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Publication numberUS1834886 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 1, 1931
Filing dateMay 31, 1929
Priority dateMay 31, 1929
Publication numberUS 1834886 A, US 1834886A, US-A-1834886, US1834886 A, US1834886A
InventorsFrederick C Barton
Original AssigneeGen Electric
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Phonograph apparatus
US 1834886 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dec. 1, 1931. c BARTON 1,834,886

PHONOGRAPH APPARATUS Filed May 31, 1929 Lamp Housing- Inventor Frederick C Barton, b5 H'Ls Attorney.

Patented 1, 1931 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE rmnarcx o. BARTON, or scmmncmmr, new Yoax, AssIGNoa 'ro GENERAL ELEC- rare comm, a cimroaarron on NEW YORK rnonoemfi {APPARATUS Application filed Kay a1, 1929. Serial No. 367,595.

M invention relates to apparatus for reprodilcingsound from a reviously made record thereof and partiou arly to such ap; paratus which includes a plurality of units adapted to be operatedv successively to produce an uninterrupted sound reproduction. These apparatus units'may comprise in addition' means for projecting motion pictures simultaneously with the reproduction of the yrecorded sound. One of the objects of my invention is the. provision of improved apparatus of this character having means whereby at the expiration of the record carried by one unit another unit may be brought into service automatically and without interrupting the reproduction. Another ob-v ject of my invention is the provision of an improved record carrier having thereon. a

sound record and a separate auxiliary record,

the two records being adapted for simultaneous reproduction.

Referring to the drawings, Fig. 1 is a combined plan view of apparatus and circuit diagram involving mv invention and Fig. 2 is an enlarged view 0 disk such as shown onthe apparatus of v s' illustrative of my invention I have shown in Fig. 1 two motion picture-sound units 1 and 2 each adapted for the simultaneous projection of .motionpictures and the reproduction of accompanying recorded 'sounds. The two units are arranged side by side and'orientated to project the pictures 5 on the same screen, not shown. A single loud speaker 3 or a bank of loud speakers arranged to be connected to either unit may be positioned adjacent the screen-or elsewhere as desired. Since the two units illustrated are identical in all respects the description of unit 1 will suflice also for unit 2. The unitcomprises the film reel 5, the lamp housing 6, the phonograph turntable 7 and the motor 8 connected to drive both the picture projector and the turntable. Resta phonograph record ing an the turntable is the record disk 10 en: gaged by the electric pick-up device 11. The pick-ups of the two units are connected to the fixed contacts of the double throw switch 12, which is common to the two units, the movable contact being connected through the thermionicamplifier 13 to the loud speaker 3. The purpose of the two-unit arrangement shown and described it will be understood is to avoid any interruption in the exhibi- 5r tion when the ends of the picture and sound records are reached by transferrin the reproduction from one machine to t e other.

By the means which I shall later describe I efi'ect the transfer of the reproduction autoflnaltically and under the control of the record The disk hereshown is of the general form of sound record disks in common use having a spiral sound record groove occupying the outer portion of the disk in the usual manner. Inasmuch as such disks usually are rotated at aconstant speed, the record groove thereon forms an annular zone extending approximately only one half of the radial distance from the periphery of the disk to its 'center for in the circular area inside of this zone it has been found that the lineal speed differs too widely from the lineal speed near the periphery of the disk to give the desired results in the sound reproduction. The eircula-r area within the. sound record zone has therefore been waste space as far as the sound record is concerned and heretofore has been occupied by printing matter of a diversified character relative to the record. In accord-' ance with one feature of my invention I form in this circular area and spaced within the outer sound record zone 15 a spiral groove forming an auxiliary record and comprising the inner record zone 16. The two-records are cut simultaneously by separate cutters and are adapted for simultaneous reproduction. Each record starts at the inner limit of its respective zone and ends at the outer limit 90 thereof. In the form of my invention illusing the operation of the unit the pick-up 11 is in engagement with the sound record forming the outer zone in the usual manner. At the same time a separate and distinct electric pick-up 21 engages the groove of the auxiliary record. Toward the end of the record the pick-up 21 successively passes over the constant frequency impressions 17, 18 and 19. In response to the first of these the projector lamp of the other unit is started, a little later in response to the second the driving motor of the other unit is started, and finally just before the end of sound record is reached the last fixed frequency causes the connection to the amplifier and loud speaker to be switched to the other unit. The particular means by which these steps in the complete .transfer from the one unit to the other may be effected in response to the fixed frequencies on the auxiliary record will now be described. In circuit with the pick-up 21 engaging the auxiliary record is the primary of the transformer 22 whose secondary connects through the thermionic amplifier 23 with the circuit 24 having the three tuned branches 25, 26 and 27. These branches are tuned in a manner well understood to pass respectively the 500, 750 and 1000 cycle frequencies recorded at 17 18 and 19. In circuit with each tuned branch I have shown a relay 29 biased to open position and a rectifier 30 of the type shown and described in the Grondahl patent 1,640,- 335. The several relays 29 serve respectively to close the operating circuits of the three solenoid operated switches 32, 33 and 34. Switch 32 controls the projector lamp circuit of unit 2, switch 33 controls the motor circuit of unit 2 and switch 34 controls the solenoid operated double throw switch 12 by which the loud speaker connection is thrown from one unit to the other. Power for operating the projecting lamps and the throwover switch 12 is shown obtained from the supply circuit 36 and for the driving motors from the supply circuit 37 As has already been stated above the two 1 records are cut simultaneously, the beginning of each being suitably marked, for example, by a cross line to enable the operator when a new record disk is put on the machine to position the disk so that each pick-up stylus will rest on the record atthe marked point therefor. As the record disk rotates, one pick-up follows the groove of the sound record while the other pick-up follows the groove of the auxiliary record. It may be found desirable in some cases to construct the nected to the circuit of the pick-up 21. Since this sound reproduction is for the operator only it is immaterial if the quality is somewhat defective due to the low lineal speed of the record. In some cases it may be found desirable to rely entirely upon verbal instructions to the operator recorded on the auxiliary record for the shifting from one unit to the other in which case the operator will be told, for example, when to start the lamp of the other unit, when to start the motor thereof, when to transfer the loud speaker circuit and fade from the one unit to the other and how to manipulate the gain controls. The sound record and motion picture film will be constructed to operate for the same length of time. After unit 2 has been started and thrown into service, unit 1 may be shut down by manually opening the switches 32, 33 and 34 which were previously closed. A new picture film and a new record disk are then put in place with each pick-up stylus at the marked starting point and with a correspondingly marked portion of the picture film placed in a predetermined position in the projector. 'In a manner similar to that already described and by the duplicate apparatus shown, unit -2 will when the end of its record is approached start the projecting lamp and the driving motor of unit 1 and finally transfer the loud speaker connection back to unit 1.

