US 1825443 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
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LIQUID TREATING APPARATUS l5 Sheets-Sheet 5 Filed June 14, 1928 Sept. 29, 1931.,
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LIQUID TREATING APPARATUS Filed June 14. 1928 1:5 Sheets-Sheet 5 IINVENTORS W01 Cizornzajzn 4 cTcns YJacoZgem P 1931. o. l. CHORMANN ET AL 1,825,443
LIQUID TREAT ING APPARATUS Filed June 14, 1928 13 Sheets-Sheet 7 161 Q l 6 151 i 159 NV ENTORS Iiufflormm BY A fiew ATTOR YS Sept. 29, 1931 o. l. CHORMANN ET AL 1,825,443
LIQUID TREATING APPARATUS Filed June 14. 1928 13 Sheets-Sheet 8 INVENTO s HUI 777240221 fi ATTOR Sept. 29, 1931.
o. a. CHORMANN ET AL 1,825,443
LIQUID TREATING APPARATUS Filed June 14. 1928 1s Sheets-Sheet 9 Sept. 29, 1931. o. l. CHORMANN ET AL 7 1,825,443
LIQUID TREATING APPARATUS Filed June 14. 1928 13 Sheets-Sheet 10 Spt. 29, 1931. o. ILCHORMANN ET AL 1,825,443
LIQUID TREATING APPARATUS Filed June 14. 1928 13 Sheets-Sheet ll gpt. 29, 1931i. 0. n. CHORMANN'ET AL 1,325,443
LIQUID TREATING APPARATUS Filed June 14. 1928 13 Sheets-Sheet 12 rmm INVENTORS ic/E725 UZLCOZ$ 970 Patented Sept. 29, 1931 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE OTTO I. OI-IORMANN, OF ROCHESTER, NEW YORK, AND J' ENS N. JACOBSEN, 0F ALAMEDA, CALIFORNIA, ASSIGNORS TO THE PFAUDLER 00., OF ROCHESTER, NEW YORK, A
CORPORATION OF NEW YORK LIQUID TREATING APPARATUS Application filed June 14, 1928. Serial No. 285,409.
This invention relates to an apparatus for treating liquids, and especially to one designed for use in connection w1th the process known as milk pasteurizing. The principal object of the invention is the provision of a generally improved, more satisfactory, and more efficient apparatus for effecting various treatments of liquids.
Another object of the invention is the provision of an apparatus which may be kepteasily in a clean and sanitary condition, and in which various parts are easlly and quickly detachable for the purpose of cleaning, sterilization and inspection.
It is still a further object of the invention to provide means for conducting liquid to and from the tanks or holders so arranged that no pockets or dead ends are formed in such conducting means.
An additional .object of the inventionv is the provision of improved means for filling and emptying the liquid tanks, and especially the provision of an lmproved control valve and valve operating mechanism in connection with the filling and. emptying means.
Still another object is the provision of means for preheating the tanks before the liquid to be treated is placed therein, and also the provision of means for heating the space in the tanks above the level of the liquid therein, during the carrying on of the process.
It is an additionalobject of the invention to provide means for preventing foreign matter from interfering with the proper closing of the check valves used with this apparatus, such means including screen members for-straining foreign matter from the liquid passing through the check valve. Other objects of the invention will be readily apparent from the following description and claims.
To. these and other ends the invention resides in certain improvements and combinations of parts. all as will be hereinafter more fully described, the novel features being pointed out in the claims at the end of the specification.
