US 1835334 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Dec. 8, 1931. A. I, RlssER 1,835,334
BOTTLE CORKING MACHINE Filed June 8, 1928 6 Sheets-Sheet l l Ys Dec.. 8, 1931. A. l. Rlssl-:R
' BOTTLE CORKING MACHINE Dec. 8, 1931. A. l. RlssER 1,835,334
BOTTLE CORKING MACHINE Filed June 8, 1928 6 Sheets-Sheet 5 Dec. 8, 1931. A. l.. RissER 1,835,334
y BOTTLE CORKING MACHINE Filed June 8, 1928 6 Sheets-Sheet 4 Dec. 8, 1931. A. l. RISSER 1,835,334
BOTTLE CORKING MACHI NE Filed June 8, 1928 6 Sheets-Sheet 5 a, E50 @Z 69 Dec. 8, 1931. A. 1. RlssER 1,835,334
BOTTLE CORKING MACHINE Filed June 8, 1928 6 Sheets-Sheet 6 Patented Dec. 8, 1931 NITDSTATES; PATENT ARTHUR I. Rissen, or CHICAGO, ILLINor-s oo., oF onrcaed'innrnors,AeoRPoRATIoNoF ILLINOIS AssIGNoR Tous; B'oTTLnns lyinrINERY Bertram oonKINe MAonrNE Application filed June' S, '192S..-S eria1g 1\1'o. 283,799.,
This invention relatesv to automatic ma-v clnnes for corlnng bottles Which are continuously passed through the machine.
-1 An object ot this invention is to provide,
in a machine Jor corling bottles, means for eliminating the ypossibility of the vcorls being -forced out Vby the Vback pressure under the corks which is created Vduring the 'corking opferation. This back Ypressure has been caused roby-the' insertionroi:l the `cork at one stroke andnot allowingthe air lthat is trapped in the bottle during the inserting process, time to escape past the cork. j
Since the pressureagainst the cork becomes greater when the space between the cork and the contents of the bottle is lessened, it has heretofore been necessary to leave conA siderable space for the corking; Therefore an advantage of my invention is that the botfv tles may be corlred With very little or no space between thecorks and the contents With-A out danger of having the corks forced out by the back pressure.` Y Y .^ilso, sincecorks are Tvery light and; easily broken in handling, further Yobjects areto provide means for' handling the corks vin a positive manner Withoiat Vthe necessity of grippingl the same, and to provide meansfor retaining Vthe corls in thev magazine ,of the machine Vand preventing' them from` being fed further into the machine, in case a cork has not been properly functioned upon in other portions ofthe machine, so thatthe cerls cannot become ]ammed `and broken r up andclog the machine. f Y` Other objects Vareto provide arrangements `whereby one means is operated Y by another as the means come into Vco-operative rela tion, orby the bottle itselso that complicated timing mechanisms are obviated and the construction of the machineis simpliiied.
Referring -to the Vaccoinpanying drawings, in whichrlilre numerals designate"V the same'` parts throughout the several vietvsf- 1 is a. iontvieivoil a complete-machine embodying my invention, with some of? the bottles omitted and with parts broken away to more c learlyillustrate the-mechanism. i
Fi'. 2'is aplan sectional view taken on the lined- 4; of Fig. 2.4
747 of Fig. 5.
linefh' of Fig. 1, `vvithv plartshbroken away i andparts shown in section. Fig.V 3 is a fragmentary plan section, taken online 3-3 of Fig 1.
Figa i is a-vertical section taken on the Fig. '7is a plan section taken on theline Fig. 8 avertical section taken on the line 8-#8 of Fig. 5 4 .7 4 Fig. 91's a fragmental plan section taken on theline 9 9`of I+`ig.5 l i l f Fig. l0 is a view showing some of the ele# ments of Fig. 8 in a changed position, with the corlcinitially positioned in the bottle. -Fig llis va vievv showing. the elements of F ig. 1 Oin a subsequent position, Where the cork is Apartially driven into the bottle. i i Fig 12 is a View showingthe cork being driven into Ythe position. k i y]` ig:,r.- 13 line 13-13 of Fig- 7 with parts omitted, parts isa vertical section takenfonthe' broken away `and parts 1n changed position; i
Fig.v 14 is an elevation oi the parts shovvn in Fig. 13, looking inthe direction of the arrovvl. w y' ig'. 15 is a perspective of aportion oflone of theelements of thecorling head or carrier.
