|Publication number||US1834516 A|
|Publication date||Dec 1, 1931|
|Filing date||Oct 8, 1927|
|Priority date||Oct 8, 1927|
|Publication number||US 1834516 A, US 1834516A, US-A-1834516, US1834516 A, US1834516A|
|Inventors||Francis Dains Irven|
|Original Assignee||Western Stoneware Company|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (8), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Dec. 1, 1931.
l. F. DAINS DRINKING- FOUNTAIN Filed OCT.. 8, 1927 Patented Dec. A1, `41931 UNrrEfDgsTATEs *PATENT OFFICE p IRVEN FRANCIS DAiNsoF ivioivivioizffrir,` fiIiLiNois, Assieivon To WESTERN sroNEWAaE COMPANY, or ivroiviliourir,` 'rLLINoIs A CORPORATION or Miiiivn imi'iviziivs FOUNTAIN' ,Appiication inea` october '8. ieaifsrerial No; 224,787.
This invention relates to improvements in drinking fountains, and more. particularly to drinking fountains ofthe type commonly used for watering live-stock, poultry .and
the like, but the present invention; is obviously adaptable for other and varied uses,
as will be apparent -to one skilled in the art.V
In the past, devices of this type, wherein a container is filled and then inyerted intona. io receiving base, have proven objectionable in that the filled container in mostcases-could not be inverted without an undue and undesirable amount of splashing. f Moreover, these former devices necessitated `an objectionable amount oftime and labor to properly adjust the samefor use.
- i This inventionisdesigned to overcomethe above noted defectsV and objectionsin the provision of a drinking fountain which maybe filled and inverted with no resultant spilling The invention also seeks toV provide a siniple device of the class, described herein, wherein the container and receiving I base may be inverted in intimate contact with each other and then easily and readily adjusted to operative position. j Y.
Itis also an important object of this invention to provide a device of the class described that is substantial, durable, and attractive in appearance. i
While some of the'moresalient features and characteristicsof a device embodying this invention have been above pointed out, others will become apparent'from the followf ing disclosures.y f
The invention 'includes these and other features of construction andcombinations v of partshereinafterfvdescribed and shown in a preferred form in the drawings, as Vmore particularly indicated by the claims. Y Y
On the drawings: l v Y f Figure 1 is a view in elevationV of a device embodying the principles ofithe present invention shown in operative position.
Figure 2 is a central vertical sectional viewV through the device and f showingthe same in itsinitial and inoperative position.
Figure` 3 is a central vertical sectional-view similar to Figurev 2 but'showing the device in inverted position.
Figure 4 is a central vertical'sectional view taken substantially along the linev IV-IV of lFigure 1 vshowing the 'device in operative position. u
F igure 5 is a1 vplan sectional view taken n substantially ure 1.
As shown on the drawings: 1 In the illustrated embodiment of this invention there is shown a container 1 for liquids and the like, having a neck-like portion along the line V-V of Fig- 2 thereon vand preferably Vintegral therewith,
thereby providing an annularI shoulder 3v be tweenthe body of the container and the neck` portioin .In this instance,:there is `provided on Atheshoulder 3 substantially an annular collar of spaced ear-like projections 4vcon- Acentric with the neck portion2'fora purpose that will later appear. It is to :be noted that the projections 4 have substantially attened outer surfaces as at 5 and sloping side walls 6 which terminate in recesses 7 substantially i175 base portion of the recesses are alsosubstaii-l l of the same size as the .projections 4.V The tially flat..
To cooperate with the container 1,a re-l ceiving receptacle or 'base 8 is provided and is preferably, though not necessarily, formed with a sloping annular wall 9 terminating ina neck portion 10. r'1`vhe.bot tom,portion of the receiving base 8 is formed soV as to provide a'base ring or portion 11 upon which the re,-` ceiving base rests,l andan inwardly projecting conicaliportion 12 adapted to extend with-v in the neck portion 2 of Athe container ,lto
provide close and intimate v'contact between these portionsras at 13. l j Y A y The 'neck portion .10' of the base 8 is provided with spaced projections 14 which areV similar in size and shape to the projections 4 on the container'l. Between. thev projections 14 are-recesses 15 corresponding to recesses 7 between the projections 4. i To provide ade quate access to the liquid in the receiving base 8, the wall 9 thereof isprovided with a Vplurality of apertures 16.1 ff
VThe container *and receiving base/mayA ,be made of any desirable'material, andV it is found desirable in many instances to make these members of earthenware, or the like. After the formation of the container and receiving base, the earthenware is usually glazed on its outer surface toenhance the appearanceofthe. objects. The projections `4 and 14,' however, .and thev walls of the rel liquid 17. The receiving` base 8 is thenset overV the'neckftQ .of the'. container in vinverted position, the-diameterfof the` neck portion 10 being suiiiciently large to provide a short clearance spacevbetween` the respective neck portions 10 anid'; TWhen in this position, the projections 14fare'p'ositionedso as to fit within the recesses 7in the` container, and the p'rojectinnsl 4 onthe container are received` by therecesses 15in the 'neck portion 10 of the-.receiving base. The: conical portion' 12 of ltheibase will. thenproject within the neck of4f the container.. toprovidea substantiallyv water.-tiglitfit,.as-atil.` The container and base maylbeathen `simultaneously invertedl `to the position. sh own in Figui-es 1, '3 and`4 with no resultant'spilljng ofthe liquid 17.'. The container'- 1 is "nent,y rotated until :thepro-j ec-l tions-4 ofthe container rest'upon theprojec'- tions 14 of thereceiving base. This rotation ofthe container isv accomplished Vcomparatively easily, inasmuch as the sloping walls 6- ofthe yprojectionsff-i will readily ride up and over the. sloping walls of th'e projections 14.` W'hen th'efcontaineris' so elevated, the neclc 2 thereof will be spaced from theconical portion L121of the base, thereby permitting thel liquid 17 to "flow into and substantially' ill the -lower'portion'of the base to a pointadjacent theapertures 16. Duetoy the flattened adjacent surfaces 5'on the projections 4 and.V
14 these projections will not Vhave a tendency toslip fromtheir balanced position, due to the action of gravity thereon. Of course, due to latmospheric pressure, the liquid will not ii'ow through theapertures lf).
