US 1822448 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Sept. 8, 1931. L. H. MORIN 1,822,448
FURNITURE Filed Jan. 20, 1928 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Z7 INVENTOR.
A TTORNEY Patented Sept. 8, 1931 UNITED STATES PATENT-OFFICE LOUIS H. MOBIN, OF NEW YORK, N. Y., ASSIGNOR TO 'DOEHLER' DIE-CASTING CO., A.
CORPORATION OF NEW YORK FURNITURE Application filed January 20, 1928. Serial in. 248,101.
My invention relates to furniture of the knock-down type constructed preferably, although not necessarily, of metal.
The great advantage of furniture of this type is that may be arranged incompact packages for shipment and storage. In securing this advantage it is highly desirable to so construct the various elements of the device that they may be readily assembled or disassembled, that the number of parts may l more particularly a drawer which may be used with and form a part of any furniture piece having one or more drawers, as for ex am le chiffoniers, bureaus, buffets etc.
eference is hereby made to the accom- 5 panying drawings of which:
Fig. 1 is a plan of the improved drawer with the walls thereof disassembled with respect to each other and brought into alignment with the-bottom;
' '30 Fig. 2 is a front elevation, partly in section,
showing the drawer completely assembled and in position upon the guide bars of a piece of furniture;
Fig. 3 is a vertical section on line 3 3 of Fig. 1, the drawer, however, being in its assembled form;
Fig. 4 is a plan of the drawer of Fig. 3, and Fig. 5 is a detail view of one of the removable partitions.
The drawer shown comprises a bottom 1 formed of a single sheetof metal having a number of slots or apertures 2 for the reception of partition securing means which will be described later. All of the four marginal edges of the sheet 1 are bent to form knuckles 3 for the hinging to the bottom of the four walls of the drawer.
These walls consist of the front wall 4 two side or end walls 5, 5 and the rear wall 6.
The lower edge of each of these walls is formed with a series of knuckles 3 so placed as to interlock in axial alignment with the knuckles formed upon the corresponding edge of the bottom member 1. Elongated pins or rods 7 are inserted through said knuckles, thus forming hinges by which the four walls are permanently united to the bottom and foldable with respect thereto. Their positions when folded are indicated by dotted lines in Fig. 3, from which it appears that w the front wall 4 and rear wall 6 are foldable into positions above the upper surface of the bottom 1 and the two side walls 5 are foldable into positions below.the bottom.
The front wall 4, which is provided withpulls 8 of ordinary construction, has its end portions bent in a rearward direction to form apair of wings or webs 9 which extend at an acute angle with respect'to the main body of the wall. The free edges of these wings are 7 bent to form knuckles or eyes 10 for locking the wall in its assembled position, and the'upper edge of the sheet which forms said Well is bent as shown in Figure 3 to form a'hollow longitudinal reinforcement 11. Immediately below each end of said reinforcement is a proJect1on '12, rigidly united to the wall 4 in position to enter the ends of marginal reinforcement-s of the side walls as will be described later. There is also a pair of projecso. tions 13 united to the wall 4 and so placed as to cooperate with the partition 19 which will be described.
The rear wall 6 is formed along its lower I edge with knuckles 3 by which it is hinged s5 to the bottom land its side edges are formed with the knuckles or eyes 10 similar to those of the front wall. The upper edge of the wall 6 is bent to form a hollow longitudinal reinforcement 14 and there is a pair of slots or apertures 15 in alignment with the apertures 2 of the bottom 1. The side walls 5, 5 are similar to each other except of course that one is formed as a right and the other as a left. They'are formed with marginal knuck- 06 les 3 similar to those previously described and with knuckles or eyes 10 along their lateral edges which are also similar to those which have been-described. v p
The upper portionofeach of the side walls 10! is bent as shown in Fig. 2 to form a horizontal channel 16 and a hollow longitudinal reinforcement 17 along the upper marginof the wall. Each of the side walls 5 is also provided at the rear end with a tongue 18 which extends at a right angle to the plane of the wall in position to enter the space between the walls of the reinforcement 14.
The partition 19, Fig. 5 is preferably formed of a sheet of metal folded double as shown in Fig. 2 so as to form a pair of spaced vertical webs. The lower and rear edges of one of the webs are formed with knuckles or eyes 20 and the lower and rear edges'of the other of said webs with knuckles or eyes 21 which are adapted to be brought into axial alignment with each other, in the assembling of the device which will now be described.
