Improvement in spice-boxes
US 183555 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
A. nrmznn. sPIc-E-B'ox. No.18'3.555. Patenteaxoct; 24 187e.
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IMPROVEMENT IN SPICE-Boxes'.
Specification forming partof Letters Patent No. 183,555, dated October 24, 1876; application led May 29, 1876.
To all whom it may concern Be it known that I, AUGUSTUS B. FRAZER,
of Cincinnati, State of Ohio, have invented certain new and useful 1m provementsin Spice- Boxes, of which the followingis a specilication:
My spice-box consists, essentially, of a sheet- `metal can or box of the usual cylindrical shape, and provided with two detachable heads, caps, or lids capable of being readily removed when it is desired to charge the box with various kinds of spices or condiments. Of these two caps or lids, the lower one is preferably animperforate one, and is applied to the nutmeg receptacle or division of the box, which di vision is formed by a horizontal partition locatedl about one-third or one-fourth of the distance from the lower end of the can. The upper cap, lid, or cover is perforated over about one-half of its area, while the other portion of its surface is solid. This lid is capable of being rotated so as to permit optional sprinkling or dredging from either of two longitudinal chambers, of which one may be filled with salt and the other one with pepper or other inely-pulverized spices that are frequently used. These two distinct longitudinal chambers are formed by avertical partition or plate that extends from the upper end of the box down to the previously-described horizontal partition, and by simply rotating the upper cap, so as to bring its perforated portion in communication with either the right or the left chamber, salt or pepper can be discharged from the box. The inner side of this lid is furnished with a stop that impinges against the vertical partition, and thereby limits the rotation of said lid. Finally, the box has disposed longitudinally of one of its sides an external grater for nutmegs and similar spices.
All of the above description is given in order that the general construction of the box may be fully understood; but my invention consists in the peculiar construction hereinafter more specifically pointed out in the claim.
Figure l is a' perspective view of my improved spice-box with both of its lids detached.
pulveriziu g Fig. 2 is a vertical section at the line X X with both of the lids applied to the box. Fig. 3 is a transverse section of the box at the line Y Y. Fig. 4 is a plan showing the under side of ,the top lid.
A represents a sheet-metal can or box of any convenient length and diameter, and provided. near its ends with beads B B', beyond which extend the necks IC O. 0f.- these necks, the lower one, C,is adapted to have applied to it the imperforate cap D, which covers a cylindrical division or receptacle, E, for containing ungrated nutmegs or other spices or condiments that require pulverizing before being fit for the table or for culinary purposes generally. This receptacle E is formed by soldering within the box A a solid disk-shaped partition, F, which partition may be located at any suitable distance from the lower end of the can. Resting upon the upper surface of this disk is a vertical plate or partition, G, that extends up to the top of box A, and divides the latter into two equal or nearly equal segmental chambers, H and I, of which the former may be used for salt and the latter for pepper. These two chambers are concealed by a single lid, J, that is applied to the neck C in such a manner as to have a comparatively free rotation around the same, while at the same time there is no danger of the lid being accidentally detached from the box. One-half of this lid is solid or imperforate, as at K, while the other halt', K', is pierced with numerous small apertures.
Projecting downward from the under side of the lid J is a` stud, pin, flange, or stop, L, which limits the rotation of said lid, both to the right and left. Applied longitudinally of and alongside the exterior of spice-box A is a grater, M, of any approved construction and material. Presuming that the chambers H and'I have been filled respectively with salt and pepper, and it is desired to make use of the former condiment, .the lid J is rotated around the neck C to the left until the mouth of the chamber I is completely closed by the solid portion K of said lid, at which moment further rotation of said lid is arrested by the stop L striking against partition G. This act effectually prevents the escape of pepper from the division I, while vat the same time the salt is free to be sprinkled out through the perforations K', which perforated part of the lid now covers the chamber H.
To use. the deviceas a neppelf-box.` a half-1` rotation of the lid to. the right, is madeor un; til the stop again strikes against the partjtion Gr, which act reverses the previous posifl n of the lid, and causes its blank portion K to cover chamber H, while its perforated portion K( allows pepper to be sprinkled out from the chamber I. For use as a grater, the cap Dis temporarily detached, a nutmeg or other spice is taken out of division E, and then reduced` to a commiuuted condition by rasping ii'f against the roughened surface M, the powder thus produced being free to descend in the chamber formed between said grater M and the outer surface of box A.
In this specification, whenever the words top and bottom and right and left are employed, they are to be `understood as being mere relative terms .used for convenience of descripton as it is evident either end of the box may be considered the top of the device.
If preferred, the cap D maybe perforated, and the division E charged with flour, in which case the lower end of the boxrcan be employed as a dredger, whileat the same time the grater one shown at L, and said cap, together with the one D, may be tted to their appropriate f necksy in any convenient manner. "The" salt?u chamber H; may be of somewhat greater capacity than the adjoining chamber I.
I claim as my invention- A spice-box, consisting of a cylindrical vessel, A, closed at bottom at F, and furnished with two segmental chambers, H and I, and a rotary lid', 1having'the, stop L, which lid is solid at K and perforated at K' to permit the contents of one of said chambers being discharged While the contents of thc other chamber are retained, substantially sa hangin de. scribed.,
AUGUSTUS B. Fit-MEE.