Y Fig. 16 is a view similar to Fig, 8, with parts omitted and pai-ts in changed position.-
Since bottle-corlring mechanism of this 4invention is shown applied tofbottle-conveying means which are Well known in the art, .in
describing. thevmach'in'e Iembodyingmy invention, I vWill iirst dvtell brieflyV on thebottle,-V
- transporting means, with ageneral descripf bearings Whichlare- 1nounted onf the base ,loa
frame 6. r1"he upper stretch of the belt 1 is supported in a horizontal plane by the rails 7 which are mounted on the frame 6 and eX- tend longitudinally underneath the belt. At either side of the belt and above the same are provided the rails 8 and 9, mounted on the frame 6, for guiding the bottles on the belt.
The filled bottles which are ready to be corked are placed on the belt 1 at the left side of the machine as viewed Ain Fig. 1. The bottles are then carried toward the central portion of the machine and deflected from the belt by the respective inturned ends 11 and 12 of the guide rails 8 and 9 and guided onto a turntable 13, which is adjacent the central portion of the belt and in coplanar relation therewith.
The turntable 13 is mounted on a vertically-positioned shaft 13 which Iis rotatably supported in bearings 132 mounted on the turntable base frame 133, which is secured to the side of the frame 6.
Mounted on the turntable 13 is a ring 14 having pockets V15 in its periphery, into which the bottles that are deiiected onto the table are placed during its rotation by means of a spring-pressed finger 16 which is fulcrumed at the inturned end of the guide 8.
After the bottles 10 are placed in their respective pockets 15 on the turntable 13, they are carried around on the table and are partiallycorked by vertically-reciprocating bottle-corking heads 17 which are movably mounted on table 13, one corking head 17 being provided for each of the pockets 15. After the bottles are carried around on the turntable, they are deflected back onto the moving belt 1 by means of the guides 18'and 19, mounted on the frame 6, which are provided respectively with curved ends 20 and 21. The curved end 21 has an obliquely positioned finger 22 whichextends into the path of the bottles for intercepting the same, and cams them out of the pockets.
The partiallycorked bottles that are brought back onto the belt are then passed under a corking head 23, carried on the frame 6,v which nishes the corking"o1: eration of the bottles by driving the corks completely into the bottles. The bottles are then removed manually from the belt 1.
The means for driving the turntable 13 and the belt of the bottle-conveying means mentioned in the foregoing, comprises a motor 24, mounted on the belt frame 6, which is connected by a pulley and beltV drive to the shaft 25 which is rotatably mounted in bearings in the frame 6. The shaft 25 has a pinion 26 keyed on one endthereof, and the pinion has gear connection, through the speed-reducing gears 27, to a gear 28 whichis loosely mounted on the outer end of a horizontal shaft 29 which is rotatably mounted in bearings 30 mounted on the frames 6 and 133. The gear 28 is voperably connected to the shaft 29 by the clutch elements 31 and 32, which are mounted on gear 28 and shaft 29, respectively. Mounted on the inner end of shaft 29 is a bevel pinion 33 which meshes with a bevel gear 34 which is keyed on the shaft 13 of the turntable 13.
For driving the belt 1, a sprocket 35 is keyed on shaft 29, and connected by a sprocket chain 36 to a sprocket 37 secured on a stub shaft 38 which is rotatably mounted in suitable bearings mounted on the frame 6; and the stub shaft 38 has a sprocket 39 keyed thereon, which is connected to a sprocket 40 by a sprocket chain 41 which passes over said sprockets, the sprocket 40 being keyed on the shaft 5 of the belt drive pulley 3.
The driving means for the bottle-conveying mechanism is timed so as to move the belt l a little faster than the adjacent portion of the turntable 13 to effect the urging of the bottles on the belt 1 into the pockets 15 on the turntable 13.
rlhe bottle-corking mechanism of this invention will now be'niore fully described in its relation with the bottle-conveying means.
