US 1832271 A
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Nov. 17, 1931. J. F. WILLIAMS RAILING Filed April 5, 1930 Patented Nov. 17, 1931l TED 'STATES PATENT OFFICE l' 1 JOHN F. WILLIAMS, 0F BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS y RAILING y Application med April s, 1930. serial No. 441,187.
My invention relates torailings and' particularly-to railings of that ingva iexible cable `or rope class compris- Whose opposite ends are 'connected with posts, staninvention relates to improvements in the construction of the cables of railings of the class indicated,' and it has for its object, to improve the construction thereof.
Railings of the type referred to arey in-y stalled' in theatres` public halls, churches,
and like places lwhere people congregate, and
are iisuallv emploved as barriers that are desirably of attractive and ornamentalv appear- Usually a cable or rope` of the vclass towhich mv invention relates has heretofore been constructed rvithpa coreof strong hemp rope having one. or each. en
d thereof per@ manentlv attached to a metal terminal structure provided at its free end with means such as a book or eve through which. it was connected with a post, stanchion or otherv fixture. lt has been customarv, also, to provide a tubular plush or pile fabric sheath or covering for the rope in ord'er to giveV to the latter an attractive or ornamental appearance.
A disadvantage to the constructions'heretofore proposed has been that the hemp rope Was not fastened to the end terminal member or members securelv enough to Withstand the strains and' loads sometimes imposed upon devices of thisclass. 'lt has freoiientlv happened heretofore that patrons of a theatre or the like would bear against the would he broken structure.
away 'from the end terminal My invention isldesigned to. obviate this ohiection able feature characterizing' railings of this class as heretofore con str'ucted and it provi d'es animproved cable haviugthe peculiarfeatures of construction operation set forth and described in the fol- Y and mode of lowingl description the r"several Anovel features `of the invention bein pointed out and defined' sen claims at the close thereof;
; particularly arately l in the lure 3.
y ture in connection In the accompanyingvdrawings:
Figure l is an elevation of a portion of a railing including a cable or rope constructed in accordance with my invention.`
Fi'gure'Q is a side elevation of an end portion of the cable illustrated in Figure 1.
Figure 3 is a central longitudinalsectional View ofthe portion of the cable illustrated in Figure 2. f v Figure 4 is a section on line 4 4 of`Fig` Figure 5 isan elevation ofthe inner end of the head or cap member hereinafter referred to. l f
The embodiment'of my invention :herein illustratedvconsistsiof a pendant cable that is indicated generallyat 1,,Fig. 1, which is provided at each end thereof vWith a terminal structure 2 having a hook or anchormember 3 adapted to be separably engaged withan eye 4 provided upon apost 5, or other fix- Witlrwhich the, cable 1 employed. K The cable 1 comprises a core 6 consisting of a length of `chain made up of metalrlinks 7 arranged Within a rubber hose 8 which' is of slightly less length than the chain 6.5 This length of rubber hose 8 is preferably reinforced with textile fabric 9 in theordinary fashion. Y
Through each endmost link 7 of chain 6 extends a cross-bar in the form of a screyv 10 occupying apertures provided in t'vvok oppositely disposed lugs 11 and 12 provided upon ktheA inner side or end of a cap member 13. The aperture 14 of the lug 12 is of approximately the same diameter as the outside diameter of the screw 10, While the opposite end of said-screw is in threaded engagement Withfthe lug 11 Whose aperture 15 is threaded to receive the adjacent end of the screw.
Thelcap 13isv made with' an exteriorly threaded body portion 16 on to which" is screwed a ferrule 17 Whose outer end portion is interiorlyl threaded to engage with the threads on cap 13. y `v n VTo the outer end of cap 13 is rotatably connected the hook 3 and as herein shown the shank of this hook vis made with a threaded socket 19 into which is screwed a threaded in st em that is permanently fixed in position within said socket by a pin 21. At its inner end the stem 20 is made with a head 22 which permanently connects the hook 3 with the cap 13'so that said two elements are free to rotate relatively.
|Ihe length of rubber hose 8 is provided throughout its length with a tubular covering or sheath 23 made from plush or pile fabric which is preferablycemented in position upon the exterior of the hose 8. This tubular plush sheath 23 is preferably made slightly longer than the hose 8 so that its end portions 24 can be drawn inwardly and secured there by means of stitches or threads 25.
