ig. 3 is a view similar to Fig. 1 illustrating the manner of inserting the cartridge or ampoule in the syringe;

Fig. 4 is a detailed fragmental sectional` view of a medicament cartridge or ampoule and its closure; l l

Fig. 5 is a similar view of a modified form thereof; and

Fig. 6 is a transverse sectional lview taken on the line 6-6 of Fig. 2.

In the illustrated embodiment of the invention as shown in the drawings the syringe 4.0 comprises a body member of suitable design and construction adaptable for the insertion and use of pre-loaded medicament containing cartridges or" ampoules, but is preferably formed of an opensided cylindrical barrel 10 threaded at one end as at 11 to receive a needle connection 12 having an apertured'extension 13 for receiving a needle 14 of standard construction. The connection 12 also is provided with a rearwardly extending conduit or nipple 15 adapted to project wlthin the forward end of the cartridge or ampoule when the latter is positioned in the syringe ready for use to aifordla free passage of fluid from the cartridge to the needle.

The rearward end of the syringe barrel 1() 56 is suitably shaped to receive loosely a finger grip bar 16 and is threaded to receive a retainer or cap member 17 through which is slidably mounted the plunger rod 18 provided at its rearward end with the usual handle or thumb piece 19. Surrounding the plunger f rod 18 and slidably mounted within the rearward end of the barrel 10 is a sleeve member or ampoule follower 20 having its forward end shouldered to provide a projecting portion 21 adapted to it within the rear open end of the cartridge or ampoule and align the. cartridge within the barrel of the syringe. The rear portion of the sleeve 2O is reduced so as to accommodate a spring 22 between a shoulder thereof and the retainer cap 17 so that the sleeve is resiliently pressed agalnst the cartridge holding the forward end firmly and resiliently against the needle connecting member `12. It will loel observed that the sleeve 20 is slidably and resiliently mounted within the barrel of the syringe and may be retracted to permit the insertion ofa car- 4 tridge by means of a shoulder portion on the forward end of the plunger actuating rod 18 80 which is seated in a countersunk recess in the forward end of the sleeve (see Figs. 2 and 3). The cartridges or ampoules according toymy invention (see Figs. 4 and 5) are formed of a substantially cylindrical tube or container 23 which may be of glass or other suitable material and are preferably of reduced cross section at the forward or discharge end 24 thereof, as by being tapered; said discharge end adapted to be closed by means of a closure member 25 of rubber or suitable resilient-like material positioned within the reduced or tapered end of the container. The plug member or closure 25 is preferably formed with a tapered body portion, 26 adapted to be positioned within the tapered end walls of the container and with a laterally projecting flanged end 27 adapted to cover the end of the container, thus to cushion the cartridge against the needle connection 12 when the cartridge is in place in the syringe. The

closure or plug member 2li is preferably formed with a longitudinal bore 28 adapted to receive the rearwardly extending nipple l5 of the needle connection when the cartridge is in operative position in the syringe or 'to-receive a plug member 29 of glass or suitable material to effectively seal forward end of the cartridge when it is iilled with a hypodermic solution at the factory. will be observed that the construction de scribed comprises means to prevent inward displacement of the resilient closure when the pin or plug member 29 or the nipple member l5 is being entered into its preformed aperture; or outward displacement thereof during the withdrawal of such members therefrom; such means being constituted, in the embodiment shown, by the flanged or equivalentformation of .the portion 2? of the resilient closure, and the frusto-conical or similar cooperating formation of the main portion thereof and of the internal walls of 'he body portion 24C. advantageously the plug 29 may be formed with a handle portion to facilitate ready removal of the plug from the closure 25 (see Fig. 5).

rlhe resilient closure member 25 may be formed with a skirt portion 3l attached to the laterally extending flange 27 and adapted to be folded back on the outside of the tapered end of the cartridge (see Fig. in

order better to cushion the cartridge in the syringe and'prevent breakage of the frangible body thereof, although in some instances this skirt portion Si may be omitted, the cartridge,

being cushioned by the projecting flange 27 (see Fig. 5) p The medicament or hypodermic solution is maintained sealed within the body of the cartridge by means of a slidable closure or plug member 32 in the rear end thereof which serves as a piston for the expulsion of the fluid from the cartridge through the needle of the syringe when in use as is well understood in the art.

When it is desired to insert the pre-loaded cartridge in the syringe, the sleeve 2O is retracted by Withdrawal of the plunger rod 18 against the tension of the spring 22 and the cartridge or ampoule is placed in the cylindrical barrel of the syringe through the side opening thereof, the plug member 29 having iirst been removed from the discharge end.

