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Publication numberUS1847743 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 1, 1932
Filing dateDec 5, 1929
Priority dateDec 5, 1929
Publication numberUS 1847743 A, US 1847743A, US-A-1847743, US1847743 A, US1847743A
InventorsHilding Anderson Gustave
Original AssigneeHart & Hutchinson Company
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Radiator header and tube connection
US 1847743 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

March 1, 1932. G; gcm 1,847,743

RADIATOR HEADER AND TUBE CONNECTiON Filed Dec. 5, 1929 ..V m v 42 7 20 30 4 w Qvwwntoz awn/611472161050 3&{85 flbtoz/mu 4 Patented Mar. 1, 1932 GUSTAVE HILDING ANDERSON,

NT. OFFICE OF NEW BRITAIN, CONNECTICUT, ASSIGNOR TO THE HART & HUT'CHIN SON COMPANY, OF NEW BRITAIN, CONNECTICUT, A. CORPORATION OF CONNECTICUT RADIATOR HEADER AND TUBE CONNECTION Application filed December 5, 1929. Serial No'. 411,8 29.

This invention relates to radiators, and more particularly to a water-tight connection between a radiator tube and header, said connection being formed automatically within the interior of the header by the process of assemblingthe tube in the header.

One object of this invention is to provide a' radiator tube connection which will have no parts projecting beyond the end of the header and which will be hermetically sealed without requiring the use of solder, couplings, etc.

A further object is to provide a device of the above nature which will be simple in construction, easy and inexpensive to manufacture, and very eliicient and durable in use.

With these and other objects in view there have been illustrated on the accompanying drawings two forms in which the invention may be conveniently embodied in practice. 1

Fig. 1 repsesents a transverse sectional view of a fin-type tubular radiator embodying the invention. I j

Fig. 2 is a fragmentary sectional view on an enlarged scale of one end of a radiator header showing the shape of the interior boss for surrounding and supporting the end of the tube.

Fig. 3 is a fragmentary view similar to Fig. 2, showing the tube and spreading ferrule in their final condition after thejoint has been formed. I

Fig. 4 is a fragmentary sectional View in elevation, showing the ferrule located in the end of the radiator tube preparatory to in sertion in the header.

Fig. 5 is a view in elevation, taken at rightangles to the view shown in Fig. 4, of the tube-spreading ferrule, prior to its insertion in the end of the tube.

Fig. 6 is a fragmentary view similar to Fig. 3, showing a modified form of the in-.

vention in which a projection on the header takes the place of the ferrule.

In the manufacture of tubular radiators in the past, it has been necessary, in order to flange over or expand the ends of the tubes, to have said ends exposed or accessible from the exterior. In some cases this was accomplished by providing a removable section or bular radiator has been produced in which it is unnecessary to provide removable covers for or to cut openings in the outer wall of the header, the tubes being hermetically sealed within the openings in the inner wall of the header automatically and without the use of any tools.

eferring now to the drawings in which like reference numerals denote corresponding parts throughout the several views, the

numerals 10 and 11 indicate respectively a pair of headers forming the ends of the radiator, said headers being joined by a plurality of tubes 12. The inner wall 13 of each header has a plurality of openings arranged in rows for receiving the tubes 12, and each opening is reinforced within the interior of the header by a tapered boss 14. As more clearly shown in Figs. 2 and 3, each boss 14 has aninner cylindrical passage 15 adapted to form a driving fit on said tube 12 and a tapered outer passage 16 to facilitate the ready insertion of the tube 12 into the header. Theouter walls 17 of the headers 10 and 11 are free from openings or protuberances of any kind.

In order to permit the circulation of a suitable heating fluid, such as steam or hot water, through the radiator, the headers 10 and 11 are provided at their ends with inlet and outlet openings 18 and 19, said openings 18 and 19 being 'iitted with suitable pipes, not shown.

