US 1840041 A
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Jan. 5, 1932. A. A. KELLOGG SKYLIGHT Filed March 6, 1930 2 Sheets-Sheet I'm/enwtor'. Alfmcl Kellog Jan. 5, 1932. A. A. KELLOGG 1,340,041
SKYLIGHT vFiled March 6, 1930 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 I nVsnGorI Patented Jan.- 5, 1932 .UNI-TIED STATES;
PAT NT oFFIcE: I g
ALFRED axEL oGe, or. TROY, NEW Yonx, AssIeNon. TO JAMES AcKnoYn AND sons. on ALBANY, new YORK, A CORPORATION or NEWYORK: V v
SKYLIGHT Application filed March 6,
The present invention relates to skylights and finds special u'tilityin connection with sklights of relatively large sizes .althoughit is by no means limited .thereto as itlmay be; used in connection with skylights of any size desired. s s It is now the common practice to construct skylights complete at the factory, the parts which hold the glass being soldered and riv eted together and the'skylight being then shipped as an assembled unit. In thecase of larger sizes of'skylights, especially, this becomes objectionable because of the large size of the package to be handled and shipped 1 when they skylight iscrated and also because of the large floor space required at the factory for built up stock. In this connection, it will be understood that there are certain stock sizes of skylights which are kept built up and in stock so that when an order is received prompt shipment may be made.
' The primary object of my invention is to provide an improved construction and arrangement in a skylight whereby the same may be shipped dismantled and then assembled at the place where it is to be used, the assembling of the skylight requiring no'soldering or riveting. 1
A further object of my invention is to provide an improved skylightwhich can be assembled and held in assembled position with a minimum number of screws or bolts, it be: ing possible, in fact, to reduce the holding means to only one or two bolts.
'nvention is to A further object of myl provide a skylight which is simple in Struc: 1
ture, comprises the minimum numberof parts and is capable of being quickly and easily assembled whereby it may be con- 40 structed-and assembled'with the least amount of labor and at low cost. 1 1
Other objects of, my. invention. and the advantages thereof will appear from the following specification, and for a consideration of what I believe to be novel and my, in-
vention attention is directed tothesfollowa ing specification andthe claimsappended "thereto. s
In the drawings, 1 a perspective 7 viewof askylight embodying my invention;
1930; Serial No. 433,837.
assembled relatively to each other; Fig. 5-
is an exploded view similar to Fig. 4 of certain other parts; Fig. dis a detail sectional View taken on line66, Fig. 1;.Fig. 7 is an exploded view of certain other parts, and liig.v 8 is a detail sectional viewtaken on line 8-8,
7 Referring to the embodiment of the invention illustrated in the drawings, the skylight comprises, two side pieces '1 and two end pieces 2 which are detachably connected at' their ends to form'a-rectangular frame adapted to fit over the flange whichsurrounds the skylight iopening in the roof; a ridge structure3 brace bar structures 4,.and' the glass 5.
The side and en'd'pieces are alike in struc ture, each being formed from sheet metal of suitable thickness reversely bent on itself to form a wall 6 which fits against the flange: surrounding the skylight opening, a wall 7 which defines with the vertical wall'8 the usual gutter '9, and the angularly extending I wall 10 whichforms the supportfor the glass;
The wall 10. is formed of a double thickness of material to give it strength and the wall 7 is stiffenedby a depending flange 11. With this construction, the side and end pieces may becut from longstrips previously bent to the required contour, a thing of substantial advantage from manufacturing standpoint in that it enables side and end pieces of any, desired lengths to be formed. The side and end. pieces'are fastened together. at each corner by a corner piece 12 comprising astripof sheet materialreversely bent on itself to provide walls 13 -and l l which define slots 15 for receiving the end edges of walls 6. This is shown particularly in Figs; 7 and 8,; the
construction being clear from an inspection of a length so as to brace the corners to the re-:
quired extent. .This corner structure issimpleand easy tomanufacture, eas ly positioned, and functions to hold the corner firmly assembled. In Fig. 7 the walls 14 are shown bent out somewhat from the walls 13 to better illustrate the structure. It will be understood that in the completed structure walls 14 occupy the positions relatively to walls 13 shown in Fig. 8.
The ridge structure comprises a longitudinally extending main bar or inner bar built up from several pieces of sheet material to provide ledges 16 for supporting the glass, side walls 17 and supporting flanges 18. The ledges 16 are stiffened by vertical flanges 19. In the present instance, the main or inner ridge bar is shown as being built up from two strips Z-shaped in cross section, (see Figs. 5 and 6), each strip comprising a ledge 16, a side wall 17, a supporting flange 18 and a stiffening flange 19 fastened together by base n strips 20 riveted or otherwise suitably fastened to supporting flanges 18. At their ends, base strips 20 are enlarged as is indicated at 21 in Fig. 5 to provide additional flange area. Base strips 20 may be made of any desired length, extending throughout the length of supporting flanges 18 if found desirable. Mounted on supporting flanges 18 and base strips 20 are spring fastening clips 22. Clips 22 comprise U-shaped spring clips having ill their bases riveted to flanges 18 and base strips 20 and their side arms 23 projecting upwardly. The side arms are provided with struck out fastening beads 24. Flanges 19 are spaced apart to render the inner ridge bar 35 somewhat flexible. Adapted to fit over the main or inner ridge bar is an outer ridge bar or cap bar 25 comprising two spaced channel shaped strips 26 of sheet material united by a sloping roof 27. It may with advantage 40 be formed from a single piece of material suitably bent on itself. The outer ridge bar or cap bar 25 is fastened in position by one or .more bolts 28 as shown in section in Fig. 6, the bolt being provided with a washer 29 which engages with the under sides of ledges 16.
