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Publication numberUS1849907 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 15, 1932
Filing dateOct 20, 1928
Priority dateOct 20, 1928
Publication numberUS 1849907 A, US 1849907A, US-A-1849907, US1849907 A, US1849907A
InventorsClay Joseph B
Original AssigneeClay Equipment Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Ventilating window
US 1849907 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

March 15, 1932. J. B. CLAY VENTILATING 'WINDOW Filed Oct. 20, 1928 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 [1711 11666 w/A fi j VENTILATI NG WINDOW Filed 001;. 20., 1928 2 SheetsSheet .2

' I i 19 I -80 I I -9 1 J6 7 k 17 J6 Patented Mar. 15, 1932 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE JOSEPH B. CLAY, OF CEDAR FALLS, IOWA, ASSIGNOR TO CLAY EQUIPMENT CORPORA- TION, OF CEDAR FALLS, IOWA, A CORPORATION OF IOWA,

v'nnrrnarme wmnow Applicants invention pertains to the gencral class of windows, and particularly to the class of ventilating windows.

An object of applicants invention is the production of a ventilating window having adjustable features, whereby the volume of is the production of a ventilating window whereby the current of air passing throu h same may be controlled in an efficient, esirable and satisfactory manner.

A further object of applicants invention is the production of a new and novel window frame and sash, and means within said sash for holding the pane or panes in position.

A further object of applicants invention is the production of a device of this character that is simple in construction, of a small number of parts, of low cost; that will operate at all times regardless of the condition of the weather or the season of the year, that will not rattle nor change its position due to sudden gusts of wind, that will neither get loose nor bind, that is readily installed, that is durable and easy to operate, and otherwise entirely satisfactory for its intended purpose.

Many other objects and advantages of the construction herein shown and described will .be obvious to those skilled in the art from the disclosure herein given. r

' Applicants invention includes a frame so constructed that same may be readily mounted in the opening for which it is intended. In buildings of brick, stone, hollow tile and similar constructions the frame is preferably secured in place by means of mortar, cement or similar means, the outer periphery of the frame being formed with a' groove for this particular purpose. The design of frame for a wood or similar structure is identical except that the outside flange of the frame is prefer ably flattened out to fit against the sidewall to which it is preferably nailed or otherwise secured. The ordinary window casing is not necessary, but may be included if desired for purposes of appearance. On opposite edges of the inside of the frame are arranged vertically disposed wings having inwardly turned flanges on their free inclined edges, said side wings being more or less V-shaped, with the apex of the V adjacent the lower edge of the frame. The inwardly turned flanges on the side wings are provided with a plurality of spaced apertures, the purposes of which will presently appear. The sash is so mounted in the frame and the side wings such that same may swing about its lower edge as a pivot. I Resilient means having a side wings and at the side edges of the sash,

'whereby the sash may be adjustably secured in a plurality of positions when rotated about its lower edge. The inwardly turned flan es 011 the side wings form guides wherein t e sash is slidable longitudinally. Means are provided on the sash, which means cooperate with the spaced apertures in the inwardly turned flanges to secure the sash in a plurality of positions. New and novel means are provided for securing the pane within the sash, thus'eliminating the necessity of putty and reducing the liability of breaking. The sash is preferably of one-piece construction and pressed or otherwise formed to shape. The frame is preferably formed with 'a recess or inwardly set stop at its outer face to accommodate a screen frame.

To this end myinvention consists in the novel construction, "arrangement and combination of parts herein shown and described, and more particularly pointed out in the claims.

. In the drawings, wherein like reference characters indicate like .or' corresponding parts i V I Fig. 1 is an elevation of the device;

Fig. 2 is a section on line 22 of Fig 1; Fig.3 is a section on line 33 of Fig. Fig. 4 is a section on line 4.-4 of Fig; 1; Fig. 5 is a section on line 5.5 of Fig. 1;

Fig. 6 is a perspective view of the resilient 'theframe.

means for retaining the sash in a plurality of adjusted positions;

