US 1837731 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Dec. 22, 1931.
J. A. B. SMITH 1,837,731
MULTIPLE PLY WEB FOR TYPEWRITERS Filed Sept. 4, 1930 FIGJ.
Patented Dec. 22, 1931 barren anssn A. B. sivrrrn, F s rnmsorn, 'ccnnnorrcur, .essrsiios. To unnnnwoon ELLIOTT MULTIPLE-rLY-WEB Y., A CORPOBATIONUE DELAWARE.
ron rrrnwnr'rnns Application filed September 4;, 1e39 Serial No. FY9589.
This invention relates to novel multipleply fan-folded work-webs usable in typew writing machines, such as illustrated, for example, in the'pat'ent to "Wernery and 5 Smith, No. 1,182,055. The carbon-sheets interleave the webplies, being held by trans- "verge blades inserted from the side "of "the V we 1 i The parbOn-s'heetS areshiited backwardly at intervals, preparatory to typing fresh portions oftheweb-lplies. V
. It is desired to have certain of the Webplies of difi-erent color from others, which" result is impracticable when all the plies are made from a single longitudinally fan-fold r edweb.
To avoid these and other objections, Unit-- ed States patent1', lOO,631,granted tome De member 20, 1921, discloses a multiple-ply i work web which may consist of aplurality of;
separate plies of different 'characteristics,hav 7 ing their side edges padded-together at the side by an elastic adhesive material. The blades extend between the plies, being mount-'- ed. on the side of theweb which is oppos e from the glued edges. The padded side edge of said patent is somewhat thicker than the opposite edge, and the work-web therefore may tend to feed-unevenly through typewriters having round platens. The multiple-ply web of the present invention is made up of a number ofloose plies of the inultiple ply webl Moreover, half of the carbon blades can f be set in from theright, and the other half" The webs may be keptseparatedin this Zigza'g'i ashion while they, are run through an oven; and the/adhesive'is dried, sothat 1 when the web is f nally readyfiorfshipinent,
it will be capable of opening up in. zigzag form, like any ordinary "one-piece fan-fold webd The'web maybe packed, and
cross-folded. V V One of the advantages of the Web is that halt oi thej adhesive is used along one edge opposite edge; "A' webmade-this' way may -i. "oi the compos tejweb, and half along the.
run throiigh tlie typewriter-more successfully than were the adhesive all'alon'g one edge Carr be set in from "the left, which is an advantage because the web can be fully "used by re'gularly' equipped typewriters, which would not be the case where all of'the glued edges areon one side, and where consequently all oithe carbon-blades would have'to be set in from a single-side'oi the web.
Other features and advantageswill here-- inattterappear. l
In the accompanying drawings, I Figural is a diagrammatic elevation to illustrate the "printing of the plies, the application of adhesive to ply edges in a manner to form joints at alternate edges'of theweb, the Idrying'of the plies while they reof different colors or grades of paper. All; main properly spread open, and the .crossthe plies are printed first before being as Ysembled into a composite web.
The printed plies may be spools, or from a printingpress, but they 'f are not immediately packed togethen'but Q. p H
bend lil the guides over are kept separated, while they. aremain- 40 tained in a'zigz'ag relation, considerablyloni 5 Where the edgestouch,adhesive is appliech for shipment. dellveredlfrom folding of the completed'web in a package ,4 igurea2 is a perspective viewftoi show' more clearly the parts atFigure 1'.
which the glued plies areruninfdryirig. f"
Figure i is a EragmentofQfinished composite web.
rigid-e315 a perspective diagram of a The Websor plies 9,10, 11, 12, 13,1)i which A fivejare illustrated (although the. product may comprise more than five plies) are passed simultaneously through a printing press comprising printing, couples 14, where-: by successive forms are printed, the forms upon each plyregisteringwith those on the other plies. From the? printing press, the
it to the side edges of the plies. A separate roll: 2 1v5 or 16is provided foreach pair of'engaging 5 edgeof the next underlying ply. This padding operation leaves the outer plies 9 and 13 each with oneside edge padded and one side edge free. Thus there is provided by the padding operation an equivalent to a longi- 0 tudinally fan-folded work-web.
The composite web can beopened up at each side for 'conveniently'inserting the-carbon-sheets. Each ply ofthe web may have different characteristics, such as color, qual- -ity or thickness. I A Onemethod of padding or fastening the plies together is illustrated, a suitable ad- ;hesive material beingapplied by rollsv 15, 16
;or adhering side edges. Each roll 15 or "16 may be run in asuitable'aperture'inthe'bottomof a font 17 containing'the adhesive, and
the rolls and fonts may in some'cases be 5 provided with any suitable heating device,
. '(n'ot shown) for keeping the paste orjadhesi'v'e in alpr'oper fluent condition. 'Theadhesive may dry quickly...
If desired, the adhesive may be applied to 3 Jthe,edge;of only one OfthBPllGs at each pair .of edges.
All ,j oi ed edges pass between pressure-roll .couples 18, 19, below the fonts. The adhe- 'sive will stick the two plies together.
The length of. one feed-roll or pressure-roll in each couple is much less than the width of p the plies,-because the roll must extend in between theplies whose opposite sideedgesa're f' V pasted. together. The outer ends of -aefeedplies. t The rolls roll couple may be arranged to not quite reach the pasted edges, so that the adhesive mate-' rial will remainonly on the extreme edges of :the engaging plies andthe rolls will not tend .to spreadthe adhesive across the-faces of the may, however, press the pasted edges-of the pliestogether, and stationary stripping -or cleaning knives may be used for keeping the rolls clean from adhesive ma u d terial.
