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Publication numberUS1833312 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 24, 1931
Filing dateSep 27, 1926
Priority dateSep 27, 1926
Publication numberUS 1833312 A, US 1833312A, US-A-1833312, US1833312 A, US1833312A
InventorsFrank B Allen
Original AssigneeAllen Sherman Hoff Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Apparatus for handling ashes
US 1833312 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

NOV. 24, 1931. ALLEN 1,833,312

APPARATUS FOR HANDLING ASHES Filed Sept. 27, 1926 fnven {or lit/ome a d 10 ture canbe readily pumpedi Patented Nov. 24, 1931 U I -E1 1 FRAN B. AIiLEiv, F towns mnaro v 'rowivsmr, MONTGOMERY country, PENNSYL- VANIA, ASSIGNQR', :BY vrEsna ASSIGNMENTS; TO THE ALLEN-SHEBMAN-HOEF .co vrrm, or PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA, A coaroaarronor PENNSYLVANIA:

ma a es FOR H'Annmive ASHES Appligation filea s'e ite ber 27, 1926. Seria1No 137,991. ;f 1 j;

i This invention relates to apparatus for handling'mixturesof solid and liquid material and more particularly to an apparatus for handling mixtures of ash and water,

such as are produced by the use of water in I removing ashes fromifurnaces.

- An ObJGOt ofthls lnventlon is to provlde means fordiluting-mixtures of solid liquid material, so that the-resulting mix- Another object is to provide means preventing thesettlingjof solid material 'carried by a liquid thatfclogging of the apparatus will be prevented, I

1 Another object isto'providea reservoir into which a mixture of, solid and liquid material may be delivered and from whichit may be pumped with-means for-maintaining voir between predeter'm'inedlimits. 4 Other objects 'will'hereinaft'er appear; 11 The invention will beibetter [understood from a description of one practical embodiment thereof illustratedfin the accompanyinjg drawings, in which; i v

F'g; 1 is aplan" view of an "ash handling apparatus in Which the invention is embodied.

Fig. 2 is a longitudinal section of the apparatus shown in Fig. 1, and, Fig. 3 is an elevation of a modified form of sump and pump.

A reservoir is shown at 1 and is provided with downwardly converging walls 2, one of which may be vertical, a'bottom 3, and vertical walls 4 extending upwardly from the upper edges of the converging walls. Within the reservoir and substantially at the top of the inclined walls 2 are positioned horizontal gratings 5 extending over part of the upper surface of the reservoir.- Around the horizontal gratings, upwardly extendingver-" tical gratings 6 are provided. Two pipes 7 are shownas discharging into the space above the horizontal and within the vertical gratings and convey into this space mixtures of ashes and water brought from boiler furnaces or the like through suitable sluiceways 8.

The mixture of ashes and water passes downwardly through the gratinginto the botthe level of thefluid mixture in said reser-f} tom ofthelreservoir. j Largev pieces 0f" ma terial will, of course, notpass between the bars and such pieces, therefore, remain upon Y the grating.

1O referred to hereinafter as the reservoir pump, by which themixture may beipumped from the reservoir to a point of disposal-Q In; order to prevent the solid material from set-6 tling inandn around the inlet and clogging the same,'a nozzlell hasbeen providedex tendinginto the inlet throughwhiclr auj'etofd I water may beL admitted'under pressure 1 \to agitate th'e'mixture and dilute itas git' iis'jtfi 1 being drawn into the pump, that" it maybe readily pumped therethroughiandto a'point J ofdisposal. As seen'in EigIZEthe nozzle 11 directs the jet of high pressure =wa1ter in a; direction opposite tothe flow of the niiXtureWO throu oh the outlet conduit 9; This high pressure jet agitates the mixture as it entersthe discharge conduit and prevents thesolid inaterial from settling at the bottom ofthe hop 3 peradja'cent' the conduit9. The grating has itsbars' so spaced th-at' 'pieces oit'-material =which are toolar'ge for pump- 10 to'handle willbe'retained uponEthegratinsrbars.