Rising from the ring 14 on the turntable 13 and secured thereto are a plurality of upright members 42; and mounted on the upper ends of the uprights is a ring 43 in concentric relation with the turntable 13. 1n the outer edge of the ring 43 are mounted vertical guidevvays 44, corresponding in number and arrangement with the pockets 15, and in each of the guideways is slidably supported a vertical bar 45 which carries a corking head 17 mounted thereon. Journaled on each bar 45 is a roller 46 for raising the corking head 17 which rides on a circular cani track 47, which is concentric with the turntable and is mounted on the turntable frame 133. The cam track 47 has downwardlyinclined end portions 48 and 49 at the rear of the machine for lowering the corking heads 17 as the roller 46 leaves the cam-track end portion 48, and for raising the corking head 17 when the roller engages the cam-track end portion 49 during the clockwise rotation of the turntable, as viewed in plan.
Each corking head 17 (see Figs. 4, 5 and 7) has a downwardly-projecting plunger 50 which is secured in an outwardly-projecting bracket 51 mounted on the lower end of the bar 45. The plunger 50 has a screw-threaded portion 52 which receives nuts 53 for clamping` the plunger in the bracket 51 in various vertical adjustments. Y Mounted on the lower end of the bar 45 is an inwardly-projecting block 54 which has, mounted on its inner end, the depending bar 55. Slidably mounted on the lower portion of the bar 55, below and in spaced relation with the plunger 56, is an outwardly-extending cork-carrier member 56 which is held on said bar during the raised position of the corking head 17 by a pin 57 which is in alinement with the plunger 50;
V62 being pivoted on the which is fixedin the bar 55,. The cork-carhead portion V58 having a bore 59 therein andthe bore 59`is flaredat the upper end 6() for facilitating the reception of the corks therein, and is also ared at the lower end, Pivotally mountedwithin the diametricallyopposed, vertical slots 61 (see Figs.v 8, 9 and 10), in the lower ends of the heads 58, are provided the cork-holding dogs 62 which normally 'project into the bore 59, the dogs pins 63 which project through' the slots. Pivoted to the free ends of the dogs 62 are rods, 64k which pass through suitable holes provided in the plates 65 which are secured to thehead .58. "Coiled around the rods 64 and extending betweenthe Vdogs 62 and the 'plates (i5-are provided the compression springs 67which resiliently hold the dogs 62 in normal position. The outer ends of the rods 64 are threaded to receivenuts68.,
which act as stops againstthe plate65, thus limiting the movement of the dogs62, under the force of the springs "67.
During rotation of the turntable, the corking heads 17 are in their raised position at the front of the machine, and the cork-carrier element 56 of each corking head Ythen moves into co-operative relation with the cork-supply means, for. receiving -a cork in the bore 59 orsupplying the corkV for the corking operations of the machine. j
The cork-supply means (see Figs. 1,4, 5
,y and8) comprises a horizontal base plate 69 which is mounted on the turntable frame 133, and extends across the itront portion thereof directly below the corkcarrier elements while said elements are in their raised position. Mounted on the .base plate 69 directly in front or" the frame 133 is a bracket 7 O which has an inwardly-projecting, hollow headportion 71 which extends over vthe path of the carrierY heads 58 in closerelation therei with. Gn the topofthe bracket 70 is Inounted the corlosupply magazine,vwhichconsists or' a curved and upwardlyeextending tube 72 which is secured at its upper portion to the top of the frame'ls. The bottom portion of the tube 72 extends inwardly and downwardly .into register with a verticalbore 74 which is provided in the portion 71 and forms the outlet of the magazine. vThe bore 74 of the head 71registerswith the bore 59 of the cork-carrier members while they are moved underneaththe head 71, the'nlembers being raised during such'move'ment.