In the drawings:
Fig. 1 is a side elevation of an apparatus showing one embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 2 is a plan view thereof;
Fig. 3 is a transverse vertical section through one of the liquid holding tanks;
Fig. 4 is a longitudinal vertical section through one of the tanks;
Fig. 5 is a vertical section taken through the upper portion of one of the tanks and the conduits connected thereto;
Fig. 6 is a vertical section through the lower portion of one of the tanks and the conduits connected thereto;
Fig. 7 is a top plan view of a portion of the bottom of a tank, showing a spacing and centering member therein;
Fig. 8 is a side elevation of the spacing and centering member;
Fig. 9 is a side elevation of a check valve member;
Fig. 10 is a longitudinal vertical section through one of the conduits connected to the tanks, illustrating the means for preventing dead ends or pockets therein;
Fig. 11 is a transverse section through the coiiduit shown in Fig. 10, illustrating detai s;
Fig. 12 is an elevation, partly in section, of a portion of the conduit for supplying liquid to the tanks, showing details of a regulating valve therein;
Fig. 13 is a view partly in elevation and partly in vertical section through the top of one of the tanks, showing a part of the connection for filling and emptying the tank by vacuum or pressure, and the float valve associated therewith in its open position, and showing also a portion of the connection for preheating the tank;
Fig. 14 is a view corresponding to a portion of Fig. 13, showing the float valve in closed position;
Fig. 15 is a plan view of the float valve removed from its valve seat;
Fig. 16 is a plan View of the control valve for emptying and filling the tanks, and of parts associated therewith;
Fig. 17 is a side elevation of thesame;
Fig. 18 is a plan View of the valve plug;
Fig. 19 is a vertical section through the control valve mechanism taken substantially on the line 1919 of Fig. 16;
Fig. 20 is a vertical section through the control valve mechanism taken substantially on the line 20-20 of Fig. 16; a
Fig. 21 is a horizontal section through the valve mechanism taken'substantially on the line 21-21 of Fig. 20;
Fig. 22 is a vertical section through the valve plug removed from the valve casing;
Fig. 23 is a fragmentary side elevation of one of the tanks showing part of the mechanism for heating the space above the level of the liquid within the tank;
Fig. 24 is a fragmentary end elevation of one of the tanks showing the same parts illustrated in Fig. 23;
Fig. 25 is a vertical section through a fragment of one of the tanks illustrating details of the mechanism for heating the space above the liquid;
Fig. 26 is a vertical section on the line 26-26 of Fig. 25, and
Fig. 27 is a horizontal section through a fragment of one of the tanks illustrating the construction of the poop holes or observation windows.
Similar reference numerals throughout the several views indicate the same parts.
A preferred embodiment of the invention is here disclosed with particular reference to a milk pasteurizer holding apparatus, but it should be clearly understood that such an apparatus is used for purposes of illustration only, and the invention is not limited to milk pasteurizer holding apparatus but is applicable equally well to many different forms of apparatus for treating various liquids by various processes.
As is Well understood in the art, one of the known methods of pasteurizing milk comprises heating the milk in a suitable heater to proper pasteurizing temperature, introducing the heated milk into an insulated tank or other suitable receptacle and holding it therein for the required holding interval (usually about thirty minutes), and then withdrawing the milk from the tank and cooling it to the desired temperature. It is an apparatus for carrying out this method of pasteurization that is here illustrated by way of example. This apparatus is especially adapted to be operated according to the so-called continuous method, in which one or more tanks or receptacles are being filled While another tank or tanks are emptied and while still another tank or tanks are filled or partially filled with milk which is being held for the required interval.
Referring now to the drawings, Figs. 1 and 2 illustrate the general features of the apparatus. A plurality of tanks 31 (four being shown) are suitably supported on members 32. A conduit 33 leads from a milk heater (not shown) to the small reservoir or surge tank 34 having a lid 35 which is removable so that the tank may be inspected and cleaned. From the bottom of the tank 34 there is a conduit 36 leading to a conduit 37 which extends horizontally under the tanks 31 and is connected by branches 38 to each of the tanks.
Inter-posed between the conduit 36 and the conduit 37 is a regulating valve within a casing 39, this valve being shown in detail in Fig. 12. The casing is provided with a valve seat, as illustrated, and a valve member 40, slidably arranged within the easing, cooperates with the seat to shut off the flow completely or to allow such flow as may be desired. A valve stem 41, moved by means of a handle 42, controls the position of the valve member 40 and limitsthe extent to which it may open under the influence of pressure on theunder side of the member 40.