Figs. 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12 are diagrammatic andl illustrate the various positions of the sas A preferred embodiment of the invention is shown in the drawings, wherein 1 is a frame mounted in awall 2. Any suitable means may be employed for securing the frame 1 in position inthe wall2. In walls built of masonry, applicant prefers to form the frame 1 with a groove or other circumferential.depression 3, at its outer periphery within which mortar, cement or other similar means may be disposed in .order to secure the frame 1 in position in the wall 2. The flanges 5 and 6 are particularly eflective in this instance. In buildings of wood or similar structure the flange 5 is preferably straightened to form an extension of the part 7 and is nailed or otherwise secured to the outside of the wall. However, any other means of mounting the frame may be incorporated if desired. The bottom of the frame is formed with an upwardly projecting rectangular ridge 9 which is' preferably positioned adjacentthe inner face of The ridge 9 constitutes a stop, the purpose of which will be hereinafter set forth. The sides of the frame are provided with inwardly projecting ridges 10'and 11 which are preferably rectangular in shape and spaced between the inner and outer faces of the frame. The upper portion 12 of the frame is preferably left flat. V-shaped side wings 13 and 14 are secured to opposite sides of the frame 1 at the inner face thereof, the vertex of the V being positioned adjacent the lower edge of the frame. The side wings 13 and 14 have inwardly turned flanges 15 and 16, respectively, at their free edges. The inwardly turned flanges are preferably provided with a plurality of spaced apertures 17. The side wings are braced by means of gussets 18 secured to the upper edges of the side wings and to the frame 1.

The sash, which together with the other parts of the device is preferably of metal, is

formed with a downwardly projecting flange 19 along its lower outer edge. which flange 19 cooperates with the stop 9 to form a seal when the lower transverse portion 20 of the sash rests upon the stop 9. The sides 21 of the sash abut the projections 10 and 11 and are formed with outwardly projecting flanges 22 at their inner faces. said flanges coming in contact with the portion 8 to form a seal. The upper transverse portion 23 of the sash is provided with an upwardly projecting flange 24 at its inner upper edge. which also cooperates with the portionS to form a seal. A latch 25 mav be provided to secure the sash in closed position.

The outer faces of the sides 21 and the top 23 of the sash are provided with inwardly extending flanges 26 and 27, respectively, which flanges form an abutment for a pane of glass I 28. The lower transverse portion 20 of the frame is provided on its upper surface with a flange 29 which is spaced from the outer edge such that the pane 28 is disposed at the outside thereof and rests on the top surface of the portion 20. Strips 30 secured to the sides 21 may be employed to secure the pane 28in position.

It is readily seen that due to the particular structure of the transverse portion 20 and the cooperating parts that all water flowing down on the pane 28 is drained off to the outside. On the inner face of the side wings is preferably positioned a resilient member 31 secured to the side wings preferably near the upper edge as at 32. The resilient member 31 is preferably provided with a plurality of indented portions or notches 33. The notches 33are engaged by the flanges 22 on the sides of the sash and thus secure the sash in a pluralityof positions when same is swung about its lower edge as a ivot. (See the sash in dotted lines in Fig. 2g.

On the inner face of the sash at opposite sides are arranged hooks 34. The hooks 34 are so positioned as "to engage the notches or apertures 17, thus holding the sash in a plurality of adjusted positions when same is slid longitudinally along the flanges 15 and 16 of the side wings.

Referring now to Figs. 7 to 12 inclusive,

"Fig. 7 shows the sashin closed position. Fig.

8 shows same swung inward aslight amount andabout its lowerwedge as a pivot. 1 Fig. 9

shows the sash swung further about its lower edge, thus providing for more ventilation.

Fig. 10 shows the sash rotated to its open position. Fig. 11 shows the sash in position where same has been moved upwardly along the flanges 15 and 16 and secured in position by'means of the hooks 34 engaging a pair of opposed apertures 17 In, this position a space is provided below the lower edge of the sash for ventilation. Fig. 12 illustrates a position for the sash wherein a larger opening is provided below the lower edge thereof. v

It is understood that any number .of notches 33 may be provided and any number of spaced apertures 17 It is-seep that any degree of ventilation may be readily provided as desired, that dust and draft may .llll

be prevented, and yet efficient ventilation secured.

The manner of forming the sash of one section is illustrated in Fig. 4?" x The hooks 34 are provided with a wedge .portion 35 which secures the sash rigidly in place, thus preventing rattling. It is readily seen that the resilient member 31 also prevents rattling when the sash is in open position. The plates 18 stiffen the side wings and r gidly secure the same in position. When the sash is closed and secured by the latch 25 the various flanges form an eificient seal as the members 36 secured to the outer face of the frame.

When the sash is pressed from a rectangular border of sheet metal, the corners are integral and of much greater strength than in the ordinary wooden frame. Any of the sides of the sash may be considered as extending the full length of the sash. It will be noted that the flanges are a part of this one piece construction.

Having thus described my invention, it is obvious that various immaterial modifications may be made in the same without departing from the spirit of my invention; hence I do not wish to be understood as limiting myself to the exact form, construction, arrangement and combination of partsherein shown and described, or uses mentioned.

What I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

1. In a device of the kind described,- a frame, a sash within said frame and rotatable about its lower edge, side wings on the inner face of said frame, means within said side wings for holding said sash in a plurality of rotated positions, said means comprising resilient strips having stops for engaging said sash.

