|Publication number||US1828634 A|
|Publication date||Oct 20, 1931|
|Filing date||Oct 31, 1928|
|Priority date||Oct 31, 1928|
|Publication number||US 1828634 A, US 1828634A, US-A-1828634, US1828634 A, US1828634A|
|Inventors||Wolf Harry E|
|Original Assignee||Fort Pitt Bedding Company|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (2), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
oct. 20, 1931. H. E WOLF 1,828,634
CUSHION .SEAT CONS TRUGTION Filed Oct. 31. 1928 3 Sheets-Sheet l SW1/toc HA m? Y E W01. F,
atto e ocrgzo, 1931. H E WOLF 1,828,634
CUSHION SEAT CONSTRUCTION Filed 001. 51, 192e 3shee1s sheet 2 wfg Meg Oct. 20, 1931. H1 E1 WOLF 1,828,634
CUSHION SEAT QONSTRUGTION Filed oct. 51, 1922s` s sheets-smet 5 abtozwn Patented Oef. 20.' 1,931 y 'j UN-iran STATES PATENT. oFFlci:
HARRY E. WOLF, OF PITTSBURGH; PENNSYLVANIA, ASSIGNO T FORT PITT BEDDING COIAPANY, OFPITTSBUBGE, PENN SYLVANIA, A CORPORATION OF PENNSYLVANIA cusmor'r SEAT coNs'rnUcTIoN appueeuon mea october a1, 192s. serial mi. amuse.
This invention relates to cushion seat constructions; and it has particular reference to a border frame for a cushion seat comprising a metallic member having a web. portion an external flanges adapted to receive a cover for the seat and means to secure the cover in the space between the flanges, and further comprises a border frame wherein the flanges are reversed on themselves and bent to prolo'videa .socket for the reception of a cross bar for the springs of theseat; all as more fully hereinafter set forth and as claimed.
Cushion seats comprise seatswherein a number of coiled springs are mounted within a border frame and are covered with suitable padding and a fabric. Usually the springs are mounted on cross bars extending between opposite sides of the lower border frame, andthe fabric cover for the entire 2.0 seat is secured adjacent the lower border y frame. `The ypresent invention contemplates the provision of a lower border frame adapted for use in cushion seats.
Various embodiments ofthe principles of the invention are illustrated in the accompanying drawings, wherein F ig. 1 is a fra entary view in perspective of a lower bor er frame and seat elements immediately associated therewith;
Fig. 2 is a cross-sectional view taken along the line 2 -2 of Fig. 1; Fi 3 is a cross-sectional view taken along the lme 3-'3 of Fig. 1; -f
Fig. 4 is a fragmentary expanded perspective view of the elements shown in Fig. 1;
Fig. 5 is a fragmentary perspective view of another form of border frame with associated elements; l
Fig. 6.is a .cross-sectional view of the struc- 40 'ture shown in Fig. 5 and taken adjacent the junction of the border frame andfcross-bar; l Fig. I is a fragmentary expanded view in perspective of thestructures shown in Figs.
5 and 6; 4
Fi l8 is a fragmenta view in perspective of a t ird embodiment o the invention.;
Fig.l 9 is a cross-sectional view of the conl s'truction'shown in Fig. 8 taken adjacent the" junction. of the borderv frame and cross-bar;
j '160 Fig.Y 1() is a fragmentary expandedvicw that generally, the cross-section of the ,border in perspective of the structure as shown in Fi s.8and 9;:E I ig. 11 is a r enta view in rs ective of a fourthahlbodixlgent of thnention; 'l
Fig. 12`is a cross-sectional view of the crossbar and border frame shown inFig. 11; and
Fig. 13 is a fragmentary expanded view in perspective of' the elements shown in Figs. 11 and 12. l
The construction shown in Figs. 1 to 4 inclusive comprises a border frame, referred to generally by the reference numeral 2() and a cross-bar 21 provided withk pairs o apertures 22 adapted to receive coiled springs, not shown, which extend upwardly a ainst padding, also not shown. A cover 23 o suitable material, hereinafter simply called the fabric is drawn over the upholstery on the top of the springs, straight down the sides of the cushion and/is secured to the border frame 20 bv means presently to be described.
The border frame 20'consists of a rectangular member of rolled steel, which has an external vertical web 25 defined atits upper 75. portion by an outwardly extending and downwardly turned ange 26, which marks one edge of the metal originallyfused to .form the border frame. The lower portion of the web 25 merges into an'outwardly extending and substantially horizontal flange 27 j which is sharply reversed on itself tov provide a base ortion .28. This` ortion, in turn, is sharp reversed on itsel to form an interior lower dyange 29 which turns upwardly to form an interior'vertical'web 30. which finall vterminates in an inwardly extending), and ownwardly turned flange 31.v It will e observed,
frame is similarv to. the letter I, save that the upper flanges 26 and 31 are turned downwardly and so converge toward the lower flanges .27 and`29.- The space between the outer flanges26 and '-27 lmay be referredvto as the recess 32. A f
The fabric cover 23-which is drawn down around `the sides of the cushion seat is tucked within the recess 32, as best illustrated in Fig. 2. It is here secured by 'means Vof a resilient and rathertaa strip of steel 33 ion Y vvibich is slightly wider than the minimum distance between the flanges 26 and 27, and
which is simply sprung-between these flanges to hold the fabric 23 in place.
