|Publication number||US1842205 A|
|Publication date||Jan 19, 1932|
|Filing date||Apr 5, 1929|
|Priority date||Apr 5, 1929|
|Publication number||US 1842205 A, US 1842205A, US-A-1842205, US1842205 A, US1842205A|
|Inventors||Louis J Russell|
|Original Assignee||Louis J Russell|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (7), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Jan. 19, 1932. L. J. RUSSELL 1,842,205
Filed April 5, 1929 l I v I I I I INVENTOR. LIN/C5 J. fissaZL ATYTO EY Patented Jan. 19, 1932 PATENT OFFICE LOUIS J. RUSSELIQ, 0F RICHMOND HILL, NEW YORK BOX I Application filed April 5, 1929. Serial No. 852,623.
This invention relates to boxes for use in packing or wrapping articles of merchandise of various kinds and classes and particularly to boxes of this class for supporting independent packages so as to render one or more of the packages accessible; and the object of the invention is to provide a box of the class specified with a perforated'or weakened line extending entirely around the walls of the box so that in subjecting the portions of the box disposed at opposite sides of said side, to stress, the box will break or be severed along said weakened line, thus forming independent box members or parts giving access to the contents thereof; a further object being to provide aboxof the class specified .wherein the severing of the box along its weakened line will form thereof independent box parts containing independent packages of the merchandise contained therein without destroying the protection afl'orded by the box for each package whereby the disposal or consumption of the articles in one box part may be efiected without regard to that of the other part or parts; a still further object being to provide a box structure of the class specified wherein the separate box members will comprise tour wall members and one end wall member or if desired may constitute a complete box or closure; and with these and other objects in view, the invention'consists in a device of the class and for the purpose specified which is simple in construction, eflicient in use and which is constructed as hereinatter described and claimed.
The invention is fully disclosed in the following specification, of which the accompanying drawings form a part, in which the separate parts of my improvement are designated by suitable reference characters in each of the views, and in which Fig. 1 is a perspective view of one form of box which ll employ.
Fig. 2 is a sectional view of the box shown in Fig. 1, with the separate parts dissected.
Fig. 3 is a perspective View of a modified form of box showing the same partially dissected and illustrating a modified form of end walliclosure.
Fig. 4 is a perspective and sectional view of another form of box which I employ.
' Fig. 5 is a perspective and sectional view of another modification; and,
Fig. 6 is a plan view of the blank from which the box shown in Fig. 5 is formed.
In Figs. 1 and 2 of the drawings, I have shown at 10 a box of more or less conventional form, which is adapted to be subdivided into two box parts 10a and 105 by w breaking or rupturing the box along a perforated or weakened line 11 to produce the re sult shown in Fig. 2 of the'drawings, each part 1042/. and 10?; preferably containing a separate package or article of merchandise 35 12-12a, the package 12 being contained in the part 10a and the package 12a in the part 105.
The box 10 is of the collapsible type, the side Walls being collapsed into a fiat package. The ends of the box are closed by wide closure flaps 13 having tongue portions 13a arranged within the box, note Fig. 2, and smaller flaps 14 extend from the narrow side walls of the box and are arranged inward- 1y of the flaps 18. These flaps may be of the extendable type to give access to the end portions of the box, or may be glued or otherwise secured together to form permanently sealed ends. This will largely depend upon the nature of the articles wrapped or contained within the box.
j In the several forms of construction shown, especially in Figs. 1, 2, 3, and 5 of the drawings, the articles of-merchandise contained 35 in the separate parts of the box may be of any desired nature; for example,a structure similar to that shown in Figs. 1 and 2 may be used for cigarettes, the complete box 10 containing two cigarette packages Whereas in Fig. 3, T have shown a box of the type usually employed in packing crackers.
With this construction, each side of the box may contain separately wrapped stacks or bundles of crackers. However, the separate packages may contain a number of independently wrapped articles of a given bulk or size to divide the same into quarter or half dozens or into separate dozens as will be apparent, or in any other subdivision. At 1 0 this time, it will also be understood that any number of the weakened lines 11 may be employed to divide the box into two or more independent box members or parts.
The structure shown in Fig. 3 of the drawings is identical to that shown in Figs. 1 and 2 with the exception as to the cross sectional form of the box and the form of the end walls thereof, and like references witl designate like parts in all of these figures. The diiference in the end wall structure resides in the flaps 141-, which in Fig. 3 are fashioned. to form interlocking tongue portions 140; to assist in coupling and reinforcing the end wall structures of the box. This is an old and conventional box structure and forms no specific part of my invention, it being understood that the end walls 13-44: may be ex tended to give access to the box or sealed to the separate box parts to constitute a unit part thereof, the opening of the box being thus restricted to rupturing of the weakened line 11.
in Figs. 5 and 6 of the drawings, 1 have shown a slight modification of the box structure shown in Figs. 1 and 2, which consists in extending the flaps 13a of the end walls 13 inwardly to form inner supplemental end wall members 15 arranged in parallel relation to the walls 13 and abutting with respect to each other, the walls 15 terminating in flaps 15a insertable into the separate box parts 10a and so that in severing the box 10 along the weakened line 11, the resulting parts 100;10b will constitute complete box members, all walls of which are closed, the walls 15 forming the closure to the walls which would otherwise be opened as in Figs. 1, 2, and 3 of the drawings.