In loading the Vmagazine lthe corks 75, of the ordinary truncated-cone form, ar'ejplaced in the tube 72, which'may be done manually or by any suitable automaticfeeding-means .(not shown), and are positioned end to end,
with their Ysmall ends all pointing' downwardly.
u Releasable` corl-holdingfrmeans -are ipI0-V vided for holding the last cork in the bottom ofthe bore. 74 of the tube 72, preparatory to the registration of the bore 59 of a cork-carrier element head '58 with the bore 7 4. This releasable cork-holding` means comprises a horizontal plunger `7 6 V.which isiV slidably mounted inl the head extension 71, and projects into the bore 7 4. To thel outer end of the plunger 76 is secured the horizontal crosshead 77 which extends through a recess 78 in the bracket 70 5 and in parallel relation with and `onthe opposite side ofthe head-71 is provided a barA 7 9 which is connected to the bar 77 by the parallelrods 80 which eXtendslidablyk through the head 71. Behind the plunger 76 is a compression spring 81, placed within a bore 82 in the bracket 70, one end of which engages. the bar 77, while the other end seats on .a plug threaded inthe boreA 82. TheA spring' 81 forces the plunger 76 into cngagement with a ,cork and lholds the `cork against the wall of the bore 74at the outlet, as 'shown in Fig. 13. j F or operating the plunger 76 to release the CorkA in the'outlet, a roller 83 is *mounted in the enlarged end Vof a rodA 84 which is adjustably mounted in a bracket 85 which is mounted on each of the carrier inembers6'. During` the registration of the bore 59 with the bore 74 in the horizontal movement ofthe cork-carriertoward'the outlet, the roller 83 engages a cam block 86which i's mounted on the bar 79, andmoves the plunger 76 out of engagement with; the cork, against the action of the spring 81,. i
Underl the force of gravity, the released corkwould then drop into the borev59 ofthe carrier 56, but on account of the speedV at which the carrier V56 passes under the head 7l, means are. providedi'ior vforcibly ejecting the released cork.. This means includesports 87 provided in the wall o fthebore74, which are located back of andare directedtoward lthe top of the bottom cork in said bore 174,and the ports 87 are in communication with a passage88 in the head71. l Mounted on the belt frame 6 is an air-pressureV pump 89 driven by the motor 24 by meansv of a pulley and belt connection to shaft 25. VThe air pressureoutlet of the pump 89 communicates carrier element 56 during its communication y with theVV cork-supply means. Theguiding means includes a U-shaped block 92 which is mounted Onithcv base plate 69, partiallyv enclosing the bracket 70.;A Theblock 92 has. a
horizontal groove 93 in its inner Wall which receives a roller 94 which is journaled on the head 5S of the cork carrier 56. On the bottoni of the base plate 69, underneath the bracket 70, is mounted a plate 95 in which is provided an arcuate groove 96 which is concentric with the turntable 13; and on the under side of the cork carrier member 56 is journalcd a roller 97 which engages in the groove 96.
During the engagement of the roller 83 of the carrier 56 with the cam 86, for effecting the release of a cork against the tension of the spring S1, the rollers 94 and 97, acting in their respective grooves 93 and 96, prevent inisplacement ot the member 56 and ensure the registration of the bores.
'lo prevent damage to a cork in the magazine outlet 74, which may project into the path of the top of a cork-carrier head passing under said outlet, the leading edge of the top of the head 58 is chamfered at 98 to engage and push back the cork preparatory to its reception of said cork into its bore 59; and the rear edge of the top of the cork carrier is recessed at 99 to accommodate a cork in the outlet 7 4 that may project below the top tace ot the carrier head in passing.
The lingers 62 in the bottom of the bore 59 of the carrier head 58 are so positioned as to allow the top of a cork of predetermined size, resting thereon, to be llush with the top face ot the carrier head; and should an undersized cork be ejected int-o the bore 59, the succeeding cork resting thereon would project below the top tace of the carrier head.
The corking heads 17, reciproeably mount ed on the turntable 13, function to receive a cork from the cork-supply means in their raised position in front of the machine during rotation ot the turntable; then drop the cork into the neck of the respective bottle, and linally to partially insert the cork in the lowered position or the'head at the rear of the machine. After partially inserting the coi-ks, the coi-king heads are then returned to their raised position, in readiness for the next cycle of operation. The corking heads 17 are so positioned above the pockets 15 on the turntable that their respective bores 59 and plungers 50 are in alinement with the bottles which are placed in the pockets by being deflected from the belt 1.
