US 1840135 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Jan. 5, 1932. E. J. scHuTT 1,840,135
COMBINATION TOOL Filed Feb. lO, 1927 /0 .6 1 funny/ *Y latented Jan. 5', 1.932 'f f `innreni STATES PATENT oFFicE fief J. SCHTT, OFRAMSEY, NEW JERSEY COMBINATION Toor. "Application inea Fetmary 1o, 1927.. serial No. 167,172. i
My' invention relates to new 'and useful Fig. 4 is a side elevation of Fig. 1. improvements in a combination drawing, `rFig. 5 is ay vertical section on the line 5-5, measuring, gaging, cutting, and magnifying. Fig. 2. instrument. f Fig. 6-is a vertical section on the line 6 -6,
' An object of my invention is to provide Fig. 2. f
an instrumentzof more or less universal use Fig. 7 is a vertical section on the line 7 7, that is adaptable to a. pocket of the user. F ig. 1, and .y v l Y Afurther object'of the invention is to pro- Fig. 8 is a partial bottom view of the vide a combination toolor instrument of the clip. v
l@ protractor or, bevel type havinga ruler body The body 10 consists of a thin rectangular Y o and an arm pivoted thereto, with the body plate, preferably of springsteel, having one having beveled or inclinedledges to which ofl itsends 11 tapered andthe extremity of said arm may be swung in parallelism wlieresaid end beveled to a narrow chisel-like edge by parallel lines `or Ameasurements may be 12 for use as a paperfcutter, screw-driver, or
5 determinedand obtained. A further object tack lifter; The other end is recessed to of the invention is to provide a protractorreceive the lens-holder frame lconsisting of like combination tool in which the pivoted a tubular section having a protruding ypor- `arm is adjustable for engaging the points of tion 14 which-tightly encircles the periphery twist drills, and which arm, when folded over of magnifying lens '15 vand acts as aretainer go the body, will conceal and house certain gage therefor. The lower portion of said holder'.l devices provided in the body. A still furframe is flanged outwardly over theunder ther object 0f the invention is to provide a side of the opening or recess in saidbody protractor-like tool in which the pivoted arm thereby retaining the lens and lens-holder constitutes a. Clip for engaging over the edge aS'Senlbly 011 the lOOCly. Tlle'eXtlemtyofl this arm being formed to securely retainthe tool turned Hnge 16, in Which is placed a cutting within the pocket against accidental displace- 13011112 17 t0 be Sed for Various marking .purment. v poses. Y
The tool in part consists of a thin strip of n The upper face of `Surface 18 of said body go material, preferably spring steel, having h as a scale 19 preferably ofinchesand fracgg'. markings on both sides of standard units of ytlOnS thereof, marked upon it adjacent to u measurement and their various subdivisions. the longer edge 19, the first inch containing One end of this strip is adaptableas a tack small holes 20 which coincide with each lifter or Screw-driver, and the other end is graduation. In the other unitsr larger holes provided with a magnifying lens and cutting 21 are providedk b-ut only7 on the inch marks. 85 point, other portions of this strip being uti- This series of holes, in conjunction with Va lized as a drill gage, a sheet metal gage, and compass kpoint and pencil, converts this in-` a compass device. A pocket clip of novel strument into an accurate compassxwith'y an construction is pivotally mounted on said adjustable radius in everyone sixteenthy of 4.o' strip and is adaptable as a protractor, an inch within range of the scale, which adgi' T-square, bevel protractor, drill point gage, justnient is accomplished by inserting a com# or a try-square. These and other uses are pass point through the desired small hole more minutely described hereinafter, referand the Vpencil in the desired larger hole ence being had to the accompanying drawtherebyV forming abeam-compass.r This scale 45S ings wherein may, of course, be used for measuringorfas 195 Fig. l is a plan view of the device with a ruling edge, the latter use being facilitated the pocket clip in its normal position. by the edge 19 being under-beveled as shown Fig. 2 is .a partial plan view of the device in Fig. 7, thereby tending to eliminate blot-l with the clip in use. ting by the ruling edge.:
5o'.V Fig. 3 is a bottom view of the device. The slots 22fcorresponding` width to a loc as of the pocket in the garment of the user, said end of the body is provided with a small up` 75' standard sheet metal gage are cut through the shorter edge 23. Each of these slots is indexed with its corresponding gage number marked upon the upper surface of the body 10, the portion of said body between said longitudinal edges 19 and 23 being drilled with holes 24 corresponding to standard twist drill and steel wire gage sizes, and each of these holes is indexed with its corresponding gage number. The tapered end of the body is provided with an inclined edge 25 connecting the shorter longitudinal edge 23 with the extremity edge 12, and said inclined edge is beveled to correspond with the bevel on edge 12, and said beveled surface being marked with two inch units divided into 32nds and 64ths respectively. This marking on a beveled surface will enable a very close measurement to be taken and the beveled edge may also be used as an envelop opener.
The pocket clip 26 is pivotally mounted adjacent one end by a rivet 27 in an approximately central position on the upper surface 0f the body. The .extremity of said pivoted end is provided with two beveled indicator points 28, which through correspondence with angle marks 29 will give a reading of the angle at which said clip or arm 26 is set from 0 degrees to 90 degrees, both clockwise and counterclockwise from a position at right a les to edge 19. The extremity of the free en of said clip has a turned-up portion 30 to facilitate the entry of the clip overthe edge of a pocket. The under side of this clip is provided with a nail file consisting of two slightly beveled file surfaces 31 and 32, the former being a fine file surface, the latter a rough le surface. When not in use the clip 26 is folded over onto the body 10, and portion 30 just clears lens holder 13 and serves as a guard for the lens.
The reverse side 33 of the body 10 is also utilized, the portion adjacent t0 edge 19 being marked with a decimal scale 34, having decimal subdivisions of inches from 10ths to 60ths inclusive. The portion adjacent the beveled edge 25 is provided with a metric scale 35 of millimeters and centimeters.
The uses to which a combination tool of this character may be placed are too numerous to be recited here. The turned-up portion 30 of the arm 26 not only facilitates the introduction of the pocket edge beneath said arm or clip but it provides a handle by which the clip or arm may be readily swung laterall from the body7 as Well as serving as a de'ecting guard for the magnifying lens, and when the arm is in its folded position it covers and houses the drill gage openings. In grinding'twist drills the angle made by the cuttingedge and the drill axis may be checked by placing the edge 19 along the side of the drill and adjusting the protractor arm 26 so that its edge coincides with the cutting edge of the drill. When the tool is arranged in the pocket the roughened under face of the clip or arm 26 secures the tool firmly against accidental dislodgment, and while the filing surfaces 31 and 32 have been designated as being preferably for nail use, obviously they can be made of such character as to be used for filing meta-l of various descriptions. The extremity 12 provides a neat tack-lifting device especially designed for draftsmans use.
It is understood that the standards and units of measurement and gages shown on this invention may be substituted for by other standards and units to suit other engineering or geographic conditions without altering the spirit of the invention.
I claim A combination tool or drafting instrument comprising a strip-like body having protractor markings thereon and having` an opening therein, a lens arranged in said opening, and a pocket clip pivoted at one end to the body for swinging laterally to be used in co operation with said body and markings thereon as a protractor arm and having its free end extending outwardly adjacent the lens to protect the same and facilitate introduction of the pocket edge beneath the clip.
. EMMETT J. SCHUTT.