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Publication numberUS1841364 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 19, 1932
Filing dateMar 28, 1930
Priority dateMar 28, 1930
Publication numberUS 1841364 A, US 1841364A, US-A-1841364, US1841364 A, US1841364A
InventorsCurrie Robert A
Original AssigneeDietz Co R E
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Torch or lamp
US 1841364 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Patented Jan. 19,1932 i 5 UNETED Bonner n-cnnnm or' syaaousn; new YORK, nssienon' To nfnlnrnrz'j c mm-"1;

New YORK, in Y.

'A p pli cation'filed march 28, 1930.;f sent nel-439, 48. f I; 5' "Ii-.5 4

This invention relates to lamps or torches; and more' improvementsfin torches ofthe sort that are employed,.for in-' stance, for lights. and as danger signals on: construction jobs and forotherout-of-door uses where; they are'expo'sed to the varying out door weather conditions, but'which are not provided with chimneysiglobesor'the like means commonly-employed in lamps: and lanterns for protecting the flame.

One object of theinvention is to. provide ao torch of this sort which willbe elfi'cient,nre-- liable and economical inoperation;

Other objects of the inventioniaretopro duce'a torch which will give the maximum light with the minimum. consumption offuel under the various different outdoor weather conditions; which is providedwith 'a' burner whlch will remain cool in operation; tLDdWlll insurea proper mixtureotaii-and gaseous fuel with a consequent improvement incombustion, a white-flame, and econorny inoperation; which will give a substantiallyrunobstructed or open flame during normal weather conditions, butnevertheless is adapted to'preventthe flame from being extingui shed bystrong winds, rain or snow {which 1s adapted to afford anexposed andlsubstam tially unobstructedflame under normal conditions, butris provided with a shield which can be readily adj usted when" necessary to protect the flame fromarainy which 'is providedwith a'movable rain: shield which can be readily positioned over the burner when desired to protect the flame fromrain and movedaway from its operativ e 'posi tioni-to, leave the fiamefexposed and zunoboperative -position over the burnep a 7 Another object-of the inve'ntionjis to prove torches; of the type mentioned, whereby.

setforth-in the claims; a;

isaid drawings they willhave the advantages features of improvement hereinafter described rand" The accompanying drawings illustrate we constructions exemplifying slightly different practical embodiments of my inventiong' lna .vFigq'l is a sideele'vation,"on'a reduoed' scale, of the upper portionof atorch show-E ing one construction oftherain shield,with the shield and the combined carryinghandle andrain shield support in operative position; v

, Fig-g2 is a similar view thereof showing the handle swung down with the rain shield out .Fig 3 is a sectional elevation thereof on line 3-3, Fig.1. i

Fig.14iis a sectional elevation thereof a lineL.'4-, Fig.3.

Fig. 5 isavplanview section, on line 55, Fig. 3;

Fig; 6 is a horizontal section thereof online b 66,;Fig.3." 7 a Fig. '7: is a fragmentary sideele'vation showinga slightly modified form of rain' I shield; u

thereof :Fig:c;8 is aplan' viewlof ther ainfshield showninFigfl. A If 10 represents the body or oilrec'eptacleiof the torch and 11 represents thetorch burner atthe topof the torch bodyx Thetorchbodyu may be ofvanysuitabl'e 'construction,lfor' innormally maintain thetorch in anupright sta e i y idea spheroidal sheetmetal re-t ceptaclewith a weighted bottom ada'ptedto 4 p'o sitionland to returnait to uprightposition in case the torch is turned over'orglgnockedg out of such'position. v

passage through which the usual. wick l2"ex-;

The torch burner isprovided withiav wick? tends with-its uppenfend exposed at'the upper end ofthe wick passage; fInthe con-fr 1 'structions shown, the burner comprisesa tubular shell orbodyi3iand a vertical wick 95' r a {shell 13, the jwiol; tube being-secured in a centralholelh intheibottomiwall l6 ,ofthe; r r a shell and inaeentral'hole-in a' disk-1f?- which nisf secured in the burner shell between-the ends thereof and forms thetop'iwallgoiithe a tube 1 L which disposed centrally injfthei burner. The wick tube may besecured in the holes in the shell bottom 16 and disk 17 by expanding the ends of the wick tube at the outer sides of the bottom 16 and top disk 17 orotherwise, and the disk 17 is shown as provided with adown-turned peripheral flange '18 which'fits tightly in theshell 13 against an internal shoulder 19 in the shell,

which prevents displacement of the disk in the shell. The'bu'rner may be secured in the torch body in any suitable manner, as for instance, by screw-threading the lowernend portion of the burner shell, whereby the burner is adapted to-be screwed into a threaded opening 20 in the top of the torch body.

indicates airingor sleeve which SUI: rounds and is welded, or otherwise-rigidly secured, exteriorly on the burner shell, and.

the lower end ofwhich provides ashoulder adapted to abut against the top face of the:

to'rchbody'to form a practically tight closure forthe burner opening 20 in the top of the body, which opening also serves as the opening forthe torch.