At about one-third of the revolution of the turntable after a corking head 17 has received a cork in the bore 59 from the corlesupply mechanism, it is lowered so that the corkcarrier head 58 rests on the neck ot' a bottle, the bottle neck being engaged in the flared lower portion of the bore 59, as shown in Fig. 10. rEhe lowering is ellected by the roller 46 of the eorking head 17 riding down on the downwardly-inclined end V4S of the cam track 47. The cork in the' bore 59 ot' the carrier is then. dropped into the bottle neck by retracting the lingers 62 which are pushed back by the Contact with the neck of the bottle during the lowering movement. On continued rotation of the turntable, the plunger 50 of said corking head 17 is forced down through the bore 59 of said carrier ele ment 56, into contact with the cork in the bottle neck, and presses the cork partly down into the bottle. Means are provided for torcing the corking head down, consisting ot the segmental track 100 which is spaced above the downwardly-inclined end 48 of the track 47 and engages the upper side of the roller 46. The track 100 is mounted on brackets 101 mounted on the track end 48. Forming a continuation otl and pivotally mounted on the lower end et the segmental track 100 is an upwardly-yiclding lever 102. On the lower end ot tl e lever is secured a pin 103 to which attached the upper end of a spring 104 which is attached at its lower end to a bar 105 which is mounted on the frame 133. The track 100 and the yieldable continuation 102 are maintained in alinement by the pivot oli the lever being offset above the abutting ends thereot'. The spring 104, acting on the track portion 102, resiliently forces the plunger 50 downward to press the cork partly into the neck ot the bottle, and therefore some of the corks will be forced further into their respective bottles than others, depending on the amount of back pressure which is caused by the trapped air in the bottle.
ln the further rotational movement of tl e turntable, after a eorking head 17 has partially corked a bottle, the 'roller 46 ot said head engages the downwardly-inclined end 49 ott tne cam track 47, and rides up on the same and raises the head 17 to its upper position away from the top of the bottle, in position for the next cycle oit operations. 'lhe yieldable arrangement of the lever 102 also prevents injury to a cork retained in the corking head from being damaged by the plunger in the event that a bottle: has not been placed under said head to press the holding members 62 back to release the cork.
ln the event that aA bottle should 'tail to be placed under a corking head 17 during a cycle oit operations, in which event the cork would remain in the carrier, means are provided tor pushing back the cork in the magazine ontlet 74, out of the way of the cork retained in the bore 59 ot the corking head 17, the head passes under the` outlet. This means prevents damage to either ot said corks, and is described as follows, especial reference being made to Figs. 5, 7, 8 and 16.
Normally depending so as to engage a cork which might be retained in the carrier head 58 as the head approaches the magazine outlet, is a pawl 129 which is pivotally mounted at 130 in the head extension portion 71 to yield in the direction of travel of the carrier head. The pawl 129 is yieldably held in normal `position out Yof the path of` the cork in the magazine by means of the bell-crank lever 229 which ispivot'edon the pin 230 which is fixed in the head portion58. One end o f the lever 229 engages a projection 231 on lthe pawl 129,"and the-oppositey commodating the pawl 129, so that normally the pawl is notoperated.v On the approach of the said cork-carrier element, in which a cork is retained, the cork contacts with and swings the pawl 129 into engagement `with the bottom of t-he cork in the magazine out let, thus pushing it back into the-magazine sb that itV cannot be ejected' or contact Vwith the carrier. Y* Y i After a bottle has been partially `corked `bya corking head and the head returned to its raised position, the bottle is then, as previously described,'deflected out of its ,pocket 0n the turntable back onto the moving belt\1,which then carries the bottle under the corking head 23, which effects the" comi pletion of the corking operation.