At the bottom of each of the tanks 31 is an outwardly extending annular flange 45, as illustrated in Fig. 6. A sleeve member 46 having a beveled seating surface 47 is positioned within the annular flange 45, as illustrated clearly in Fig. 6, and is drawn outwardly by a nut 48. A packing member 49 is thus compressed tightly between the seat 47 of the sleeve46 and the rounded shoulder joining the annular flange 45 to the body of the tank 31, so that a liquid tight joint is formed, The branch 38 leading from the conduit 37 to the tank 31 iiicludes at its top a member 50, this member having a beveled seat 51 adapted to cooperate with the beveled lower end 52 of the sleeve 46. A nut 53 screwed on to the threaded portion of the sleeve 46 holds these two beveled seats 51 and 52 in contact with each other and thus provides a liquid tight joint. Preferably, the nut 53 is of such size and the screw threads thereon of such a pitch that the nut may be screwed and unscrewed readily by hand, without the ne cessity of using a wrench.
A beveled check valve seat 54 is formed in the member 50, and a check valve member 55 is adapted to cooperate with this seat. The member 55 is shown in elevation in Fig. 9, and it will be observed that it carries a circumferential flange 56 spaced slightly above the portion 57 which is adapted to engage the valve seat, and having a diameter greater than that of this portion. This'flange 56 is in the nature of a guard flange, and prevents'damage to the carefully finished seat portion 57 in case the valve is dropped. The flange 56, being of greater diameter than the seat 57, would rest upon the floor and prevent the seat portion 57 from coming into contact with the floor so that it might be dented or injured.
onthe bottom of the check valve member ably of a. cage-like structure comprising vertieal'lncmbers 58 spaced at intervals around the valve disk and connected to each other I at their bottom ends by a rin 59. The position of the members 58 is suc that they have a sliding fit within the member 50, and thus guide the valve disk as it moves up and down.
From the foregoing description, it will be obvious that the check valve 55 will rise from its seat and open whenever the pressure of the fluid in the conduit 37 and branch 38 is greater than the pressure of the fluid Within the tank 31, the guiding members 58 and 59 remaining within the conduit 38 when the valve is open and'serving to guide the disk when it descends again. Whenever the fluid pressure within the tank 31 is greater than that within the conduit 37 and branch 38, this greater pressure will simply seat the valve disk more firmly, and escape of fluid from the tank into the conduit will be prevented.
It sometimes happens that during the cleaning of a conduit or other parts of milk pasteurizing apparatus, a bristle from a cleaning brush will become detached from the brush and lodge in the conduit, or other foreign matter will find its way thereinto. Later, as the milk or other fluid. flows through the apparatus, the bristle or other foreign matter may stick on a valve seat and thus prevent complete closing of a valve.
In the present construction, therefore, a screen member 60 is associated with the check valve 55. This screen member might be of various forms, but in the embodiment shown it is somewhat cup-shaped and has a diameter slightly less than the inside diameter of the cage formed by the members 58 and 59. The screen is placed within this cage with its bottom uppermost, and is secured therein by means of a bolt 61 passing through the valve disk 55, as illustrated in Fig. 6. It will be readily apparent from this figure that any fluid passing upwardly through the branch 38 must pass through the screen 60 before reaching the check valve" seat, and thus any bristles or other foreign matter willbe effectively strained out of the fluid by this screen so that they cannot interfere with the proper closing of the check valve.
The conduit 37, branches 38, and check valves 55 comprise part of the means for supplying the tanks 31 with fluid. Preferably. the fluid is drawn into a selected tank or tanks by the creation of a partial vacuum therein, as will be explained hereafter. It is obvious, however, that many of the details of the conduit, check valves, and other parts, are applicable equally well to other 55, this guiding portion consisting prefersystems than those which employ a vacuum, and it should be understood that the use of the disclosed construction in any other system or apparatus in which it might be advantageous is contemplated.