The articles of merchandise 12 and 12a; contained in the separate box parts mar-'10?) as shown in Fig. 5 may be removed by extending the walls 15. With this type of construction, it is not essential that the separate articles contained within each box part 10a10b be collectively wrapped, and this type of construction may be used practically in merchandising of comparatively small articles.
In forming the box shown in Fig. 5, a blank similar to that shown in Fig. 6 is used. It will be understood that the separate articles or packages 12-12a must be arranged within the separate box parts, before the outer walls of the box are sealed together. In carrying this about, the parts are arranged over the wall structure of the box 10 designated as 100, Fig. 6, with the walls 15 and fia 5 15a, in the position shown in Fig. 5, the wal 15 at one end of the blank thus formed abutting the other wall 15 on the perforated or weakened line 11 arranged centrally .of the wall100. One narrow slde wall 10d of the blank is then folded upon the line as, Fig. 6, and then again on the lines 902 to ees bring the wall 10@ upon the walls 13a and over the wall 100, after which the articles are placed into the separate box parts through the open side of the box proper, which is then sealed in position by gluing or otherwise securing the flap 10] tothc other foldable wall 10g.
In the above operation, it will be understood that the flaps 14 on the walls 10d-10g are folded inwardly into the end walls of the box structure. This type of a box will be more expensive than the other conventional forms but in view of the utility thereof, may be found practical and advantageous in many uses.
lln Fig. 4c of the drawings, if have shown another modification which difierentiates from the structure shown in Figs. 1 and 2 primarily in the location of the weakened or rupturable line. In this construction, a box identical in design 1 and 2, has a weakened, rupturable or perforated line 16 arranged adjacent one end wall of the box, or in other words, nearer one end wall than the other so that in removing the smaller section of the box, the larger section 16?) will contain the product or merchandise 17 in such manner as to expose the same through the open end of the part 166 as seen at 17a and the part 16a constitutes a closure or cover. In this construction, the end walls 18 are similar to the walls 13 shown in Figs. 1 and 2 of the drawings.
lit will be understood that my invention is not necessarily limited to the specific structural details herein shown, and various other types and forms of boxes as well as other uses thereof maybe made within the scope of the appended claims without departing from the spirit of my invention or sacrificing its ad antages.
Having fully described my invention, what if claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is:
1. A box of the class described comprising four side wall members, end wall members and a line of perforation extending entirely around the four side walls of the box intermediate the ends thereof to subdivide the to the box shown in Figs.
same into independent box parts by rupturing 1 lie said side walls along the line of perforation, and means integral with the separate box parts forming a closure therefor at the ends formed in the separation of said box parts.
2. A. box of the class described consisting of four continuous side wall members and end wall members, said end wall members having parts extending into the box adjacent one of the side wall members, said part-s meeting in abutting supplemental wall members arranged intermediate the first named end wall members and forming se arate box parts, and the four side wall mem ers having a weakened line arranged at the intersection of said supplemental wall members.
eaaaoe- 3. A box of the class described consisting of four continuous side, wall members and end wall members said end wall members having parts extending into the box adjacent one of the side wall members, said parts meeting in abutting supplemental wall members arranged intermediate the first named end wall members and forming separate box parts, the four side wall members having a weakened line arranged at the intersection of said supplemental wall members to form in separating said box on said weakened line, independent box parts having closed side and end walls.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my invention I have signed my name this 3rd day of April, 1929.
LOUIS J. RUSSELL.
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|US2983372 *||Mar 6, 1958||May 9, 1961||Westinghouse Electric Corp||Lamp container|
|US3047140 *||Jun 28, 1961||Jul 31, 1962||Diamond National Corp||Package for sphere-like articles|
|US3185373 *||Oct 17, 1961||May 25, 1965||James H Quest||Dispensing container|
|US20110192849 *||Jul 2, 2009||Aug 11, 2011||Cadbury Adams Usa Llc||Break apart packaging for consumable products|
|EP2321194A1 *||Jul 2, 2009||May 18, 2011||Cadbury Adams USA LLC||Break apart packaging for consumable products|
|U.S. Classification||229/235, 206/820|
|Cooperative Classification||Y10S206/82, B65D5/5475|