US 1840604 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Jan. 12, 1932. A. B. RANDALL HINGED FASTENING DEVICE Filed Jan. 9, 1930 11;..- l
2 Sheets-Sheet UNITED-STATES INVENTOR. mam l 29.). MW,
ATTORNEY Jan. 12, 1932. A. B. RANDALL 1,840,604
amend FASTENING DEVICE Filed Jan. 9. 1930 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 2 INVENTOR. 32%g& 1 Mat 63. awaffi III: II/I114 'Ill/III'II 5. ,4 TTORNEY I east... 12, 1932' UNITED STATES PATENT. OFFICE amnmnannorwmnsrommromr more) rasrma'me nxvrcn Application ma January 0. mo. Serial a. name;
My 'invention relatesbroadly to hin fastening devices for. papers and the like and more particularly to a construction of hinged f device for attaching a 6 sheet-like member to a supportin surface in such manner that both sides the sheetlike member may be readily inspected.
One of the. objects of m invention is to provide a construction of god fastening device having means for detachably receiving a sheet-like member in predeterminedposition with respect to a supporting sheet.
Another object of my invention is to provide a construction of hinged fastening dei vice particularly adapted for use'in stamp albums for detachably mounting covers or stamped envelopes in an album in predetermined position.
Still another object of my invention is to provide a construction of hinged fastening device for stamped envelopes for use by 001- lectors in'mountiug stamped envelopes within a stamp album, wherein means are provided for detachably mounting exhibit envelopes in. predetermined 'sition with respect to the pages of the a um, with means for maintaining the exhibit envelopes in substantial adherence to the pages of the album as the album-is. leafed.
A. further object of my invention is to provide a construction of fastening device for use in mounting enve 0 es in stamp albums, wherein means are provi venting creasin of the envelo under grip of the detacha le. means, .while permitting ready-inspection of both sides of the envelope.
Other and further objectsof my invention ed for prereside in the construction of hinged fasten- P ing device, as set, forth more fully in the specification hereinafter following y .reference to the accompanying drawings in which:
Figure 1 is a of a stamp album showing my. improved fastening and attachment device in. osition therein, the fastening devioebeing s own in a position for mounting a specimen envelope;
Fig. 2 is a 'detailedfront elevation of fastenin device illustrated in Fig. land showing a ragmentof the envelope in position in the fastening device; Fig. 3 1s a detailed-perspecinent device illustrated in Fig. 8 as it is finalline 12-42 through the fastenin device eonfragmentary perspective view I -mounting of air mail envelop es tive view of the fastener viewing the same from the front; Fig. 4 is a perspective view of the fastener viewing the same from the rear or attachment surface thereof; Fig. 5 is a detailed front elevationof a modified form of improved fastener clip; Fig. 6 is a detailed perspective view showing the securing clip of my invention as illustrated in Fig. 5 about to be positioned within the attachable fastenim device; Fig. 7 is a detailed erspective view of the fastener shown in ti 5; Fig. 8 is a detailed front elevation of a fhrther modified form of hinged fastening device embod g my invention Fig. 9 is a perspective v:ew of tho parts of the hinged fastening device shown in Fig. 8 where the clip is about to be assembled within the hinged attachment member; Fig. 10 is .a perspective view of a modified form of attachly assembled; Fig. 11 is a front elevation of a still further modified form of fastening device showing the clip provided with a spring member for maintaining the cover or envelope which is mounted in the stamfilalbum by means of the device in close a erence to the surface of the page with respect to which the envelope is mounted; Fig. 12 is an enlarged cross-sectional view taken on struction of-Fig. 11; Fig. 13 i-ustrates the form of fastening device shown in Figs. 8, '9 and 10 and having guard means enveloping the arts of the ciip for preventing creasing of t e exhibit. envelope;'Fi 14 1s a cross sectional view taken through t e guard means on line 14-14: of Fig. 13; and Figf15 is a crspective view of each of the guard means illustrated in Figs. 13 and 14.
