US 1834713 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Dec. l, 1931. B. KAHN 1,834,713
HYPODERMIC SYRINGE AND THE LIKE Filed April 23, 1929 l xNvENToR 7L@ /h/ATTORNEYS syringes fand the like.
Patented Dec. 1, 1931 Y UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE BENJAMIN KAHN, on BnONx COUNTY, NEWyoRnAssIeNon To NovOcOL CHEMICAL MFG. co.-1Nc., on BnooxLYmNnw Yoan, n conronarioN on NEW YORK nYPonERMmsYnINGE AND THE LIKE application sie@ April 23,l
This Ainvention relates to hypodermic The liquid introduced hypodermically by a syringe should be prepared 'and maintained lf'in aseptic condition; that is, it should be patient.
free from bacteria and similar bodies and should not'contain toxic substanceswhich if present in sufficient amount, might beliarmful when introduced hypodermically into a When a syringe is employed in an infected area, the tip of the needle may rest at a point where toxins are present.4 As long as the aseptic fluid is forced into this arca through the needle,V there is no chance for these toxins to entery -into the needle and mount-'into the interior of the syringe,- but when the pressure of the plunger on theliquid ceases due to release of pressure of the hand, the plunger tends to move back in the direction away from the needle and a back flow occurs sucking the objectionable matter back into the ampule, cartridge or other container of the liquid. thereby contaminating the liquid. When the syringe is then withdrawn, and plunged into a healthy area the liquid now contaminated flows into this area and tends to setupan infection-or to give ita toxic condition. A
The principal object of the present invention accordingly is to provide a simpleand inexpensive device to avoid contamination of the syringe liquid as indicated, comprising a few parts which may be easily operated and which may be easily attachedV to various types of syringes now in use.
Further and more specific objects7 features and advantages will appear from a conksideration of the drawings and the detail description hereinafter set forth,' when taken in coniunction withthe claims.
Preferred forms of the invention' are shown in the drawings in which Fig. 1 is a longitudinal sectional viewof a hypodermic' syringe` showing the invention embodied therein;
Fig. 2 is an enlarged .detail view showing the coiled spring surrounding-the plunger member andin position to prevent its backward movement away from the. needle;
Fig. 8 is an enlarged fragmentaryfdetail 192e. 'serial No. 357,458.
view of a modification of the plunger holding means shown in Figs. 1 and 2. It is shown attached to the impuls-engaging member and in position to restrain the backward movement of the plunger; and
Fig. 4 is a perspective view of the device for preventing the motion of the plunger shown'vin Fig. 3.
Referring now to Figs. 1 and 2, the syringe comprises an elongated cylindrical barrel or frame 1, exteriorly threaded at one end to receive. a cap 2, the other'end of the barrel is provided with a hollow hypodermic needle 3 secured thereto by the usual nut or thimble 4.
The barrel 1 is cut away-on each side thereof as shown at 5 and 6, and through the larger opening 6 there is inserted an ampule 7 preferably madel of glass which before introduction is preferably broken. A plug or piston 11 of soft rubber is inthe other end of the ampule.
The ampule contains aseptic medicament "12 which is `prepa-red and placed in the amupward in the barrel to engage or disengage the ampule. y i
The lower end of the plug 13 is recessed t accommodate the head 18 which is screwthreaded on to the end of a piston rod or plunger 19 which slidably extends through the bore 20 of the head 17 which has an operating handle in its outer end. The end of the plug 13 which abuts the end of the ampule is provided with a depending peripheral flange extending down the side wall of the ampule, which abuts the upper end of the ampule 7 and holds it in place. In order to insure that the removable cap. 2 be maintained in place on the end of the ampule 1, the spring 22 abuts against Ythe under side of this cap 2 and seats on a shoulder of the sleeve 13.
l ment on the face 17 upwardly in a counterclockwise direction. The end of the spring remote from the face 17 is unattaclied and is turned outwardly away from the plunger shaft and as here shown is formed as a ball 24 which be grasped by the fingers to be moved clockwise to open the spring. On moving the ball in the clockwise direction, the spring is unwound so that its coilsl no longer grasp and hold the plunger and under these conditions .the plunger may be freely moved towards or away from the needle..
