|Publication number||US1832611 A|
|Publication date||Nov 17, 1931|
|Filing date||Dec 27, 1929|
|Priority date||Dec 27, 1929|
|Publication number||US 1832611 A, US 1832611A, US-A-1832611, US1832611 A, US1832611A|
|Inventors||Aufderheide Fred C|
|Original Assignee||Aufderheide Fred C|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (2), Classifications (4)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
N0V 17, 1931- F. c. AUFDERHEIDE 1,832,611
BURIAL VAULT 27, 1929 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed DGO.
' :In n
Nov. 17, 1931. Q AUFDERHEmE 1,832,611
BURIAL vAULT Filed DeC- 27, 1929 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 6% l F155- 3 f6 Fig.
Patented Nov. 17, 1931 FRED C. AUFDERHEIDE, OF ST. LOUIS, MISSOURI BURIAL VAULT Application led December 27, 1929. Serial No. 416,770.
This inventionrelates to burial vaults. An object of the invention'isto'provide a burial vault that is impervious to water. v The invention maybe 'embodied in a vault comprising an impervious metallic lining veneered or enameled or enclosed by non-cor-l rodible material. Or, the device may be embodied in a construction not including metallic Walls, such, for instance, as glass or other 10. vitreous material, or porcelain, or other substances or material capable of satisfactoryT use for this purpose. In suggestingthese specific'materials, `Ido notin any particular restrict myself, and these materials are men- 15- tioned only as illustrative of embodiments of the invention.
Another object of the invention is to pro.- vide an improved burial vault of impervious structure comprising a lid or lcover jointed withthe vault by `an impervious joint and constructed to shed and defiect water and moisture in a direction away from theside wallsofthevault. l
v. Other objects will appear from the followaccompanying drawings in which- .A
Fig. lis a perspective view of a vault embodying thepresentinvention. j l 2 `is a sid elevation with parts broken. away .and 'in section toV disclose. various features of `the invention. f Fig. 3 is avertical cross `sectionaltview ap proximately on the line 3-3 of Fig. 2;.'
..., Fig. 4 is an enlarged detail sectionalview approximately on the line 4 4 of Fig. 2. L
Fig. 5 is a view with parts in section and broken away to disclose a variant 'of the in'- vention; Fig. 6 is a vertical cross sectional lview appror'imately on the line .t5-f6 of Fig..5. y Y
Fig. 7 is an enlarged sectional lView showing the connection of the lid with a sidewall ofthevault.
Fig. 8 is a view similar to Figx showing the vault made of a diit'erent material.
9 is a vertical cross sectionall view approximatelyion the line 9 9 of. Fig. The vault shown in Figs. 1l to 4, inclusive, comprises impervious material forming a lining and strong and durable material ening description, reference being made tot-he closing the lining. The lid of the vault com` prises an impervious lining portion and an outer portion inseparably united with the` inner portion and strengthening the same. The lid is united with the walls of the vault proper by an impervious joint and is constructed and arranged to shed and cast off water and moisture out of contact with the walls of the vault.
The inner portion of the vault shown in Figs. 1 to 4, inclusive, comprises a bottom wall 1 having projections 2 on its lower side; longitudinal side walls 3 rising from integral connection with the side edges of the bottom wall 1 and having projections 4 on their outer sides; and endl walls 5 rising from integral connection with the ends of the bottom wall 1 and having their side edges integral with the ends of the end Walls 8 and having on their outer edges projections 6. These walls 1, 3 and 5 are impervious as to moisture and may be made of glass or other vitreous material or ot any other material appropri ate for the purpose, such as suitable metallic' substances.
This box-like structure comprising the walls 1, 3 and 5 is enclosed in and surrounded by a monolithic bo): comprisinga bottom wall 7, side walls 8 integrally connected with and rising from the side edges of the bottom wall 7 and end walls 9 integrallyV connected with the ends of the `bottom walls 7 and the ends of the side walls 8. The projections 2 and 4 and 6 are embedded in the monolithic walls so that it is impossible for the inner impervious box-like device to `be detached or removed from the lithic enclosure.
The upper edgesvlO of the walls 8 and the upper edges 110i' the walls 9 incline down-v wardly and outwardly. The walls 8 and 9 arel of the same height.
The inner walls 3 and 5 extend above the upper edges of the walls 8- and 9 and are formed with an inner ogee structure 12, being Sii tinuation of the upper edges 10 and 11 of the walls 8 and 9.
The upper portions of the walls 8 are formed with recesses 14 across each of which a pin 15 extends. A leaf-spring 16 extends into each of the recesses 1li, the lower ends of said springs being embedded in the walls 8.
The lid of this vault comprises an impervious inner member 17 which may be made of any suitable material, such as vitreous substance, and has on its upper side a` number of projections 18. The side and end edges of the member 17 are in the form of downwardly and inwardly curved flanges 19. A lithic enclosure 2() for the member 17 is provided and embeds the projections 1S and also the outer side portions of the iianges 19, so that it is impossible for the parts 17 and 20 to become separated. The lithic member E20 has downwardly and outwardly inclined. portions Q1 which extend outwardly beyond the outer sides of the Vwalls 8 and 9 so as to deilect water and moisture outwardly away from said walls 8 and 9. The lower edges 22 of the parts 21 are inclined in the manner of the edges 10 and 11. Metallic elements Q3 are embedded transversely in the lithic structure 20 and have their ends bents and eX- tended upwardly to provide loops 211 to receive straps or bands whereby the lid may be lowered onto the vault from above. The lid may be equipped with latches 25 having their upper ends mounted on pivots 26. The latches are designed and arranged to extend downwardly into the recesses 14. and to be `snapped under the pins 15 automatically and as an incidentto the lowering of the lid to proper position, as will be understood by reference to Fig. 2. The springs 1G permit the latches 25 to move downwardly into latching engagement with the pins 15 and prevent said latches from working out of engagement with said pins 1f'.