- The outer endof the wicktube 14 preter t-V ably extends somewhat above the top face of the vtopflwall 17 of the burner and the shell or body 13 of the burner'extends above the burner top 17 and above the outerend'of the wick. which, in its normal position, protrudes slightly out 01"? the upper end of the wick tube. The shell 13 thusrforins an opentopped tubular guard which surrounds the upper end of the wick andcwick tube and forms an open-ended combustion chamherin which the flame is protected from being ex-.

tinguished or blown out by strong winds, while nevertheless the upper end of this col-nbustion chamber is open and unobstructed so that the flame burning in this chamber can i extend out through the open top thereof illumination. (5

as to'burn: freely and give an open or exposed flame and produce .the maximum 22 represents holes through the burner shell 7 1.2}, there being preferably aplurality of these holes disposed arou-ndthe shell ina hori-- Zontal' row and spaced apart equidistantly with the bottoms of the holes .lo catedbelow end of the-shellor wind'guard. Since the upper. end of the wick tube" extends above the lower edges ofthe holes 22,the rain orwate'r .candririri freely out of the holes 22 and will not" accumulate on the burner top sufliciently v to rise above the top of the burner tube and wet the upper end of the wick/o extinguish the'flam'e."

' represents a rain shield 'which is mounted onthe torch so that it is adapted to be supported in a position above or over the burn r and spaced from the open, upper end of the burner shellljd, or to be moved to one side or away from this position over'the burner. Preterably this rain shield is carnee by a combined shield support and carrying handle; 24 for the-torch. As shown, the support or handle 24 is in the form of a U-shaped bail, theinner endsof the two'legs of which are bent inwardly at 25 and 26 and entendloosely through radial holes in the burner body-thus pivotally connecting the bail24 tothe burner; -One of the pivots, 26, ofthe bail is preferably-long enough-to project'through a hole'intheside of the wick tube and engage or penetrate somewhat the side of the ,wick and thus serves asa wick retainer for holding the wick in adjusted positions in the wick tube and preventing the accidental displacement of the wick from the burner.

' The rain sliield"- 23.;in the construction shown in; Figs. 1-5 consists of acircular diskwhioh extends horizontally-between the 3- 7 legs of the hail 24, is vprt-"rierably of slightly dome shape having a central opening 27 ,and ismorintedon the bail by; means of a slide orcross piece 28 on which-the'disk is'rigidly' secured by welding or otherwise, and which is provided at its. ends withloops or guides 29 slidably engaging thelegs'of the bail 24;

so thatthe cross piece with the rain shield can slide freely. upand down on the bail. The cross piece 28 may be madeof a piece of sheet metal which is suitably shaped by stamp'mg or otherwise, to provide the guides or-loops-29 at its ends, and preferably the central portion of the cross piece 28 is dis-' posed beneath the central opening 27 of the .rain shield disk and spaced downwardly away-from the-central portion'of the disk.

cThus the cross piece 28 forms abaflie below thesopening 27 of the rain shield, which prefrom falling on; the wickand extinguishing the flame,- whi lenevertheless the battle 28 does notlclose the opening 27 in the rain shield, toplface' of the burneri'top, and above the but permits "the fl ame from the wick to issue and burn through the opening '27and be seen above the-rain shield. f p Preferably the ;legs' of the bail vided with lugs or projections 30 :on which the rain shield uides" 29 are adapted to rest,

. whereby when-t e ba-il 24 is in its upright po- '53:

theupper end of thefshell so that theira-in shield can, be readily n'ioved into and out of its shielding position simply by swinging the bail and without the necessityofshifting the shield on the bail to clear the burner shell.

\Yhenitis not raining and the rain shield is not needed, thebaillis-swung=down to one s de out of its vertical position, and the rain shield is adaptedto slide outwardly on thebail to a position at one side of thetorch, as shown in F 1g. 2. v shield, it is simply necessary to swing the bail to its upright position and the rain shield can slide downwardly thereon until it rests on the lugs'or stops 30, and is thereby supported above the burner. V i a v v M The bail or rain shield support 24 can be re-i i leasably retained in its upright position by any suitable means, such as notchesa3li (Figs. Band 5) in the opposite sides'of the outturned top flange 82 of the burner shell 13,

into which'notchesthe legs'of the bailfare adapted to spring or snap when the bail; is in the upright position. The bail is preferably made of spring wire with anormal tendency for the legs to springinward-ly into holding engagement with the notches.