' In order tocause the end of the each tube 12 to be spread outwardly about the inner edge of the corresponding boss 14, when the radiator is being assembled, provision is made of an expanding tubular ferrule20, which is adapted to be inserted in the end of each tube 12. Each ferrule 20 is cutaway at its outer edge to formopposed slots 21 and 22, whereby free circulation of the heating fluid from the headers into the tubes is ,f; automatically spread said ends when the Q is not to be limited to ed to fit snugly within the interior of the tube 12, as clearly shown in Figs. 3 and 1.

Partition In operation, when it is desired to assemble the radiator tubes 12 in the headers andll, the ferrules will first be inserted into the ends of said tubes, as shown in Fig. l. The tubes 12 and ferrules 20 will next be inserted through the openings in the inner sides 13 of the headers 10 and-11 until'the ferrules 20 strike the inner sides ofthe outer walls 17 of said headers. Theradiators will then be placed within a press or other apparatus capable of exerting a compressive force upon the headers 10 and 11 for forcing them toward one another until the intermediate shoulders on the ferrules 20 expand the ends of the tubes 12 from the condition shown in Fig. v-il to the condition shown in Fig. 3. r

The tubes 12 will thus be locked within the headers 10 and 11 by the interior flanges 24 thus formed, and water-tight joints will be produced without the use of solder, couplings, ments.

In the modified form of the invention shown in Fig. 6, no ferrule is employed, but instead, the inside of the outer wall 17 of the header is provided with a plurality of integral projecting plugs 25, one of which is located opposite the position of each tube 12. Each of the plugs 25 is provided with a T-shaped passage 27 for permitting the circulation of heating fluid therethrough. Moreover, the construction is strengthened somewhat by providing outer bosses 26 on the inner face 13 of the header for surrounding the tubes 12. The operation of this form of the invention is similar to that of the first form.

While there have been disclosed in this specification two forms in which the inven-, tion may be embodied, it is to be understood that these forms are shownfor the purpose of illustration only, and that the invention the specific disclosures but may be modified and embodied in various other forms without departing from its spirit. In short, the invention includes all the modifications and embodiments coming within the scope of the following claims.

Having thus fully described the invention, what is claimed as new, and for which it is desired to secure Letters Patent, is:

1. In a radiator, a pair of headers, a plurality of tubes for connecting said headers, each of said tubes having a tapered tubular ferrule inserted in each end for engaging the inside of the outer walls of said headers to expanding tools, or other instru-,

headers are forced together, and thereby form water-tight joints.

2. In a radiator, a header having an opening in the inside wall thereof, atube passing through said opening, and tube-spreading means located in the end of said tube for engagement with the inside of the outer wall of said header, whereby when the tube is forcibly driven into said header, the end of said tube will be enlarged to form a water-tight joint with said header. I

3. In a radiator, a header having an opening in the inside wall thereof, a tube passing through said opening, and a tube-spreading ferrule. located in the end of said tube for engagement with the inside of the outer wall of said header, whereby when the tube is forcibly driven into said header, the end of said tube will be enlarged to form a water tight joint with said header.

1. In a radiator, a header having an opening in the inside wall thereof, a tube passing through said opening, and a tube-spreading ferrule located in the end of said tube for engagement with the inside of the outer wall of said header, whereby when the tube is forcibly driven into said header, the end of said tube will be enlarged to form a. watertight joint with said header, said ferrulehaving an opening in its outer end to permit the circulation of a heating fluid therethrough.

5. In a radiator, a header having an opening in the inside wall thereof, a tube passing through said opening, and a tube-spreading ferrule located in the end of said tube for engagement with the inside of the outer wall of said header, whereby when the tube is forcibly driven into said-lieader,-the end of.

said tube will be enlarged to form a watertightjoint-with said header, said ferrule having a plurality of openings in its outer end to permit the circulation of a heating therethrough.

6. Ina radiator, a hollow header having parallel inner and outer sides, said inner side havin an opening for a tube, an inwardly pro ecting boss surrounding and reinforcing said opening, a tube projecting through said opening and boss, a shouldered tubular ferfluid,

rule in said tube, said tube having its inner end enlarged by" driving it against said ferrule to form a water-tight locking flange.

' 7. In a radiator, a hollow header having an opening in one side, a tube extending through said opening, a tubular spreading ferrule in the end of said tube, said tube having a flange formed by forciblydriving it against said ferrule for sealing and looking it in position.