Within the reservoir is secured a vertical; casing 12', in which a float-13 is adapted to so 'ino'vel The float is connected by rods to a V lever arm IA which operates an angle valve 1'5 'which'controls a water supply line16 for admitting'water to the hopper. This supply;

ne ay be connected to'the pump 17 which" supplies thewater tothe sluiceway nozzles -18 which water is'mixed with the ashes as it fenters thesluice conduit to'the reservoir, or.

maybe connected to" any .otherwsu p'ply of; 1 7

water. Preferably the reservoir pump is of ,90 n I slightly greater,capacity than the discharge.

from the sluiceways" to the" reservoir. Thereforefno' matter how much. of the mixture of ashes and water is deliveredto the reservoir,

thereservdir'puinp will be ab'leto dispose of "it and maintainithe contents belowv the tOpOf thereservoir; I i

a *It will be seen that 'if .the .water' inlthe reservoir dropslbelow a.:predeterminedalevel V y the "float will move downwardly;-rwithin "its casing and admit additional water to raise currentfrom a source of power G. A con; 7 trol 21 'is provided by which both motors are started andst'oppe'd and which preferably has H an'automatie'relay so that the sluice pump will not start until the reservoir pump has been started. A switch 22 also be inserted in the power line to motor 19 and may 7 be operated by the movement of the float so that when the water level in the reservoir drops below-a predetermined point, the reservoir pump will lee-stopped and remain so until the levelreaches any desired pointl In Fig; -3-,'an inlet tothe reservoir pump is shown which consists of air Yfitting 9, the branchingf-armbf which is connected to I the pump. Thelower-armreceivesthe nozzle attached by a pl-ug-,-. bushing; or. the like.

is introduced; 1 This may 1 be conveniently I g 7 While I havedescr' ib'edone embodiment :01 myiinventi on with some particularity, I do -medification's falling thesoogte of the inotlimit myself to thepre'c'isedetails shown,

but claimas my invention all variations and appended'claims.

What is cla'imel':': Y I *1. ash handling apparatus comp-rising a tank, a' conduit delivering-a,mixtureief V Y water and ashes to said tankya pump supply-.

ing water to said conduita by-pass'from I the tank to apoint of disposal, a nozzle in theintaiie "of said second mentioned pump adapted to direct fluidaga-inst'the :flow o'f the mixture-into saidintake,-and aisource of fluid V under pressure connected to: said nozzle.-

mixture as it passes ofthezreceptacle, means for injecting fluid 7 under pressure into the mixture lodged in theapex'of the converging "bottom in the] through the outlet.

5. Apparatus for opposite direction to the flow' of the 'mixture handling solid material liquid material-opening into the upper por-. tion of the receptacle, means for screening "comprising a receptacle, a supply ofsolid'and the material discharged from thesiipplyinto l thergiceptaele; a water -conduit opening into the receptacle, adi'scharge conduit leading from saidlreeeptaclme pump connected with r said discharge conduit :for "Withdrawing the mixture of solids and liquids from said-reee'ptacle, means tor injecting :a stream of fluid under pressure into said discharge 1001b mixture therethnougrh, a'lflbfllt valvemsseciat-gg, V 7 ed with the water eonduit'nmdreceptacle tovcontrol the supply of to the recep.

sure into the water eonduat andf separate means iseparably Y operable ,fiom fihe'isamef point for asctuaitingvthe atjtheloiwer fp'arto-fthe receptacle.

'si-ng a-Irecep- 65 A disposal system taele adapted to 'eentaifn'e'z'rmxture' 'bif liquids 711 through whichyth-e agitating jet iof fluid gd uit in "a direction opposite to the flow efthe and solids an outlet :leadingirom dimmer-1 portion of ithecreceptaclennd meansgfo'r injectingfluid nnder pressure into the mixture at -the;1outlet in the -opposite direction te the flow of the mixture through the out let, g

2. An apparatus :for handling a mixture r of liquid andsolid:materialcomiprisingn re c'eptacle; *a conduit for supplying the mix -'ture t0'.tl1e top of the receptacle, agrating 't'ure', float controlled .meansa-for maintaining for removing large-selidipieces from the mixthe liquid level in the receptacle between pre- Jdetermined limits,;a=c'ondu it vfordischarging the mixture from the receptacle, and means A :for injecting-fluid under pressure into the 'discl-i-arigev conduit in a :direction opposite to -1 the direction 'of flowrof the mixture to ragitate the==miiiti1re as it passesjinto the discharge conjduit. V 3.,AY'disposal system comprising ameceptac-le adapted to contain a mixture of liquid and solids, an outlet leading from the reeep tacle, and 'means for injecting "fluid under In testimony whe seefl lnerenntezmfiix'r nf-) signature "this'25th day of September,"1 926. FRANKBrALLE-N.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3940184 *May 21, 1974Feb 24, 1976Continental Oil CompanyMethods and systems for hydraulically transporting solids
U.S. Classification406/12, 406/137, 110/165.00R, 406/121, 406/109
International ClassificationF23J1/00
Cooperative ClassificationF23J2700/001, F23J1/00
European ClassificationF23J1/00