I have chosen the particular embodiment described above as illustrative of my invention and it will be apparent that various inodifieations may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of my invention which modifications I aim to cover by the appended claims.

What I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States, is:

1. A phonograph disk having a pluralitv of simultaneously cut record grooves comprising spirals having a substantially equal number of turns and forming inner and outer record zones, the groove of the outer record zone having variations corresponding to sound waves and the groove of the inner record zone having variations corresponding to a predetermined control frequency and limited to the last end portion of the groove.

region. v

3. In combinationv a plurality of phonograph machines each having a turntable adaptedto support a record disk having a sound record and an auxiliary record, and

having control frequency variations in said means controlled by the auxiliary record of the disk rotated by one of said machines for starting another of said machines.

4;. In combination a plurality of phonograph machines each having a turntable adapted to support a record disk bearing a sound record and an auxiliary record, electric pick-up means arranged to engage each record of a'disk supported by one of said machines, and means responsive to a predetera separate auxiliary record thereon in the space within the sound record, separate electric pick-up devices on said one machine arranged to engage the respective sound and auxiliary records, an electric pick-up device on the other of said machines and means responsive to a predetermined recorded frequency in said auxiliary record for controlling the circuit of the pick-up device of said other machine.

6. In combination a pair of phonograph machines each having a turntable, a record disk supported thereby, and a motor arranged to drive the turntable, the disk on one of said machines being provided with an outer sound record and a separate inner auxiliary record, said first machine having a separate electric pick-up for each of said records, and means connected with the pickup for said auxiliary record and responsive to a prede- I termined recorded frequency for closing the circuit of the motor of the second machine of said pair.

7. In combination a pair of phonograph machines each having a turntable and a separate driving motor therefor, a record disk supported by the turntable provided with separate sound and auxiliary records and separate electric pick-up devices for the respective records, said auxiliary records each having a plurality of constant frequencies recorded thereon at predetermined points, circuits tuned to said frequencies connected to the pick-ups for the auxiliary records, and switches responsive to said frequencies and associated with each machine for controlling the motor and the sound record pick-up of the other machine. v

8. In combination a pair of sound-picture machines each having a picture pro ecting lamp, a turntable supporting a sound record disk and an electric pick-up for said record,

the disk of one of said machines having an auxiliary record including predetermined frequencies formed in the space Within the sound record thereof, an electric pick-up for said auxiliary record, circuits tuned to the respective frequencies connected to said last mentioned pick-up and switching means connected with said circuits for controlling the projecting lamp of said other machine and the circuit of the pick-up for the sound record thereof;

In Witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand this 29th day of May, 1929. FREDERICK C. BARTON.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2529097 *Jan 6, 1947Nov 7, 1950Palmer Films Inc W ASound recording and reproducing system with recorded control signal
US2542188 *May 27, 1948Feb 20, 1951Mach Circuit Control CoChange-over control
US2562470 *Nov 5, 1947Jul 31, 1951William F MarnellRecord machine synchronizer
US2617893 *Apr 29, 1950Nov 11, 1952Rca CorpContinuously playing phonograph
US3058748 *Aug 11, 1959Oct 16, 1962Dan Golenpaul AssociatesAccessory apparatus for use with phonograph record player
US3260529 *Jun 13, 1949Jul 12, 1966Brown OwenMulti-functional phonograph
US3758120 *Apr 13, 1970Sep 11, 1973Ricoh KkSpiral track magnetic recording and reproducing apparatus
US4018448 *May 14, 1975Apr 19, 1977Dynell Electronics CorporationRecord for the artificial reproduction of sounds
US4300225 *Aug 9, 1979Nov 10, 1981Lambl George RDisco beat meter
CN101924892A *Aug 20, 2010Dec 22, 2010深圳市同洲电子股份有限公司Digital television receiving terminal menu displaying method, system and receiving terminal
CN101924892BAug 20, 2010Mar 20, 2013深圳市同洲电子股份有限公司Digital television receiving terminal menu displaying method, system and receiving terminal
U.S. Classification352/7, 369/70
International ClassificationG03B31/00
Cooperative ClassificationG03B31/00
European ClassificationG03B31/00