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Publication numberUS1847352 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 1, 1932
Filing dateJun 15, 1925
Priority dateJun 15, 1925
Publication numberUS 1847352 A, US 1847352A, US-A-1847352, US1847352 A, US1847352A
InventorsMcclatchie Stanley
Original AssigneeMcclatchie Stanley
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Silencing vacuum cleaners
US 1847352 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

March 1-, 1932. MC AT HIE 1,847,352 7 I SILENCING VACU UII CLEANERS Q Filed June 15 1925 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Attorneys March 1, 1932. McCLATQHIE 1,847,352

smmcme vacuum: CLEANERS Filed June 15. 1925 2 Shoots-Sheet 2 e 9 s Q.@

7 Q I mky/VcChtck e 122172221102- MQM Attorneys- Patented Mar. 1 1932 PATENT OFFICE STANLEY irecnnrcmn, or ammonium, GERMANY SILENCE G VACUUM CLEANERS Application filed June 1 5, 1925. Serial No. 37,082.

This invention relates to vacuum cleaners and has for its object the provision of a substantially noiseless cleaner or at least one which shall be operable with a minimum of noise. The essentials of a vacuum cleaner are a collecting nozzle, a pumping device, and a separator to free the dust from the air. The pumping device consists ordinarily of a centrifugal fan, direct-connected to the shaft of a high speed electric motor, and the rapid 1'0? tation of the same (ordinarily 8,000 to 12,000 R. P. M.) causes a piercing and intensely disagreeable whistling sound. This sound. is

- also increased to a small degree by noises originatingfin the motor itself, but by far the greater part of the noise originates in some manner in or near the fan and is carried out in greatest part by the escaping air and it is the prime object of this invention to sup-' press that noise without at the same time impeding substantially the air flow.

Vacuum cleaners ma be divided into two major types, namely, t at type wherein the dust is removed from the air prior to its ontrance into the pumping device, and that type wherein the dust and air are both passed through the fan and subsequently separated. My invention is equally applicable to both types of machines and consists essentially in passin the dust-free, but noise-laden air throug a sound damping device or soundfilt er so arranged as not materially to obstruct the air flow. It is also advantageous in a device of this character so to support the motor and fan (or fan casing) as to inhibit metallic conduction of the sound to the exterior of the casing.

In the drawings accompanying and forming a part of this application I haveshown certain typical forms in which my mventlve ideas are embodied, although it will be under- 1 stood that these drawings are intended merely to illustrate the general principles of my invention and not to limit me in any respect to any details of shape, construct on or arrangement. Fig. 1 is a central sectlonal view through one type of vacuum cleaner embody ing my improvements; Fig. 2 is a view partly in elevation and partly section showing my improvements as applied to adrfierent type of cleaner; and Fig. 3 is a greatly magnified sectional view of a portion of the dust ba shown in Fig. 2.

- he type of vacuum cleaner illustrated in Fig. 1 can be briefly defined as that, wherein circular partition 4. having a central aperture through which the air is drawn; and while the margin of this partition may be attached to the outer casing'in any suitable manner,

' I have here shown it as continued in the form of a cylindrical inner shell 5 spaced from the casing 1 so as to make a double wall, suitable rings, washers, or the like bracing members,

.6, 7', 8, of rubber or other sound-insulating. 7

substance, being interposed between the two. This inner shell 5 is also shown as having an open end covered by the closure 2 and forms a receptacle for a dust bag 9 having a suitable brim 10' engaged by said closure and making a tight joint therewith. For illus trative purposes I have shown this closure as held in place by hooks 11 only one of which shows in illustration, although any suitable device or arrangement could be employed; and I have also shown a wire frame 12 as positioned in the bottom of the receptacle for {:lding the dust bag away from the air outt. 1

Located upon the opposite side of the partition 4 from the dust bag is the pumping device for the air and the electric motor which drives it, and while a great many different detailed constructions can be employed within the scope of m invention, yet for certain practical reasons I have chosen and herewith illustrate a specific type of device containing certain refinements which are hi hly desirable but not essentialto the substantial enjoyment of my main invention. The end of the casing 1 opposite the closure 2 is formed with a de-' pressed neck portion 15 constituting a seat for a rubber ring 16 which constitutes the support for the cylindrical exterior 17 of one bearing of the electric motor 18. The partition 4 is likewise formed with a neck 20 forming a seat for the rubber ring 21 which in turn constitutes a support for the cylindrical inlet neck 22 of a fan chamber. This neck 22 merges with an outwardly flaring wall 23 which terminates in a rim 24 connected by arms 25 to the motor 18 so that the motor frame and fan chamber constitute one rigid assembly and are supported entirely by the rubber rings16 and 21. The.

motor shaft 26 carries a fan comprising essentially a disk 27 having suitable blades 28 on its face, the edges of these blades swinging closely past the flaring wall 23 of the fan chamber, the air escaping through the adjacent arms 25 and leaving the casing through suitable apertures 30. 1

Mechanical transmisslon of vibrations from the fan and motor to the cleaner casing, are

largely prevented by the rings 16 and 21, but

the greater portion of the noise created by a -vacuum cleaner is due to sound vibrations or transmit the same; the substance may be of vegetable, animal or'mineral origin. As examples of vegetable substances I will mstance cotton, kapok, hemp, 'ute, and sisal fibers, or even the finely shred ed wood product known as excelsior, while certain grasses can also be employed; as examples of animal fibers I instance wool and slaughterhouse hair; as examples ofmineral substances I instance fibrous asbestos, porous brick, etc. One of the best ways of using the substance .is to enclose the proper quantity thereof under suitable pressure between two layers of "screen cloth 31 and 32, forming a sort of filtering cell traversing the entire area of the air stream and spaced both from the motor and from the casing 1. In the present embodiment I have shown this screening as soldered at one'margin to a, metal ring 35 carried by the rubber ring 16, thevopposite margins of the screen cloth being soldered to a metal collar 36 which is detachably fastened to a c It will be understood that this sound filter can be constructed as a part of the outer casing itself and many other chan es made.

