Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS1842178 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 19, 1932
Filing dateFeb 15, 1930
Priority dateFeb 15, 1930
Publication numberUS 1842178 A, US 1842178A, US-A-1842178, US1842178 A, US1842178A
InventorsKempton Willard H
Original AssigneeWestinghouse Electric & Mfg Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Propeller
US 1842178 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

I as" of such propellers.

strip of material preferably of Patented Jan. 19, 1932 UNITED STATES P TENT" OFFICE WILLARD H. KEHPTON, BRIDGE POBT, OONNEGI'ICUT, ASSIG-N'OR TO WESTINGHOUSE mmcrarc a muracruame comrm, A conromrron'. or rmmsnvma rnorntmn Application filed February 15, 1980. Serial No. 49am.

My invention relates to propellers and has particular relation to atipping for the edges I am aware that a ti pin for protpellers has been proposed which uti izes a s ri of material embracing" the leading edges 0 the blades in which oppositely disposed notches have been made along the edges of the strip, but such propellers have not proven entirely satisfactor because the oppositely disposed notches de ned a region which is subjected to greater bending stresses than other oints and the ti ping cracks at the notches. lexing of the b ades and wear caused the edgesof the cracks se ents of the tipping were thrown off res ting in damage or destruction of the propeller. V i

An object of my invention is to provide a propeller tipping which will protect the edges of the b ades, particularly the leadin edge and which will permit any water whic ma collect under the tipping to escape.

other object of my invention, therefore,

is to provide a propeller tipping which is extremely flexible and which will not crack.

Another object of m invention is to provide a tipping which does not interfere in any way with the flexing of the propeller blade, which will not loosen from the propeller.

- In practicing my invention, I provide a metal such as chromiumsteel, alloy termed stainless? steel, a nickel alloy termed Monel metal, or the like, and cut' slots into the strip from opposite sides in alternate relation.

. My invention may be better understood by reference to the accompanayin drawings in which likenumerals indicate like parts.v

Figure 1 is a view of the tipping strip attached to a propeller blade. j

Figure 2 is a view of the tipping stri Figure?) is a view of the tipping strip with the secondary strip.

Figure 4 is a view of a modification of Figwhich is highly resistant to wear and ure 2.

Figure 5 is a cross section of'a blade with strip attached. a i o Referring to the drawings, my tipping may to curl so that ultimately one or more gered relation so that an piece being soldered or welded to the strip after the strip peller blade.

Elongated openings which preferably are made by saw-cuttin or slottingthe strip are has been applied to the pro to the edge with the\ slots 4 cut alternately from both sides or e'dges of the strip in stagtwo adjacent slots on one'side of the strip I efine a segment 5 of material with a slot 4a projecting into the segment from the opposite side substantially at the midpoint of the segment.

It may be seen that any two adjacent segments' are connected ment along the opposite edge of the strip.

The slots 4 may project inwardly only partway to the center line of the strip to constitute a segment of shallow U-shape (Fig. 2) or may project beyond the center line to constitutea segment of U-shape with a-deeper central opening (Fig. 4), so that the connected segments of t e strip itself constitute a sort of S-shaped structure.

A, The slots referably end in a slightly enlarged circu ar 0 enmg.6 to minimize the formation of cracl is, inasmuch as a square-or shar ly defined opening at the end of the slot wou d tend to" localize crackin of the tipping e tipping are prefermade in the edges'o the strip perpendicular to each other, by a segloo the blade may be done with the strip in place on the blade or the strip may be fastened to the blade in any other suitable manner.

Fastening of the strip to the blade is preferably accomplished by fastening the segments at either the outside end or the inner end by folding the segments over the blade, drilling the blade at the openings 7 and riveting the segments to the blade (Fig. 3). Adjacent segments are successively bent to conform to the propeller contour and fastened to the blade by riveting. After the entire strip has been riveted to the blade, the tipping and rivets are dressed down, as by filing, and the recesses at the rivets filled in by means of solder, or the like.

It may readily be seen that, if shallow slots are employed, the slots do not project over the edge of the blade (Figs. 1 and 2) but if deep slots are employed, the slots do project over the edge of the blade (Figs. 3 and 4). The first named arrangement is very flexible, by reason of the staggered relation of the slots, and the second arrangement is even more flexible, than the first, because bending occurs only in a flat portion of the strip which is fastened securely to the blade.

A propeller blade made according to the second arrangement may Wear slightly at points adjacent the slots where they pass over the leading edge of the propeller, but it has been found in practice that the slots may be made so narrow that suchwearing of the blade in use is negligible, probably because the shock of striking rain drops, sand and the like is absorbed by the edges of the slots. If desired, however, a second strip of material 11 may be placed underneath the tipping to protect the blade at the slots. This strip, if desired, may be fastened to the blade or to the tipping, but preferably is held only by placing it on the edge of the blade beneath the tipping and fastening the tipping over the strip to prevent it from becoming disengaged from w theblade. I

If desired, the secondary strip 11 may be located on the outside of the tipping strip.

The edges of the bifurcated members may be soldered or welded together to form a cover for the tip of the blade, and, if desired, holes 12 may be drilled radially into the tip to permit the escape of water which may collect under the tipping.

Water may also escape at any point along the edge of the tipping through the slots.

My propeller tipping is extremely flexible and does not readily crack. The tipping constitutes an excellent protection for the blade and does not interfere with the natural flexing of the propeller.