According to the present embodiment, the tanks are emptied through a conduit 7 0 which extends across the tanks slightly above them, as illustrated in Fi 1. This conduit 7 0 is connected at one en to a short conduit 71 which in turn is connected to a conduit 72, which leads, in the present instance, to a cooler (not shown). It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the milk, previously heated to the required pasteurizing temperature, is conducted to the tanks 31 through the conduit 37 and branches 38; and after being held in the tanks for the required time, it is removed from them through the conduit and ,conducted to a cooler where it is cooled to the required temperature. Recording thermometers 73 and 74 are preferably mounted on a convenient support 75, the thermometer 73 being connected to the conduit 36 and the thermometer 74 to the conduit 70, so that the former records the temperature of the milk as it enters the tanks and the latter, shows the temperature as it leaves. Thus the operator in charge of the apparatus may see at once whether the process is operating satisfactorily.
The outlet conduit 70 is connected to each of the tanks 31 by a branch 80. An annular flange 81 is formed at the top of each of the tanks 31, this flange being similar to the flange 45 at the bottom of the tank. A sleeve 82 having a beveled seat 83 is mounted within the annular flange 81 and is held in place by a nut 84. which serves to compress the packing 85 between. the seat 83 and the wall of the tank 31. This construction is, in general, similar to the construction of the inlet opening at the bottom of the tank, which has been described above.
The branch 80 extends downwardly from the conduit 70 through the sleeve 82 and is held in place by a nut 86 screwed on to the upper end of the sleeve 82 and cooperating with a flange 87 formed on one of the members of which the branch 80 is constructed.
At the top of the branch 80 there is formed a seat 88 for a check valve 89, this check valve having a guiding portion formed the conduit is greater than that within the tank 31.
The branch which leads from the conduit 70 in through the top of the tank 31 does not terminate at the top of the tank, but extends down to the bottom thereof, as shown in Figs. 3 and 4. The lower end of the conduit 80 extends into the well formed by the sleeve 46, as illustrated in Fig. 6. A spider 94, shown in plan in Fig. 7 and in elevation in Fig. 8, is positioned within the sleeve 46 and has a central opening through which the branch 80 passes. Thus the lower end of the branch 80 1s centered and'held in proper alinement by the spider 94. A screen member is clamped to the lower end of the s ider by a member 96, this screen member belng dished upwardly so that it extends partially into the open end of the branch 80, as shown in Fig. 6. This construction of the screen member allows adequate clearance for the upper end of the bolt 61 on the check valve 55 when the latter opens.
The lower end of the member 96 which clamps the screen 95 to the spider 94 is provided with a plurality of downwardly extending lugs 97 which serve to limit the upward motion of the check valve 55. Thus this check valve is prevented from opening more than a predetermined amount in response to the pressure within the branch 38. Furthermore, it should be noted that the discharge pipe 80 is in axial alinement with the inlet pipe or branch 38 and the check valve disk 55 is interposed between the open ends of these two pipes. WVhen the check valve 55 moves upwardly to its open position to admit fluid from the pipe 38 into the tank 31, it also partially closes or tends to close the end of the pipe 80, and thus prevents the inrushing fluid from entering the end of this pipe and forces it to spread around this pipe and flow up into the tank through the annular space between the spider 94 and the sleeve 46.
Then the pressure of the fluid within the tank 31 is greater than that within the inlet pipe or branch 38, the check valve 55 closes as has been mentioned above, and the fluid then flows down from the tank through the space between the spider 94 and the sleeve 40, enters the lower open end of the pipe 80 and flows upwardly through this pipe or branch, past the check valve 89 and into the discharge conduit 70. Preferably, the variations in pressure necessary to produce this inflow and discharge action are obtained through connecting the tanks alternately to pressure and vacuum lines, as will be described in detail hereinafter.