The most important feature of the oregoing device from the standpoint of the present invention is the employment of this sound filtering material somewhere in the air stream. The locationof this filterin material around the motor and its mode 0 support by the rubber rings 16 and 21 and the supporting ofv form density. The sound filter can readily be removed if it becomes dirty and may also be impregnated with disinfecting substances to kill germs which may lodge therein, but in general if any dust is fine enough to pass through the bag,- it will also pass freely through the sound-filter without contaminating or clogging the same.

In Figs. 2 and 3 I have shown my inventive idea as applied to a portable cleaner of the type having a casing comprising a fan chamber 40, nozzle 41 and motor housing 42 carried by suitable floor wheels 43 and moved about by a handle 44, the air displaced by the centrifugal fan 45 escaping by Way of the outlet neck 46 to a dust bag 47 suitably supported from the handle 44 by a connection 48. This dust bag consists of a layer of finely porous flexible cloth 50 having a cleanout opening at one end closed by a suitable clamp 51 and having its opposite end connected tightly to the neck 46, an internal sleeve 52 being often employed to prevent the contents of the bag from falling back into the fan chamber. To the entire exterior of this ha I apply a thick layer 53 of one of the soun absorbing substances heretofore described, preferably covered by a layer 54 of some loosely woven cloth or fabric of much greater porosity than the bag 50. The substance 53 is also of a highly porous nature and is held in place by numerous ties 55 reinforced if desired by washers or pads 56. It will be understood that the dust filtering function is still served by the innermost layer 50 of the most finely porous cloth. The porosity of the substance 53 and the layer 54 is much higher so that any dust which may pass the cloth 50 may continue substantially unimpeded and thus avoid contamination of or entanglement in the sound filter. Preferably a sli or cover 57 of porous washable material suc as dimity, lawn, percale, or calico is drawn over the bag exterior so that the same can always be kept clean and attractive.

It will be understood that in order. to explain my invention I have been obliged to describe certain physical embodiments which necessarily contain many features which are not essential to the invention itself, and also names that some features of the invention can 'be used with more advantage than other features. Accordingly I do not limit myself to the conjoint use of all the features herein described nor to any details of design, arrangement, material, or structure except as specifically recited in the annexed claims which I desire may be construed each independently of limitations contained in other claims.

10 Having thus described my invention what I claim is 1. The combination with the dust bag of a vacuum cleaner, of a sound filter consisting of a layer of interlaced fibers adapted to absorb sound vibrations from the cleansed air.

2. The combination with the dust bag of a vacuum cleaner, of a sound filter consisting of a layer of interlaced fibers secured to the outer face of the dust bag. v

m 3. The combination with the dust bag of a vacuum cleaner, of a sound filter com rising an outer covering of more runs clo and a between said bag an covering of mazy inter ced fibrous material.

35 4. The combination with the dust bag of a vacuum cleaner, of a sound filter comprisiafi an outer covering of more porous cloth uil thereto and a filling of may interlaced brous material between said bag and covering.

an h 5. In a vacllllum cleaner, a quilted dust avmg a wa comprising a mate and a covering, material, the filling of the guilted portion co of interlaced brous material having interstices larger as thanthe poresinthecoveringmaterial.

In testlmony whereof I hereunto afix my signature.

STANLEY MoCLATCHIE.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2582219 *Apr 1, 1950Jan 15, 1952Westinghouse Electric CorpSuction cleaning apparatus
US2624898 *Jun 16, 1947Jan 13, 1953Newswanger Thomas ACleaning apparatus for bowling balls and the like
US2629544 *Dec 17, 1947Feb 24, 1953Nash Kelvinator CorpRefrigerating apparatus
US2651383 *Oct 21, 1949Sep 8, 1953Jr Edward H YonkersSuction cleaner
US2684127 *Sep 1, 1951Jul 20, 1954Hoover CoSuction cleaner
US2691426 *Jul 19, 1952Oct 12, 1954Houdaille Hershey CorpAir cleaner and intake silencer unit
US2745512 *Aug 11, 1953May 15, 1956Osborn Ralph CVacuum cleaner
US2804166 *May 11, 1953Aug 27, 1957Electrolux CorpDust containers for vacuum cleaners
US2865465 *Jan 6, 1956Dec 23, 1958Landers Frary & ClarkVacuum cleaner
US3387433 *Oct 10, 1966Jun 11, 1968Torit CorpDust collector
US3596441 *Nov 26, 1968Aug 3, 1971Ernest W LundahlFiltering device for vehicle exhaust
US5242588 *Sep 26, 1991Sep 7, 1993Reese Ronald KFilter unit assembly
US7837875Aug 29, 2006Nov 23, 2010Eaton CorporationFluid filter
US20070108117 *Aug 29, 2006May 17, 2007Wim CallaertFluid filter
Classifications
U.S. Classification96/382, 55/380, 417/423.2, 55/382, 15/326, 15/DIG.800, 55/DIG.800, 55/DIG.300
International ClassificationA47L9/14, A47L5/28, A47L9/00
Cooperative ClassificationA47L9/0081, A47L5/28, Y10S15/08, A47L9/1427, Y10S55/03, Y10S55/08, A47L9/14
European ClassificationA47L9/00D, A47L9/14D, A47L5/28, A47L9/14