2. In a device of the kind described, a frame having an upwardly projecting rectangular ridge at the inner bottom edge, thereof, a sash resting on said ridge of said frame and rotatable about said ridge, side wings on the inner face of said frame, and means within said side wings for holding said sash in a plurality of rotated positions.

3. In a device of the kind described. a frame, a. sash Within said frame rotatable about its lower edge, parallel side wings at the inner face of said frame, means Within said side wings for holding said sash in a plurality of rotated positions, said side wings having inwardly turned oppositely disposed flanges at their innermost edges, spaced apertures in said flanges, oppositelv disposed hooks on the inner face of said sash, said hooks adapted to engage said apertures to hold said sash in a plurality of positions longitudinally of said flanges.

4. In a device of the kind described, a

frame having an upwardly extending rec-- wardly extending flange on'said sash over-v lapping said ridge, parallel side wingsat the inner face of said frame, means 'within said side wings for holding said sash in a plurality of rotated positions, said side wings having inwardly turned oppositely disposed flanges at their innermost edges, spaced apertures in said flanges, oppositely disposed hooks on the inner face of said sash, said hooks adapted to engage said apertures to hold said sash in a plurality of positions longitudinally of said flanges.

5. In a device of the kind described, a frame, side wings on said frame defining an angle with one face thereof, means for bracing said sidewings, said means comprising a plate secured to the upper edge of each side wing and to the adjacent face of said frame..

6. In a device of the kind described, a frame, V-shaped side wings having a side edge attached to said frame and projecting from one face thereof, means for bracing said side wings, said means comprising a plate secured to the base of each V-shaped side wing and to the adjacent face of said frame.

7. In a device of the character described, a metallic frame, said frame having the outer portion formed to provide means for the reception of a wall of a building and having rectangular ridges on the side members thereof, said ridges spaced between the inner and outer faces of said frame, a rectangular ridge on the upper face of the bottom member of said frame and ositioned adjacent the inner face of said rame, a sash in said frame, the lower member of said sash resting upon the last-mentioned rectangular ridge, a flange on said lower member projecting downwardly over the outer face of said ridge, overhanging. flanges at the peripheral members thereof abut the first-mentioned rectangular ridges and said last-mentioned .flanges contact the inner face of said frame,

and whereby when said sash is rotated about its lower'edge said first-mentioned flange retains same in position upon said secondmentioned ridge.

8. In a device of the character described, a metallic frame, rectangular ridges on the side members thereof, said side member being formed to provide means at the outer portion thereof for the reception of a wall of a building and said ridges spaced between the inner and outer faces of said frame, a rectangular ridge omthe upper face of the bottom member of said frame and positioned adjacent the inner face of said frame, a sash 1n said frame, the lower member of said sash resting upon the last-mentioned rectangular ridge, a flange on said lower member projecting downwardly over the outer face of said ridge, overhanging flanges at the peripheral edges of the inner faces of the upper and side members of said sash, 5 means for holding said sash in a plurality of adjusted positions when rotated about its lower edge, whereby when said sash is in closed position the side members thereof abut the first-mentioned rectangular ridges and said last-mentioned flanges contact the inner face of said frame, and whereby when said sash is rotated about its lower edge said firstmentioned flange retains same in position upon said second-mentioned ridge, and means for holding said sash when rotated in a plurality of spaced positions from said second-mentioned ridge.

9. In a device of the class described, the combination of-aframe, a sash within said frame and rotatable about its lower edge, side wings extending from said frame, means for holding the sash in a plurality of rotated positions, and means provided upon said sash and wings for holding said sash in a plurality of positions longitudinally of said wings.

10. In a device of the kind describedfa metallic frame, the periphery of which is formed to provide means for the reception of a wall of. a building structure, ridges on the side members thereof, said ridges being spaced from the inner and outer faces of said frame, and a ridge arranged upon the upper face of the bottom member of said frame, 35 said last mentioned ridge being arranged in spaced relation to said ridges of said side members.

11. In a device of the kind described, a metallic frame, the periphery of which is formed to provide means for the reception of a wall of a building structure, a ridge on each side member of said frame, said ridges being spaced from one face of the frame, a ridge arranged upon the upper face of the bottom member of said frame, said last mentioned ridge being arranged at one side of the ridges of the said side members in spaced relation thereto. r

In testimony whereof, I have hereunto signed my name. v

JOSEPH B. CLAY.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US5067278 *Dec 7, 1990Nov 26, 1991Duro Dyne CorporationAccess door for air flow conduits
WO1992010633A1 *Dec 6, 1991Jun 25, 1992Duro Dyne CorpAccess door for air flow conduits
Classifications
U.S. Classification49/261, 49/71
International ClassificationE06B7/02, E06B7/06
Cooperative ClassificationE06B7/06
European ClassificationE06B7/06