When the sleeve is fully retracted, the cartridge may be inserted in the barrel with its axis parallel to the axis of the barrel (see Fig. 3) and upon releasing the tension on the sleeve 20, the entire cartridge is properly positioned in the syringe ready for use. The retraction of the sleeve member is conveniently accomplished by grasping the handle or thumb piece 19 between the palm of the hand and the second finger and with the thumb and index finger against the bar 16,

al evo nipple l5 of the needle connection l2 and it will be seen that a tight seal is thus edected around the nipple by reason of the resilent closure 25. When the proper needle is placed upon the forward end of the needle' connection l2, the syringe is ready for use and the contents of the cartridge may be eX- pelled through the needle by pressure on the plunger rod which in turn forces the rear plug member forwardly through the body of the cartridge.

llt will be observed that leakage of the contents of the cartridge is prevented by reason of the tapered body of the cartridge closure member within the restricted or discharge end of the cartridge so that pressure exerted upon the contents of the cartridge will force the side Walls of the body of the closure tightly against the inner side walls of the cartridge. llurther, it will be observed that the cartridge is cushioned when placed within the syringe, the forward end thereof being protected against the rigid metal of the container and the needle connection l2 by means of the flange and/or the skirt member as a part of the closure so that in use my improved equipment is capable of withstanding eX- tremely heavy pressures exerted upon the Huid without liability of breakage of the cartridge or leakage of the field.

'lhe advantages of the invention reside principally in the high degree of asepsis maintained by reason of the novel construc-v tion of the ampoule which may be maintained sterile without liability of contamination of the hypodermic solution which is liable in existing devices where ythe closure member must be punctured by the needle.l The equipment further provides for the ready interchange of needles during the administration of a single solution. The novel means for positioning thecartridge in the barrel of the syringe and maintaining it in proper alignment with respect to the needle and plunger prevents breakage of the glass body of the ampoule. Furthermore, the ability to position the cartridge in and remove it from the barrel of the syringe in a parallel position, increases the eiiiciency and convenience in handling the equipment.

Obviously my invention is not restricted to the details shown and describedwhich are merely intended as illustrative of my invention. i

lll@

, operable through I claim: l

1. A. side-loading syringe of the removable cartridge-ampouley type comprising, in combination, a syringe body provided with a side opening adapted for the insertion and withdrawal of a cartridge-ampoule therethrough, an apertured needle-connection at one end of movable cartridge ampoule comprising a said body, and a spring-pressed retractable ampoule-follower at the other end thereof,

- said apertured needle-connection embodying an inwardly projecting nipple-member, a removable cartridge ampoule comprising a lass body havinga piston member movable rom the rear-end toward the forward end thereof and having a resilient closure member in the forward end thereof provided with a pre-formed aperture extending therethrough ladapted to receive and closely embrace said nipple-member, lsaid ampoule being of less overall len th than the space between the inner end of said nipple-member and the ampoule-follower when the latter is retracted, whereby upon retraction of said follower-member an ampoule canbe dropped from the side into said body without engagement over said nipple and thereafter be engaged therewith by movement of said follower, and means operable through said follower for moving said pistonmember of said cartridge-ampoulen l 2. A side-loading syringe of the removable cartridge-ampoule typ-e comprising, in combination, a syringe body provided with a side opening adapted for the insertion and withdrawal of a cartridge-ampoule therethrough, an apertured needle-connection at one end of said body, and a retractable ampoule-follower at the other-V end thereof, said apertured needleconnection 'embodying an inwardly projecting nipple-member, a removable cartridge ampoule comprismg a glass body .having a piston member movable from the rear-end toward the forward end thereof and having a resilient closure member in the forward end thereof provided with a pre-formed aperture extending therethrough adapted to receive and closely embrace said nipple-member or a closure pin and further provided with means for resisting' inward displacement of said resilient closure member when said nipple-member or said pin is aperture, said ampoule being of less overall length than the space between the inner end of said nipple-member and the ampoule-follower when the latter is retracted, whereby upon retraction of said follower-member an ampoule can be dropped from the side into said body without engagement over said nipple and thereafter be. engaged therewith by movement of said follower, and means said lfollower for moving said piston member of said cartridge-ampoule.

being entered into said preformed' 3. A side-loading syringe of the removable cartridge-ampoule type comprising, in combination, a syringe body provided with a side opening a apted for the insertion and withdrawal of a cartridge-ampoule therethrough, an apertured needle-connection at one end of said body, and a retractable ampoule-follower at the other end thereof, said apertured needle-connection embodying an inwardly projecting nipple-member, a removable cartridge ampoule comprising a glass body having a piston member movable from the rear-end toward the forward end thereof and having a resilient closure member in the forward end thereof provided with a preformed aperture extending therethrough adapted to receive and be expanded by and closely embrace said nipple-member, said resilient closure member comprising an inwardly fiaring frusto-conical section with an outwardly extending flange at its smaller base and said glass body having an internally outwardly narrowing frusto-conical section enga ed therewith constituting means to avoi displacement of said closure member, and said ampoule being of less overall length than the space between the inner end of said nipple-member and the ampoule-follower when the latter is retracted, whereby upon retraction of said follower-member an ampoule can be dropped from the side into said ody without and thereafter be engaged therewith by movement of said follower, and means operable through said follower for moving sai-d piston member of said cartridge-ampoule.