It will be apparent from the foregoing that Ihave provided .a drinkingffountai-n or the like which may be filledand inverted with no danger o-f spilling theacontents thereof, andsimply .and easily adjusted into operative position by a slight rotation of the container. It is to be clearly understood, however, that the present invention is` not to be Fur-V construed as limited to the exact details of construction shown and described herein.
It is to be further understood that the spirit of this invention contemplates the positioning of projections, ears, lugs and the like atvany convenient place between the receptacle and the base or'any rotatable element to maintain the two members in spaced relationship. A
The invention hereinabove` set forth i besides being sim-ple in operation, may be easily and economically manufactured. l
I'am aware that many changes may be madeandnumerous details of construction may be varied through a wide range without departingffrom: the princi-ples' of this: inventionand I, therefore, do not purpose limiting.- they patent' granted hereon, otherwise than necessitated .by the prior art.
lI claiinwas my invention:
.1; In: afd'eviceozt' the character'described, a liquid container,I a receiving baseV cooperable with said container, aneek on said container for-initial yintimatef Contact with the vbottom of saidfb'ase,- meansuon said container, and meansr-onsaid -base'cooperable with said first mentioned 'meansto .elevate said neck into spaced relationship. with sai-d bottom and retain this relationship, said means becoining;effectivewupon asl-ight rotationof said container. y
2. ,Ina device, of the character described, aw liquidcontainerhaving an outlet, a. receiving b'asecooperable `with said container andrffor 'initially intimately contacting said container so as to close said outlet, and set of Kspaced# projections `having larcuate side edges vonea'ch `o-fsaid container and base, the projectionsof ioneset initially seating in the spaces between the'projections of the opposite set, whereby when said container is slightly rotated said projections willK elevate and maintain i said= containerf'inf spaced relationship to said ibase.
8.*A-.poultry fountain. comprsinga pan having an upper horizontal edge provided with circumferential'ly spaced notches, each notch .having one end inclined; and an fin verted -reservoi-rhavingits. mouth eXtendin into the said pan and having intermediate its height an annularshoulder seating on the said panedge; the reservoir having circumferentiallv spaced lugs. depenoingfrom the said shoulder and respectively housed by the said notches, lone end of-each lug and the notch end adjacent thereto being similarly inclined. f I
4. A two-part poultry fountain comprising as one member a pan4 including in its side a raisedand perforated annular wall portion overhanging the bottom of the pan, and an inverted reservoir having its mouth disposed withinfthepan adjacent to the bottom of the pan? and having Van' annular shoulder above the said vmouth adapted to rest on the upper edge of the said pan side, the said shoulder having downwardly projecting lugs and the said upper edge of the pan side having recesses respectively entered by the lugs when the said shoulder rests on the said top, the
lugs being adapted to rest on parts of the said upper edge of the pan side between the reeesses to support the reservoir on the pan with the mouth ofthe container disposed at a predetermined greater height abo-ve the pan bottom.