Assuming that the walls of the drawer are in the positions suitable for shipment and storage as shown in dotted lines, Fig. 3, they will then be unfolded so as to occupy the positions shown in Fig. 1. The rear wall 6 will then be brought into a vertical position at right angles to the bottom sheet 1 and one of the side walls 5 will be turned on its hinge into vertical position so that the tongue 18 will enter the space between the main body of the wall 6 and its reinforcement 14 as shown in Fig. 3. In this position the knuckles or eyes 10 along the edges of the walls 5 and 6 will interlock in axial alignment with each other and may be secured together by the pin 22. The other side wall 5'will next be brought into vertical position and secured to the rear wall 6 in a manner exactly similar to that just described. The partitions 19 will then be applied to the drawer bypassing the various sets of eyes 20, 21 through the slots 2 of the bottom and slots 15 of the rear. wall 6, after which securing pins 23 will be inserted through said eyes thereby locking the partitions rigidly to the bottom and rear walls. The front wall 4 will next be brought into vertical position during which movement the projections 12, 12 will enter the ends of the hollow reinforcements 17 of the side walls 5 and the projections 13 will enter the spaces between the two layers or webs of the parti tions 19. The knuckles or eyes 10 along the side edges of the wall 4 will interlock with those of the side walls 5 and will be secured thereto by the pins 22. The structure thus formed is very rigid, strong and durable. In case it is desired to transport or store these drawers, the operation of, disassembling them is simply the reverse of What has been described and can be accomplidlied very easily and quickly and without tl 1e of any special tools.
The drawer shown is capable of also in connection with various kinds of pieces of furniture. Figfl shows the preferred mounting of the drawer with respect to a piece of furniture which comprises sheet metal side walls or anels 24 and guide supports 25 rigid therewit 1. The support 25 is of sheet metal and comprises a vertical web and marginal flanges extending therefrom in converging planes and there is a wooden guide bar 26 clamped by the edges of said flanges. The guide bars 26 are of such size as to enter the channels 16 of the drawer and permit it to slide freely thereon.
Having now described my invention what I claim is:
1. A knock-down drawer comprising a bottom, a side wall and another wall trans verse thereto, both of said walls being hinged to said bottom, one of said walls having its upper edge bent downward to form a reinforcement the ends of which form grooves, and the other wall having a tongue projecting from its side edge at a right angle to the plane of said wall and in position to enter said grooves formed by said reinforcement.
2. A knock-down drawer comprising a bottom, a side wall and another wall transverse thereto, both of said walls being hinged to said bottom, one of said walls having its upper edge bent to form a hollow reinforcement the ends of which form grooves and a projection extending rearward from the other wall in position to enter said grooves formed by said reinforcement.
3. A: knock-down drawer comprising a bottom, a front and a side wall hinged thereto, said side wall having its upper edge bent to form a horizontal outer guide groove or channel and a hollow reinforcement above said 7 channel, and a projection extending rearward from said front wall in position to enter said reinforcement.
4. A knock-down drawer comprising a bottom, walls hinged to opposite edges thereof. and a partition consisting of a sheet of metal folded upon itself and having eyes in axial alignment at the edges opposite the line of fold, one or more apertures in said bottom through which said eyes may pass, and a pin for engaging said eyes to lock them together.
5. A knock-down drawer comprising a bottom. a wall hinged thereto and a partition consisting of a sheet of metal folded upon itself. locking means rigid with said sheet and extending through an aperture in said bottom, and a projection extending inward from said wall in position to enter between the webs of said partition.
6. A knockdown drawer comprising a bottom. a wall hinged thereto and a partition consisting of a sheet of metal folded upon itself to form two layers or webs and ham ing eyes in axial alignment along adjacent side edges of said layers or webs, an'aperture in said wall through which said eyes may pass and a pin for engaging said eyes to lock them together.
7. A drawer having a sheet metal side ill) wall bent to form a supporting channel in the outer side of the upper portion thereof, and a hollow reinforcement formed along the upper edge of the wall by bending it inward and downward, the lower side of the said hollow reinforcement constituting the upper side of the said channel.
In witness whereof, I hereunto subscribe my signature.
LOUIS H. MORIN.