With the increasing use of air mail envelopes there has come a demand by stamp collectors for means for properly preserving specimens. of exhibit air mail envelopes. The usual method of mounting stamps stamp albums by means of a gumm'ed paper hinge has been found to be impracticable for the which are known to stamp collectors as covers or an entire. 2 The single paper hinge ordinarily employed in the of stamps not of the envelope. I provi been practicable for the mounting of entire envelopes due to the comparative mass of the envelope with respect to the stamp which is usually mounted upon a paper hinge. When a plurality of pa er hinges are used for mounting an entire difficulty arises in the proper alignment of the several aper hinges and buckling and tearing of the inge often results under the continued movement of the envelope as the pages of the album are leafed.
My invention provides means for mounting the entire air mail envelope with respect to the pages of a stamp album in a manner which facilitates the quick and easy inspection of both sides of the envelope for observing the cancellations appearing on one side of the envelope and the air mail stamps and post ofiice inscriptions apgearing on the front e a construction of hinged fastening device havin suflicient rigiditytoproperly position an ex ibit envelope with res ect to the page of the stem album. I provide means for readily attac ing the fastener to the age of a stamp album in a manner which facilitates the inspection of both sides of the envelope, with spring means for maintaining the envelope in close adherence to the page of the stamp album on which the envelope is mounted so that as the pages of the album are turned the tendency of the envelopes to swin away from the position with res ect to w ich the are mounted is substantially eliminated. also rovide protective covers on the portions 0 the fastening clip by which the creasing of the exhibit envelope is avoided.
Referring to'the drawings in detail, reference character 1 designates a form of stamp album used by a collector for mounting the exhibit stamps. .I have illustrated in plan view the page of a stamp album on which a cover, an envelope or, as a postmarked envelgpe, specimen is known among stamp collectors, an entire 2 is mounted hingedly.
The fastening means is illustrated as comprising two parts, part 3 of which is'secured to the page of the stamp album and part 4 of which is arranged to engage the envelope 2.
As shown more clearly in Fig. 2 the portion 4 comprises, a length of resilient wire looped upon itself at 5 ina position central with respect to the portion 3 of the fastening device, the loop. portions of the resilientwire 4 being adapted to engage opposite sides of the envelope 2 for maintaining the envelope in position. The ends of the resihent wire 4 are'f's hown at 6 and 7 projecting between the, foldd parts of the securing portion 3, which securing portion 3 as shown more clearly in Figs. 3 and 4 is formed from a flat sheet substantially circular in contour and folded diametrically to enclose the inwardly projecting portions 6 and 7 of the resilient wire 4. The olded parts" of the securing portion 3 are glued together, leaving the resilient-wire 4 free to move through substantially an angle of 180 degrees about the securing portion 3 as an axis. One side of .the securing portion 3 is covered by a glue represented by the stippling illustrated at 8 in Fig. 4 by which the hinged fastening device may be readily attached to the page of the stamp album in a position wherein loop portions 5 of the resilient wire are free to receive the u per edge of the envelope 2 enabling the envelope to be raised from the page for the urpose of inspectin opposite sides thereof.
In Figs. 5, 6 and 7 'I have shown a modified form of fastenin device wherein the secur ing portion 10 o the fastening device which engages the page of the album shown at 1 has a central diametrical extending slot 9 formed therein. A resilient wire member is illustrated at 11 for formin the two adjacent loops with ends 12 and 14; projecting therefrom, the parts of the resilient wire 11 being adapted to engage opposite sides of the enve ope 2.
The manner of assembling the modified form of hinged fastening device is shown more clearly in Fig. 6 where the resilient wire member 11 is passed through the central diametrically extending slot with the projecting portions 12 and 14 fitted in the diametrical fold 15 of the securing portion 10. The inner faces of the securing means 10 are united by suitable glue or mucilageformi'ng when folded a semi-circular member which is readily attachable to the page of the album 1. The resilient wire 11 is free to revolve through an angle of substantially 180 degrees enabling the envelope carried thereby to be reversed in position in the album, thus allowing inspection of both sides of the envelope. The resilient wire 11 is looped centrally as indicated at 11a, thus providing the two looped portions which engage opposite sides of the envelope.
