Improvement in life-preserving and swimming suits
US 183521 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
LIFE-PRESERVI'NG AND SWIMMING SUITS. No.18-3,5Z1.
Patented Oct. 24. 18%.
N- PETERS, FHOTD-LITNQGRAFHER, WASHINGTON. D. C-
FRANZ WEOK, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS.
IMPROVEMENT IN LIFE-PRESERVING AND SWlMiVllNG SUITS.
I Specification formingpart of Letters Patent No. 1183,52E dated October 24, 1876; application filed September 23, 1876.
To all whom it may concern Be it known that I, FRANZ WEoK, of Chicago, in the county of Cook and State of Illinois, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Life-Preserving and Swimming Suits, which improvement is fully set forth in the following specification, reference being hadto the accompanying drawings,in which- Flgure 1 is an elevation of a person making use of my improved life-preserving. and swimmin g suit. Fig. 2 is a central section of the said suit, slightly modified. Fig. 3 is an enlarged detailed view of the waist-joint. Fig. 4 is an enlarged detailed view of. the fresh-air float. Fig. 5 is an enlarged detailed view of a floatlng reservoir-for articles of nourishment. Fig. 6 1s an enlarged detailed view of the mask. Fig 7 1s a bottom view of the same, exposing to view a valve for the commui-iication-pipe of the above-said reservoir; and Fig. S'shows a modification of the device shown in Fig. 7
The nature of my invention consists, first, in a hfe-meserving and swimming suit provided with outside air communications, and a float for buoying up the wearer. It consists,
' second. in the said suit provided with an apparatus facilitating the breathing of the wearer, a float for buoying him up, so as to prevent him from being drowned, and a reservoir for food, leading through the suit to the mouth of the person. It consists, third, in the said suit consisting of two parts, an upper and a lower part, which parts are, respectively, constructed with a tubular elastic band at the point where they are unitedviz., at and around the waist of the operator-said bands overlapping one another, and being socured, if necessary, by a cord passed around thetbody between the tubular portions of the S111 The object of my invention is to keep the body of the operator dry, to furnish facilities for breathing fresh air, and to provide food in a semi-liquid state, and to hold the wearer in suspension in the water; also, to have the said suit so constructed that it may be put on' the human body in a very short time.
In the drawings, A represents a pair of lndia-rubber pantaloons inclosing the feet of theoperator, and having an elastic tubular waistband, a, inserted in the top seam a. B
represents'an indie-rubber jacket, having an elastic tubular waistband, b, inserted in its lower seam b. The said jacket B, at the ends of its sleeves, is to have fingered gloves 1), and it is provided with a hood, (J, of indiarubber, which has a face-plate or 1nask,.O, in front of the wearers face, in which an eyeglass, 0, is to be inserted, and sealed water tight in the material of which said mask is composed. This mask, for the purpose of giving. it stifihess and strength suflicient to guard the wearers face, and have it support the tubular collars, which receive the air-tubes, is made thicker than the suit proper. To tubular collars 0 on the sides of the mask G, in-
dia-rubber pipes Z are attached, which communieate with a floating water-tight drum, D,
which is provided with an upright tube, d,
extending up above the surface of the water, and admitting air into the drum D. To the tube 61 a signal, E, in the shape of a flag or any other conspicuous sign, may be attached. Near to or at the bottom of the mask 0 a short. tubular mouth-piece,f, of soft flexible material, is attached, and it extends outside of the mask in shape of a tubular collar, f, and there connects with a tubular flexible pipe, 9, on the last extremity of which is a bagshaped reservoir, G, preferably filled with wine, water, and pulverized toasted rye-bread, as this compound is known to be a very nutritive and invigorating one, can easily and rapidly be prepared, and will not sour for a long time. The pipe g may extend into the reservoir G, in the manner shown by dotted lines in Fig. 5, so as to enable the operator to almost entirely empty the said reservoir by sucking, and the tubular collar f may be either straight or curved, as shown.
In order to prevent the discharge of food through the mouth-piece f by the action of the waves, I. propose to close the passage of the inlet f by a sliding valve, h, embedded in the material of the mask G, and operated by the wearer with the gloved fingers of the sleeves, by means of a valve-stennc, and a thumb-spring, h. The valve h is, by the said spring, kept closed, as seen in Fig. 6, and is opened by forcing the spring outward, as seen in Fig. 7. The pipes d and g are securely connected to the parts D and 0, and that g vay be detached from the reservoir, to facilitte the cleaning and filling of the same. The alve It may be substituted by a clamp, K, hereby the pipe g is so forced together as to lose its passage, and prevent the food from assing into the mouth-piece f. v
Operation: The reservoiris provided with the eecssary food, and tightly connected with the icket B, in the manner described. The person lothes himself with the jacket B and the pan-" aloons A. He then draws the tubular waistand b and seam I) over the tubular waistband and seam a of the pantaloons, and ties, if iecessary, a cord, as, around and between the aid waistbands, as shown in Fig. 3, whereby he jacket and pantaloons become firmly mited and water-tight at their joints, with- )ut being hard and uncomfortable upon the waist of the person. The person now enters ahe water and begins to swim, dragging the ilrum D and the reservoir G behind him, as seen in Fig. 1. If exhausted or dragged under the surface of the water by a wave, he may safely let himself go and sink, as he cannot sink lower than the length of the pipes d, the buoyancy of the drum preventing the same. The necessary supply of fresh air is, in such event, furnished in undiminished quantity.
If the operator becomes hungry, he applies his lips to the mouth-piece f, and with his gloved fingers operates thumb-spring h', so as to open the valve h, and sucks the food from the reservoir G. By omitting the reservoir G and stopping up the inlet f, the de scribed suit answers as a life-preserver and swimming-suit for persons who want to learn swimming who have no confidence in their skill.
I am aware that the lower edge of a lifepreserving jacket and the upper edge of the pants belonging to such jacket have been terminated with a thickened rib, so that the two parts of the suit overlap one another; but I am not aware that a hollow elastic rib has been formed on the respective parts of the suit for the purposes set forth in my specification. I do not, therefore, claim lapping ribs which are rigid when united one to the other; but,
Having described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
1. Alfie-preserving and swimming suit provided with one or more chambers which are in communication with the interior thereof, and from which food, water, and other life-supporting substances may be drawn at will into the month while the whole body is inclosed water tight within the suit, substantially as described.
2. A life preserving and swimming suit which incloses the body and head water-tight, in combination with a floating air-chamber, which is provided with tubes by which it communicates with the atmosphereabove the water, and with the interior of the suit, substantially as described. I
3. The elastic tube on the lower end of the upper section of the suit, in combination with the elastic tube on the upper end of the lower section of the suit, substantially as described, whereby the necessary elasticity for holding the suit water-tight upon the body is secured, and the two parts of the suit held in a like manner together, substantially as described.
Witness my hand in the matter of my application for a patent for an improved life-preserving suitthis 15th day of September, 1876.
JAMES MARTIN, Jr., A. G. HEYLMAN.