The inlet conduit 37 and the discharge conduit 70 are both constructed of sections connected to each other by quickly detachable joints, so that they may be easily dissired. One form of quickly detachable joint, illustrated by way of example, is shown in Fig. 5. It will be seen that the part of the conduit connected to each branch 80 is joinedto the intermediate parts of the conduit between these branches, by means of an oblique joint formed at an angle of substantially 45 degrees. A bail 100 pivoted at 101 to one part of the conduit on one side of the joint carries a screw member 102 adapted to be screwed up by handle 103 against the other side of the joint in order to hold the parts tightly together. It is but the work 8 of an instant to loosen the screw 102 and to swing the bail 100 over to one side thus allowing the intermediate portions of the conduit 70 to be disconnected by a transverse movement. By unscrewing the nut 86, the outlet pipe or branch 80 may then be pulled up vertically out of the tank 31 carrying with it the short section of the conduit 70 to which the bails 100 are pivoted. Unscrewing of the nut 104, which is of such a size that it may be readily loosened by hand, will allow the removal of the cap 105, which will furnish an opening through which the check valve 89 may be removed for thorough cleaning and sterilization.
A construction similar to that above described is used for the inlet conduit 37, parts of the oblique detachable joints being shown in Fig. 6. In the case of the inlet conduit, however, it is not necessary to provide any opening corresponding to the one closed by the cap 105 in the outlet conduit. When the intermediate sections of the conduit 37 have been removed, unscrewing of the nut 53 will allow the inlet branch or pipe 38 to be removed from the tank 31, and as the check valve 55 is at the end of this pipe, it can be removed for cleaning and sterilization as S0011; as the pipe has been detachaed from the tan If the inlet conduit 37 and the outlet conduit 70 consisted simply of simple conduits with branches leading directly therefrom to the tanks, it is apparent that com lete flow throughout the whole length of either conduit would be obtained only when the tank at the extreme end of the conduit was being emptied or filled. If the second tank from the left in Fig. 1, for example, were being filled, milk would flow only though the portion of the conduit 37 to the left of this tank, while the rest of the conduit extending to the right of this tank would form a sort of dead end or pocket in which no movement of fluid will take place. If, at the same :15 time, the second tank from the right were being emptied, the fluid would fiow through that portion of the conduit 70 which extends leftwardly from this tank, but there would be no flow through that part of the conduit 70 extending to the right of this tank. The existence of these dead ends in which the fluid is stagnant for a time is especially undesirable in milk past-eurizing apparatus or in apparatus for carrying out other processes in which either bacteria or chemical conditions must be controlled within narrow limits. Means has therefore been provided in the present apparatus for causing a flow throughout the entire length of the supply and discharge conduits, irrespective of which particular tank is being filled or emptied.
The means for causing this complete flow comprises a supplementary or secondary conduit by which a portion of the fluid may be conducted from one end of the conduit to the other, past all of the branches or connections leading into the various tanks. Preferably this supplementary or secondary conduit is placed within the main conduit and consists primarily of a pipe of smaller diameter than that from which the main conduit is constructed, this pipe extending uninterruptedly past all of the branches in the main conduit.
In Figsuch a construction is shown by way of example as being applied to the inlet conduit 37, though it should be understood that the salne construction is used also for the outlet conduit. The supplementary conduit or pipe of smaller diameter is indicated at 110 and is supported in spaced relation to the walls of the conduit 37, as is clearly shown in the cross-sectional View, Fig. 11. The means for supporting the conduit 110 within the conduit 37 may comprise flanges 111 fixed to the conduit 110, these flanges having portions adapted to bear against the inner walls of the conduit 37. Portions of the flanges 111 are cut away as at 112 so that these flanges will not cut ofl' the flow of fluid through the annular space between the supplementary conduit and the main conduit 37. If, now, fluid be caused to flow through the branch 38 which is second from the right, as viewed in Fig. 10, the flow will be in the direction of the arrows in this figure. Part of the fluid com-' ing in from the left will pass through the cut-out portions 112 in the flanges 111 at theleft hand end of the pipe 1.10, and will flow along the annular space between the two pipes and thus into the desired branch 238. Another part of the fluid will enter the left hand open end of the inner pipe or supplementary conduit 110 and will. flow theretln'ough. Since this pipe extends continuously past all of the branches to the end of the conduit 37, the fluid flowing through the pipes will flow entirely to the end of the conduit and will then turn back upon itself and enter the annular space between the conduit 37 and the supplementary conduit lit), flowing leftwardly through this annular space to the selected branch 38. Thus it will be seen that when fluid is caused to flow through any one of the branches 38, a flow throughout the entire length of the conduit 37 will be produced, and no dead ends will be left, It is apparent also that fluid flowing out of any selected branch will flow in both directions toward this branch in the conduit 37.
