US 1837904 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
W. HANELT Dec. 22, 1931.
STIRRING AND BOTTLEWASHING DEVICE Filed Aug. 11, 1930 Patented Dec. 22, 1931 .ceram OFFICE WILLIAM HANELT, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS STIRRING AND BOTTLE WASHING DEVICE Application filed August 11, 1930.. Serial No. 474,640.
rlhis invention relates to certain novel improvements in stirring and bottle washing devices, and has for its principal object the provision of an improved construction of this character which will be'highly eiicient `in use and economical in manufacture.
Among the several objects of this invention is the provision of an improved device for washing bottles and more particularly 7.0 to provide a device which while effectively washing the interior of af bottle will likewise remove sediment accumulated in the bottom and on the inside walls of the bottle.
Another object of the invention is the pro- 'i5 vision of an improved ponstruction of the character described herein to which various stirring devices such, for example, as an egg beater, may be quickly and conveniently attached and operated thereby.
A furtherobject of the invention is the provision of an improved construction of the character described herein which may be expeditiously attached to a water faucet and operated by any suitable source of water supp1 i411 additional object o f the invention is the provision of an improved device of the character described herein which may be operated by any suitable compressed iuid or gas supply.
Other objects will appear hereinafter.
The invention consists in the novel combination and arrangement of parts to be hereinafter described and claimed.
The invention will be best understood by reference Ato rthe accompanying drawings, showing the preferred form of construction and in which Fig. 1'is a'sideelevational view of a preferred form of construction of vmy invention when employed as a bottle washing device, showing the invention in operative position;
Fig. 2 is a vertical sectionalview ofmy improved device as depicted in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is a sectional view taken substan tially on the line 3-3 in Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is a sectional view taken substantially on the line/1 4 in Fig. 5; Flg. 5 is a plan view partly in section taken .50 substantially on the line 5--5 in Fig. 4;
Fig. 6 is a modiiied formA of construction depicting a preferredv form of construction of myinvention when used as a stirring device and in this instance associated with an egg beater; and
Fig. 7 is a perspective view of a unit embodied in my invention. l
Referring now to the drawings wherein the preferred embodiments of my invention are illustrated, and more particularly now to 6o Figs. 1 and 2, indicated at 10 is a housing in .which is provided a fluid inlet 11 which is threaded eXteriorly as indicated at 15. Attached to the threaded portion 15 by means of a connecting ring 12 is a fluid inlet hose 13 65 which in the present instance-is depicted as a garden hose and which may be attached to a water faucet in the well known manner. y
Rotatably mounted in the main chamber of the housing 10 is a rotor generically indicated 70 at 16 and which includes a trunnion 17 which is journaled in the foot portion 18'of a housing 21. The foot portion 18 of the housing 21 is threaded eXteriorly as indicated at 19 and is removably screwed into the housing 10 which is threaded interiorly as indicated at 20. To limit the inward movement of the threaded foot portion 18 into the housing 10 is a shoulder 23 which is provided on the portion 18.
By referring to Fig. 3, it may be seen that there is provided in the inlet connection 11 a passage 24 which opens into the housing 10 so that a fluid entering through'the passage 24 is directed against the outer ends ofv the 85 blades 25 of the rotor 16. The blades 25 are arranged at spaced intervals about the central longitudinally extending passage 26 of the turbine into which the radial spaces 28 formed between adjacent blades 25 open, it 90 being manifest that the blades 25 are secured in any approvedVV manner to the end walls 22 and 29 of the turbine` 16.
The passage 26 communicates with a passage 3() provided in the trunnion 17 and by 95 referring to Fig. 2 it may be seen that when the turbine 16 is in operative position the passage 30 in the trunnion 17 opens into a passage 31 in the housing 21. 'Ihe passage 31 communicates with an outlet passage 32 10 which is provided in a boss 34 on the housing 21. The outlet passage 32 is threaded internally as indicated at 33 and any suitable outlet connection such as the hose 35 may be screwed thereinto in the well known manner.
