US 1832105 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Nov. 17, 1931. G. H. ELLIS BUILDING WALL STRUCTURE Filed Oct. 11, 1929 2 Sheets-Sheet R J m G R 0 22M MM ATTORNEY5 Nov. 17, 1931. G. H. ELLIS BUILDING WALL STRUCTURE Filed Oct. 11. 1929 2 Sheets-Shea! INVENTOF? GEORGE H. ELLIS 5 2%. FM: M
A r-Tn RNEYS Patented Nov. 17, 1931 GEORGE ELLIS, OF ST. PAUL, MINNESOTA, ASSIGNOR TO THE INSULITE COMPANY PATENT OFFICE OF MINNEAPOLIS, MINNESOTA, A CORPORATION OF MINNESOTA BUILDING WALL STRUCTURE Original application filed November 12, 1328, Serial No. 318,776. Divided and this application filed October 11, 1929. Serial No. 398,900; g
This invention relates to improvements in building walls and particularly to walls including spaced studding having outer and inner wall sections secured thereto.
An object of the invention is to provide an insulation adapted for use between the studding and inner and outer sections of a Wall comprising comparatively stiff insulating. boards or panels adapted to be interposed between adjacent studding and each having one edge secured to a stud and having their opposite edges beveled and connected together in overlapping relation and engaged with one of said wall sections, the connecting together of said overlapped beveled edges and the securing of the beveled opposite edges of the panels to the studding, causing the edges of the panels to be forced into tight contact with the studding and one wall section, whereby dead air spaces are vprovided in the wall, and,
at the same time, a bracing means is provided for the studding. This application is a division of my pending application, No. 318,- 776, filed November 12, 1928.
Other objects of the invention will appear from the following description and accompanying drawings and will be pointed out in the annexed claims.
In the accompanying drawings, there has 30 been disclosed a structure designed to carry.
out the various objects of the invention, but it is to be understood that the invention is not confined to the exact features shown as various changes may be made within the scope of the claims which follow.
In the drawings: 1
Figure 1 is an enlarged detail. sectional plan view on. the line 1-1 of Flgure 2, showing the manner of securing the insulatin panels in a building wall;
%igure 2 is a sectional elevation of Figure 1 on a smaller scale; j
Figure 3 is a perspective view. showing one of the insulating panels removed from the v wall structure;
Figure 4 is a similar view showing another panel; and
Figure 5 is a vertical sectional view illustrating a portion of a building wall and showing the invention embodied thereln.
In the present invention, there is illustrated in Figure 1, a portion of a building wall com- PIISlDg the usual studding 2, joists 3 and an outer wall section 4 secured to the studding in theusu'al manner. The inner wall section 5, indicated in broken lines in Figure 1, usually consists of a suitable plaster base such,
for example, as wood or metal lath 6, adapted and cold. These insulating boards are substantially non-flexible so that they will not bend materially when secured in place between the studding and wall sections.
The insulating panel 8 has its opposite edges 11 and 12 beveled as shown in Figure 3 and the edge 12 has a longer bevel than the edge 11.. The panel 9 also has its edges 13 and 1 beveled as shown inFigure 4.
The insulating panels 8 and 9 are arranged in the wall as best shown in Figure 1, with their beveled edges, 11 and 13 engaging inwardly facing surfaces of adjacent studding, while the relatively longer bevel face 12 of the panel 8 is seated against the inner surface of the wall section 4. The panel 9 is-arranged with its bevel edge 14 engaging the marginal edge of the panel 8, adjacent to the bevel edge 12 0f the latter, and the overlapped bevel edges of the two panels are then secured to the wall section 4 by suitable nails 1 5. The opposite edges of the panels are scured'to the studding by suitable nails 16.
When installing the insulating panels in the wall, the bevel edges thereof engaged with the studding are usually secured to the driven into the wall, because of thebevel edges 12 and 14, thereby-causing the opposite bevel edges of the panels to be forced tight- 1y into contact with the studding, with the result that air tight joints will be provided between the studding and panels and also between the wall section 4 and the panels, re-
sulting in the formation of dead air spaces 17 and ldbeing formed between adjacent studding. The panels are angularly disposed with respect to the studding and wall sec tion 4 so as to produce a wedging effect when the panels are secured to the members of the wall.
In the building art, the spacing between 1 the studding used in the construction of a wall has been standardized so that the insulating boards or panels 8 and 9 may be cut to a standard width in the manufacture thereof, thereby minimizing cutting and fitting of the side edges of the panel, when fitted between the studding on the job. The insulating panels may be cut to any suitable length desired, and are usually cut to a standard length at the factory, so that very little cutting and fitting is required to fit the panels in the wall structure.
To prevent u ward circulation of air between the studding between floors of abuildiug, suitable plates 19, preferably constructed of a material similar to" that from which the oanels 8 and 9 are constructed, are inserted between the ends of contiguous boards 8 and 9, as shown in Figure 5. These plates are also fitted bet-ween the wall sections 4 and 5 and the studding 2, as shown in Figures 1 and 2, and are substantially of a width equal to the width of the studding, so that when the inner and outer wall sections 4 and 5 are secured to the studding, the inner surfaces thereof will engage the opposite edges of the plates 19 and thus prevent circulation of air between the studding. The ends of the insulating panels 8 and 9 abut against the plates 12, as best shown in Figures 2 and 5.
I claim as my invention: .1. The combination with a plurality of spaced studding and a wall section, of insulating panels or boards interposed between adjacent studding and angularly disposed with respect thereto, each of said panels having one edge secured to a stud and the opposite edges of said panels being beveled and arranged in overlapping relation, and means .for securing said overlapped edges to said wall section in substantially air-tight relation whereby dead-air spaces are provided.
2. The combination with a plurality of spaced studding and a wall section, of insulating boards or panels interposed between adjacent studding andsangularly dis osed with respect to the medial plane 0 the wall, each of said panels having one edge secured to a stud, one of said panels having a beveled edge adapted to be seated against 65 said wall section, and the other of said panels having a beveled edge adapted to be seated against the surface of the first mentioned panel which is opposite to the beveled face thereof whereby the beveled edge portions of said panels are arranged in overlapping relation, and means for securing said overlapped edge portions to the wall section whereby the panels will tend to spread and cause the opposite edges thereof to seat tightly against the studding.
3. The combination with a plurality of spaced studdin having a wall section secured thereto, of insulating panels or boards interposed between adjacent studding and angularly disposed with respect thereto, said panels having their contiguous edges beveled and adapted to be overlapped and secured to said wall section, and the opposite edges of said panels being oppositely beveled and adapted to be engaged with and secured to said studding at points distant from said wall section.
4. The combination with a plurality of spaced studding having a wall section secured thereto, of insulating boards or panels interposed between adjacent studding and angularly disposed with respect thereto, each panel havingan edge adapted to engage a stud, means for securing said edges to the studding, said panels having their opposite edges beveled and adapted to overlap and to seat against said wall section intermediate adjacent studding, and means for securing the overlapped edges of said panels to the wall section, said panels cooperating with the studding and wall section to provide dead air spaces and also providing means for bracing the studding against lateral pressure.
In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand this 8th day of October, 1929.
' GEORGE H. ELLIS.