i n impervious joint between the lid and the vault is provided by placing on the upper edge of the vault a layer 27 of cementitious or other appropriate plastic material which will harden and form an impervious seal after the lid is placed thereon. The edges 19 of the lid inner member 17 presses the joint forming substance 27 into close contact with the grooved outer side of the flange 17 while other portions of the lid press the substance 27 in a manner such that when said substance hardens an impervious joint is provided.
The improved vault, shown in Figs. 5. G and 7. is oi a vitreous or lithic substance comprising a bottom wall 2S. longitudinal side walls Q9 rising from integral connection with the side edges of the wall 28 and end walls 30 integrally connected with the ends ot the bottom wall Q8 and with the ends of the side walls 29. The upper edges ot these walls 28 and 29 are curved inwardly and upwardly to provide a joint Harige 31 hav1 ing along the outer side of its upper edge a flange .32. The lid or cover of this vault is composed of vitreous or other appropriate impervious material and comprises a top portion 33 having a downwardly extended flange 34e. along its side and end edges. The inner side of the flange 34 has a bead 35 designed and arranged to compress the plastic joint forming substance 36 into close sealing contact with the iange 31. The edges of the flange Si extend outwardly beyond the outer sides of the walls 29 and 30, so as to cast off water and moisture.
The vault shown in Figs. 8 and 9 is quite similar in construction and arrangement to that shown in Figs. 5, 6 and 7 and may be considered as an illust-ration of an embodiment of the invention comprising any material having its outer surface rendered impervious. Porcelain is one such material. rThis vault comprises a bottom wall 37, longitudinal side walls 38 rising from integral connection with. the side edges of the wall 37, and end walls 39 integrally connected with the ends of the wall 37 and with the ends of the wall 38. The upper edges ot the walls 38 and 39 are formed with a flange 40 having along the outer side of its upper edge a bead 41. The lid maj7 be made with the same material as the body of the vault and comprises a top portion l2 having along its side and end edges a depending flange 43. The liange 43 is formed along its inner side with a bead 44 which will compress the plastic joint forming substance 45 closely against all portions of the outer side of the flange 40. so as to form an impervious joint.
These lids are formed with integral loop handles 46 through which straps or the like may be passed to lower the lids onto the vaults.
In mentioning the diierent elements and substances which may be used satisfactorily in the manufacturing of this invention, I have not intended to restrict myself to the use of these specific substances. For, it is clear that other substances may be used with equal satisfaction. And it is clear that the construction and arrangement of the device may be varied within equivalent limits without departure from the nature and principle thereof. I do not restrict myself in any un essential respects. but what I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
1. A burial vault comprising lithic bottom, side and end walls integrally united with each other and forming a box-like structure, vitreous bottom, side and end walls integrally united with each other and lining said lithic box-like structure and forming an impervious inner surface therefor, means holding said vitreous walls rigidly in connection with said lithic walls, a. lid t'or the vault, and means for securing said lid on the vault.
2. A burial vault comprising lithic bottom= side and end walls integrally united with each other and forming a box-like structure, vitreous bottom, side and end walls integrally united with each other and lining said lithic box-like structure and having their Y upper edges extending above the upper edges of said side and end walls and forming an impervious inner surface for said lithic walls, a lid for the vault telescoping about the upper portion of said vitreous walls, and means be tween said lid and said lithic and vitreous walls forming an hermetic joint.
3. A burial vault comprising vitreous bot-V tom, side and end Walls integrally united with each other and forming a receptacle, a flange integral with said side and end walls extending inwardly and upwardly therefrom, an outwardly extended bead integralwith the outer side ofthe upper marginal portion of said flange, a lid telescoping about said flange, and means confined between the lower edge of said lid and the'upper edges of said side and end walls and also between said flange and the inner surface of said lid forming an hermetic joint between said lid and said walls;
4. A burial vault comprising lithic bottom, side and end walls integrally united with each other and forming a box-like structure having the upper edges of said side and end walls inclining downwardly and outwardly, vitreous bottom, side and end walls integrally united with each other and lining said lithic box-like structure and forming an impervious inner surface for said lithic walls, an inwardly and upwardly extended flange integral with the upper portions of said vitreous walls extending above the upper edges of said lithic walls, a lid telesconing about said flange, and means located between said lid and said lithic walls and said vitreous flange forming an hermetic joint.
A burial vault comprising lithic bottom, side and end walls integrally united with each other and forming abox-like strueture having the upper edges of said side and end walls inclining downwardly and outwardly, vitreous bottom, side and end walls integrally united with each otherand lining said lithic box-like structure and forming an impervious inner surface for said lithic walls, an inwardly and upwardly extended flange integral with the upper portionsof said vitreous walls extending above the upper edges of said lithic walls, a lid telescoping about said flange, means located between said lid and said lithic walls and said vitreous flange forming an hermetic joint, means for v securing said lid in rigid relationship with respect to said lithic and vitreous walls, and extended portions in connection with said lid extending beyond the outer surface of said lithic walls and guarding and shielding said joint.
FRED C. AUFDERHEIDE.
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