A supplementary conduit of the same sort is used also in the discharge conduit 70,
the supplementary conduit being labelled 114 in Figs. 3, 4 and 5. In the ease of the discharge conduit, the flow will be exactly the reverse of that pointed out above. Fluid flowing from any of the branches 80 into the conduit will flow in both directions away from the branch. That part of the fluid which flows lettwardly from the branch will pass through the annular space between the conduit 70 and the supplementary conduit 114, and will thus find its way lettwardly into the conduits 71 and 72 and to the ultimate discharge point. That portion of the fluid which flows rightwardly from the branch 80 will pass through the annular space to the right hand end of the conduit, and will then turn upon itself, entering the open end of the supplen'ientary conduit 114 and flowing through it leftwardly to the left hand end of this conduit 114, where it will mingle with the first part of the fluid and find its way into the conduits 71 and 72 and to the discharge point.
\Vhen supplementary conduits as above described are used, the main conduits 37 and 70 are still provided with quickly detachable joints, as above described, but before these conduits may be disassembled it is necessary to remove the supplementary conduits from them. This may be accomplished easily and quickly by unscrewing the caps 115 which close the ends of the conduitsi37 and 70 and by then withdrznving the supplementary conduits 110 and 11.4 longitudinally from the main conduits. The spacing members 111, being fixed to the supplementary conduits, are withdrawn with them. \Vhen these supplementary conduits have been re1noved,.the
various sections of the main conduits may then be detached from each other as has been described above.
After the parts have been cleaned and sterilized, the main conduits 37 and 70 are first reassembled, and then the supplementary conduits 110 and 114, with their spacing members 111 attached, are reinserted longitudinally in the main conduits, and the caps 115 are replaced.
It has been mentioned above that the inflow and discharge of fluid was effected by applying a partial vacuum or a pressure to the selected tank. The means for accomplishing this will now be described.
Mounted on suitable supports 130 is a in th platform 131, and above this platform and supported therefrom by means such as the legs 132 is a frame 133 to which 15 attached the body or casing 134 of a plug valve, the plug 135 of which is rotatably mounted in a tapered seat in this casing 134. This valve plug 135 has a tubular extension 136 extending upwardly therefrom, and a second tubular extension 137 extending downwardly. Each of these tubular portions are in alinement with the axis of rotation of the valve plug. A pipe 138 is connected to a tubular extension 136 by a suitable fluid tight joint 139 which allows the valve plug to rotate relative to the pipe. This pipe 138 is connected to a suitable source of pressure (not shown) such as a compressed air tank or an air compressor or a tank of compressed or treated gas of any kind. Another pipe 140 is connected to the tubular extension 137, this connection also being by a joint 141 which is fluid tight although allowing relative rotaton between the pipe 140 and the tubular portion 137. This pipe 140 may be spoken of as a vacuum line, and is connected to a vacuum pump or vacuum tank or other suitable r ceptacle having a pressure less than that of the atmosphere.
