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Publication numberUS1847823 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 1, 1932
Filing dateAug 23, 1929
Priority dateAug 23, 1929
Publication numberUS 1847823 A, US 1847823A, US-A-1847823, US1847823 A, US1847823A
InventorsDresser Frank A
Original AssigneeDresser Frank A
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Leg brace
US 1847823 A
Images(1)
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

March 1, 1932. DRESSER 1,847,823

LEG BRACE Filed Aug. 23, 1929 Ilium: NW

Patented Mar. 1, 1932 FRANK A. DRESSER, OI BURLINGTON, VERMONT LEG BRACE Application filed August 88, 1929. Serial No. 887,852.

This invention relates to braces of the articulated type, and it has especial reference to a leg brace, includin means for holding the brace rigid at the joint and preventing 5 articulation, except when the user is desirous of moving the sections of the brace on the pivot, as in the act of sitting or rising.

It is an object of this invention to produce mechanism which may be termed a lock for holding the sections of a brace against movement, the same being associated with novel means whereby the lock may be operated or manipulated to allow free movement of the sections of the brace or returned to operative position where the lock will be effective to hold the brace. Through the employment of the invention, a brace can be constructed b j the use of duralumin or other metal lig ter than steel and rendered stronger and more rigid so that it is less liable to impairment.

It is a further object to produce a brace which can be conveniently manipulated and which will prove efiicient in operation. It has also been found in practice that through the em loyment of the invention, the knee joint a brace of this character may be provided with a shield which will prevent wear on the clothes of a user, and that both the inner and outer members of the brace may be strengthened to increase its rigidity.

With the foregoing and other objects in view, the invention consists in the details of construction, and in the arrangement and combination of parts to be hereinafter more fully set forth and claimed.

In describing the invention in detail, reference will be had to the accompanying drawings forming part of this application, wherein like characters denote corresponding parts in the several views, and in which Figure 1 illustrates a view in elevation of a brace embodying the invention, it being understood that the bracing element of like construction to that shown in this figure is associated with it on the other side;

Figure 2 illustrates an inner side view of one of the joints and braces with parts associated with it;

Figure 3 illustrates a perspective view of elements of the joint lock;

Figure 4 illustrates a view in elevation of the joint and lock in a different position from that shown in Figure 1; and

Figure 5 illustrates an edge view of the brace members and plates and the joint between them.

In these drawings, 5 and 6 denote the upper and lower stays or bracing elements of a race. The manner of using these in association with means for attaching the brace to the user is conventionally shown, but need not, it is throught, be described in detail, since these may be changed to suit particular requirements and the invention has especial reference to that part of the illustration associated with the joint between the said stays 5 and 6.

In the present embodiment of the invention, the outer surface of the stay 6 is provided with a plate 7 of somewhat irregular configuration, but its shape as to that part which is applied to the staymay. be changed to suit particular requirements. It may be secured to the stay by fastenings 8, such as r vets or the like, and, under certain conditions, the joint between the plate and the stay may be maintained by welding processes, but these are matters which may be changed to suit conditions of manufacture. The stays have overlapping extensions 9 and 10, respectively, which are apertured to receive a pivot 11, and the plate 7 has an aperture 12 in line with those of the said extensions, through which the pivot extends.

The stay 5 has-a plate 13 secured to it on its inner surface in substantially the manner described with respect to the securing of the plate 7 to the stay'6 and it has an a erture 14 into which the pivot 11 extends. y reason of the construction just described, the plates 7 and 13 tend to reinforce the stays 5 and 6 and strengthen the joint between them.

The plate 7 has an extension 15 which terminates at one side and below the pivot 11 and it has a pivot 16 at its outer end by which a toggle link or lever 17 is oscillatablg connected to the extension of the plate 7.

on a pivot 24 and the toggle 17 is provided with a pin 25 which, when the parts are in certain position, abuts the edge of the toggle 18 at or about the location indicated by t e numeral 26, thus limiting the movement of the toggles with relation to each other in one direction. The pin is also enga ed mechanism, as will be presently exp ain for breaking the joint of the lock by which the stays are held against movement. The

inner surface of the extension 15 of the plate 7 has a pin or lu 27 which is engaged by a shoulder 28 on t e edge of the toggle 17 which serves to limit the movement of the stays 5 and 6 as they are swung on their pivot in theldirection shown by the arrow,

gure 4. In other words, upon slight additional movement of the member in the direction of the arrow in Fig. 4, the shoulder 28 will abutithe pin and arrest the move- 3 ment in that direction.

