US 1849497 A
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March 15, 1932. P. MAZER DEVICE FOR TREATING FABRTCS AND THE LIKE Filed March 4, 1931 2 Sheets-Sheet INVENTOR P1114 IP A7425 7%MW A TTORA/E V March 15, 1932. P. MAZER DEVICE FOR TREATING FABRICS AND THE LIKE Filed'March 4, 1931 2 Sheets-Sheet i a 4 7 i r 7 f R 0 E W N 5 m T. W W m m P Patented Mar. 15, 1932 I I I v UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE Application filed March 4, 1931. Serial No. 520,000;
My invention relates to material and demerely grasped by suitable means at the two vices adapted to be used for restoring to a ends thereof and twisted over and over again cloth or fabric the original dull finish that it until the elongated body has been spun into has lost by acontinued abrasion of its surface the form of a rope of steel wool. Such rope after dust or other dirt particles have 001- of steel wool is then secured, in the manner 55 lccted thereon. In its broadest aspect, the to be described, to the hollow cylinder which invention comprises the provision of a mais to be slipped over the drum of the apparatus terial for effecting this result in a form and shown in said copending application, or to in combination with means of operation any other supporting body, for instance, a-
which is as eflicient in its use as it is simple in brush structure, also hereinafter described. 60 form. More particularly, the invention conar ic lar embodiments of my invention templates the provision of a device which ar illustrated in the accompanying drawmay b u d fo removing th f ili 1ngs, 1n wh1chFig.1shoWsapad of steel wool hin th t, i i d b f b i f i applied to a cylinder comprising, together,
t t th t f th trousers f mens the operative element of the apparatus shown 65 suits, when such fabric has been worn'for nd d s i d n y appli ation, Serial No. any l th f ti $1,307; Fig. 2 illustrates the form of cyl- This application is in part a continuation 111(191: t0 h' a p f e l [0 1 i tO be of an application, Serial No. 451,307, filed PP g-' 3 1S a 10hg1t11d1n% 11 Sectloh b hi h li ti di l an l through the drum having the cylinder and 7 trio motor actuated apparatus with which Steel 1 P d mounted thereon; gcertain of the specific embodiments of my h h VleW 0f the s y h wn 1 lgresent invention are adapted to be used. F gthe Steel W001 PP t0 the eference is made to said copending appliy r th O a 19 pun f cation for a clear understanding of the L g- 6 lnustl'ates the 9 fiy f structure and operation of the apparatus to tqwhlch h Steel 9 T0139 ls pe m which such specific embodiments, hereinafter 7 1 a Sectlon along 11116 of E d i-b d may b 1i d 8 illustrates aform of brush as a supporting In said application, I have described an y steel wool 'P 5 g- 9 1S 30 apparatus comprising a casing a motor bottom vlew of the brush with the rope of housed therein, a drum connected to said steel wool, -W to Plate member motor, and a; cylinder mounted on the drum thereof; 10 13 1 5 VleW f F1 Pl and a pad of steel wool secured to the surmember of the brush 1n lts ,P9 Q h face of the cylinder. Such pad of steel Wool fih Ste/$51 W and before 1t 13 secmjed and the cylinder to which it is applied, posltloewlthm e brush y; a acomprise an operative element of the appa-' 1S a 58015191131011}! 11118 1 111 of ratus and form one of the embodiments s s e B to t drawillustrating the present invention ngs, 1n which slmilanreference characters Ihave discovered thatamore perfect result ldentlfy 511111131 Parts 111 the Several i can be Obtained by the use in combination the drum 16 has mounted thereon a cylinder with such cylinder or other Supporting body, 17 of tln or other suitable sheet metal having of a s of stel "wool which has been Spun attached thereto, and surroundlng the same,
into a form which, for the lack of a better de- P d steel w The cylmder 17 scriptive term, I shall hereinafter refer to Shown p y h drum; p
as a In accordance with my inven which it is mounted, in Fig. 2, wh1le the tion, therefore, a mass of steel wool in the manner of -P Q of h Pa of Steel f f l t d f t l shavings i wool 18 thereto is illustrated 1n Fig. 1. As spun into a rope by the twisting of a large shown in such figure, the steel wool, after number of such strands. A straight and bemg wound upon the cyl1nder,1s firmly seelongated mass of strands of steel wool is cured thereto by fine wire 19, one end of which m may be fastened to the c linder by catching it in a slit 20 provided or such purpose at one end of such cylinder; the other end of such wire, after eing wound around the steel wool so as to be embedded therein and thus secure the same rigidly to the cylinder, may be fastened to the other end of the cylinder by catching the same in slit 21 as will appear clearly from an inspection of the figure. In order to insure a secure binding of the pad of steel wool to the surface of the cylinder 17 I provide irregular prongs 22 distributed throughout the surface of such cylinder for grasping the fibres of the steel wool pad, and triangular cuts 23, the surfaces of which, when raised from the plane of the cylinder 17 will act as anchoring elements for the end of the pad when such pad is first rolled over the cylinder 17.
