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Publication numberUS1838020 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 22, 1931
Filing dateJan 26, 1929
Priority dateJan 26, 1929
Publication numberUS 1838020 A, US 1838020A, US-A-1838020, US1838020 A, US1838020A
InventorsHammerly Herman J
Original AssigneeTrumbull Electric Mfg Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Inclosed switch
US 1838020 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dec. 22, 1931. HAMMERLY 1,838,020

INCLOSED SWITCH Original Filed Jan. 26, 1929 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 21 v; 13 INVENTOR .NNNNNN a H. J. HAMMERLY INCLOSED SWITCH Dec. 22, 1931.

Original Filed Jan. 26, 1929 2 SheetsSheet 2 INVENTORY Patented Dec. 22, 1931 UNITED STATES- PATENT OFFICE :r. HAMMERLY, or WALLINGFORD, comvnc'rrcu'r, ASSIGNOR 'ro TEE TRUM- BULL' nnnc'rmcmmwracrumc comm, or rLAmvILLE, comvncrrcur, A

CORPORATION OF CONNECTICUT I Application filed January 26, 1925 Serial 110 335350. Benewed November 3, 1931.

of switch blades or contacts.

Another object is to provide a quick-make and quick-break mechanism in which the operating movement is started manually but in which the quick movement is spring-pressed and entirely out of control of the operator after the spring movement has once been started.

Another object is to provide a switch construction having an externahoperating handle and an internal loose-connection quickmake and quick-break means so constructed that the quick-make and quick-break means cannot be cramped or bound by any lateral.

pressure that may be applied through the external handle.

Another object-is to provide a construction inwhich a single bushing serves as a support for the operating crank, the quick-break mechanism and the handle, and which bushing is providedwith shoulders for hold ng the parts in position so that they cannot bind and interfere with the quick-break action.

Another object'is to provide a quick-make and quick-break switch construction in which the operating handle and its corelated loose connection parts are secured in position by means of a bushing in such a manner that the operating crank may have a 'relatively loose or endwise shucking engagementwith the' bushing since the crank plays no part in the securing of the loose connection parts in position.

Another object is to provide a switch con-, struction having an external operating handle operably supported in one wall of the box and having a further interlocking en-. gagement with the wall of the box which makes it practically impossible to injure or type.

separate the parts by any ordinary pryin movement of the handle. g Fig. 1 1s a perspective'view of an. inclosed switch embodying my invention and showing the parts of the switch inthe closed circult position with the cover open andbroken awa F1g.'2 is a fragmentary transverse sectional view showing the mounting of the handle, operating crank, and quick-make and break mechanism.

Fig. 3 is a detail edge view showing one form of connector between the operating 1 Fig.1 7 "is a perspective view showing the bushing and associated parts for supporting the crank, the operating handle and the quickbreak mechanism in one wall of the box The box 10 may be of any suitable type and construction and provided with any suitable form of cover 11 and latch 12.

The switch mechanism will usually be mounted upon an insulating base 13 suitably secured in the box. .The operating crank 14 is pivotally supported and adapted to be op-' erated manually by an external handle 15 as will hereinafter be understood.

The invention is particularly applicableto switches for controlling two or more legs of a circuit and will therefore be provided with v such a number of blades and corelated elements as may be required. Each circuit controlling unit usually consists of a knife blade switch and a protecting fuse of any suitable Inthe form shown I have illustrated three switch units but it will be necessary to describe only one which is typical. -The switch jaws 16 and 17 may be of any suitable type for coacting with a switch blade 18. Preferably, this blade is hinged to the jaw. 16 which constitutes a supporting post. Clips, such as 19 are provided for the usual carforms a stop for the on position of the" switch blades and is adapted to strike against 'the insulating base13 when the switch is closed so that the shock of the closing move-' ment is taken .up by the various insulating connectors or plates which are more or less resilient and are not subject to fracture. This foot 21 extends down below the switch blade, as shown in Fig. 3, and whenthe circu'it is opened the upper edge of this foot passes by the adjacent edge of the jaws 17 and serves to cut other interrupt any are which may form between the jaw and the switch blade. This foot 21 may be wider or thicker as shown in Fig. 3 so as to overlap both edges of the jaw 17 Another modification shown in. Fig. 4 embodies two connector plates 20 and 22, the lower ends of which serve as are interrupters adjacent both edges of the jaw 17.