The valve plug 135 contains two main ports 146 and 147, the former con'iniunicating with the upper tubular extension 136 and the latter with the lower tubular extension 137. Thus the port 146 is in communication with the pressure supply line 138, while the port 147 is connected to the vacuum line 140. These two ports are arranged, in the present instance, approximately 90 apart, as shown in Figs. 18, 20, 21 and 22. It will be observed from Figs. 20 and 21 that the vacuum port 147 has an enlargement 148 at one side thereof, so that the effective width of this port is somewhat greater than that of the port 146. The valve casing 134, e present instance, is provided with four ports 150, as shown in Fig. 21. The number of these ports corresponds to the number of tanks 31. If a greater or less number of tanks were used, the number of ports in the valve casing 134 would be correspondingly increased or diminished. and the angle between the plug ports 146 and 147 would likewise be changed. In the present instance, the four ports 150 are spaced at intervals of 90 around the casing, and as the plug ports 146 and 147 are likewise spaced 90 from each other, it follows that the vacuum port 147 will be in communication with one of the ports 150 at the same time that the pressure port 116 is in communication with another one of the ports 150.
A pipe 151 leads from each of the. ports 150 in the valve casing 134 to one of the 1 tanks 31, as is shown most clearly in Fig. 2.
Each of these pipes 151 enters the top of its tank, as shown especially in Figs. 13 and 14. It will be seen that an upstanding annular flange 152 is provided on each tank, this flange being similar to the flange 31 through which the outlet pipe 80 passes, but at the opposite end of the tank. A sleeve 153 is held within this annular flange by a nut 154, and packing 155 is provided between the sleeve and the tank to form a fluid tight joint. The pipe 151 is connected to the upper end of the. sleeve 153 by a nut 156 which may be disconnected easily by hand when it is desired to disassemble the parts for cleaning.
The lower end of the sleeve 153 has a tapered valve seat 157 formed therein, this seat being adapted to cooperate with a tapered portion 158 on a valve member 159 which has a cage-like extension 160 formed .on the top thereof. This cage-like extension slides within the sleeve 153 and forms a guiding means For the valve 159, alining it properly at all times so that it will be (01* rectly seated when it is forced upwardly.
The lower end of the valve 159 shaped to conform to the upper end of a float 161 which is slidable up and down in a guide way formed by the cage 162. The valve 159 is fixed to the, top of the float 161 by means such as the screw 163. It is obvious that when the pipe 151 leading to any selected tank is in communication with the vacuum port 147 of the control valve, the selected tank will be connected to the vacuum line and the pressure within the tank will be less than that of the atmosphere and, there fore, less than the pressure within the conduit 37 and branch 38. Therefore, liquid will be drawn into the tank 31 through the branch 38 and the inlet check valve 55. During this filling operation, the float 161 and its valve 159 will be in their lowermost position shown in Fig. 13, the restricted lower end of the guiding cage 162 supporting the float 161 and preventing further downward movement thereof.
\Vhen the liquid being drawn into the tank reaches the float 161, this float will obviously be raised to the position shown in Fig. 14. Such raising of the float will force the valve 159 into contact with its seat 157 and will thus close the end of the sleeve 153 which is, in eilcct, the end ot the pipe 151. This closing of the float valve will cut oil communication bet-ween the pipe 151 and the interior of the tank 31, thus disconnecting the interior of the tank from the vacuum line. As soon as the liquid coming into the tank has reached a state of equilibrium, reducing the vacuum in the tank to a point just suflicicnt to retain the liquid therein, further entrance of liquid will cease.
From this it will be seen that two separate means are provided for disconnecting the tank 31 from the vacuum line 140. first means'consists of the control valve 134, 135, the plug of which may be turned to tion with the port 150 corresponding to any selected one of the tanks. The second valve 159. It is apparent that this second disconnecting means controls the maximum -..-amoun-t of liquid which cafi-ienter the tank, 'andafter the liquid level has reached a predetermined point, entrance of further liquid will be prevented by the float valve in spite of the fact that the control valve 134, 135 may still remain in suchaposition that the tank is connected totliesvacuum line.
