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Publication numberUS1841332 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 12, 1932
Filing dateMay 9, 1929
Priority dateMay 9, 1929
Publication numberUS 1841332 A, US 1841332A, US-A-1841332, US1841332 A, US1841332A
InventorsHerman E Kranz
Original AssigneeGrigsby Grunow Company
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Resistance device
US 1841332 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jan. 12,1932. H. E. KRANZ 1,841,332

RESISTANCE DEVICE Filed May 9, 1929 Harm/cull? 7G30JLZ Patented Jan. 12, 1932 'UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE -HERMAN E. KRANZ, or CHICAeo, ILLINOIS, ASSIGNOR TO GRIGSIBY-GRUNOW COMPANY; or CHICAGO, ILLINOIS, A CORPORATION OF IL INOIS RESISTANCE DEVICE Application filed May 9,

My invention relates to resistance devices, and more particularly to a novel type of resistance device which I have used very successfully as a ballast resistance for current [6 supply units, such as those termed power packs, and used with alternating current radio receivers.

One of the principal objects of my mvention is the provision of an improved ballast resistance.

Another object is the provision of a convenient means for introducing a ballast resistance in the incoming power line.

Another object is the provision of a resistance of this type which can be exchanged quickly in the event of its burning out or becoming useless for other reasons.

Another object is the provision of a cheap, compact, convenient and highly efficient resistance device for the purposes set" forth.

Other'objects and features of the invention will be apparent from a consideration of the detailed description taken with the accompanying drawings wherein Fig. 1 is a vertical sectional view showing the invention, part of the casing being shown in full lines;

Fig. 2 is a plane sectional view taken along the line 2-2 of Fig. 1 looking in the direction of the arrows, and

Fig. 3 shows some of the principal parts of the device in perspective, and set out in their approximate relative positions.

Referring now to the drawings the device is built principally around a disc like base of insulating material such as bakelite, the entire resistance carrying frame work A being supported on the base, and a c'yllndrical or cylinder like case 11 being mounted to the base and surrounding the resisting element.

Concerning the details of the structure the framework A is made up principally of two sheets 12 and 13 of insulating material such as mica and provided with longitudinal slots 12a and 13a b means of which the two sheets and bottom of the mica sheets, the retaining members being of spider shape, and their arms 14a and 16a respectively being bent over to grip the end edges of the mica sheets. To make more intimate connection a center punch or similar tool is employed to form depressions 17 in the material of the retaining members to cause them to positively grip the ends of the mica. The edges of the mica sheets are provided with serrations 18 along which resistance wire 19 is disposed as it is wound on the frame. To secure the ends of the wire, nuts and bolts 21 and 22 are provided extending through suitable apertures and one of the arms 14a or 16a respectively as to retain the ends of the wire, hold the wire taut, and at the same time form electrical contact with the retaining members 14: and 16.

I employ a novel and simple means for securing the framework to the base, effecting the necessary electric connections, and securing other advantageous results which will be apparent as the description proceeds. Prongs 23 and 24 are adapted to be secured to the outside face of the base 10, and they have flat right angular portions 23a and 24a each provided withv a pair of apertures 26 and 27. Similarly the members 14 and 16 are provided with apertures which are so disposed that they may be matched up with the apertures in the prongs. Apertures 28 in the base 10 are always positioned with their centers the same distance apart, and rivets 29-29 are employed to secure the retainin member 16 and the prong 24: to opposite si es. of the base 10 while also forming an electrical contact from the retaining member 16 to the prong 24. This alsohas the effect of securing the entire framework, carrying the resistance wire, to the base. To secure the prong 23 one rivet 31 is employed, this extending only through the base and the prong. Now in order to form an electrical connection with the'member 14 I employ a long bolt 32 which is surrounded by an insulatlng tube 33 and extends from one of the apertures in the member 14 through the base and with its end threaded into one of the apertures 26 and the prong 23. This bolt'thereforeserves a triple purpose of aiding and securing the prong 23 to the base, forming an electrical contact between the prong and the retaining member, and also aiding in strengthening the entire framework and holding the members let and 16 in proper relation.

The casing 11 is provided with perforations 34 which have the effect of permitting free circulation of air for cooling, and a cap 36 is provided also provided with perforations for cooling. The cylindrical portion of the casing has its edges meeting without overlapping, and joined together by spot welding as at 37. The cap 36 is also spot welded to the casing so that an extremely light but strong structure is obtained. At the open end of the casing projections 3838 and 39-39 are provided, the projections 38 being bent down considerably below the end edge of the casing, and all being in a common plane so as to engage the inside face of the base 10. The projections 39 are bent over to engage the out side face of the base 10 so that a quick and durable connection is obtained by the base and easing.

When assembled the device is handled as a unit, the plug connecting prongs being of standard type so that they may be connected to any standard type of receptacle. Such a receptacle is secured in the power pack, preferably in the incoming line, that is the primaryofthetransformer (notshown). Incase of any difiiculty whatsoever in the unit, either through burning out on account of encountering an unusually high voltage, or for other reasons, it is a very simple matter to replace the unit with a new one.

What I claim as new and desire to protect by Letters Patent of the United States is:

1. A resistance device for the purpose described comprising an insulating base, a framework secured to the base and consisting of two sheets of insulating material longitudinally slotted and disposed together at right angles to form four generally parallel edges, retaining members at the ends of the framework, said retaining members being formed of metal and extending entirely over the end edges of said insulating sheets, resistance wire wound on the parallel edges and having its ends connected to the metal retaining members, standard plug connecting prongs secured to the base, and means for forming electrical connections between the metal retaining members and the connecting prongs.