A second embodiment of my invention is illustrated in Figs. 5 to 7 in which the drum 24 has mounted thereon a cylinder 25 of tin or other suitable sheet metal, the cylinder being provided with an angled slot 26 ada ted to be engaged by a pin 27 protruding om the surface of the drum 24, so that the cylinder 25 may be secured on said drum by slipping the same over such drum and giving it a partial turn to lock the pin 27 of the drum within the transverse section of the angled slot 26. About the cylinder 25 is wound a rope of steel wool 28 which is anchored at one end thereof by a prong 29 cut from the surface of the cylinder and protruding therefrom between which and the surface of the cylinder the end of the steel wool rope is clamped. After the rope of steel wool has been wound about the cylinder 25 in the manner illustrated in Fig.- 5 the other end of such rope is anchored by passing the same under a prong 30 provided at the other end of the cylinder 25.
In each of the above described modifications the drum is provided at one end thereof with a pulley 31 over which the belt or similar driving connection between the motor and such drum may be passed.
In Figs. 6 to 11, I have illustrated a still further embodiment of my invention in which the supporting body for the steel wool comprises a device in the form of a brush, preferably made of metal. In such embodiment the rope of steel wool is Wound upon a plate of sheet metal or other suitable material 32 which is shown in outline in Fig. 10. Such plate has its end portions cut to present successive arcuate recesses 33, 33, which provide a seat for the rope of steel wool wound about the plate. The plate has cut out at one cornerthereo'f a tongue 34 between which and the surface of the plate one end of the rope of steel wool 35 is clamped, the rope being then passed successively over the surface of the plate 32 longitudinally thereof, the bends in said rope, as the same is passed over the edge of the plate 32, being accommodated within the arcuate slots 33, 33. When the entire plate has thus been covered with a winding of steel wool rope, the end of such rope is clamped between a tongue 36, provided at a diagonally opposite corner of the plate, and the surface of such plate.
After the steel wool rope has thus been wound about one of the ends of said plate, the plate is positioned within the curved seat 37 formed by the end of the brush body and the plate is bent into the form of an are so that its other end may be secured within the curved seat 39 at the opposite end ofthe brushbody. The brush body comprises a rigid flat metal plate 40 .from the center of which extends downwardly angle irons 41 and 42which supply the rigidity to the brush necessary in the course of its use, when pressure is applied to the plate 40 in the course of passing the brush over the fabric to be treated.
Depending from the plate 40 on each side thereof is a metal plate 43 forming the sides of the brush, a greater portion of which is indented as shown at 44, (Fig. 11) to provide surfaces whereby the entire brush may be grasped by the hand when such brush is passed over the fabric being treated.
The application of the steel wool to the various devices illustrated in the form of a rope into which it has been spun has certain advantages which prompt me to describe such form as my preferred one. It will be readily appreciated that the steel wool provided in the form of a rope has greater wearing qualitiesthan has a pad of steel wool indiscriminately compressed into a mass; Furthermore as the steel wool wears, it will wear'uniformly throughout the surface of the rope, still maintaining the form of a rope. In the embodiment illustrated in Figs. 8 to 11, it will also be evident that when one side of the steel wool is worn down to an appreciable extent it will only be necessary to remove the plate 32 about which-the steel wool rope is wound, from the brush, reverse the plate, and replace it into the brush with the opposite sidefacing outwardly so that an entirely new surface of steel wool is presented to the fabric or cloth being treated.
While I have described specific embodiments of my invention it is obvious that various modifications therein, particularly in the arrangement of parts, may be made without departing from my invention.
1. The combination with a brush body, of a flexible metal plate removably applied to said body and having a rope of steel wool wound thereon in contact with the opposite surfaces of said plate.
2. The combination claimed in claim 1 in which the brush body has its opposite-ends curved to provide channels for receiving the ends of the flexible metal plate.
3. The combination claimed in claim 1 in which the flexible metal plate is provided throughout its end surfaces with arcuate slots adapted to receive the steel wool rope.
5 4. The combination claimed in claim 1 in which the flexible metal plate is provided with tongues cut out of, and protruding from, the surface of said plate, for anchoring the ends of the steel wool rope to said 3 plate.