The cross-bar 21 is advantageously of inverted U-shape in cross-section and has flattened ends 34 which are bent first upwardly and then downwardly to form hooked portions 35 which are inserted between the Webs 25 and 3C. It will be observed that the bent end of the cross-bar 21 enga es the Bange 31, which, as originally pointed out, is formed b reversing one of the exterior flanges (2%) and subsequently bending the reversed portion to form a socket in which the end of the cross-bar is inserted. ln the instant case, the socket is defined by the space between the webs 25 and 30.
vWhen the cross-bars are positioned. the webs may be clamped tightly together at either side of the ends of the cross-bars as illustrated best in Fig. 4 by the reference numeral 36. Or, the metalmay be punched or the parts welded or other expedient-s resorted to to prevent the cross-bar from slipping. The springs, padding and cover are then positioned, and the fabric 23Ais secured by the resilient strip 33, as indicated above. The spring clip 33 may, of course, be of any length desired, and may be bent to pass around the corners of the frame.
Another form of border frame is shown in Figs. 5, 6 and 7. In this case, the upper inner flange 31 is omitted, and the inner extremity of the metal originally forming the border frame terminates with the upper edge of the inner web 30a. rlhe cross-bar 21 is formed with' an end portion provided with a very sharp bend 38. The remaining details of the construction and method of assembly are believed to be obvious in view of what has been said with respect to the construction shown in Figs. 1 to 4 inclusive. These views also show a bottom fabric 23a, which may be included in air bound seats, and secured in the recess 32 with the fabric 23. v
The modification shown in Figs. 8, 9 and 10 consists of a single vertical web 40 having upper and lower outwardly extending and converging flanges 41 and 42, both of which are sharply reversed on themselves,
as indicated at 43 and44. The cross-bar 21 has a llattened end portion 45, which is bent downwardly and then outwardly as indicated by the flange portions'46 and 47. In
vassembly, the flange 47 is thrust in the space between the flanges 42 and 44 of the border frame. The flange 47 is of such length as to permit of close contact of the flange 46 with the inner face of the web 40. Thereafter the cross-bar 21 issecured to the border frame b clamping, welding, or like expedient. he fabric 23 is secured between the outer converging flanges 41 and 42 in the manner previously described.
The modification shown in Figs. 11, 12 and 4 13 comprises a lower border frame having a lower outwardly extending flange 50, exterior vertical webs 51, and an upper outwardly extending flange 52 converging toward the flange 50 to provide a recess for positioning a resilient clamping strip 33, all in a man ner similar to that previously described. The upper flange 52 is sharply reversed on itself as indicated at 53 and is then bent downwardly to form an interior vertical web 54 merging into an inwardly projecting lower flange 55. The cross-bar 21 is provided with a horizontal Hat portion 57 which is turned upwardly to provide a flange 58 adapted to be seated in the socket formed by the webs 51 and 54, and to be aligned by the inwardly projecting flange 55. The method of assembly is the same as that previously described.
From the foregoing description, it will be seen that the invention provides a lower border frame in which there are a pair of nutwardly extending flanges adapted to receive the seat fabric, and further, that one of the flanges is reversed and bent to form a socketl 1. A cushion seat comprising a lower bor- 1 der frame having a vertical web and exterior upper and lower flanges, one of said anges inclined towards the other, thereby forming a recess to receive a seat cover, a clamping strip adapted to be inserted between the flanges to secure the cover to the frame, the other flange being reversed and bent to form a socket for the end of a cross-bar and a crossba-r having an end in said socket.
2. A. cushion seat including a lower border frame having an exterior and interior vertical web interconnected at one end by a laterally extending flange formed on the exterior web and reversed on itself to merge into the interior web, Isaid webs defining a socket for the end of a cross-bar and contacting on opposite faces thereof to secure the cross-bar to the border frame and a flange at the top of the exterior web forming a channel with the laterally extending flange adapted to receive a seat cover, and a resilient' channel to secure the seat cover to the frame.
3. --A cushion seat including a lower border frame having an exterior and interior verti` cal web interconnected at one end by a laterally extending flange formed on the exterior web and reversed on itself to merge terior web and reversed Y strip of resilient material into the interior web, said webs dening a a cross-bar and contact-y ing on opposite faces thereof to secure the socket for the end of cross-bar to the border frame, and a second laterally extending flange formed on the leX- terior web and inclined wardly towards the first-named flange, said flanges forming a recess adapted to receive a seat cover, and clamping means for the cover comprising a strip of resilient metal of greater width thanthe entrance to the recess and adapted to be snapped into the recess between the flanges to secure the seatA cover to the frame. y i f 4. A cushion seat including a lower border frame having an exterior and interior Vertical web interconnected at one end' bya laterally extending flange formed on the exon itself to merge into the interior web, said webs 'defining a socket for the end of a cross-bar and contacting on opposite faces thereof to secure the cross-bar to the border frame, and a second laterally extending flange formed on the exterior web and spaced from thelirst named flan e, said flanges forminga recess adapted t receive a seat cover, and a clamping adapted to be sprung into sai/d recess to hold the cover in place. A
5. A cushion seat comprising a lower border frame having alvertical web merged into exterior upper and lower flanges, one of said flanges inclined towards the other, said anges and said vertical web being rigid and delining a recess adapted to receivea seat Icover, and a flat, thin, narrow, resilient, retaining and clamping strip adapted to be bent slightly longitudinally -and sprung between the flanges of said border frame, saidstrip being retained between said flanges by stress engagement therewith to engage and 4clamp the seat cover to the frame. f
In testimony whereof, I `have hereunto affixed m si ature.
y gn HARRY EwoLF.
outwardly and down-
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2553042 *||Mar 10, 1948||May 15, 1951||American Seating Co||Chair|
|US5430575 *||Apr 25, 1994||Jul 4, 1995||Quantum Optical Devices, Ltd.||Image rotation device|
|International Classification||A47C31/00, A47C31/02|