The ends of the operating crank 14 are bent outwardly and supported in the opposite sides of the box. The right hand end 23 has a bearing in the bushing 24. This bushing also supports the oscillating disc 25 and in turn is supported in the opening 26 in the side wall of the box. The washer 27 is supported. on

the bushing outside the box and the outer end of the bushing passes through an opening 28 in the handle and is riveted or spun over at 29 to hold the parts together.

The bushlng 24 is provided with a shoulder 30 forming a bearing'for the disc 25 and a shoulder '31 which constitutes the bearing in the opening 26. The outer portion 32 of the bushing afi'ords support for the washer 27 and the handle. The width of these shoulders 30, 31 and 32 measured in an axial direction is such as to space the disc 25 no matterhow tightly the bushing is riveted over and no matter how the handle is twisted the parts will always be free to operate independently as is necessary in a quickmake and break switch. This is articularly important in. constructions of this character where the box is usually formed of sheet metal and the walls are somewhat flexible.

There should therefore be sufficient freedom swings. The rod 40 is hinged at 41 to the lug 39 and is guided by the bracket 42 at the other end. The spring 43 on the rod 40 presses at one end against the head of the rod 40 near the pivot 41 and the other end is held; in operative position against the bracket 42 by means of the projecting end 'of the bracket in which position the spring affords compression action for the quickmake and quick-break movement.

' When the switch is closed with the parts in the osition shown in Figs. 1, 2 and5, the spring 43 tends to rotate the disc 25 in an anticlockwise direction, as shown in Fig.

against the arm of the crank 14, which crank in turn presses down on the connectors 20 and thus holds the switch blades 18 in the closed circuit position.

In the open circuit position the spring 43 presses the disc 25 in a clockwise direction as viewed in Fig. 6, so that the lug 39 presses against the arm of the' crank 14 which in turn is passed against the stop or abutment IrOnember 45 secured to theinner wall of the ox. I A strap member 46 may be secured on the outside of the box and rovided with suitable. holes or openings or sealing or locking the handle 15 either in the open circuit or closed circuit position.

To close the switch from the position of Fig. 6, the handle is moved upwardly and the pin 33 engages the shoulder" 37 to rotate the disc 25 anticlockwise, thus com- The opening of the circuit/is accomplished.

similarly by the movement of the handle from the position shown in the position shown in Fig. 6. The lost motion space between the shoulders 36 and 37 operating on the disc 25 which alternately engage the pin 33, the lost motion space between the lugs 38 and 39 which alternately engage the arm 14 of the operatin crank and the biasing relation of the sprmg43, all cooperate to provide a uick-makeland a movement of t e switch blades.

The slot 35 is enlarged intermediate its ends and preferably at approximately its center at 35' to permit'the entrance-of the large end of the pin or stud 33 but it is obvious that when the in is moved away from the central position y means of the operatquick-break' ing handle, the shoulder 33' on the pin will overlap the edges of the slot and will thus have a locking'engagement with the wall of the box which cannot be disengaged by .any prying movement of the handle. a

The quick-make and quick-break elements are all secured in position entirely independently of the internal operating crank.

One end of the crank has its bearing in the hole in the bushing 24 and the other end has its bearing in a hole in a wall oi the.

box at the opposite side of the box. As the operating crank has no part in the securing of the other parts in position, this construction permits of considerable endwise orshucking movement of the crank which greatly facilitates the assembling and free action of the parts.

I claim: a 1. In an electric switch, a box, switch mechanism mounted therein and including a switch position and having a recess in which the end of the crank is detachably supported.

2. In an electric switch, a box, switch mech anism mounted therein and including a pivoted switch blade and an operating crank connected thereto, quick-break mechanism within the box and an external operating handle, said quick-break mechanism including a spring pressed disc having a lost motion connection with the handle through the box wall and a single bushing providing a. support for the operating crank, the disc and the handle, said bushing having shoulders for sup porting it in the box and for supporting said disc and handle.

3. In an electric switch, a box, switch mech-' anism mounted therein and including a switch blade, an operating crank, a connector be tween the blade and the crank, quick-break mechanism and an external operating handle, said quick-break mechanism including a disc having a lost motion connection with the handle and a single bushing for supporting the operating crank, the disc and the handle, said bushing having shoulders for supporting it in the box and for supporting said disc and handle. i

4:. A snap action switch comprising a box having a side wall, a bushing rotatably mounted in said wall, a throwing disc mounted on said bushing inside of said box, an operating handle mounted on said bushing outside of said box and having a lost motion connection with said disc through said box wall, and a switch crank having one end detachably mounted in said bushing and lost motion means of connectionbetween said disc and said crank.