When the parts of the invention are in the positions in which they are illustrated in Figure 1 the relations of the parts are such that the pivot 24 has passed the axes of the pivots 16 and 22, the. edge 29 of the toggle 18 has engaged an edge of the stay 5 and the pin 25 has engaged the surface 26 of the toggle 18 so that the parts .are prevented from further movement and the joint between the sta s is locked.

order to rovide convenient means for breaking the oint of the lock, a lever 30 which embraces the rear of the leg of the user is oscillatably mounted near its ends on pivots, such as 31.- that are applied to aperturesysuch as 32, in extensions, such as 33, of the respective toggles 18, one of which, of course, is on each side of the leg, and the lever has a camming projection 34 at each end en ging one of the pins 25. The user of the race may cause the movement of the brace b bracing it against a chair seat or other 0 ject when in the act of sitting or bending the knee in a manner to raise the rear part of the lever and force the inner ends of the lever downwardly, a condition which will result in moving the toggles on their pivots 16, 22 and 24 so that the pivot 24 passes the axes of the pivots 16 and 22 and permits the stays 5 and 6 to be moved, as shown in Figure 4, whereas when the-stays are returned to their normal operative position, the parts of the lock will automatically M return to position to act as a lock to prevent breaking of'the joint between the stays.

A further means for manipulating the lever is shown in the drawings and it consists of an element 35, such as a strap, which may be connected to the lever at the rear of the leg and by pullin on the upper part of the stra the lever wi 1 be manipulated to break the oint of the lock. 1

The elements of the lock are held in operative position to act as a look by a s ring or springs 36 which may be connecte to the pivot 31 or to another part of the lock structure, the said spring being anchored to a le belt 37, as fully shown in Figure 1.

t is observed from an inspection of the drawings that the members 17 and 18 operate in planes parallel with each other and they are substantially contiguous so that they oc-- cupy comparatively small space when they are in operative position.

I claim:

1. In a lock for braces, brace members pivotally connected together, a plate secured to a member above the pivot, a plate secured to the other member below the pivot, a members being mova 1e past the axes of the pivots by which said members are connected to the plates, alever pivotall mounted on one of the last mentioned mem rs and operative in conjunction with the other of said last mentioned members for oscillating the said members on their pivots, means for limiting mentioned members in one direction, and means for limiting the movement of the last mentioned members in the opposite direction.

2. In a lock for braces, brace members pivotally connected together, a'plate secured to a member above the pivot, a plate secured to the other member below the pivot, a member pivoted on the first named plate, a member pivoted on the second named plate, means for ivotally connecting the last mentioned mem rs together between the locations of their pivots with the plates, the axis of the pivot connectin said last mentioned members being movzi b ots by which said members are .connected to the one of the last mentioned members and o last mentioned members for oscillating the said members on their pivots, means 'for holding the said lever in one adjusted position, means for limiting the movement of the pivot between the last mentioned members in one direction, and means for limiting the movement of the last mentioned members in the opposite direction.

3. In a lock for braces, brace member's pivthe movement of the pivot between the last le past the axes of the pivplates, a lever pivotally mounted on m erative in conjunction with the other of said otally connected together, a plate secured to a member above the ivot, a plate secured to the other member be ow the pivot, a member pivoted on the first named plate, a member pivoted on the second named plate, means for pivota-lly connecting the last mentioned members together between the locations of their pivots with the plates, the axis of the ivot connectin said last mentioned memrs being mova 1e past the axes of the pivots by which said members are connected to the plates, a lever pivotally connected to one of the last mentioned members, an abutment on the other of said last mentioned members adapted to be engaged by the lever whereby movement of the lever causes the said last mentioned members to oscillate on their pivots, means for limiting the movement of the pivot between the last mentioned members m in one direction, and means for limiting the movement of the last mentioned members in the opposite direction.