In the construction"llustrated in' 'Figsfq' and 8, the rain shield is mountedon the burner in the manner described, but instead of the disk which forms the rain shield having the" central opening, the shield is formedbya' disk 23aha'ving a pluralityof-circumferential slits and hayingthe portions 33 of the disk opposite the slits pressed upwardlj 'sothat the slits forma plurality of'flame openings 3-4: in the disk disposed-preferably equidis l: tant about the center of the disk; As in the case of the rain shieldjfirstdescribed, the cross piece 28 is preferably spaced downwardly from the underside of the. disk so that it will permit the flame to issue and burn"throughthe openings 34 m the rain shield andw1lla'et as a battle to prevent rain which may enter through these openings from "falling on the wick and extinguishing the flame. l 3 q I T he burner; s shownasproinded at one side thereof with a lug or'cam 35"W hiCl1'is Sof disposed that if the bail is swung down front its Jupright position towards the cam 35;;the leg of the bail having th'e' long pivot engage the cam 35 which will force the lower end ofthis leg outwardly and withdraw the pivot 26 from engagement with "the wield;

thereby freeing thewick-and permitting the same to be adjusted in the wick tube. This cam, which may be convenientlyformed by iii anoutbent lug onthe ring 21 of the burner,

When it is desired to=use the rain:

thus servesasia means forreleasingithe'.wick 1 reta ning p vot, from holding; engagement with the WICkWhGIl ltisidesiredto 1 nsert, re-

move oradjust-thewickj: i

p In the use of torches constructed as herein described, when it islno't necessary to shield the wick from rain, the rain shieldisleft' in g 7 its inoperative position shown in Fig. 2 at one side of the'torch awaylfroin the'burner; a The flame will then issue unobstructedly through '-tl1e;open top .of the burner shell and give the maximumflight. I The upper" portion otthe' tubular burner bodyo'r shell v1-3, ;-however,-'

acts as j a i Lguai'd. which :prevents the flame from being extinguished ,1 :by strong i winds; Sincetheupperend of'the combustion 'cham ber formed bythe burner'shell or windguard is open and unobstructed by atop, the burner will operate as anf-open. on exposed Yfiafne burner and will keep cooler," with the: result that .it-.;willproduce a whiter and therefore more brilliant 1ig1'1t, and'will consume-less oil than aub'urner in which the flame-is'confined' or obstructed acts, :to heat the burner more r x The reasori forzthis; it is belieyedfls that withgthe open fiameth'e burner operates under more natural:conditions, and there is a more perfectmixture with a consequent nnprovement' in combustion; The {cooler the i burner remains, the whiter will be the flame Y and'thelower'the consumption of oil. When I it is necessary-tofshield the "torch" from the -rain,--tl1e-:rain shield is moved to i its position over the burner. Theflame will then extend the-rain "shield. Rain can enter through these openings, but the baffle 28'between the openings and the top of the wick prevents the 106 rain ifrom. falling on and extinguishing the flame; The-frain will be either dissipated by 109 j V or burn through the' opening-o'r openings'in theheatof the-battle or it wlillbe sp'attered toj the sides and ruuofl' through the drain holes 7 inthesidewalllofzthe burnerbodyi n Iclairn-gu i i 1 Axtorch comprising a fuelireceptacle havinga passage for awick, a wind guard which surrounds the outer end of saidwlck passage and is; open atits outer endfor the egress of the fflamey'and a*rain shield which is sup-- ported above and spaced from the open outer.

end of said wind'guard, said rain shield hav ing an opening therethrough for the egress'of the flame, and a baifle arranged relatively to from rain,

A torch coniprising a fuel receptacle; a burner thereon comprising atube through I V which thefuel passes-tbzfee'd the flanie,' and' a tubular? shell surroiindin f and} projecting;

outwardly beyond .theouter end of saidtube, Y

said shell' having-anfopen outer end for the i iegr'iess;offthe flamefa walluconn'ecting said tube and-shellbelowythe outer'end of the-tube,-

and said shell fhayingi'one o'r-inore' holes therea;

said opening-jntheshield to protect the warwall to through disposed to permit liquid to drain ofi of saidwallthroughi said holes and.pre-:

vent the liquid from accumulating on said 7 the level oftheoutereiid of said tube.