5. In an electricsafety switch, \a' box, a

said crank, an operating disc and a handle mounted on said bushing said handle having a pin fastened thereto and movable in-acurved slot in-said box wall, said slot having an en-.

larged portion to permit the insertion of the pin and said pin having a shoulder adapted to overlap and interlock with the inner edge of said slot except at said enlarged portion.

6. In an electric safety switch, a box, a switch operating crank supported at one end in the box wall, said wall having a curved slot concentric about the'end of said crank, an operating handle, a pin rigidly secured to said handle, said pin having shoulders of difierent diameters, one of which movesfreely in the slot, in the box wall and another shoulder being sufficiently large to engage the adjacent edges of the slot when the pin travels through the slot in the operating movementof the switch.

7. In an electric safety switch, a box, switch mechanism mounted therein-and including an operating crank, quick-break mechanism within the box and an external operating handle, said quick-break mechanism includmg a spring pressed disc having a lost motion connection with the handle through the box wall and a single bushing for providing a pivotal support for the operating crank, the disc and the handle, said bushing having shoulders for supporting it in the box and for supporting said disc and handle, said box and handle having interlockingengagement in addition to said bushing.

8. In an electric safety switch, a box,

v switch mechanism mounted therein and lIl-j gcluding an operating crank, quick-break switch mechanism mounted therein and including an operating crank, quick-break mechanism connected to said crank and an external operating handle having a pin projecting, through a curved slot in a wall of the box, said quick-break mechanism including a disc .having a lost motion connection with the handle and a one piece bushing providing a pivotal support for the operating crank,

the disc and the handle and said pin having a shoulder overlying the inner edges of the slot.

10. In an electric safety switch, a box hav- 5 ing a slotted wall, switch mechanism mounted therein and including an operating crank, quick-break mechanism withinthe box and an external operating handle, said' quickbreak mechanism including a spring pressed l0 disc, a pin secured to the handle and extending through the slot in the box wall, and a single bushing providing pivotal support for the operating crank and the disc and being riveted to the handle, said bushing having shoulders for supporting it in the box and for supporting said disc and handle, said pin having a shoulder for interlocking with the edges of said slot in the path oft-movement of said pin.

11. In an electric safety switch, a box having a slotted Wall, switch mechanism mounted therein and including an operating crank, quick-break mechanism and an external operating handle, said quick-break mechanism -26 including a disc having a lost motion connection with the handle and a bushing providing pivotal support for the operating crank, the disc and the handle, said bushing having v shoulders for supporting it in the boxand 30 for supporting said disc and handle without binding, said lost motion connection includ- V ing a pin riveted to the handle and having a shoulder inside the box for interlocking with the edge of the slot in the wall of the box.,

35. f 12. In an electric safety switch, a box having a' curved slot in its side wall, switch mechanism mounted in the box and including an operating crank, quick-break mechanism connected to said crank and an external op- 40 erating handle having a pin projecting through the curved slot, said quick-break mechanism including a disc having a lost mo- 1 tion connection with the pin carried by the handle and a one piece bushing providin a support for the operating crank, the and the handle, said pin having a shoulder overlapping the edges of the slot, and said slot having an enlarged portion to permit the insertion of the pin.

' HERMAN J; HAMMERLY. 1

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2574290 *Jan 16, 1947Nov 6, 1951Gen ElectricMultiple unit switch with single actuator
US2627919 *Oct 5, 1946Feb 10, 1953Elastic Stop Nut CorpTime-delay control apparatus
US2689278 *Mar 23, 1951Sep 14, 1954Fed Electric Prod CoQuick break actuating mechanism for electric switches
US3422238 *May 17, 1967Jan 14, 1969Square D CoCircuit breaker enclosure with external operating handle and combination thereof with circuit breaker
US4524637 *Jul 22, 1982Jun 25, 1985Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki KaishaSpring-operated mechanism
Classifications
U.S. Classification200/446
International ClassificationH01H21/00, H01H21/42
Cooperative ClassificationH01H21/42
European ClassificationH01H21/42