' Auxiliary feed-roll'couples 20 for each pair of plies maybe provided above? the pasters15. All ofthe'dri'ving rolls 20 may be suitably connected with the couples :14 ofthe i 755 printingpress, to secure proper speed 'of' the composite web'as it feeds to the padding apparatus. I e
When the adhesive 14*, on the side edges of u r thepliesis dried, it forms. an elastic film-like c0 element, which fastens one edge'to'the ad-g --joining edge in a way that theplies may be readily'opened'uph V I ,The-f adhesive is applied in usual liquid form, and itis desirable that each pair of adpairs until the adhesive has dried and to be sticky. v
To accomplish this result, Iprovide guides for the plies. These guides or separators 21 may resemble thinprisms 'or wedges, each separating the adjoining plies. The thin ceased edge of a guide-member between two plies is disposed toward the adherent edges.
hesive,-=the composite web, while still held slightly opened, is passed through a drying .oven22. .iTo conduct the composite web into the oven, and through it and out again, the web maybe-made-totake a tortuous path, if
To turn the. moving multiple-ply longitudinally fan folded web,it is desirableftoliave theadherent-plies lie as closely against each other, facewise, as is practicable, without bringing-the pasted'and sticky side edge 7 couples into undesired contact; :For this reason the guide-members are preferably made thinner at the-bends, as illustrated. ZSets ofthe feed-rolls 123', 24, are positioned adjacent 'the'de'livery sides of 4 the curved guides, to pullthe plies past the latter.
' The completedw'eb'is.fedbyrolls25 into a cross-folderv 26.
If desired, th webmay-travel a a. e igre 'line from the adhesive 'appliers through'the drying ovens, insteadof takingthe illustrated tortuous path, and wedge-like separators may stlll beuse'd, although/theyneed notbe curved into"Uform,"asjshown at Figure 3.- @Where the 'broad curved separators "21 are employed,they may be used only at: thebends in the traveling I web. The .se paratorsvmay illustrat to conform to the zigzag section of the comp'ositg w b i To expeditethe drying of the sticky ad-o point alternately in opposite directions, as
'Variations maybe resorted to withinthe scopeof the invention, and portions of the improvements may be used without others. 7
Having thus described my invention,
claim: V v
l. The method" of manufacturinga com- ;posite'web for use in a typewriting machine,
consisting in printing a successiorrof forms upon a plurality ofsuperpo'sed plies,'.asse1n-. bling the plies withthe forms in register, wapplying adhesivemateri-alto the edges of the interior plies, and pressing the side edges" of said interior-pliesinto contact witheach other,}'one side edge of each interior ply engaging the adjacent edge, of the overlying ply, the other idei edge 1 engaging-the F adj acent edge of the next underlying ply, and
holding each two adhcringedgesjapart from the other side'edges of said pliesiuhtilfthe adhesion on two engaging .e dgejs has hard-' ened and is not effective tOStlCkjllQ the other plies.
- m thb l ,of manufacturing a' com- 7 posite' longitudinally fan-folded webfOruse 65 herent'edges be kept apart fromthe other printing a succession of forms upon aplu- 1 ing into engagement side edges of said plies,
one side edge of each interior ply engaging an adjacent side edge of another ply to adhere thereto, holding each two adhering edges separated from the other edges until said adhesive has dried and lost its stickiness, and reducing said web to a compact roll or work-pack. I
8. The method of manufacturing a composite longitudinally fan-folded web: for use in a typewriting machine, consisting in printing a succession of forms upon a plurality of plies, assembling said plies with the forms in register, holding said plies slightly away from each other, applying a viscous adhesive to the side edges of said plies, bringing into engagement side edges ofsaid plies, one side edge of each interior ply engaging an adjacent side edge of another ply to adhere theretransversely fan-folding said web to form i to, holding each two adhering edges separated from the other edges until said adhesive has dried and lost its stickiness,bringing said plies into a 'compact superposed relation, and
a compact multiple-layer work-pack.
The combination with means for 31111111- ta-neously printing a series of separate. webplies with a succession of forms, of means for assembling the plies adjacent each other with the printed forms in register, instrumentalities for applying an adhesive to the side edges of said plies, and instrumentalities for conjoining said side edges, whereby to form a composite work-web having longitudinal fan-folds. V V
5. The combination with means for simultaneously printing a series of separate web plies wit-h a succession of forms, of means for assembling the plies adjacent eachother with the printed forms in register, instrumentalities for applying an adhesive to the side edges 7 or" said plies, instrumentalities for conjoining said side edges to form a longitudinally fan-folded-worlnweb, and means for holding said conjoined edges away from other plies,
whereby said viscous adhesive'may dry on two engaging edges without fouling any other portion of the web.
6. The combination with means for simul- V talities for applying an adhesive to the side edges of said plies, instrumentallties for coh- V joining said side edges to form a longitudinally fan-folded work-web, and devices for drying said adhesive while each couple of' conjoined edges is held separate from other conjoined edges. j
7 The combination with, means forbringing plies of a web closely adjacent each other,
of means for applying a viscous adhesive to through said oven, and'instrumentalities for holding said fan-folds slightly open, while said web is being conducted through said oven.
8; The combination with means for assembling plies of a work-web whereby the side edges of the plies are disposed adjacent each other, of means for applying a viscous adhesive-to said side edges, devlces forconjoining side edges of said plies in a way 'to form a web having longitudinal fan-folds.
slightly open, a drying oven, means for drying said web throughs-aid oven, andinstrumentalities for holding said fan-folds open and each couple of adhering edges away from I the other side edges ofsaid plies, said instrumentalities having means efi'eetive for guiding said web along curved paths while being drawn through said oven. r
JESSE-A. B. SMITH.