i .4. A cartridge ampoule comprising a glass body interiorly cylindrical throughout the greater part of its length and provided with a section interiorly substantially frustoconical with its smaller base constituting an opening through the forward end of the body; va piston member interiorly movable from the rear-end toward the forward end of said body; and a closure for the forward end of said body comprising a resilient member consisting of a frusto-conical portion fitted to said interiorly frusto-conical body section and a flange portion extending outwardly about the smaller base of said frustoconical portion for abutting the forward end of said glass body surrounding the opening therethrou h, said resilient member having a substantial y axial preformed aperture extending therethrough adapted to receive, tightly embrace and be expanded by either. a closing-pin or a nipple-memberl associate with a hypodermic needle holder, said flange portions constituting both means to prevent said resilient member from being driven into the glass body when such closing-pin or nipple-member is being entered into sald preformed aperture and means for abutting a supportin face when the ampoule is mounted in a dlscharging device to provide cushengagement over said nippley ioned support tbereora and inwardly expanding. truste-conical portion Constituting means compressibie against such nipple member and the frusto-conicai section of said body under the iniluence of inter-nai pressure in the ampoule when the same is being discharged to tightly seal the forward end thereof as Well as means for preventing puiling out of said resilient member troni said body when such dosing-pin nipple member is being Withdrawn from said preifornied aperture 5'. il cartridge ampoule comprising a giass body interiorly cylindrical throughout the greater part oit its length and provided with a section interiorly substantially rusto-oonical with its slnalier base constituting an opening through the forward end of tbe body; a piston member interioriy movable :trom tbe rear-end toward the `forward end oi2 said body; and a ciosure for the forward end of said body comprising a resilient member conm sisting oit a irusto-conical portion iitted to said interiorly 'rusto-conioai body section and a flange portieri extending outwardly about the smaller base of said frustoconioai portion for abutting the torn/ard end of said glass body surrounding the opening therethrougha said resilient member having a substantially arial preformed aperture er;n tending therethrough adapted to receive, tightly embrace and be expanded by either a closing-pin or a nippie-rnember associated with a hypodermic needle holder, said flange portion constituting means to prevent said resilient member from being driven into the glass body When such closing-pin or nipplemember is being entered into said preformed aperture, and said inwardly expanding frustoconical portion constituting means coinpressible against such nipple member and the frusto-conical section of said body under the influence of internal pressure in the ampoule when the saine is being discharged to tightly seal the forward end thereof as Well as means for preventing pulling out oie. said resilient member from said body when such closingpin or nippleemember is being Withdrawn from said preformed aperture.

6. A cartridge ampoule comprising a glass body interiori cylindrical throughout the greater part o its length and provided with a section interiorly substantially truetoconical with its smaller base constituting an opening through the forward end of the body; a piston member interiorly movable from the rear-end toward the forward end of said body; and a closure for the forward end of said body comprising a resilient member consisting of a truste-conical portion fitted to said interiorly frusto-conical body section and a flange portion extending out- Wardlyabout the smaller base of said frustodonical portion for abutting the forward end of said glass body surrounding the opening theretlir:nigh9 said member 'having a substantiaily axial preformed aperture ei.:- tending therethrough adapted to receive3 tightly embrace nd be expanded by either closing-pin or nipple-member associated With a hypode-rniio needle beider, said flange portion constituting both means to prevent said resilient member from being driven into the glass body 'when such ciosingpin or nip plemeinber is beine* entered into said preformed aperture and means :tor abutting supporting tace When the ampoule is mounted in discharging device. to pro-vide cushioned support therefora and said inwardly expanding :truste-conical portion constituting means compressible against such nipple member and the truste-conical Section ore said body under the iniiuence ozi internal pressure in the ampoule When the same is being discharged to tightly the forward end thereof.,

testimony whereof, l name to this specification.

have signed my Mii iat'

CERTIFICATE or CORRECTION. Parent No. 1,818,670. Granted August/"111, 1931, m

WILLIAM H; H. BIXLER.

It is hereby certified that error appears in the -printed specification of the above numbered patent requiring correction as follows: vPage 2, line 106, for

the word "field" read fluid; page 3, line 8, claim i, strike out the words "movable cartridge ampoule comprisinga'; and that the said Letters Patent should be read with thesey corrections therein that the same may conform to the record of y the case in the Patent Office.

Signed and sealed this 3rd day of November, A. D. 1931.

- r M. J. Moore, (Seal) Acting Commissioner of Patents.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2481636 *Mar 8, 1948Sep 13, 1949A M Bickford & Sons LtdDevice for injecting penicillin or similar liquids
US4723945 *Jun 27, 1986Feb 9, 1988Bunder Glas GmbhHypodermic syringe
US7125394May 29, 2003Oct 24, 2006Syringe, LlcApplicator for dispensing a medicinal substance
US7141036Jun 4, 2002Nov 28, 2006Syringe, LlcMethods of applying a medicinal substance
WO1998028090A1 *Dec 23, 1997Jul 2, 1998Patrick LesageDevice for dispensing an extrusible substance such as a paste for dental use
Classifications
U.S. Classification604/234
International ClassificationA61M5/24
Cooperative ClassificationA61M2005/2477, A61M2005/2414, A61M5/24, A61M2005/2437
European ClassificationA61M5/24