US 1824485 A
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P 1931. M. P. R. JOURDAIN 1,824,485
' OIL REMOVI NG APPARATUS 7 Filed Feb. 21. 1929 2 Sheets-Sheet if 1 I/VVENTOR Nor/e Paa/ Rob 7 Jqurdai/r by I P 22, 1931- M. P. R. JQURDAIN 1,824,485
OIL REMOVING APPARATUS Filed F b. 21. 1929 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 /70//'e P441/ 06 /Jow'dm' by v A TT'OHNE Y Patented Sept. 22 i 1931 UNITED STATES P TENT. or IcE MAR-IE PA-UL. nonnar JOURDAIN, or PARIS, FRANCE, Assmivon TO soc mumn s 'rnnms JOVURDAVIN MONNERET, or rARIgrRANcn on REMOVING" umm s Application filed February 21, 1929, Serial No. 341,755, aud in Franee-February fl, i928;
'The present inventionrelatesto an apparatus for the removal of/oil i. e. for the condensation of the products of lubrication, which is chiefly adapted to collectthe'particles of oil or grease which are drawn forward with certain gas streams, and particularly with the air 'delivered'by aircompressors. I g
The apparatus according. to the invention is chiefly. characterized by the fact that it acts at the same time, firstly to cool the volume of airin all parts and thus to properly separate the. minute drops I of 011 01" grease whose suspension in the air is fun thered by thehigh temperature to which it is heated when issuing from the compressor cylinders, and secondly to heat the collected oily liquid in order to restore to it,.at least partially, the fluidity which it has lost under the effect. of the high temperature of the delivery, this fluidity being required for the ready discharge of theliquid, with or without pressure; a 7 I An advantageous'method consists in c0oling the air from which the oil is to be removed, by circulatinglit in contact'with a sufiicient number ofthin baflledevices which are cooled by external'fianges, whilst the oily drops. thus deposited thereon are directed, by a suitableslope of the said baiiles, to the peripheral walls of the apparatus, or
onthe contrary,.to the central part, so that it will then stream down by gravity along the said peripheral walls or along a central tube; i 1 1 3 Another feature ofi'the invention consists in the construction ofthe apparatus by the use of annular elements or rings in a superposed arrangement,'whereby the operating capacity of the apparatus may be modified by simply increasing or diminishing. the number of such rings according to the degree of purifying to, be obtained.
Figs. 1 and 2 showvby. way of; example two respective embodiments of the invention, in axial section. 1 I v In Figure l the apparatus comprises a case 1 forminga base, upon which are piled bafiie rings in superposed position. .The, interior2 ofsaid case forms a-collecting cham 'ber for .theifatty. substances may be pipe-fittings are provided in the wall of the case 1 above the conduit 4. In the upper face of the base. part1 is an annular groove 10 for the insertion (with packing) of the ring C The. said ring has at the top an annular groove. for the insertion (with packing) of the second-ring C and soon. The last ring O carries in like manner a covefllclosingthe pile at the top.
The various rings and vthe Tcover are'held together in'a non-leaking'manner bya plurality of bolts B spaced around the periphery, outside the main body of the rings C,' and; passing through corresponding notches in the outerv flanges 12 of the said rin s. Each ring comprises-- an interal ba e rib 13 which is inclined from the axis.
A vertical jaxial tube 14. is mounted on a shoulder formed on'said conduitl l' around the hole 7 thereof, and itrises to=a point above thefbafiieqrib. 13 of the last ring .Cn, stopping atva certaindistance from the cover 11 r intermediate tapered sheet metaldis ks 15,
through which the tube l lipasses loosely,
.bafiies according tothe arrows; The .said
sheet metal disks 15 are pierced with holes 16 in a row surrounding the central tube '14:, so that the oil will drop upon. the tube 14.
The operation is as follows One of the orifices 5 or 6 is closed'by a screwplug 17, and one of the orifices 8 or 9 is closedv by a like plug 18. The; air, is supplied to the transverse conduit 4, flows in the tube 14, and then returns on azigzag-path around the baffles 13-15, then issuing through the orifice 9. A sheet metal'plate 19 secured to the lower baflle 15 directs the air to the her 2, whence it may be discharged through the emptying orifice 3 when the latter is The air will thus be entirelyand in all parts cooled by its circulation incontact.
with the cooling ribs 13, which facilitates the separation of the. oil. 1 On the contrary,
the oil deposited along the tube 14 is sub jected to the: heat of the airsupplied directlyby the compressor to this tube. The
collecting chamber 2 is heated by the transv'erse'conduit' ii which is supplied with hot air. Such heating will reduce the viscosity of the oily deposits, and will facilitate their expulsion by the action of the compressed air when the emptying orifice 3 is opened.