In Figs. 8, 9'and 10 a further modified form ofmounting cliphas been shown. The tab indicated at 16is formed from a circular sheet of material which is folded diametrically, the sheet of material being apertured at 17 and 18 on either side of a tongue 19' which is cut from'the-material of the circular sheet 16. -The fact that the tongue 19 is severed fromthe material of the tab 16 enables the parts of, the cli device to be inserted through the tab an suspended with respect to the sheet to which the hinged fastenmg' device is attached. The clip device is shown as comprising depending resilient jaws 20, and 2l. which extend through the central slot in the tab 16 and engage -op osite sides ofthe envelope 2. A bar mem er 22 extending diametrically of the tab 16 is welded or otherwise secured to the upper portion 23 of the spring clip for supporting the spring clip in position for angular moveiea ment with respect to the tab 16 and the surface 1 on which the tab is mounted. Beneath the upper ortion 23 of the spring clip, as shown in igs. 1112, I secure the resilient member 24 which extends in the form of a spring finger to a position 25 bearing upon the tab 16 when the tab is folded and afiixed by glue or mucilage to the surface 1. The spring 24 tends to constantly urge the jaws 20 and 21 which extend from the portion 23 of the spring clip in a counter-clockwise direction as viewed in Fig. 12 or to a osition in alignment with the plane of the ta 16. The spring device 24 prevents an undesired movement of the envelopes when in mounted position at the time that the pages of the album on which the envelopes are mounted are turned. The spring device 24 tends to maintcin the envelope or cover 2 in substantial adherence withthe surface of the supporting sheet 1 regardless of the movement of sheet 1. Any tendency of the envelope 2 to swing to a position 211 as shown in dotted lines in Fig. 12, where the spring 'aws 20a and 21a are also illustrated in dotte outline, is resisted by the action of spring 25 which is moved to dotted line position 25a. Movement of envelope 2a away from the mounting sheet 1 is resisted and the envelope restored to pro er position,-there"by preventing injury to t e envelope. a v
In the case of rare specimens which it is desired to preserve, I further protect the cover or envelope against creasing under the action of the resilient jaws 20 and 21 by means of the enveloping covers 26 and 27, as
shown in Figs. 13, 14, and 15. The envelop- 1n covers are made of celluloid or other matenal and are formed in the shape of channels having inwardly directed guide jaws 26a and 26b and 27a and 27b as shown. To facilitate the attachment of the envelope covers over the jaws 20 and 21, I provide finger grips 26c and 270, respectively. The finger grips are utilized in slipping the enveloping covers over the spring jaws to prevent contacting of the jaws directl with the envelope or cover 2 which may a very rare specimen and not replaceable. I-may construct the enveloping covers of a single sheet of material properly apertured to perrnit the insertion thereof upon the spring ]8.WS.
The fastening device of my invention may be employed for a variety of purposes, such as the mounting of advertising cards, the
. mounting of restaurant menus, and the attachment of advertising matter to window panes. The device is also very practical as a substitute for thumb tacks which are mounted on bulletin boards.
I have found the attachment device of my invention in its various forms extremely practical in its construction, and while I have described certain preferred embodiments of my invention, I desire it to be understood that modifications may be made and that no limitations upon my invention are intended other than are imposed by the scope of the appended claims.
What I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States is as follows: i i
1. A hinged fastening device comprising a tab adapted to engage a fiat surface, a resilient clip pivotally mounted on said tab and adapted to carry a sheet-like member in hinged relation to said aforementioned surface, and spring means for maintainin said clip in substantial alignment with sai tab.
2. A hinged fastenm device comprising a sheet-like member, a ta adapted to enga c said sheet-like member, a clip pivotal y mounted on said tab and arranged to carry a sheet-like member in a position adjacent said aformentioned sheet-like member and spring means associated with said clip for maintaining said second mentioned sheetlike member substantially parallel with said first mentioned sheet-like member.
