US 1824451 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Sept. 22, .1931.
J. soss HINGE Filed March 7. 1929 INVENTOIR Patented Sept. 22, 1931 UNITED STATES JOSEPH SOSS, OF'BROOKLYN, NEW YORK HINGE Application filed March 7,
This invention relates to hinges and particularly to devices of this class adapted for use in connection'with the hoods of motor vehicles; and the object of the inven tion is to provide a hinge involving a stationary hinge butt or member and two movable members hingedly coupled with the stationary member and arranged at .opposite sides thereof and in connection with which movable hinge members are coupled withthe stationary hinge member by longitudinal sliding movement, all of said hinge members being composed of sheet metal and extending the full length of the hood or other supports in connection with which they are mounted; a still further object being. to provide a hinge of the class specified, wherein the movable membersare coupled to a. stationary member through pintle pins; and with these and other objects in view, the invention consists in a device of the class and for the purpose specified," which is simple in construction, eflicient in use and which is constructed as hereinafter described and claimed.
The invention is fully disclosed in the following specification of which the accompanying drawings form a part, in which the separate parts of my improvement are designated by suitable reference characters in each of the views, and in which Fig. 1 is a transverse, sectional View of one form of hinge which I employ. v
Fig. 2 is a view similar to Fig. 1 showing a modification.
Fig. 3 is a view similar to Fig. 1 showing another modification; and,
Fig. 4 is a plan view of one end portion of the hinge structure, with part of the construction broken away. 7
In the several figures of the drawings, it will be noted that one part of the hinge constitutes a coupling and spacing member PATENT OFFICE aussutn 1929. Serial no. 345,048.
which is disposed between the separate hood parts 10 and 11 of the hood of a motor vehicle. In Fig. 1 of the drawings, I have shown at .12, a stationary hinge butt or member which is substantially channel-shaped in cross sectional form, the channel being directed downwardly, and the top wall is preferably curved or arc-shaped in cross sectional form to correspond with the curvature of the hood parts 10 and 11. However, this 'is not absolutely necessary, as said wall may 'be flat if desired.
The member 12 is in the form of an elongated body running the full length of the hood parts 10 and 11, and the side portions thereof are curved downwardly to form areshaped' bearing members 13 and 14, each terminating in an upwardly extending hookshaped flange 13a and 14a.
At 15 and 16, I have shown two similarly formed movable hinge members which also are in the form ofelongated strips fash-' ioned to form at one side edge, curved bearing portions 15a16a which cooperate with the bearing portions 13 and 14 to control and limit the swinging movement of the hinge members 15 and 16 with relation to the member 12. The bearings 15a and 16a extend in curved portions which pass beneath the bearings 13 and 14 and terminate in angularly disposed attaching plates 15b and 16?) which are secured to attaching flanges 10a and 11a on the parts 10 and 11, the coupling being made by bolts, rivets or other methods of attachment as at 17.
In the normal or closed position of the hood parts 10 and 11, it will be apparent that the flanges 10a and 11a are arranged adjacent the opposite side edges of the member 12 or the bearings 13 and 14 thereon so as to form a neat and finished appearance between said member and'the separate hood parts. It will also be apparent that any rain or other water that may pass down through the crevices 18 will extend into the downwardly curved portions of the members 15 and 16 which will function as troughs to direct the water to either or both ends of the hood for discharge, thus preventing construction, it will also be apparent that either and/or both of the hood parts may be moved into raised position ,in acquiring access to the engine without one hood part,
interfering with the other part.
In coupling the members 15 and 16 with themember 12, it will be understood. that the same must be engaged by endwise-sliding movement, the bearing members 150. and 16a entering the channels formed by the bearing members 13 and 14 from either end of the member 12.
In Fig. 3 of the drawings, I have shown a slight modification of the structure shown in Fig. 1. In this figure I have shown at 19 a stationary hinge member, and at 20 and 21 two movable hinge members, the latter having attaching flanges 20a and 21a attached to flanges 10b and 11?) on the parts 10 and 11 by bolts, rivets or the like 22. With the construction shown in Fig. 3, I employ on the member 19, substantially circularbearings 23 and 24 which open outwardly or laterally instead of inwardly as in Fig. 1. These bearings terminate in hookshaped flanges 23a and 2401 similar to the flanges 13a and 14a.
The members 20 and 21 terminate in their free side edges in circular bearings 25 and 26 which cooperate with the bearings 23 and 24 in the swinging movement of'the parts 10 and 11 to form the hinge joints. The central portions of the members 20 and 21 are offset inwardly as seen at 27 and these offsets form stop shoulders which engage the side edges of the upper part of the member 19 as clearly indicated in dotted lines in Fig. 1 of the drawings to limit the opening of the separate hood parts,-the part 10 being shown in open position.