The construction shown in Fig. 2 differs from thepreceding, due to the fact that the air circulates inthe other direction, and that the ribs and intermediate bafiles 1 15 are not inclined downwardly towards the centre, but are. downwardly inclinedtowards the periphery. Thecentraltube' 14 is eliminated, but the base part-1 is the same asin- Figure S1. .Herein the two upper or1- 'fice s 89 of the case 1 are both closed by vrespectivescrew plugs 18-18. The air is supplied at 5 and it escapes from the transverse conduit 4 through. the hole 7, then rises-andlcirculates in a zigzag path around .the ribs 13 andthe intermediate baffles 1 5 (which are herein closed atthe middle), and finally issues through a hole 21 forme at the top ofthecover 11. i I Obviously, the holes are pierced, as shown at 20, .at the lower part of the annular; concave parts formed by the baffle ribs 13, and thus the oil will flow downwardly along the peripheral walls of the apparatus, descending: thence into the collecting chamber 2.
The arrangements anddetails of construction herein 1-described and represented are given solely by way of example, and are susceptible of all, desiredvariations without departing from the principle of the invention;
1. An apparatus 'for the removal of oil 'from'hot air, comprising in combination a chamber with peripheral walls and an air inlet, a series of heat-conducting ribs formed integrally withthe peripheralwalls of said chamber andforming with said walls a circulation path of the air, internal elements alternated with the said ribs and forming bafiies disposedinthe circulation path of the air, adapted'lf-or the progressive cooling of the air and for the depositing of the oil ingfianges at the exterior of saidperipheral walls for radiating the heat, internal elements alternated with said ribs and. forming baflles disposed in the circulation path ofthe air, adapted 'for the progressive cooling of the air and for the depositing oi'the oil, and
having perforations for permitting the flow of oildownwardly, a discharge conduit for the cooled air from which the oil has been removed and a chamber for collecting the oil which is thus separated;
3. An apparatus for'the removal of-oil from hot air, comprising in combination a chamber with peripheral walls and an air inlet, a series of annular, heat-conducting ribs formed integrally with the peripheral walls of said-chamber, inclined 'ifrom "the horizontal plane and. forming with said walls a circulation path of the air, internal elements in the inclined position which are alternated with the said ribs forming baffles in the circulation path of the 'airand having perforations for permitting the flow of oil downwardly, a conduit for the discharge-of the cooled air from which the oil has been removed and a collecting, chamber adapted to receive :thev oil which is thus separated. 4.-.'Anz apparatus for the removal of oil from hot air, comprising a plurality of superposed annular elements provided with internal radiating flanges, which elements are superposed, means whereby the .said elements may be assembled to .form a circulartion path of the air and held together, means forming baiiies with the said radiating flanges in the circulationpath of the air and having perforations for permitting the flow of .oil downwardly, an air intake for the said baffles, a conduitfor the discharge of the .air from which theoil has been removed, and a collecting chamber adapted to receive the oil which is thus separated.
5. An apparatus for the removal of oil from hot air, compr ising a plurality of superposed annular elements provided with internal radiating inclined flanges which elements are superposed, means whereby the said elements may be' assembledand-held together to form a circulation path-of the air, sheet metal members of tapered shape interposed between said internal radiating flanges and having perforations for permitternal radiating flanges ting the flow of oil downwardly which members make contact with said flanges and "form baflles with the same in the circulation path of the air, an intake of air for the said bafiles, a conduit for the discharge of the air from which the oil has been removed and a collecting chamber adapted to receive the oil which is thus separated.
6. An apparatus for the removal of oil from hot air, comprising a set of superposed annular elements provided with indownwardly inclined towards the centre, a cover above the set of said elements forming a chamber closed at the top, means whereby the said elements and said cover are assembled and held together, tapered sheet annular metal members with perforations at their inner edges for permitting the flow ofoil downwardly, interposed between said internal radiating flanges, having the same inclination as said flanges, and so disposed as to make contact with the flanges and to form baflies with the same, a central tube supplying hot air to the chamber formed by said cover and traversing said sheet metal members, the oil flowing through the perforations of said sheet members along said central tube, a conduit for the discharge of air from which the oil has been removed starting from the said chamber disposed below said bafiies, and a collecting chamber adapted to receive the oil which is thus separated.
In testimony whereof I have signed this specification.
MARIE PAUL ROBERT JOURDAIN.