The housing 21 includes a portion 36 in which is provided a threaded passage 37 and threaded into this passage is a threaded portion 38 of a valve 39 on which is provided a knurled flange 40 to facilitate manipulation thereof. The inner end of the passage 37 is defined by a shoulder 41 in which an opening is provided to receive the cylindrical stem portion 42 of the valve 39. A shoulder 43 is provided around the inner end of the outlet passage 32 and it may be seen, by referring to Fig. 2,'that when the valve 39 is screwed inwardly the stem portion 42 frictionally engages the shoulders 43 and prevents, to any desired extent, the flow of the water out of the outlet passage 32, thereby directing any desired amount of the flow vinto the turbine 16 and against the blades 25 which manifestly rotates the rotor in a clockwise direction, as seen in Fig. 3.
The rotor 16 includes a trunnion portion 44 which is disposed in a neck portion 45 of the housing 10 and this trunnion 44 is bored internally to provide a passage 46 which will hereinafter be referred to as a by-pass. The neck portion 45 of the housing 10 is threaded exteriorly to receive one threaded end portion of a sleeve 47 and the outer end portion of the sleeve 47 is threaded internally to receive the threaded inner end portion of a a'cket 48.
The outer end portion of the trunnion 44 is threaded internally to receive a threaded bushing 49 into the outer end of which is threaded a shaft 50 in which is provided the passage or bore 51. It may be seen, therefore, that the valve 39 may be adjusted to direct the flow of water from the inlet passage 24 through the turbine 16, intov thevby-pass 46 and thence i'ntothe bore 51 of the shaft 50 which is manifestly. rotatable with the rotor 16, connection of the shaft 50 with the hub portion 44 of the rotor beingprovided through the bushing 49. It will be seen, therefore, that the water entering'into and rotating the -rotor 16 may be directed in whole or in part into the rotatable shaft 50 and in the use of my improved device is a bottle washing device I provide threads 52 on the exterior surface of the outer end of the shaft 50.
-For the ordinary washing and cleansing of the inner surfaces of bottles, such as, for eX- ample, the bottle 53 I provide a brush such as 54 which includes the stem 55 and the stem port-ion 55 of the brush is removably attached to the shaft 50 through a threaded nozzle 56 which is screwed into the threads 52 of the shaft 50. The stem portion of the brush which, manifestly, may be of any ap-l proved type, is secured to the nozzle 56 in any lapproved manner such as by soldering. Provided in the nozzle 56 is a plurality of spaced apart holes 57 and it is apparent that when the brush 54 is disposed and rotated interiorly of a bottle such as 53 the water from the rotor 16 flows through the by-pass 46 and the bore 51'in the shaft 50 into the nozzle 56, and out of the nozzle through the holes 57 which manifestly creates a whirling spray which, co-operating with the action of the brush 54, effectively cleans the inner surface of the bottle.
It frequently occurs that when certain liquids are housed in bottles a sediment collects in the bottom of the bottle which cannot be removed by means of any brushes known in the art. I, therefore, provide for this purpose my improved device illustrated in Figs. 4 and 5, which is attachable to the threads 52 of the rotatable shaft 50. In this connection I provide a. cap 58 in which a threaded recess 59 is provided to receive the threaded end portion 52 of the shaft 50. Formed in the lower end of the cap 52 by means of a punch press are ears 60 which are bent over and support a ring 61. Mounted for swinging movement on the ring 61 is a plurality of wires 62 which include hook portions 63 that are mounted on the ring 61. v
Provided in the cap 58 is a plurality of radially extending passages 64 which open at their inner ends into the passage 59; and at their outer ends these passages open interiorly of the ring 61. It is manifest, therefore, that as the shaft 50 is rotated and water passes through the bore 5l thereof, the water'passes into the lower end of the passage 59, through the passages 64 and is discharged outwardly through the ring 61. It may be seen, therefore, that as the wires 62 are rotated with thc shaft 50 the centrifugal force imparted to these wires causes them to move into the position shown in dotted lines in Fig. 5, the outward movement of the wires 62 being limited by the outer end 65 of the cap 58. The wires 62 may be formed of any suitable material and invthis connection bronze is a preferred material since when made of this material I have found that the wires 62 when employed as described above, effectively clean the sediment out of the bottom of a. bottle while not marring or scratching the inner surface thereof.