The corking head 23, for `completing theA corking ope-ration, is well known in the art,
and comprises (see Figs.v land 2) la verti-` cally-positioned wheel 106 :which is located directly over the'bottles passing thereunder. The wheel 106 is mounted onfa shaft 10.7 which is revolubly'mounted at eitherside of the wheel in'bearingswhich are supported-by the ends'of a `horizontally-positioned forked .lever 108," Thelever 108has bearings 109 which loosely receive the normally-stationary horizontal shaft 110. vThe shaft is rotatable in the bearings/111,` which are mounted on the "upright members 211 whichv are provided in either side ofthe frame 6. Y
' On the shaft 110 is fixed a lever 112, `atthe end of which is `secured a bolt 113 which passes through ahole inthe rear end 114 of the U-shaped leverV 108 which extends be` -vond' the shaft. 110; and. extended between the lever ends 112 and 114 and'surrounding the bolt 113 is a compression'spring 115'.` On the rear end of the shaft110 is fixed an arm 116' which has ani arcuate slot 117 concentric with` the shaft' 1-10 clamped to a plate 118, which is mounted on the adjoining frame 4member211, by means of abolt'119 which passes through the slot 117 andV has'threaded -engagementrwith the plate 118. The'wheel Y106 is VtherebyV resili ently heldin various` adjustments inrelation to thebottlesu passing thereunder. The wheel 106 is rotated in su'ch'a manner that the periphery thereof, coming in contactwith andV the arm 116 is the bottles as they pass under, will-travel in the same directionand at thesame rateV of speed' as the belt v1` upon which the bottles are supported. 7 f
For driving the wheel 106, aspur gear 120 is lixedly mounted on the stub shaft 38, which gear meshes with a spur gear 121 'which "isi fixed on a. horizontal stub shaft 122 whichis revolvably supportedV in suitable bearings mounted on the frame 6. -On the stub shaft 122 is keyed a sprocket 123Lwhich is connejcted to the sprocket 124, loosely mounted on the shaft 110, by a sprocket chain 125. Fixed to the sprocket'124 is a smaller sprocket 126 Awhich is connected to the sprocket 127,fixed on vthe wheel shaft 107, by the sprocket chain 128.
`It is particularly pointed out that aconsiderable interval of time elapses between the various corking `operationsl ofthis machine, especially between the operation of dropping a cork into the neck of a bottle, theoperation ofpartially inserting .the cork, and thefinal operation of forcing the cork completely into the bottle. This manner of cork- .ing bottles greatly reduces or` substantially eliminates the back pressure against" a cork, becausethe trapped air is allowed timeto escape after each of said corking operations. Therefore the bottles, bythe methodY and means of this invention, are less apt to have their corks blownVv 'outfand also the bottles may be more completelyfilled beforebeing l corked. Y 4
' It will'be understood that Vvarious changes.
andaalterations may be hadin theillustrativeembodiment of the invention=which has been shown and :desoribedpwithout depart` ing 'from the spirit of the invention as del fined in the following claims.
For convenience, the term bottle is used inthe claims to refer toV any'receptacle,fwith or without contents, to be corked.
.-.Havng thurs dese'rbai my invention, I no" 1. In a bottle corking machine, acork supply magazine having releasable means for holding a cork in the outlet thereof, a horizontally movable bottle" positioning support, a cork carrier mounted on the bottle support and movable toelevated and lowered positions thereon, said carrier having avertical bore which registerswith the outlet of said magazine whenthe carrier is in its kelevated position, saidcarrier being in operative relation tothe cork releasing means of the cork supply Vmagazine for operating the same in the elevated position' ofthe carrier to effect rier,releasable means mounted on the carrier for holding a cork inthe bore, the carrier be-` Vtheplacing of a cork in the'bore ofthe car- Y ing adapted to contact with a bottlein'its `V lowered' position du'ringjg'` furtherhorizontal movement thereof for-effecting registration of its borewith the neck of said bottle, the
iso l cork holding means in said bore being released by contact with the bottle so that the cork is dropped into the bottle, and means cooperating with the carrier for forcing the cork into the bottle neck.
2. In combination in a bottle coi-king machine, a cork supply magazine having an outlet and retaining means in the outlet, a horizontal bottle support mounted to move under the outlet, av bar having a plunger, the bar being movably mounted on the support, means for moving the bar to elevated and lowered positions, a cork carrier yieldably supported on the bar, the carrier having a vertical bore which registers with the outlet of said magazine in the elevated position of the bar, the carrier being in cooperative relation to the cork retaining means of the cork supply magazine tor operating the same when the bar is in its elevated position to eiiiect the placing of a cork in the bore. releasable cork holding means mounted on the carrier for holding the cork in the bore, the cork carrier being in contact with a-'bottle in the lowered positions of the bar with the bore registering with the neck of the bottle, the cork holding means being released and operated by contact with the bottle for dropping of the cork within said bottle neck, said plunger being passed through said bore for inserting the cork into the bottle neck in the downward movement of the bar.
