|Publication number||US1844064 A|
|Publication date||Feb 9, 1932|
|Filing date||Jul 9, 1924|
|Priority date||Jul 9, 1924|
|Publication number||US 1844064 A, US 1844064A, US-A-1844064, US1844064 A, US1844064A|
|Inventors||Miner L Hartmann|
|Original Assignee||Carborundum Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (4), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Patented Feb. 9, 1932 MINER L. HARTMANN, OF NIAGARA FALLS,
DUM COMPANY, OF NIAGARA FALLS, NEW
VANIA NEW YORK, ASSIGNOR TO THE CABBORUN- YORK, A CORPORATION OF PENNSYL- ABRADING Ho Drawing. Application filed July 9,
My invention relates to the art of grinding or abrading, and particularly to the treatment of grinding or abrading surfaces, the object being to greatly improve the grinding efliciency of said surfaces, to lengthen their life, and decrease the temperature of grinding.
My improvement is based upon the discovery that the action of such grinding or abrading surfaces can be greatly improved by providing them with a high pressure lubricant. By this term I mean a lubricant which has greater adsorptive properties in relation to the surfaces with which it contacts in the grinding operation than are possessed by ordinary lubricants, such as waxes, greases, oils, fats and resins.
To my knowledge, the question of adsorp: tion .has not arisen in this grinding art, and
my discovery is based upon the fact that when lubricants, which have adsorptive properties to a much higher degree than ordinary lubricants, are supplied to the'abrading surface, a great increase in the efiiciency results.
Among the materials which I have found to possess this property are fatty acids. In general, I believe that the desired efiect will be obtained where the lubricants are of a character having high adsorptive properties so and possessing residual chemical activities. These are usually present in what are now known in the art as fixed oils, i. e. oils which cannot be distilled without decomposi tion.
As the result of long experimenting on this subject, I believe that the highly adsorptive properties of the special lubricants which have found to be eflicient in this connection cause them to maintain a film between the surfaces of the cutting or abrading particles of the abrasive wheel or article and the ma terial being ground or abraded. For this reason, I have termed this class of lubricants high pressure lubricants, meaning thereby that due to their adsorptive properties they will wet the surfaces and maintain this film to a much greater degree than will any ordinary lubricants.
As a specific example of my invention, I
50 have dipped an ordinary SlllGOIl carbide grind- I acter of the abraded metal.
1924. Serial N0. 724,978.
ing wheel in oleic acid. The wheel may be quickly removed from the dipping bath and the surplus acid removed in any desired way. Continued use of such a wheel has proven that its efficiency is greatly increased. Comparing an untreated silicon carbide wheel with a similar wheel so treated with oleic acid, and operating upon the same grade of steel under the same conditions, the efliciency per unit of time has been increased about 7 0 per cent. In other cases the efficiency has risen above this. Furthermore, after continued use, the wheel shows less wear and no apparent deterioration in its efiiciency. This I again attribute to the high-adsorptive properties of this fatty acid. In a similar test I coated such a wheel with parafline and also with ordinary petroleum oil and found substantially no improvement in the efliciency of its operation. This I believe to be due to the extremely high pressures developed between the small areas of the cutting grains and the material being ground, which forces away ordinary lubricants owing to their low adsorbent characteristics.
In another case I took a grinding wheel made of bonded grains of fused crystalline aluminous abrasives which would remove about 2 grams of steel per minute. When treated with a small amount of oleic acid, I found it would remove about 6 grams per minute, this being an increase of about 200 per cent. The wear on the wheels is also very much less when they are so treated.
Also the action of the adsorbed high pressure lubricant is very apparent in thechar- In the case of the ordinary abrasive wheel, whether ordinary lubricants are used or not, the chips are short and many are of globular type and show partial fusion or oxidation, whereas with the treated wheel the shavings are of long thin thread-like type. The surface imparted to the material being ground is also of a much finer uality where the wheel has been so treate and the temperature of operation is reduced.
Instead of using the adsorbent lubricant by itself, I may mix it with an ordinary lubricant. For example, I may blend a low melting point high pressure lubricant of my type with higher melting point oils, waxes, fats or resins, either by emulsifying or by solution. This will also aid in reducing the amount of my lubricant thrown off in the rotation of a grinding wheel. In all cases there should, of course, be a material or substantial proportion of my improved type of lubricant in the mixture. The presence of a material amount of the high pressure lubricant seems to wet the surfaces treated due to its adsorptive properties.
Instead of treating the wheel prior to using it in the grinding operations, and preferably removing the surplus, the material may be applied in other ways. For example, I may intermittently or continuously press a stick or block of lubricant containing my high pressure lubricant against the surface of a revolving abrasive wheel during grinding, thus raising the temperature to a point where the surface portion of the stick liquefies and becomes adsorbed in the surface portion of the wheel. I may also in some cases continuously supply a liquid high pressure lubricant or a lubricant containing a certain proportion of it to the surface of the wheel during the grinding operation.
The invention may not only be applied to abrasive wheels, but also to abrasive coated paper and cloth or to loose abrasives. In fact, it is generally applicable to any abrasive operation.
The advantages of my invention will be obvious to those skilled in the art, since the invention increases the cutting efliciency, decreases the temperature, reduces the wear on the abrasive, and improves the efficiency of the article being treated. By reason of the high adsorptive properties ofa so-called high pressure lubricant of the type referred to erein, it will be retained within the pores of a rapidly revolving wheel and will spread over the abrasive particles rapidly enough to reform the surface film which has been ruptured before the full revolution of the wheel takes place even when the wheel is revolving at high speed.
While I have described only certain classes of materials as possessin this highly adsorptive property in connectlon with lubrication, I do not intend to limit cific classes in the broader claims, since I consider myself the first to discover the great value of high pressure lubricants having highly adsorptive properties in this connection.
abrading tool, g in treating the cutting face of a rigid abrasive tool having fixed abrasive ing a free fatty organic acid.
52. In the preparation of an abrading tool, the step consisting in treating the cutting particles with a lubricant compris my hand.
MINER L. HARTMAN N tool having fixed lubricant containamount of a free uncom-
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2768886 *||Jun 29, 1954||Oct 30, 1956||Norton Co||Sandpaper|
|US3454384 *||May 24, 1966||Jul 8, 1969||Naojiro Kumagai||Method of manufacturing graphite-bond grinding wheels for precision grinding|
|US5551962 *||Jan 23, 1996||Sep 3, 1996||Minnesota Mining Manufacturing Company||Abrasive articles and method of making abrasive articles|
|US5552225 *||Nov 17, 1995||Sep 3, 1996||Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company||Coated grinding aid particle|
|U.S. Classification||51/295, 51/304|