Although I have described specific embodiments of my invention, modifications may be made by those skilled in the art without de parting from the spirit and scope of my invention as defined by the appended claims.

means I claim as my invention:

1. The combination with a propeller blade, of tipping therefor, comprising a continuous strip embracing an edge of the blade, and spaced segments extending alternately from opposite sides of said. strip adapted to be secured to said blade.

2. The combination with a propeller blade, of tipping therefor, comprising a strip embracing an edge of the blade, the strip being provided with staggered slots extending from opposite sides of the blade.

3. The combination with a propeller blade, of tipping therefor, comprising a continuous sheet of material, having a series of staggered notches therein, forming a plurality of alternately laterally projecting spaced segments.

4. The combination with a propeller blade, of tipping therefor, comprising a sheet of material having an end piece adapted to be applied to the tip of the blade, a strip extending from said end piece adapted to embrace an edge of the blade, and spaced segments projecting in staggered relation from said strip bendable to conform to the contour of the faces of said blade.

5. A tipping for propeller blades comprising a sheet of material having a plurality of series of notches cut therein, in alternate relation, from opposite sides to constitute a row of spaced segments.

6. A tipping for propeller blades comprising a sheet of material having a continuous strip and a plurality of spaced segments projecting in staggered relation laterally therefrom.

7 A tipping for propeller blades comprising a sheet of material having a continuous strip, a plurality of spaced segments projecting in staggered relation laterally from said strip and a bifurcated end piece integral with said strip adapted to engage both faces of the tip of the propeller blade. 8. A tipping for propeller blades comprising a strip of material having saw cuts extending from both sides alternately toward the center of the strip.

9. The combination with a propeller blade, of tipping therefor, comprising a sheet of material, provided with indentations on both sides arranged in such a manner that connected segments are formed between adjaeent indentations on each side of the strip and an indentation extends from the opposite side of the strip into each of the segments so formed.

10. The combination with a propeller blade, of tipping therefor, comprising a strip of material embracing an edge of the blade and having elongated openings extending into the strip over the edge of the blade.

11. The combination with a propeller blade, of tipping therefor, comprising a strip of material embracing an edge of the blade andhaving saw-cuts with an enlarged circular opening at the top thereof extending in the strip over the edge of the blade.

12. A. tipping for propeller blades com- 5 prising a strip of material disposed in segments connected at the edges of the strip and laterally spaced from one another at the central portion of the strip.

13. The combination of a propeller blade u with a tipping therefor, comprisng a unitary strip of segments embracing an edge of the blade and another strip of material disposed along the edge of the blade beneath the strip of segments. 15 14. A tipping for propeller blades eom-v prising a strip of material for embracing the edge of a blade having slots extending alternately from the opposite sides, and past the center line of the strip. g0 15. A tipping for propeller blades comprising a strip of material for embracing the edge of a blade having slots extending alternately from the opposite sides, and past the center line of the strip, each slot ending '25 in an enlarged opening in the strip.

16. A tipping for propeller blades having elongated opemngs therein enlarged at their inner ends to minimize cracking.

In testimony whereof, I have hereunto sub- 30 icribed my name this 6th day of February, 930.

WILLARD H. KEMPTON.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2431184 *Sep 23, 1943Nov 18, 1947United Aireraft CorpComposite blade
US2561705 *Aug 8, 1942Jul 24, 1951Lochman Emil RPropeller and method of propeller manufacture
US2596818 *May 8, 1947May 13, 1952Piasecki Helicopter CorpRotor blade
US4097193 *Dec 17, 1976Jun 27, 1978Messerschmitt-Boelkow-Blohm GmbhElastomeric damping arrangement
US4667906 *Apr 2, 1985May 26, 1987Grumman Aerospace CorporationReplaceable tip for aircraft leading edge
US4728262 *Jan 22, 1986Mar 1, 1988Textron Inc.Erosion resistant propellers
US4895491 *Jun 17, 1988Jan 23, 1990Environmental Elements Corp.Fan blade protection system
US5165859 *Jun 26, 1992Nov 24, 1992Hudson Products CorporationLeading edge protection for fan blade
US5800129 *Nov 25, 1996Sep 1, 1998Eurocopter France S.A. Aeroport International Marseille-ProvenceBlade with shielding for enhanced protection against lightning, for rotorcraft rotor
US5863181 *Nov 25, 1996Jan 26, 1999Eurocopter FranceBlade with shielding for enhanced protection against lightning, for rotocraft rotor
US6102662 *Jul 15, 1998Aug 15, 2000EurocopterBlade with shielding for enhanced protection against lighting, for rotorcraft rotor
US6264430 *Jul 2, 1999Jul 24, 2001Abb Flakt OyEvaporating fan and its blade wheel
US6340288Jan 16, 1998Jan 22, 2002Abb Flakt OyHigh-pressure fan
US8459955 *Jul 22, 2009Jun 11, 2013Rolls-Royce PlcAerofoil
US20100054945 *Jul 22, 2009Mar 4, 2010Rolls-Royce Plc.Aerofoil
EP0776822A1 *Nov 26, 1996Jun 4, 1997Eurocopter FranceHelicopter rotor blade with reinforced shielding against lightning strike
Classifications
U.S. Classification416/224, 29/889.6
International ClassificationB64C11/20, B64C11/00
Cooperative ClassificationB64C11/205
European ClassificationB64C11/20B