2. A resistance device for the purpose described comprising an insulating base, a framework secured to the base and consisting of two sheets of insulating material longitudinally slotted and disposed together at right angles to form four generally parallel edges, retaining members at the ends of the framework, said retaining members being formed of metal and extending entirely over the end edges of said insulating sheets, re-

sistance wire wound on the parallel edges and having its ends connected to the metal retaining members, a pair of standard plug connecting prongs disposed on the outside face of the base, one of said prongs being secured by rivets which also extend through the adjacent retaining member on the opposite side of the base and so serve to connect the framework to the base and also form an electrical connection to the prong, the other prong being secured by a long bolt extending from the other retaining member, through the base and threaded into the prong whereby the retaining members are partly held together, electrical contact made with the prong and the entire framework partly secured to the base.

3. A resistance device for the purpose de scribed comprising an insulating base, a framework secured to the base and consisting of two sheets of insulating material longitudinally slotted and disposed together at right angles to form four generally parallel edges, retaining members at the ends of the framework, said retaining members being formed of metal and extending entirely over the end edges of said insulating sheets, resistance wire wound on the parallel edges and having its ends connected to the metal retaining members, a pair of standard plug connecting prongs disposed on the outside face of the base, one of said prongs being secured by rivets which also extend'through the adjacent retaining member on the opposite side of the base and so serve to connect the framework to the base and also form an electrical connection to the prong, the other prong being secured by a long bolt extending from the other retaining member, through the base and threaded into the prong whereby the retaining members are partly held together, electrical contact made with the prong, the entire framework partly secured to the base, and a perforated metal casing secured to the base and surrounding the resistance wire and supporting frame, connection to the base being by lugs bent from the end edge of the casing to engage both faces of the base.

4. A resistance device for the purpose described comprising an insulating base, a framework secured to the base and consisting of two sheets of insulating material longitudinally slotted and disposed together at right angles to form four generally parallel edges, retaining members at the ends of the framework, said retaining members being formed of metal and extending entirely over the end edges of said insulating sheets, resistance wire wound on the parallel edges and having its ends connected to the metal retaining members, a pair of standard plug connecting prongs disposed on the outside face of the base, one of said prongs being secured by rivets which also extend through the adj acent retaining member on the opposite side of the base and so serve to connect the framework to the base and also form an electrical connection to the prong, the other prong being secured by a long bolt extending from the other retaining member, throu h the base and threaded into the prong w ereby the retaining members are partly held together, electrical contact made with the prong, the entire framework partly secured to the base, a perforated metal casing secured to the base and surrounding the resistance wire and supporting frame, connection to the base being by lugs bent from the end edge of the casing to engage both faces of the base and a tubular insulator surrounding the bolt between the retaining members.

5. A resistance device comprising an insulating frame, end members for said frame, means for spacing and supporting said end members comprising an insulating tube therebetween, a rod for holding the end members in engagement with said tube, a resistance element on said frame, said rod forming a conductor connected to one end of the resistance element.

In witness whereof, I- hereunto subscribe my name this 1 day of May, 1929.

HERMAN E. KRANZ.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2499575 *Jul 15, 1947Mar 7, 1950Bristol CompanySubmersible electrical resistance thermometer
US2510615 *Aug 15, 1949Jun 6, 1950Wittie William WElectric space heater
US2551039 *May 1, 1950May 1, 1951Nelson Oscar APortable electric orchard heater
US2643316 *Oct 11, 1951Jun 23, 1953Barber Colman CoResistance unit
US2904665 *Jun 18, 1957Sep 15, 1959Applied Radiation CorpVacuum trap
US3131763 *Dec 30, 1959May 5, 1964Texaco IncElectrical borehole heater
US3418620 *May 19, 1966Dec 24, 1968Army UsaHigh voltage low temperature resistance device
US5802969 *Apr 10, 1997Sep 8, 1998Eastman Kodak CompanyMethod and apparatus for transferring images onto a cup-shaped structure
US5997678 *Apr 10, 1997Dec 7, 1999Eastman Kodak CompanyMethod and apparatus for transferring images onto a tubular structure
US6041254 *Mar 5, 1998Mar 21, 2000Physio-Control Manufacturing CorporationH-bridge circuit for generating a high-energy biphasic waveform in an external defibrillator and further including a protective component that has both inductive and resistive properties
US6477413Nov 3, 2000Nov 5, 2002Medtronic Physio-Control Manufacturing Corp.H-bridge circuit for generating a high-energy biphasic waveform in an external defibrillator
US6963773Jun 26, 2002Nov 8, 2005Medtronic Physio-Control Manufacturing Corp.H-bridge circuit for generating a high-energy biphasic waveform in an external defibrillator using single SCR and IGBT switches in an integrated package
US6965796Mar 11, 2002Nov 15, 2005Medtronic Physio-Control Manufacturing Corp.Method and apparatus for self-test of defibrillation and pacing circuits including a patient isolation switch
US6968230Jun 26, 2002Nov 22, 2005Medtronic Physio-Control Manufacturing CorpH-bridge circuit for generating a high-energy biphasic and external pacing waveform in an external defibrillator
US7096062May 7, 2002Aug 22, 2006Medtronic Physio-Control Manufacturing Corp.Method for self-test of defibrillation and pacing circuits including a patient isolation switch
Classifications
U.S. Classification338/57, 219/520, 338/305, 338/221, 219/548
International ClassificationH01C3/20
Cooperative ClassificationH01C3/20
European ClassificationH01C3/20