US 1822652 A
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Sept. 8, 1931. J. A. GLUCKERT 1,322,652
SNUFFER FOR CANDLES Filed April 6, 1931 I l NVENTOR Patented Sept. 8, 1931 UNETED' STATES JOSEPHINE A. GLUCKERT, OF PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA SNUFFER ron CANDLES.
Application filed April 6, 1931. Serial No. 528,080.
This invention relates to snufi'ers for putting out candles.
When using an ordinary snuffer for putting out a lighted candle, one completely shuts off the supply of air to the burning wick and thus suffocates the flame. Inasmuch as the cavity of the snuffer contains air, when applied, this confined air must be used up before the flame is extinguished, and although the interval of time required to thus put the flame out is comparatively short, yet, if one has to snuff out a number of burning candles, such as are used for table decorations, the shortening of the time is necessary to put out each candle is of importance.
It is therefore one of the objects of my invention to provide a snufler which will put a candle out almost instantly the snuffer is applied, or in an appreciably shorter time than that required by the use of the ordinary snuifer.
Considering what happens during the burning of a candle, we are concerned with the flashing point, or temperature at which the oil, formed from the melting of the wax of the candle, begins to ignite. This oil lays in a pool surrounding the wick. Heat from the Wick flame, as it reaches the oil in the pool, is lower than the ignition temperature of the melted wax forming this pool. But this oil is drawn up by the wiclq to feed the flame and is converted into a gas directly surrounding the wick at its upper end, and is enveloped by the burning gas forming the luminous flame. If this envelope of gas formed at the wick, is suddenly disturbed and abruptly distorted, and at the same time the heat of the flame is suddenly reduced below the ignition temperature, and as the supply of air is out off by the enveloping body of the snuffer, then the flame will be extinguished much sooner.
Therefore another object of my invention is to provide a snuffer hood which will have auxiliary means fixed to the inside of the hollow body of the snutfer hood for suddenly disturbing the burning position of the wick, which may also plunge the wick into the cooler pool of melted wax in the top of the candle, as well as to absorb heat into the said means from the flame, and for this purpose I preferably makethe said auxiliary means ofmetal.
l/Vith these and other objects, my inven- 5 tion resides in certain construction, various forms of which are illustrated in the drawings. The construction and action are ex plained and what I claim is set forth.
In the drawings, 3
Figure 1 is an elevation of a candle holder and candle, showing also one form of my snuifer (in section) in the act of extinguishing the flame.
Figure 2 is a side elevation of the snufler 5 shown in Figure 1.
Figure 3, is an elevation of a brush fornr of auxiliary means within the snuffer body.
Figure 4 is a side elevation of the snufiier shown inFigure Figure 5 is an elevation of another candle holder and candle, also showing another form of my snuffer invention.
F igure 6 is a top plan of the snufter shown in Figure 5.
Figure 7 is a side elevation of the snuffer shown in Figures 5 and 6.
Figure 8 is an elevation of a part of a burning candle.
In the figures, referring particularly to Figures 1 and 2, there is shown standing up from the base 10, the candle 11, with wick 12. Enveloping the top of'the candle and in contact with the edge 13 is the hood 14, integral with the handle v15, the inner spur .16, 35 of which, projects into the cavity 17 of the hood 14, having the lower end 18 positioned to knock down the wick 12, or come in contact with it.- v
In Figures 3 and 4 is shown a modified form of snuifer, having a hood 19 and'an inner projecting brush 20, formed from strands of the fragment of wire handle 21 shown, which handle 21 is fixed with the hood 19.
In Figures 5, 6 and 7 is shown another form of snuffer embodying my invention, wherein the body 22 of the snuifer has a bandle 23 fixed in the rolled edge24. In the top of the body 22 is formed a pocket 25, in the position shown to closely envelop the upper part of the wick 12. In Figure 5 the candle 11 is shown in aholder 10'.
Figure 8 illustrates the top part of a burning candle 11, with a wick 12, a flame 26 and a 'pool of melted wax 27.
t In operation, where one has a numher of candles to put out, a little practice will enable him to quickly cap the candle top of each in rapid succession, landing the hood in the position shown in any of the Figures 1, 3, or 5, wherein the wick 12 is suddenly pushed over or down by the metal auxiliary means within the hood of the snuiler, as the spur 16, of Figure 1, the brush 20 of Figure 3, or the pocket 25 of Figure 5. In each case the formation of the flame with its lnner pocket of gas surrounding the wick 12, in the flame 26, is suddenly distorted and the wick 12 is thrown either against or into the melted wax pool 27, suddenly reducing the temperature of the flame be ow that necessary to support it, which reduction of tem perature is aided by contact with the metal of the spur 16, that of the hrush 20, or that of the pocket 25, which ever kind of snuffer is used of those shown, and the candle is put out instantly, while greatly assisting the suffocating action oi? the hood when shutting oil the air.
Inasmuch as other forms of snu'll ers em hodying my invention, than those shown and described, may he devised without depart ing from the spirit and scope of my invention, I wish to include all forms which come within the purview of the following claims.
1. In a snul'l'er having a hood adapted to cap over the top oi a burning; candle, means fixed to said hood, within the same, posi tioned to contact the wick of said candle, as said hood envelops the top of said candle.
2. In asnulier having' a hood adapted to cap over the top of a burning candle, metallic means fixed centrally within and to said hood, positioned to contact the wick of said candle, as said hood envelope the top of said candle.
3. In a snutfer having a hood adapted to cap over the top of a burning candle, a spur depending within said hood, positioned to contact the wick of said candle, as said hood envelops the top of said candle.
4. In a snuffer having a hood adapted to c: p over the top of a burning candle, a brush depending within said hood, positioned to contact the wick of? said candle, as said hood envelops the top of said candle.
5. I11 a snuiler having a hood adapted to cap over the top of a burning; candle, a pocket formed in the upper part of said hood, positioned to contact the wick of said candle, as said hood envelops the top of said candle.
Philadelphia, Pa, April 6, 1931.
.iosnrriiun A. GLUGKERT.