In the present apparatus, steam is introduced into the holding tanks 31, as will be described hereafter. A certain amount of steam vapor may thus be drawn into the conduits 151 and the vacuum line. In order to remove the condensate resulting from this steam, there is provided in the present instance a catch-all or condensate trap 165, shown in Figs. 16, 17 and 19. This condensate trap is connected at 166-130 the vacuum line 140, and serves to catch all or substantially all of the comlensat-e finding its way into the vacuum line during operation of the apparatus. The connection 166 between the condensate trap and the vacuum line comprises a nut of such size and shape that it may be readily unscrewed by hand without the aid of tools, and thus the condensate trap may be removed easily as frequently as' may be necessary in order to empty or clean it.
The pressure and vacuum ports 146 and 147 in the control valve have been described above. In addition to these ports, there are three smaller ports which are open to the atmosphere. One of these, designated as 170, in Fig. '21, is located between the vacuum and pressure ports, so that it comes into registration with the port 150 in the valve casing while the valve plug is turning to remove the pressure port 146 from this port 150 and to bring the vacuum port 147 into registry therewith. This port 170 extends up to the top of the valve plug 135 and is there open to the atmosphere. This allows the escape of the pressure within the tank and returns the tank substantially to atmospheric pressure before connecting it to the vacumn line. This arrangement avoids placing a useless burden on the Vacuum pump by making it evacuate a tank in which the initial pressure is above that of the atmosphere.
Two other venting ports 171 and 172 are also provided. as shown in Fig. 21. These are arranged. in the present instance, 90 from each other, and are so positioned that The 7 bring the vacuum' port 147 out of registra;
disconnecting means comprises the float.
when the vacuum port 147 and the pressure pore 146 are in registration with two of the ports 150, the venting ports 171 and 172 will be in registration with the other two ports 150, thus keeping the two tanks connected to these last two ports at atmospheric pressure.
From the mechanism so far described, it is apparent that a control valve is provided which, upon rotation, is adapted to connect the varioustanks successively with the pressure line and the vacuum line. This control valve could, of course, be turned by hand, and the apparatus would function pmperlyif this turning .were accomplished at 'theproper time. Preferably, however, automatic power means is provided for operating the control valve according to a predetermined schedule. This means will now be described. I
On the platform 131, mentioned above, is mounted a power element such as the electric motor 175, shown in Fig. 16. The armature shaft 176 of this motor drives a shaft 17 7 of a reduction gear box 178. Through a train of reducing gears (not shown) within this box, the shaft 177 drives a vertical shaft 179, shown in Figs. 17 and 19. This shaft 17 9, through a coupling 180, drives a shaft 181 which extends upwardly through a portion of the frame 133 which supports the control valve, and at the upper end of this shaft there is fixed a Geneva driving disk 182. This disk is adapted to drive a gear 183 fixed to the rotatable valve plug 135, this gear forming the other member of the Geneva driving train.
The construction of the Geneva disk 182 and the gear 183 is best shown by reference to Fig. 16. Four tanks are illustrated in the present embodiment of the invention, and the control valve therefore has four positions. The gear 183, therefore, is provided with four dwell or looking portions 184 at intervals of 90 around the periphery of the gear, each of these dwell portions being of concave shape and arranged to ride upon the smooth periphery of the driving disk 182 while the latter rotates, thus locking the gear 183 and preventing rotation thereof.
Between the locking portions or dwells 184, the gear 183 is provided with gear teeth 185, which are arranged to mesh with gear teeth 186 formed on a portion of the periphery of the driving disk 182. The rest of the periphery of the disk 182 is smooth, as appears clearly from Fig. 16.
Assuming that the parts are initially in the position shown in Fig. 16, if the driving disk 182- be rotated in the direction of the arrow 187, it is apparent that the gear 183 will remain stationary until the driving disk 182 has rotated approximately three-quarters of a revolution. At this time, the first of the gear teeth 186 on the driving disk