5. A two-part poultry fountain comprising as one member a pan including a perforated annular portion overhanging the botto-m ofV the pan having a tubular riser upon the inner edge of the said annular portion, and an inverted reservoir having its mouth disposed within the pan and having an annular hori- Zontal shoulder above the said mouth and adapted to seat on the top of the tubular riser when the said mouth is disposed close to the bottom of the pan; the said riser top having circumferentially'spaced notches and the reservoir having lugs projecting downwardly from the said shoulder and respectively entering the said notches when the reservoir is in its aforesaid disposition; the
lugs being also adapted to seatV on parts of the saidrriser top between the notches in the latter to support the reservoir with the mouth of the Vlatter spaced-further from the pan bottom. Y v
6. A poultry fountainl comprising a pan having an upper horizontal edge provided with circumferentially spaced notches7 each notch having one end inclined; and an inverted reservoir having its mouth extending into the said pan and having intermediate its height an annular shoulder seating on the said pan edge; the reservoir having circumferentially spaced lugs depending from the said shoulder and respectively housed by the said notches, one end of. each lug and the notch end adjacent thereto being similarly inclined circumferentially of the reservoir to afford coacting cam surfaces for causin p' rotation of the reservoir with respect to the pan in lone direction to raise the reservoir until the bottoms of the lugs seat on the said upper pan edge. y
7. A poultry fountain comprising a pan having an upperV horizontal edge provided with circumferentially spaced notches7 each notch having one end inclined; and an inverted reservoir having its mouth extending into the said pan and having intermediate its height an annular shoulder seating on the said pan edge; the reservoir having circumferentially spaced lugs depending from the said shoulder and respectively housed by the said notches, one end of each lug and the notch end adjacent thereto being similarly inclined, and that portion of the reservoir immediately below the said annularshoulder closely approximating Vthe bore of the said upper panedgefso as tov centerthereservoir on thepan;v j: vv- 8. lllipoultryfountainA comprisingv apan having anupper horizontal edge provided .7'0
said-notches,V one endofseachilug landV the j notch end adjacent theretobeing'similarly inclined veircumferentiallyv rof thel reservoir 4to afford coacting camsurfaces for causing rotation of the reservoir with respect to the pan l'in one direction to raisethereservoir untilthe Abottoms ofthelugs seat-on the said upper pan edge; and with that portion of the reservoir immediately below the said; annular shoulder closely approximating the bore of the said upper pan edge so as to center thev reservoir 4on the pan.
9. A two-'part poultry fountain comprising'as one member a pan including inits side a raised and' perforated annular wall portion overhanging the bottom of the pan', vand an inverted reservoir having its mouth disposed per edge of the said pan side, the said shoulder having'downwardly projecting lugs and the said upper edge of the pan side having recesses respectively entered by the lugs when the said shoulder restsonthe lsaid top, the lugsbeing adapted to rest on parts of the said upper edge of the pan side between 'the recesses to-support the yreservoir on the pan with the mouth of the container disposed at a predetermined greater height above the pan bottom, and the said lugs and recesses having inclined end .walls `cooperating with a cam action for raising vthe reservoir from its first Y named to its second named position when the reservoir is partially rotated upon the pan.
l0. A two-part poultry fountain comprising as one member a pan including a perforated annular portion overhanging the bottom of the pan having a tubular riserA upon the inneredge of the said annular portion, and an inverted reservoir-having its mouth disposed within the pan and having an annular horizontal shoulder above the said mouth and adapted to seat on the top of the tubular riser when the said mouth is disposed fclose to the bottom of the pan; the said riser latter tozsupport -the reservoir With the mouth of the latter spaced further from the: pam bot;
tom, and :a-neekjportioir on= thesaid reservoir y belowxthe said shoulder and approximately fitting-thek bore of the tubular riser to cen-ter the reservoir on .the pan; y
1li AltWo-part poultry ountainxeomprising asone meinbera'pan including a'V perforated :annular-portion p overhanging the `bottom o"y the pan having a tubular riser upon the inner edgeofthe said* annular portion1 and .an inverted reservoir having its -mouth disposed IWithin the pan and havingan annular horizontal shoulder above the said mouth and adapted to seat on the top ofthe tubular riserwhen. the said mouth is-disposed close to the bottoinzof the pan; `the said riser top having eircuinferentially Vspaced notches and the reservoir havingv lugs projecting downwardly 'from the said shoulder andrespectivel-jyl entering `the said notches when the reservoir is in "its aforesaid disposition; the lugs being` also adapted to seat `.on parts of the said riser top between ther notches in the latter to support the reservoir 'with the niouth of 'theflatterspacedfurther from thepan bottoxin: ther notches and the lugs engaged thereby having incl-ined ends. adjacent to one another; when the reservoir is in its first named disposition; the-adj acent inclined ends of `the lugs and notchesbeing adapted toengagewith: a cam action when the reservoir is rotated in one direction, so as -to raise thereservoiriand to cause the lugs to'ridefup to'and upon portions of the 'riser top between the notches.
In testimony WhereofI have: hereunto subscribed iny name at Chicago, CoolrCounty, Illinois.
iRvn-N- FRANCISI nAiNs;V
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2416149 *||Aug 20, 1943||Feb 18, 1947||Lawrence G Botts||Attachment for coffee pots|
|US2518536 *||Nov 27, 1944||Aug 15, 1950||Faulkner Thomas K||Poultry watering fountain|
|US2584383 *||Apr 15, 1947||Feb 5, 1952||Franz Feck John||Fowl drinking fountain|
|US2683440 *||Mar 3, 1953||Jul 13, 1954||Klix Richard V||Bird feeder|
|US4175597 *||Aug 1, 1977||Nov 27, 1979||The Kendall Company||Irrigation solution device|
|US4691665 *||Oct 8, 1985||Sep 8, 1987||Hefner Plastics, Inc.||Hummingbird feeder|
|US5687783 *||Aug 15, 1995||Nov 18, 1997||Finnegan; Michael E.||Animal watering device|
|USD693067 *||Dec 21, 2012||Nov 5, 2013||Miller Manufacturing Company||Watering device|
|International Classification||A01K39/026, A01K39/00|