8. In a radiator, a hollow header having an opening in the side, a. tube extending through said opening, av tubular spreading ferrule in the end of said tube and adapted to abut against the inside of the outer wall of said header, a boss surrounding and reinforcing the interior of said opening, said tube having a flange formed by forcibly driving said tube into said header.

he process of making a Water-tight connection between a radiator tube and a hollow header which comprises inserting a tubular spreading ferrule in the end of said tube, placing the end of said tube and ferrule through an aperture 1n said headerwithlthe ferrule abutting against the inside of the outer wall of said header, and applying pressure upon said tube to spread the end thereof into contact with the edge of said aperture.

10. In a radiator, ahollow header having parallel inner and outer sides, said inner side having an opening for a tube, an inwardly projecting boss surrounding and reinforcing said opening, a tube projecting through said opening and boss, an expanding member within said header in alinement with said tube, said tube having its inner end enlarged by driving it against said expanding member to form a water-tight locking flange.

11. In a radiator, a header having an opening in the inside wall thereof, a tube passing through said opening, and tube-spreading means within said header located in alinement with the end of said tube for engagement with the inside of the outer wall of said header, whereby when the tube is forciblydriven into said header, the end of said tube will be enlarged to form a Water-tight joint with said header.

12. In a radiator, a hollow header having an opening in one side, an inside boss surrounding and reinforcing said opening, a tube extending through said opening, a tubular spreading ferrule in the end of said tube, said tube having a flange formed by forcibly squeezing it between said ferrule and boss for sealing and locking it in position.

In testimony whereof I have affixed my signature to this specification.

GUSTAVE HILDING ANDERSON.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2986454 *Jul 23, 1957May 30, 1961American Cyanamid CoTubular catalytic converter
US3132691 *Feb 6, 1959May 12, 1964Babcock & Wilcox CoHeat exchanger construction and thermal shield therefor
US3213931 *Jul 21, 1961Oct 26, 1965Modine Mfg CoRadiator overflow system
US5540278 *Jun 1, 1995Jul 30, 1996Sanden CorporationHeat exchanger
US6142217 *May 5, 1998Nov 7, 2000Valeo Klimatechnik Gmbh & Co., KgMotor vehicle flat tube heat exchanger with flat tubes retained on collars of a tube bottom
US6302193Dec 23, 1997Oct 16, 2001Calsonic Kansei CorporationCondenser assembly structure
US6546997Aug 15, 2001Apr 15, 2003Calsonic Kansei CorporationCondenser assembly structure
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US7426955 *Feb 4, 2005Sep 23, 2008Calsonic Kansei CorporationCore structure of heat exchanger
US7461685 *Nov 21, 2006Dec 9, 2008Denso CorporationHeat exchanger
US7461689 *Jun 1, 2004Dec 9, 2008Modine Manufacturing CompanyThermal cycling resistant tube to header joint for heat exchangers
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US9309839Sep 21, 2012Apr 12, 2016Modine Manufacturing CompanyHeat exchanger and method of manufacturing the same
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US20110226222 *Mar 18, 2011Sep 22, 2011Raduenz Dan RHeat exchanger and method of manufacturing the same
CN100585318CNov 22, 2006Jan 27, 2010株式会社电装A heat exchanger
EP0622599A2 *Apr 26, 1994Nov 2, 1994Sanden CorporationHeat exchanger
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EP0851188A3 *Dec 22, 1997Jul 22, 1998Calsonic CorporationCondenser assembly structure
WO1998050749A1 *May 5, 1998Nov 12, 1998Valeo Klimatechnik Gmbh & Co. KgMotor vehicle flat tube heat exchanger with flat tubes retained on collars of a tube bottom
Classifications
U.S. Classification165/76, 165/174, 165/178
International ClassificationF28F9/04, F28F9/16, F28D1/053, F28D1/04, F28F9/26
Cooperative ClassificationF28F9/167, F28F9/262, F28D1/05333
European ClassificationF28F9/16C2, F28F9/26B, F28D1/053C6