Each brace bar structure comprises an innor brace bar 30 which is rectangular in section and is provided at its upper side with. a longitudinally extending opening or slot defined by stiffening flanges 31 spaced slightly apart so that the bar can yield somewhat. The side Walls of each brace bar is provided with struck out beads 32 adapted to engage with the beads 24 in clips 22. Adapted to fit over the inner brace bar is an outer brace bar or brace bar cap 33 which is channel shaped and is provided at its ends with U-shaped spring clips 34 which are adapted to be inserted between flanges 31 and to stand in line with spring clips 22. The arms of spring clips 34 are bowed inwardly as is shown at 35 to form depressions for the reception of flanges 31. If desired, the clips 34 at the 08 upper ends of brace bars 33- may be omitted as this end of the brace bars is held b outer ridge bar 25. Also, if desired, brace ars 33 may be provided with one or more clips 34 intermediate between its ends. In other words, I may use one or more clips 34 as found desirable in any particular case. The number to be used will be determined by the length of the brace bar structures.
Mounted on walls 7 are spring clips 36 similar in structure to spring clips 22 and functioning in the same manner to receive the lower ends of inner brace bars 30. The arrangement is shown particularly in Fig. 3.
The top surface of bars 30 and flanges 31 define ledges upon which the glass rests.
In Fig. 1 I have shown what may be considered a relatively small skylight and the braces are shown larger relatively to the glasses than they would be in actual practice. In other words, the parts are shown somewhat out of proportion relatively to each other. In the case of larger skylights as many braces may be used as is found to be required.
When the structure is assembled, the lass supporting ledges formed by walls 10 of the frame, walls 16 of the ridge bar and the top walls of the brace bars 30 all stand in line with. each other to receive the panes of glass.
In the use of the invention, the side and end walls 1 and 2, the ridge bar structure 3, the brace bar structures 4 and the panes of glass 5 are all cut to size and are shipped in knock-down form. The upper ends of the brace bars where they come together at the corners are beveled to the required shape to permit them to be assembled together. This is indicated in Fig. 1 and in connection with the one brace bar shown in perspective in Fig. 5. When the skylight is to be assembled, the side walls 1 and the end walls 2 are first fastened together by the corner pieces 12 to form a rectangular frame. The inner brace bars 30 are then assembled in spring clips 36 on walls 7 and in the spring clips 22 carried by the inner ridge bar. WV hen thus assembled, the structure becomes self support ing. The ledges which support the glass are then spread withputty and the panes of glass are put into position and pushed down firmly onto the putty. In this connection, it will be seen that the panes of glass are supported on the ledges 10 of the side andend walls 1 and 2, the ledges on the upper sides of brace bars 30 and the ledges 16 of the inner ridge bar. Following this, the outer brace bars 33 are put into place, spring clips 34 being forced in between flanges 31 and the edges of the outer brace bars being brought into contact withthe top surfaces of the glass. The outer ridge bar or cap 25 is then put into place and fastened by the bolt or bolts 28. This serves to lock the entire structure together.
From a consideration of the above, it will be seen that the entire structure can be assembled without the use of rivets or solder.
A wall and by said base flange,
This enables the structure to be easily and quickly put together by relatively unskilled workmen. At the same time, after the struc ture is assembled all the parts are held firmly. If a pane of glass becomes broken, the structure is easily dismantled to permit of the broken pane being replaced.
Referring to Figs. 3 and A, it will be noted that spring clips 34 are in line with spring clips 52-2 and 36. I'Vith this arrangement, the spring clips 34 tend to spread the flanges 31 so as to bring the side walls ofbrace bars 30 into firm locking engagement with spring clips 22 and 36.
In accordance with the provisions of the patent statutes, I have described the principle of operation of my invention, together with the structure which I now consider to repre- I sent the best embodiment thereof, but I desire it to be understood that the apparatus shown is only illustrative and that the invention may be carried out by other means.
What I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States, is:
1. A skylight comprising a frame, spring clips carried by the frame, a ridge bar, spring clips carried by the ridge bar, brace bars supported by the frame and the ridge bar and held bysaid spring clips, and glass supported by the frame, ridge bar and brace bars. 1 i
and end walls each formed from a single iece of material reversely bent on itself to orm a supporting ledge and a gutter, andcorner pieces each formed from a single piece of material to provide slots in which the ends of side and end walls are held.
In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand this 24th day of Feby., 1930.
ALFRED A. KELLOGG.
2. A skylight comprising a frame, spring clips carried by the frame, a ridge bar, spring clips carried by the ridge bar, brace bars supported in said spring'clips, glass supported by the frame, ridge bar, and brace bars, and a ridge cap for locking the brace bars in place.
3. A skylight structure comprising side and end walls, corner pieces detachably connecting said walls together to form a frame, a ridge bar, spring clips carried by said frame and ridge bar, brace bars supported in said spring clips, said brace bars comprising rectangular members having longitudinally extending slots, glass supported by said frame, ridge bars and brace bars, brace bar caps for holding the glass in place, said brace bar caps having spring clips which engage in said slots adjacent to the clips on the frame, and means for locking the brace bar caps in place.
A. A skylight comprising a frame having a wall forming a glass supporting ledge and a wall forming a gutter, a ridge bar having i glass supporting ledges and a base flange, spring clips carried by the race bars sup ported in said spring clips, said brace bars having glass supporting ledges, glasssupported on said ledges, brace bar caps detachably connected to said brace bars, and a ridge cap for locking said brace bar caps inplace.
5. A skylight comprising a frame having I a wall forming a glass supporting ledge, a
fiutter forming I