i 3 A torch comprising I a fuel-i1"ecept: 1cle, f and'a burner therefor comprisinganupright tubular shell which is open. at its upper end for .the egress of the flame, a wick tube arranged within. and spaced. from .said shell" and terminating at its: outer end below the upper end 'ofsaidTtubularshell', and a. burner:

top extending from the outer end portion of 7 said lwick tube-t said tubular: shell," said tuhaving a passagethrough whiclrthe' fuel p assesto feed tl1e -fiaine,.a rain-shield, and a bula-r shell having holes.therethrough dis posed-in a horizontal 'row around said burner v and C()lIl11'lLlnlC2Ll 1ng withthe chamber 1I1 Sa1tl shell above saidburnertopp 1 4. 'A :torch comprising a fuel receptacle,

i and a burner therefor comprising an upright tubular :shell having an open upperend for the egress of the flame, a wick tube arranged within said-tubular shell and terminating.

below the outer endof said shell, andbottom and top walls connecting said shelland said wick tube respectively at the lower and upper .end portionsof said wick tube,*said tubularshell having holes therethrough 7 arranged in aZhorizontalrow and communicating with". --the'chamber in said shell above said topwall.

A torch comprisingya fuel receptacle support for the rain shield movably mounted on thetorch so as to 'move' t0 carrysaid rain shield into and away from an operative posi-' tion over theouter end of said fuel passage: 6-. A torch comprisinga fuelreceptaele having a passager'through" which the. fuel passes'to feed. the flame, awindiguard which surrounds the outer: end of said-'fuel 'passage and projects outwardly beyond the? samef'and has an open outer; end-for the egress of the flame, and a *ra-in'shield which is, inovably :8'., A, gtorch compris ng supported on the torch to move into:and away from an operative positionoversaid'fuelpassage and spacedfroin the outer'endzof sa d wind guard. i E

A torch comprising a fuel receptacle having a. passage ;tl1rough-,which the f'fuelz p passes to feedthe flame, a carryinghandle forsai'd torch, and a rainshield which is supported. by: said handle above the outer. end

of said fuel passage;

having a passage through whichQthe fuel passes-to. feed; the flame, a carryinghandle a zit'uelreceptacle same and. said burner...

ably mounted on the-torch and supported over the outer'end of said wickpassage and which is movable to carry said rain flshield to and from its position over the wick passage, said rain shield being movable on said support toward and from saidwick passage.

10. A torch comprising a fuel receptacle having-a Wick passage, a rain. shield, and a support for said ralnshield Wl11Cl1 1s adapted tion at oneasid of said wick passage, and

means for releasablyretaining said support in its uprightlposition. i y

. 1.1-. A torch. comprising a fuel receptacle havinga wick passage, arain shield, and a support for said rain shield'which is adapted to'stand in an upright; position and support said rain shield over said wick passage and is-movable out of said upright position to carry said rain shield to an inoperative position at one side of said wick passage, and a retaining device which is engaged" by said support'in the upright ipositionof said support for releasably retaining "said support in upright position.

12.- 'A torch comprising a fuel receptacle having a wick passage, a'- support which is movable-to and from an upright position, a rainvshield carried by saidsupport and held thereby over. saidwick passage when said support is in the upright position, said' rainv shield 'beingerriovable on; said support toward. and'from' said .wi'ck. passage, and a stop which limits the movement of: said rain shieldon said support toward said wick pas 13;A torchcomprising a fuel receptacle havingfapassage through which the fuel passes to feed the flame,.a carrying bail for said'ftorchpivoted thereto-to swing to and from an upright. operative-position, a rain shield'carriedb-y said pivoted, bail and adapted'to be su'pported' by said-bail over said fuel passa-ge, said rain shield having guides slidabl en a rin thele s of said bail wherebv b b 7 b .1

saidrain shield is movable on said bail toward and from said fuel passage- --14. A:torch comprising i a fuel receptacle, a. burner therefor-pa combustion chamber which surrounds the outer end of said burner and is open at its outerend for the egress of the flame, and a rain shield which is sup-ported above'saidi combustion chamber and. spaced from the-open outer .end thereof, said rain shieldhaving (anopening for the egress of the burner flame,'an d a baflle spaced from said opening.- in the rain shield. and between the ROBERT- A. 0 m.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3475109 *Mar 8, 1968Oct 28, 1969Louise P SaylesSuspended flare pot holder
US4269591 *Sep 21, 1978May 26, 1981Knoll William PHeater unit and container
U.S. Classification431/310, 431/353, 431/344
International ClassificationF21L17/00
Cooperative ClassificationF21L17/00
European ClassificationF21L17/00