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Publication numberUS1837581 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 22, 1931
Filing dateSep 15, 1930
Priority dateSep 15, 1930
Publication numberUS 1837581 A, US 1837581A, US-A-1837581, US1837581 A, US1837581A
InventorsPeterson Clarence E
Original AssigneePeterson Clarence E
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Automatic heat trap
US 1837581 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dec. 22, 1931. c. E. PETERSON AUTOMATIC HEAT TRAP Filed Sept. 15, 1930 INVENTOR Cldraflce E Priersofl.

BY 62 v- M ATTORNEY Patented Dec. 22, 1931 CLARENCE E. PETERSON, 0F BElEQ'TOli' HARBOR; MICHEGAI'? nurolvra'rro HEAT was Application filed September 15, 1930. Serial No. 481,944.

My invention relates to an automatic heat trap and particularly to an automatic heat trap for heating systems using an oil burner for the generation of heat. It has been found that when an oil burner is used there is a considerable variation of pressure in the flue gases going to the stack. This is caused by reason of the fact that an oil burner generates heat very rapidly and causes a large volume 0 of gases to be created in the smoke flue in a very much shorter period of time than is true of other types of heatin apparatus. Likewise the period when no exhaust gases are being given off is very much shorter 15 with oil than with other types of fuel. In addition to these conditions, it has been found that there is a considerable tendency for the oil to explode in the combustion chamber, particularly if the atomizer is somewhat 20 soiled orif the oil is not sprayed on to the atomizer in the proper manner.

These various difficulties in the successful operation of an oil burning apparatus has made it necessaryto have a flue running'to the stack which is large enough to take care of the largest amount of exhaust gases prescut at any time in the combustion chamber,

with the result that when the oil burner is idling or after the oil burner has ceased to 30 run, the heat in the combustion chamber is rapidly drawn away by the action of the stack and the flue.

Attempts have been made to decrease the heat loss in oil burning apparatuses but I have found that the most satisfactory meth- 0d lies in the automatic regulation of the amount of draft permitted in the combustion chamber. As will be seen, this necessitates an arrangement which will compensate for the surplus of exhaust gases under the various operating conditions as above pointed out.

It is, therefore, an object of my invention to provide an automatic heat trap for use in heating systems employing an oil burner which is inexpensive to manufacture, eflicient in operation and easy to install.

These, and Various other objects, features of arrangement, construction and operation, are plainly shown and described and will be its best understood by reference to the accompanyingdrawings wherein I have shown a preferred embodiment of my invention, in

which 1 F 1g. 1 1s a fragmentary View in side elevation showing my automatic heat trap in cross section with the check draft open, the dotted line figures being that of a heating plant and a smoke flue;

Fig. 2 is likewise a fragmentaryview in side elevation showing my automatic heat trap in cross section, but with the check draft closed; 4

Fig. 3 is a View in perspective of my autoinatic heat trap not installed Referring more in detail to the drawings, 4 designates an outer shell or box provided with a collar 5 and acollar 6 for attaching to the smoke flue 7 of a heating plant. The

box 4 is preferably made of sheet metal of some kind and has rigidly attached thereto and inside thereof a baflie member 8, which is preferably of heavy. sheet metal or of cast iron. This baflie member is so constructed as to project downwardly into the interior of the box 4 so that the exhaust gases coming from the flue 7 intothe' box 4 are deflected as shownby the arrows in Figs. 1

and 2.

In the lower side of the box'4 an opening 9 is provided to allow the entrance of air into I the box 4. Pivotally connectedto the box 4 and adapted for closing the opening 9, is a member 10, having a projecting arm 11 carrying an ad ustablewe1ght 12. V

The operatlon of my invention is as follows:

as shown in Fig. 1, and the oil burner is in When my automatic heat trap has been in- V stalled in the smoke flue of. a heating plant,

normal operation, the member'lO, due to the r action of-the arm 11 and the counter weight 12, is caused to assume the position shown in Fig. 1. This leaves the opening 9 in the box 4 unimpaired and air is drawn into the stack at that point. The exhaust gases and heat coming through the flue 7 into the box 4 are baffled by the baflie member 8, and a counter baflie of air is likewise set up by the flow of cold air coming into'the box 4 through the opening 9. This causes an entrapping of the heat back of the baflie 8 and prevents excessive heat loss through the chimney at this time.

If, however, the oil burner has just started up, or if any of the operating conditions have occurred Whiehcause an excess in volume or pressure of the exhaust gases in the flue 7, the

increase of the pressure inside the box 4 and back of the bafile 8 is sufiicient to offset the force of the arm 11 and the counter Weight 12 and cause the damper 10 to assume the position shown in Fig. 2, closing offthe opening ,9 and allowing a clear draft from the stack through the box; 4 and flue'7 to the combustion chamber of the heating plant.

The'weight'lQ is made adjustable on the armll in order that the amount of opening of the member '10 may be controlled to compensate for the various requirements of various types and sizes of oil burners.

It Will thus be seen that I have provided an automatic heat trap Which is inexpensive to manufacture, efficient in operation, and

easy to install. I V

' While'I have illustrated and described one embodiment of my invention, it is apparent that various changes may be made Without departing from the spirit of my invention and I do not Wish to be limited to the precise details of construction as herein set forth but desire to avail myself of all the changes Within thesoope of the appended claim.'

Having thus described my invention, What Ifclaim is new and desire to secure byLetters Patent of the United States, is:

An automatic heat trap comprising a box portion having inlet and outlet openings, a baffle disposed in said box betweensaid inlet and outlet openings an opening adjacent said inlet opening and lsposed below said baiiie,

meansfor closing said opening comprising a member pivotally mounted, an arm secured to said member, a Weight on said arm and movable relative'theretowhereby said means for closing said openingis normally held'in open position, and is automatically closed when there is an excess pressure of the gases in the stack. 7

In Witness whereof, I hereunto. subscribe my name this 14 day of July, 1930.


Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2650029 *Dec 8, 1950Aug 25, 1953Field Edward ABarometric draft regulator
US4009705 *May 23, 1975Mar 1, 1977Thrifty-Vent, Inc.Venting system for a gas-fired heating plant
US4079727 *Dec 3, 1976Mar 21, 1978Thrifty-Vent, Inc.Venting system for a gas-fired heating plant
US4187833 *Apr 19, 1978Feb 12, 1980Kinetics, Inc.Venting system for gas-fired heating plants
US4215814 *Jan 3, 1978Aug 5, 1980Ebert Edward AFlue gas trap and diverter
US4291671 *Oct 25, 1979Sep 29, 1981Senne Dennis RApparatus for fuel economy
US4403599 *Nov 18, 1980Sep 13, 1983Carrier CorporationSpillage damper for a combustion system
US4416254 *Sep 14, 1981Nov 22, 1983Dipietro Raymond BFlue structure for domestic heating equipment
US4499891 *Aug 29, 1983Feb 19, 1985Seppamaki John WFlue control device
US8191546Sep 19, 2008Jun 5, 2012Romine Grady LFlue tuning and emissions savings system
US8807990 *Dec 4, 2012Aug 19, 2014Utilization Technology Development, NfpFurnace efficiency tuning device
USRE32671 *Feb 19, 1987May 24, 1988 Flue control device
U.S. Classification126/312, 236/45, 110/260
International ClassificationF23M9/00
Cooperative ClassificationF23M9/006
European ClassificationF23M9/00B1