In this connection, it will also be noted that the bearings 25 and 26 of the members 20 and 21 are offset with respect to the flanges 10b and 11b to form recesses 28 into which the side edges of the member 19 pass in the operation of moving the hood parts 10 and 11 into raised or open position. The hood members where folded to form flanges are offset inwardly as seen at 29 to form a comparatively narrow recess or space between the adjacent parts forming a neat and finished appearance. The offset portions 27 of the members 20 and 21 also form troughs into which rainwater is free to pass for discharge at the opposite ends of the hinge structure. p
In Fig. 2 of the drawings, I have shown another modification and in this figure, I have shown at 30 a stationary hinge mem her, the side edges of which terminate in downwardly projecting curved pintle bearings 31 into which pintle pins 32 are mounted. The movable hinge members .33 and 34 are provided at one side with curved pintle bearings arranged on the pins 32 intermediate the bearings 31, the hinge members 33 and 34 extending outwardly in curved and straight end portions 330; and 34m which are welded or otherwise attached to the separate hood parts 10 and 11 or to flanges 35 turned inwardly upon said hood parts. This construction is practically identical to the structure shown in Fig. 1, with the exception that instead of providing a loose or varying hinge axis, a definite pintle pin axis is provided between the members v30, 33 and 34..
In Fig. 4 of the drawings, I have shown means for supporting one end of the stationary hinge member of the respective butts, it being understood that both ends of said member are fixedly: supported, the ends of said member projecting beyond the other companion hinge members as well as the ends of, the hood. In said figure I have shown for the purpose of illustrating one of these attachments, the stationary hinge member 12, the extension 12a of which is arranged within a yoke-shaped keeper 36 which is secured to a support 37 by screws or other devices 38 passed through flanges projecting from opposite sides of the member 36.
From the foregoing, it will be apparent that in all the forms of hinge structure shown, the stationary hinge member is exposed and arranged intermediate the adjacent side edges of the hood'parts, and will thus present a neat and finished bead or rib extending longitudinally of the central portion of the hood, and it will be understood that while I have shown certain details of construction for carrying my invention into effect, that I am not necessarily limited to these details nor to the specific use of the hinge structure herein referred to, the same being applicable for use in connection with coupling and supporting body parts or members of any kind or class. and on any type of apparatus, and various other changes in and modifications of the construction herein shown and described may be made within the scope of the appended claims Without departing from the spirit of my invention or sacrificing its advantages.
It will be understood that while the members 15a and 16a are shown in widely spaced relation, that adjacent surfaces ofthese members may be closely arranged or in fact in substantially abutting relation. This is also true of the bearings 31 on the strip 30 and the members 23 and 24 on the strip 19. The members are shown'sep'arated in the drawings for the purpose of clarifying the illustration.
Having fully described my invention,
what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is v l. A hinge for coupling independent and relatively 'movable body arts comprising three hinge members'in t e form of elongated and comparatively narrow strips, the central portion of one of said strips bein slightly arched, and the side edges of sai strip projecting downwardly and inwardly with respect to the concave face of the strip I to form oppositely disposed and substantially cylindrical bearing members, the otherhinge members being of substantially slmilar cross sectional form and having at one side thereof substantially cylindrical bearpings adapted to be arranged and operated in the cylindrical bearings of the first named hinge member, and the other side of the second named hinge members forming attaching plates with which the independent body parts are coupled.
2. A hinge for pivotally coupling two mdependent body parts to permit independent and relative movement of said parts comprising a hinge arranged intermediate adjacent edges of said parts andforminga finishing strip disposed therebetween, sa1dhinge comprising a stationary hlnge member and two other hinge members adapted to be coupled with said bodyparts, and the second named hinge members having hinge I jacent independent ,body parts to permit inv dependent and relative movement of said parts, said hinge being arranged intermediate adjacent edges of said parts and consisting of three elongated, narrow. hinge members of substantially the same transverse dimensions, onemember being stationary and forming a finishing strip disposed between said parts and the other hinge members being adapted to be coupled with said body parts, the second named hinge members having hinge connections with the first named member to permit swinging movement of said body parts relative y to the stationary hinge member.
4. A hinge forpivotally coupling two adjacent independent body parts to permit independent and relative movement of said parts, said hinge-being arranged intermediate adjacent edges of said parts andconlisting of three elongated, narrow'hinge members of substantially the same transverse dimensions, one member being stationary and forming a finishing strip disposed between said parts and the other hinge members being adapted to be coupled with said body parts, members having hinge connections with the first named member to permit swinging 6th day of March, 1929.
movement of said body parts relatively to .the stationary hinge member, and the hinge connection between the first and second named hinge members being made by substantially cylindrical bearing portions arranged one within the other and coupled together by endwise, slidable engagement. v
5. A hin e of the class described comprising three 5 of substantially the same transverse dimensions, one of said hinge members being ongated, narrow hinge members adapted to be supported in stationary posi- -tion and the other hinge members being directly and hingedly coupled with opposite side edges of the first named member, each of the second named members being adapted to be coupled with a-support disposed at opposite side edges of the first named member and spaced apart thereby, and said first named member forming a finfishing strip arranged between the adjacent sides of said supports.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my invention I have signed my name this JOSEPH SOSS.
the second named hinge