In Fig. 6 I have depicted another use of my improved device and in this instance as associated with an egg beater, although it is understood I may operate other rotatable devices in addition thereto. Then using my improved device to operate stirring devices, such as the egg beater 66, I remove the sleeve 47 and the jacket 48 and threadedly mount on the neck portion 45 of the housing 10 a coupling 67 in which is provided suitable packing 68 to prevent leakage of 'any Water into the material being stirred. A shaft 69 IOL is then provided and connected to the stirring device such as the egg beater 66 in any'approved manner such as by soldering, the shaft 69 being sealed at its outer end and provided with a threaded inner end portion to provide threaded connection with the bushing 49. Since when using my improved device to operate stirring devices, such as the 'egg beater 66, the water from the turbine 16 does not flow out through the shaft 69 the valve 39 is then opened a predetermined amount to permit the water to flow through the turbine and out of the outlet passage 32.
My improved device may be operated by a gas or fluid, for example steam, under pressure as well as by a liquid under pressure. In using my improved turbine I may frictionally and removably insert a spiral 7 0 into the passage in the trunnion 17 of the rotor so that end 71 of the spiral is disposed inwardly while the end portion 72 of the spiral projects linto the passage 31 while a similar spiral may be inserted into the by-pass 46 in the hub 44. The spiral 70 includes a plurality of fan-like or screw-like blades 73. I have found that when using my improved device vthe spiral 70, when disposed as described above, creates a partial vacuum in lthe rotor 16 and materially increases the efficiency of the rotor. It is manifest that when using gas as a source of power I may remove the hose connections 13 and 35 and provide other and more suitable tubes.
From the foregoing description of my invention it is manifest that I have provided an improved stirring and bottle washing device which while being simple and economical in construction is highly 'efficient and economical `in operation.
While I have illustrated and described the preferred form of construction for carrying my invention into effect, this is capable of variation and modification, without departing from the spirit of the invention. I, therefore, do not wish to be limited tothe precise details of construction set forth, but desire to avail myself of such variations and modications as come within the scope of the appended claims.
Having thus described my invention what I claim as new and desire to protect by Letters Patent is:
1. In fluid pressure operated turbines, a housing including a mainchamber having an inlet passage and an outlet passageleading thereinto at rightangles to each other, a rotor in said chamber including end walls and a-plurality of blades or vanes extended between said walls, radially arranged and having their inner' ends spaced from each other to provide a central passage between` said end walls, a boss on said housing aligned with said outlet passage, and trunnions on said end walls rotatably mounted in said outlet passage and said boss, each of said trunnions having a bore formed therein and one of said last named bores opening into said outlet passage and the other providing a by-pass from said central passage with which both. bores communicate.
2. In fluid pressure operated turbines, a housing including a main chamber having an inlet passage and an outlet passage leading thereinto at rightangles to each other, a rotor in said chamber including end walls anda plurality of blades or vanes extended between said walls, radially arranged andhaving their inner ends spaced from each other to provide a central passage between said end walls, a boss on said housing aligned with said outlet passage, and trunnions on said end walls rotatably mounted in said outlet passage and said boss, each of said trunnions having a bore formed therein and one of said last.
named bores opening into said outlet passage and the other providing a by-pass from said central passage with which both bores communicate, and a valve in said outlet passage selectively controlling flow of said fluid from the inletl passage through the blades and central passage to rotate said rotor and to said outlet passage or from said central passage into said by-pass or partially in both ways. n
3. In fluid pressure operated turbines, a housing including a main chamber having an inlet passage and an outlet passage leading thereinto at rightangles to each other,
.a rotor in said chamber including end walls and a plurality of blades or vanes extended between said walls, radially arranged and having their inner ends spaced from each other to provide a central passage between said end walls, a boss on said housing aligned with said outlet passage, trunnions on said end walls rotatably mounted in said outlet passage and said boss, each of said trunnions having a bore formed therein and one of said last named bores opening into said outlet passage and the other providing a bypass from said central passage with which both bores communicate, and a tubular member adapted to be rotatable with said rotor, and having one end connected to the trunnion roviding said by-pass so that fluid may ow from said central passage into said tubular member. r
4. In fluid pressure operated turbines, a
housing including a main chamber having anv tween said walls, radially arranged and having their inner ends spaced from eachother to provide a central passage between said end walls, a. boss on said housing aligned with said outlet passage, trunnions on said end walls rotatably mounted in said outlet passage and said boss, each of sald trunnions vacuum therein.
having a bore formed therein and one of said last named bores opening into said outlet passage and the other providing a by-pass from said central passage with which both bores communicate, and a spiral screw-like member mounted in one or both of said trunnions and rotatable With said rotor to effect a partial In testimony whereof I ax m signature.
' WILLIAM ANELT.