3. In a hinged fastening device, a gummed tab adapted to en age a substantially flat surface, a ivotafiy mounted clip 'carried by said ta and adapted to engage a sheet-like member, and spring means connected to said cli and engaging said tab for maintaining said clip insubstantial alignment with said tab with the sheet-hke member carried by said clip in substantial adherence with respect to the sheet-like member on which said tab is mounted.
4. A hinged fastening device comprising a gummed tab adapted to enga e a substan-, tially flat surface, a clip pivotal y mounted on said tab, said clip being arranged to engage opposite sides of a sheet-like member for hingedly mounting said sheet-like member with respect to the aforesaid substantially flat surface, and a spring device connected to said clip adjacent the upper extremi thereof and resilientl engaging said ta for maintaining said 0 ip in a plane substantially aligned with the plane of the aforesaid flat surface for mounting said sheet-like member with respect to said surface.
5. In a hinged fastenin device, a fibrous tab having a gummed sur ace adapted to en gage a flat supporting surface, a resilient cli pivotally mountedon said gummed tab an adapted to secure an envelope in position adjacent said supporting surface, a multilicityof covers carried by said resilientclip or preventing direct contact between the parts of said clip and said envelope, and a finger grip connected to each of said covers for guiding said covers on or off of the parts of said clip.
6. In a hinged fastening device, a gummed tab adapted to engage a substantially fiat supporting sheet, a resilient clip pivotal'ly mounted on said gummed tab, said clip having a pair of spring jaws, means covering each said jaws for engaging an envelope therebetween for mounting said envelope 5 with respect to said supporting sheet in a position permitting inspection of both sides of said envelope, and a finger grip connected to each of said means for guiding said means on or off of said jaws.
7. In a hinged fastening device, a paper tab, a spring clip, means extendin substantially across a lateral portion of said tab for pivotally supporting said spring clip, said spring clip comprising a pair of spring jaws adapted to engage opposite sides of a flat sheet of material to be supported adjacent said laterally supporting sheet, means interposed between the spring jaws of said clip and said flat sheet of material for presenting a substantially flat gripping surface between the spring jaws of said clip and the sheet of material to be supported therein, and a finger grip extending at an angle from each of said means for gulding said means on or off of said spring jaws.
8. A hinged fastening device comprising in combination with a substantially flat supporting sheet, a paper tab having one side thereof gummed for attachment to said supporting sheet, said tab having a central diametrically extending apertured portion, a
rod member extending diametrically of said tab and across the central apertured portion thereof, and a pair of spring jaws secured to said rod member and dependin therefrom for enga 'ng opposite sides of a s eet of material ad a pted to be mounted adjacent said substantially flat supporting sheet.
9. A hinged fastening device comprising in combination with a flat supporting sheet,
said spring jaws for presenting flat ipping surfaces to an exhibit sheet member or maintaining said exhibit sheet member in predetermined alignment with respect to said supporting sheet and free for inspection on both sides thereof.
In testimony whereof I afiix my signature.
ALBERT B. RANDALL.
a gummed tab adapted to be attached to said supporting sheet, said gummed tab having a central lateral portion rforated to rovide a flexible lug, a resihent clip exten ing through the perforated portion, and a bar extending laterally of said tab and secured to the upper portion of said clip, said flexible lug enclrcling the upper portion of said clip for maintaining said clip in position for angular movement through an arc of substantially 180, said clip including a pair of spring jaws adapted to engage opposite sides of an exhibit sheet for mounting said exhibit sheet in positionwith respect to said supporting sheet free for lateral movement for inspection of both sides thereof.
10. In a hinged fastening device, a paper tab gummed on one side thereof for attachment to a supporting sheet, a resilient clip pivotally mounted on said paper tab, said resilient clip including a. pair of spring jaws, flat cover members engageable with each of said jaws, and finger pieces extending from each of said cover members whereby said cover members may be moved into position on