Adjacent each end' thereof the hose 8 is made at its opposite sides with apertures that are occupied bythe opposite ends of a crossbar 26, said cross-bar extending throughthe second link of chain 6V which adjoins the endmost link of the latter. secured-permanently tothe hose 8 by upsetting its opposite ends as indicated at 27, in
Fig. 4, washers 28 being interposed between the heads 27 and the wall ofthe hose 8. Also interior of the hose.
After assemblingthe chain 7, hose 8 and plush fabric 23 the ferrule 17 is slid into position upon the fabric covering 23 and then the capv 13 is fastened by means of screw 10 to the endmost link V7 after which the ferrule 17 is slid forward and screwed on to the cap 13 and then fixed in that position by drilling through ferrule 17 and into cap 13 to provide a socket into which is*v driven a locking pin 30. In this way the ferrule 17 is permanently. fastened to the cap 13 so that it cannot'be removed therefrom without the employment of tools. It will also 'be-clear' that the hook 3is permanently swiveledtothe cap 13.
' Railings of the character above described are commonly employed in theatres andother places of assemblage where they are usedas barriersin proximity tov which crowds of people oftenfcongregate so that such barriers are frequently subjected to rough usage and great strains. Also persons in vproximity thereto often grasp and toy with the same and sometimes even sit thereon. It will therefore,V be clear that the above described construction provides an extremely strong and A durable cable which cannot be injured or disarranged when subjected to usage such as just described. Furthermore my improved cable may be made to present a very attractiveand ornamental appearance il feature of advantage to the above described construction is that the hose 8 provides a very stiff yet flexible backing support for the pile fabric 23 so that the cable 1, Fig. 1,`not only presents a smooth round appearance but it maintains its shape under pressure applied exteriorly thereto. v Another feature This cross-bar 26 is of advantage consists in connecting the end n portions of the chain 7 with the hose 8 as by means of the cross-bars 26 whereby said chain is maintained fully vextended and in proper relationship with hose 8 which serves as a housing therefor. YAlso the connection vbetween chain 7 and hose 8` serves to hold the endmost links projecting partially from the hose so that the operation of connecting the cap 13 with the chain is facilitated.
- vAnother feature of advantage is that the above described terminal structure houses the end portions of hose 8 .and fabric 23 and cannot be manipulated to disengage or disassemble the parts thereof.
"What I claim is:
1. In a device of the character described, in combination, a metallic cable; a flexible tubularhousing for said metallic cable and an'end terminal structure comprising a sleeve telescopically fitted upon the end portion of said tubular housing and connected with one end of said metallic cable,closure means for the outer end of said sleeve, and an anchor member rotatably connected with said closure means. Y
2. In a device of the character described, in combination, a link chain; a flexible tubular housing for said chain; and an end terminal structure comprising a sleeve telescopically fitted upon the end portion of said tubular housing and connected with one of the links of said chain, closure means for the outer end of said sleeve, and an anchor member rotatably connected with said closure means.
3. In a device of the character described, in combination, a link chain cable; a flexible tubularhousing for said chain cable; a cross-bar connected at its opposite ends with opposite sides of said tubular housing adjacent one end thereof, said cross-bar extending through one of the links of said chain cable near one end of the latter; and an end terminal structure comprising a sleeve telescopically fitted upon the end portion of said tubular housing and connected with the end of said chain cable, closure means for the outer end of said sleeve, and an anchor member rotatably connected with said closure means.
4. In a device of the character described, inlcombination, a link chain cable; a flexible tubular housing for said chain cable, and an end terminal structure comprising a sleeve telescopically fitted upon the end vportion of said tubular housing, a closure cap fastened to the outer end of-said sleeve, a cross-'bar upon the inner side of said cap extending through the adjacent endmost link of said chain cable, and an anchor' member rotatably connected with said closure cap.
jIna device of the character described, in combination, a link chain cable; a flexible tubular housing for said chain cable; a
cross-bar Within said tubular housing having its opposite ends fastened to the opposite sides of said housing, said cross-bar extending through one of the links of said chain cable, and an end terminal structure comprising a sleeve telescopically tted'upon the end portion of said tubular housing, a closure cap fastened to the outer end of said sleeve, a cross-bar upon the inner side of said cap extending through the adjacent endmost link of said chain cable, and an anchor member rotatably connected with said closure cap. 6. A device of the character described constructed in accordance with claim cwherein said anchor member consists of a hook upon the outside of said closure cap Whose shank is formed at its end with a threaded socket that is in threaded engagement with a stem extending loosely through an aperture -provided in said closure cap and having at its inner end a head for holding said stem within said aperture.
Signed by me at Boston, Su'olk County, Massachusetts, this rst day of April, 1930. JOHN F. WILLIAMS.