YWhen the spring is in normal unopened position as shown in Figs. 1 and 2, thefplunger may move freely down towards the needle but if attempt is made to withdraw theshaft the coiled spring prevents movement in the direction away from the needle. The result of the action of the spring mentioned is that when the plu-nger is forced down by the pres sureY of the hand on the handle 21 to expel liquid from the ampule through the needle 3, the plunger may freely move in that direction, but if the plunger is stopped by release of pressure of thehand, its tendency7 is to move backwards away from the needle and to suck in objectionable substances from an area in which the tip of the needle may be resting, is prevented by the action of the coil which clings to the plunger and instantly prevents its backward motion away from the needle. f
In operation the ampule 7 after breaking off its tip, is placed in the barrel 1 through the opening G and the ampule-engaging sleeve is rotated until it engages the top of the ampule. In rotating the sleeve, the spring 23 and shaft 19 are also rotated and thus the plunger is advanced some distance toward the plug'll. Then the ampule is engaged, pressure on the handle 21 moves the plunger forward until it contacts with the plug whereupon liquid is ejected from the ampule through the needle 3. Motion of the plunger is uniinpeded by the spring 28 as long as the liquid. is being ejected. If the hand pressure Lthe head 17 and to the head 17 is attached a clamp member comprising upper j aw 25 and lower jaw 26. Upper jaw 25 is pierced with an aperture 27, and lower jaw 26 with an aperture 28. These jaws may be conveniently stamped out of one piece of spring metal, and as here shown are rounded to conform to the shape of the head 17, the upper jaw 25 70 being provided with a projection 29 for receiving a finger when the device is to be operated to Withdraw the plunger away from the needle.v The lower jaw, as shown, is aiiixed by rivets or otherwise to the top face of the head 17 so that its aperture 28 is aligned with the aperture in the head 17. The aperture 27 in the top jaw 25 will then be slightly out of alignment with aperture 28; by depressing the jaw 25 against the spring action of 30 the hinge 30 by which the two jaws are connected, the apertures 27 and 28 may -be brought into alignment and the plunger 19 then passed therethrough 'and the head 18 screwed thereon. When so assembled, if the w35 Vplunger 19 is forced downwardly, it tends to move the upper jaw 25 downwardly against the spring'action of the hinge 30, and under these conditions the plunger will pass freely downwardly towards the needle. If, how-90 ever, pressure on the plunger is released and the plunger starts to move upwardly away from the needle, the jaw 25 will tend to move upwardly and as the apertures 27 and. 28 come out of alignment there will be a binding L on the shaft 19 by the pressure of thesides of the aperture 7 thereon which will instantly check the movement of the plunger in that direction..
VThe operation of this` embodiment of the device is similar to that described in connection with Figs. 1 and 2 when the ampule 7 vhas been inserted in the barrel and injected by the sleeve 13v by rotation of the head 17 which advances bot-h the spring clamp and the plunger. Upon pressure on the handle 21 the plunger will be advanced to expel liquid from the ampule through the needlc and the jaw 25 will be `depressed to permit movement in that direction, but if the hand is removed and the pressure on the handle released, the plunger will tend to move backwards but such motion will be prevented by the binding action of the clamp on the plunger.
While I have described my improvements in detail and with respect to preferred forms thereof, I do not desire to be limited to such details or forms, since many changes and modifications may be made and the improvements Vembodied in widely different forms without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention in its broader aspects. Hence I desire to cover all modiiications and forms coming within the language or scope of any one or more of the appended claims.
What I claim is 1. In combination a hypodermic syringe having a needle and a fluid-expelling means and means comprising a coiled spring operating on said fluid-expelling means to permit movement toward the needle and frictionally bind the fluid-expelling means against movement away from said needle thereby to prevent suctional action through the needle.
2. In combination a hypodermic syringe'V moving to permit motion of said plungertoward said needle and to prevent movement away from said needle.
4. In a device' of the kind described, in combination, a syringe having a removable ampule, a needle at one end of said ampule, a plunger at the other end, a removable ampule-engaging member for holding the ampule in position to deliv-er liquid therefrom through said needle, a coiled spring wound around the shaft of said plunger having one end attached to the ampule-engaging member and the other end free. said spring moving to permit motion of said plunger towards said needle but while in binding position to prevent motion of said plunger away from said needle, and a device to'permit release of the binding action of said spring on said plunger to thereby permit said plunger to move freely either towards or away from said needle.
5. In a device of the kind described, in combination, a syringe having a frame. a removable ampule, a needle at one end of said ampule. a rotatable ampule-engaging membei', a plunger at the other end of said ampule and a spring tightly coiled around the shaft of said plunger. said spring having one end attached to said ampule-engaging member and free to move at its other end, said other end being provided with a knob to permit the spring to be |moved to uncoil it, so that movement of the plunger away from the needle is prevented by the binding action of said spring, but on turning said knob opposite to the direction of coil of said spring, said spring is unwound, permitting saidl plunger to move freely toward or away from said needle.
In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this specication.