4. In a lock for braces, brace members pivota-lly connected together, a plate secured to the side of the member above the pivot, said plate having an extension, a plate secured to the side of the other member below the pivot and extending parallel with the first mentioned plate said plate having an extension, a member pivoted to the first mentioned extension, a member pivoted to the second mentioned extension, a freely movable pivot connecting the last mentioned members between the pivots of the said extensions, the axis of the pivot between the said members being movable past the axes of the ivots of the extensions, means for limiting t e movement of the pivot between the last mentioned members in one direction, and manually operated 40 means for moving the last mentioned members on their pivots.

5. In a lock for braces, brace members pivota-lly connected together, a plate secured to the member above the pivot and at the side '48 thereof at the end of the pivot, said plate having an extension, a plate parallel with the first mentioned plate secured to the othermember below the pivot and at the side thereof at the end of the ivot, said plate having an extension, a mem r pivoted to the first mentioned extension, a member ivoted to the second mentioned extension, a reely movable pivot connecting the last mentioned members between the ivots of the said extensions, the axis oft e pivotbetween the said members being movable past the axes of the pivots of the extensions, means for limiting the. movement of the pivot between the last mentioned members in one direction, .9 manually operated means for moving the last mentioned members on their pivots, and a spring for causing the joint to automatically look. a FRANK A. QRESSER.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2433570 *Nov 25, 1944Dec 30, 1947American BracesLeg brace knee lock
US2632440 *Dec 17, 1947Mar 24, 1953Hauser John MLeg brace joint and lock
US2690176 *Sep 8, 1952Sep 28, 1954Nelson Kurt BSpreader for leg braces
US2724256 *Jun 11, 1951Nov 22, 1955Wayne BezonaLeg iron
US4166460 *Sep 19, 1977Sep 4, 1979Surgical Appliance Industries, Inc.Ankle protector
US4214577 *Feb 27, 1978Jul 29, 1980Hoy Mansell IOrthosis for exercising joint
US4456003 *Mar 3, 1982Jun 26, 1984The Muscular Dystrophy Association Of CanadaFor persons whose legs are weak or unstable
US4961416 *Jun 12, 1989Oct 9, 1990Orthopedic Systems, Inc.Knee brace
US5036837 *Feb 9, 1990Aug 6, 1991Bio-Tec, Inc.Dynamic extension splint
US5201776 *Oct 15, 1991Apr 13, 1993Hugh Steeper LimitedOrthopaedic and prosthetic joint
US5314498 *Mar 28, 1991May 24, 1994Gramnaes FinnArtificial toggle joint
US5399154 *Jun 30, 1993Mar 21, 1995Empi, Inc.For applying torque to a joint undergoing rehabilitative therapy
US5437619 *Mar 4, 1994Aug 1, 1995Empi, Inc.Range-of-motion splint with eccentric spring
US5472410 *Apr 22, 1994Dec 5, 1995Deroyal/Lmb, Inc.Adjustable flexion and extension joint orthoses
US5520627 *Feb 3, 1995May 28, 1996Empi, Inc.Range-of-motion ankle splint
US5571078 *Jun 7, 1995Nov 5, 1996Empi, Inc.Range-of-motion ankle splint
US5658241 *May 17, 1995Aug 19, 1997Ultraflex Systems, Inc.Multi-functional dynamic splint
US5683353 *Nov 29, 1995Nov 4, 1997Deroyal/Lmb, Inc.Adjustable flexion and extension joint orthoses
US5759165 *Feb 7, 1996Jun 2, 1998Empi, Inc.Forearm supination range-of-motion orthosis
US6936020Dec 31, 2003Aug 30, 2005Perry H. DavisOrthopedic splint
US8100844Nov 15, 2006Jan 24, 2012Ultraflex Systems, Inc.Ambulating ankle and knee joints with bidirectional dampening and assistance using elastomeric restraint
US8123709Apr 13, 2009Feb 28, 2012Ultraflex Systems, Inc.Ambulating knee joint
Classifications
U.S. Classification403/83, 403/145, 623/43, 403/85, 623/32
International ClassificationA61F5/01
Cooperative ClassificationA61F5/0102
European ClassificationA61F5/01D