|Publication number||US1836317 A|
|Publication date||Dec 15, 1931|
|Filing date||Oct 31, 1928|
|Priority date||Oct 31, 1928|
|Publication number||US 1836317 A, US 1836317A, US-A-1836317, US1836317 A, US1836317A|
|Original Assignee||Electro Metallurg Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (25), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Patented Dec. 15, 1931 UNITED STATES- PATENT OFFICE RUSSELL FRANKS, OF JACKSON HEIGHTS, NEW YORK, ASSIGNOR TO ELEGTRO METAL- LURGICAL COMPANY, A CORPORATION OF WEST VIRGINIA CORROSION RESISTANT ALLOYS N Drawing.
My invention relates to corrosion resistant alloys and particularly to an alloy of molybdenum, nickel, chromium and iron, with various added constituents. An object of my invention is to produce an alloy having high resistance to most of the acids, elther hot or cold, concentrated or diluted, as well as to corrosive vapors and such like agents. Another object of my invention is to produce [0 a corrosion resistant alloy adapted to use in the cast form, which, without working or heat treating, shows a high corrosion resistance as cast, and which is also sufiiciently soft to be machined readily.
It has been proposed to utilize alloys of molybdenum, nickel, chromium and iron as corrosion resistant materials. These alloys, however, have been found unsatisfactory for various reasons, particularly because of the 20 fact that they did not show asatisfactory resistance to most of the corrosive liquids, and because of the fact that an elaborate heat treatment was required to prepare them for use.
By my invention I have produced a new and useful corrosion resistant alloy which shows a very high resistance to most of the common commercial substances which show corrosive tendencies.
Previous attempts to prepare alloys of molybdenum, nickel, and other substances have included, in the alloy composition, a substantial proportion of carbon ranging from 1.5% to 2%, which carbon was then very elaborately treated in the alloy, to convert it to the carbide form with the expectation that the presence of such carbide carbon Would result in an increase in corrosion resistance. I find, however, that such is not the case and that a much superior corrosion resistance is obtained in such alloys by keeping the carbon content to the lowest possible value, below about 0.5% in any case, and preferably below 0.2%. WVhen the carbon is 7 kept to these low values no mechanical working or heat treating is necessary to obtain the maximum corrosion resistance in the alloy.
In the preparation of the alloy of my invention I may melt together, in the usual Application filed October 31, 1928. Serial No. 316,361.
way, the desired constituents in the proportions indicated in the following table:
Preferred com- Range Preferred range position Per cent l Per cent Per cent Molybdenum 10 to 40 to Chromium 5 to 10 to 20 14 Iron 5 to 25 5 to 15 8 Manganese" 0.1 to 2.5 0.1 to 1.5 .25 to 1 'cou Not over 1 Not over 1 .25 to 1 Not over 0.6 Not over 0.3 Not over 0.2 .01 to 0.5 .01 to 0.5 .01 to 0.5 Remainder Remainder Remainder The first column indicates the maximum range of constituents which will produce a suitable alloy. The second column shows the range of constituents which will produce a thoroughly satisfactory and high grade alloy for general use and the third column shows the composition which I have found most satisfactory. It may be further noted that the proportions of the relative constituents will usually be so balanced that the nickel lies at 40% or higher, and lower than 4.0% only in special instances. The alloy within these composition ranges is soft enough to be machined without difficulty and is susceptible to a moderate amount of forging or rolling at suitable temperatures. The tensile strength is found to be in the neighborhood of 60,000 pounds per square inch with a small amount of elongation before rupturing. The alloy shows no tendency toward brittleness.
It may be noted that the inclusion of a small percentage of manganese is indicated: this is found to be of assistance in avoiding difliculty from any traces of sulphur derived, for example, from the molybdenum. The presence of silicon is indicated because of the fact that various of the commercial raw materials contain a small portion of silicon which appears in the finishedalloy. The silicon is not necessary, but is not harmful if the total quantity is kept low. A small proportion of vanadium is desirable, both because of its function as a. deoxidizer and also because of the production of a direct gain in acid resistance.
The alloy of my invention as above de scribed shows a high and useful acid resistance.
The corrosion resistance of the alloy of my invention may be increased to a still higher value by the inclusion of certain proportions of tungsten, which is of particular value in obtaining the maximum possible resistance to nitric acid without sacrificing the resistance to hydrochloric, sulphuric and other acids. The alloy may be made in the usual way with a composition as indicated by the following table:
Preferred com- Range Preferred range position Per cent Per cent Per cent Molybdenum 10 to 40 15 to 24 17 1 to 20 1 to 10 5 5 to 25 10 to 20 13 1 to 25 1 to 15 6 0.1 to 2.5 0.1 to 1.5 .25 to 1 Not over 1 Not over 1 .25 to 1 Not over 0.6 Not over 0.3 Not over 0 2 0.1 to 0.5 .01 to 0.5 .01 to 0 5 Remainder Remainder Remainder This table, in common with that previously given, shows the maximum range of useful composition, the most suitable ranges of composition and the most desirable composition. It may be noted that a proportion of tungsten is included, which replaces a part of the molybdenum, a part of the chromium and a part of the iron. It may be noted thatmanganese, silicon and vanadium are included as in the first described alloy and that the same low values of carbon are specified, for the same reason. This alloy, while not brittle, is not adapted to rolling or forging but is desirably used in the cast state, although it is sutficiently soft to be readily machined.