3. In combination in a bottle corking machine, a frame, a cork supply magazine mounted on the frame and having an outlet and retaining means in the outlet, a bottle support mounted to move underneath the outlet of the magazine, a bar having a plunger A for driving a cork into a bottle on the support,
the bar being slidably mounted on the support, means for raising and lowering the bar, a cork carrier yieldably supported on the bar, the retaining means being operated by the A carrier in the elevated position of the bar to place a cork in the carrier, releasable means mounted on the carrier for holding the cork, the carrier being in position to rest on a bottle carried on the support when the bar is lowered, and the releasable means being operated by contact with the bottle to deposit the cork in the bottle, the cork being guided by the carrier while the plunger is forcing the cork into the bottle.
4. In a bottle corking machine, a cork supply magazine having releasable means for holding a cork in the outlet thereof, a horizontally movable bottle support, a cork carrier mounted on the bottle support for vertical movement, the carrier having a vertical cork receiving and guiding bore, means for raising the carrier and moving the bore into registration with the magazine outlet, said releasable means being operated by the carrier during such movement, dogs'mounted on the carrier for supporting a cork in the bore,
means tor lowering the carrier onto the end of the bottle, the dogs being operated by contact with the end of the bottle to release the cork in the bore.
5. In a bottle corking machine, a. cork magazine chute having an outlet in the bottom, a plunger mounted in the chute for holding the lowermost cork, a horizontally movable bottle support, a cork carrier mounted on the support for vertical movement, the carrier having a bore for receiving the cork and guiding the same into the bottle neck, means for raising the carrier into registration with said out-let, the plunger being operated to drop a .cork into the bore during such movement, dogs mounted on the carrier for supporting the cork in the bore, means for lowering the carrier onto the end of the bottle, the dogs being operated by contacting with the neck of the bottle to drop the cork therein.
6.` In a bottle corking machine, a cork magazine chute having an outlet in the bottom, a plunger mounted on the chute for engaging and holding theI lowermost cork, a depending lever pivoted on the chute at the side of the outlet, a horizontally movable cork carrier having a bore for receiving the cork, the plunger being operated by the carrier to release the cork, and the lever being operated by a cork in the carrier to shove the released corkback into the chute.
7. In a bottle corking machine, a cork magazine having an outlet, a plunger for holding a cork in the outlet, a cork carrier movable relative to the outlet, the plunger being operated by the carrier to release the corkv when the carrier is moved into cooperative relation with the outlet, and a finger mounted on the magazine and operated by a cork in the carrier to hold the released cork in the outlet.
8. In a bottle corking machine, a horizontal bottle support turret, a vertical slide mounted on the turret over the bottle, a plunger lixed on the slide, a cork carrier slidably mounted on the slide below the plunger, a stationary cork magazine having an outlet portion projecting into the space between the plunger and the carrier when the slide is raised, means for raising the slide to bring the carrier into cooperative relation with the outlet portion, and means for lowering the slide to place the carrier onto the end ot a bottle and to lower the plunger into engagement with the cork for pressing the cork into the bottle.
9. In a bottle corking machine a cork magazine, cork releasing means at the end of the magazine, a carrier movable into cooperative relation with the magazine for receiving a released cork, and means operated by a cork lett in the carrier for holding back a released cork in the magazine during the operation of l the releasing means.
l0. In a bottle corlring machine, a cork magazine, cork releasing means at the end of the magazine,a cork carrier movable into cooperative relat-ion with the magazine, said `releasin means beinv'o Jerated b Jshe cork carrier While receiving a cork therefrom and means operated by a cork left in the carrier during the operation of the releasing means for holding hack the released cork.
Signed at Chicago Jchis 5th day of June, 1928. Y
ARTHUR I. RIVSSER.