By my invention I have thus produced a plurality of corrosion resistant alloys containing principally molybdenum, chromium, nickel and iron, in which a new and useful degree of corrosion resistance is obtained by limiting the carbon content to a particular value. My invention likewise includes the proportions of the associated metals and the inclusion of tungsten with a suitable proportion of other metals.
The alloy of my invention is particularly desirable in the total absence of carbon but because of the high cost and commercial difiiculty of obtaining and mixing carbon free metals, I prefer to permit the inclusion of a definite but very small proportion of carbon.
While I have shown but a limited number of embodiments of the alloy of my invention, it is adapted to still other modifications therefrom without departure from the spirit thereof and it is desirable therefore that only such limitations be applied to the appended claims as are stated therein or are required by the prior art.
I claim as my invention:
1. An alloy comprising approximately molybdenum 20%, chromium 14%, iron 8%, manganese 0.7 5%, silicon 0.75%, carbon less
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2460817 *||May 5, 1942||Feb 8, 1949||Gen Electric||Alloy suitable for use at high temperatures|
|US2475642 *||Sep 29, 1944||Jul 12, 1949||Westinghouse Electric Corp||Mechanical element which is to be subjected to high temperatures|
|US2959480 *||Nov 12, 1957||Nov 8, 1960||Int Nickel Co||Corrosion resistant nickel-molybdenum alloys|
|US3188204 *||Apr 8, 1963||Jun 8, 1965||Union Carbide Corp||Nickel-alloy|
|US3223818 *||Apr 27, 1961||Dec 14, 1965||Smith Corp A O||Method of welding|
|US3510294 *||Jul 25, 1966||May 5, 1970||Int Nickel Co||Corrosion resistant nickel-base alloy|
|US3649255 *||May 25, 1970||Mar 14, 1972||Cyclops Corp Universal||Corrosion-resistant nickel-molybdenum alloys|
|US3918964 *||Dec 21, 1973||Nov 11, 1975||Sorcery Metals Inc||Nickel-base alloys having a low coefficient of thermal expansion|
|US4168188 *||Feb 9, 1978||Sep 18, 1979||Cabot Corporation||Alloys resistant to localized corrosion, hydrogen sulfide stress cracking and stress corrosion cracking|
|US4374721 *||Sep 25, 1981||Feb 22, 1983||Mitsubishi Steel Mfg. Co., Ltd.||Roll having low volume resistivity for electroplating|
|US4533414 *||Jul 10, 1980||Aug 6, 1985||Cabot Corporation||Corrosion-resistance nickel alloy|
|US4537798 *||Aug 1, 1983||Aug 27, 1985||Saint-Gobain Vitrage||Semi-reflective glazing comprising a nickel-chromium-molybdenum alloy anchoring layer|
|US6280540||Jul 22, 1994||Aug 28, 2001||Haynes International, Inc.||Copper-containing Ni-Cr-Mo alloys|
|US6610119||Sep 13, 2001||Aug 26, 2003||Haynes International, Inc.||Nickel-molybdenum alloys|
|US6860948||Sep 5, 2003||Mar 1, 2005||Haynes International, Inc.||Age-hardenable, corrosion resistant Ni—Cr—Mo alloys|
|US7785532||May 14, 2007||Aug 31, 2010||Haynes International, Inc.||Hybrid corrosion-resistant nickel alloys|
|US7922969||Jun 28, 2007||Apr 12, 2011||King Fahd University Of Petroleum And Minerals||Corrosion-resistant nickel-base alloy|
|US20050053513 *||Sep 5, 2003||Mar 10, 2005||Pike Lee M.||Age-hardenable, corrosion resistant ni-cr-mo alloys|
|US20060093509 *||Nov 3, 2004||May 4, 2006||Paul Crook||Ni-Cr-Mo alloy having improved corrosion resistance|
|US20080038148 *||May 14, 2007||Feb 14, 2008||Paul Crook||Hybrid corrosion-resistant nickel alloys|
|US20090004043 *||Jun 28, 2007||Jan 1, 2009||Tawancy Hani M||Corrosion-resistant nickel-base alloy|
|DE1274349B *||Oct 14, 1958||Aug 1, 1968||Standard Oil Co||Verfahren zur Erzeugung eines Gefuegezustandes mit hoher Bestaendigkeit gegen interkristalline Korrosion in loesungsgegluehten und geschweissten Werkstuecken aus Nickel-Chrom-Molybdaen-Legierungen|
|DE2901976A1 *||Jan 19, 1979||Aug 16, 1979||Cabot Corp||Gegen korrosion und spannungsrisskorrosion bestaendige legierung und ihre verwendung|
|EP0693565A2||Jul 18, 1995||Jan 24, 1996||Haynes International, Inc.||Copper containing Ni-Cr-Mo Alloys|
|EP3115472A1||Jul 6, 2016||Jan 11, 2017||Haynes International, Inc.||Method for producing two-phase ni-cr-mo alloys|
|U.S. Classification||420/453, 420/588, 420/580|