US 1850713 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
March 22, 1932. I J X 1,850,713
DEVICE FOR SECURING NAME PLATES AND THE LIKE I Filed Sept. 11, 1931 I'NVENTOR.
Patented, Mar; 22, 1932;
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LEONARD nrox. or" cmcimmrn OHIO, nssrenon 'ro :rox oomrm, -or cmcmnnrr, orno, arnnrnnasnrr comrosnn OFYLEONAJRZD a. Fox AND Minoan: a. Fox] DEVICEFOR SECURING N 'AMEIPLATES AND THE LIKE Application filed September 11,1931. Serial No. 562,321.
. Myinvention relatesto devices'for attaching name plates, such as the plates bearing.
While specificallyl will describe my in:
vention as relating to an attaching device for attaching a name plate ,to. an opening in. a radiator shell, it should be understood that the same attaching means may be employed v for mounting various .typesof plates to wall openings. r
In the art therehas been considerable development in the use-of attaching devices for name-plates which permit-of insertion with-, in the openingarranged :to receive the attaching devices. These attaching ,devices, in
order to be commercially-practical, have in. 0 the pastbeen provided with springs and other stypesoof expanding members which automatically expand annular members, and
either cause them to frictionally'engage the walls of the opening. or which cause portions 2. of theattaching devices to interlock against the back wall of the'opening. i
It is the, object of my invention to provide an attachingdevice formed from a single ring-like member which will expand and 0 interlock againsttheinner'annular corner of the opening arranged to receivethe device. It is afurther object of my invention to provide an attaching device whichmay be made of any stifi' metal, havingside walls of less diameter than the opening in which it is to be placed, with the inner annular edge of thedevice of a greater size than the opening, so that thefinner annular edge of the device I willjfrictionally engage on the inner corner found convenient in assisting in locating the device within the hole which receives it, g It is a further object of my invention to provide an attachingdevice in the formof what I will call an expansion cup, which'may be of any suitable size or shape andof a depth so that the innerannul'ar edges of the cup will extend clear throughthe hole. v v Broadly it isthe object ofmy invention- 110 provideanattaching device made from-an integral annular piece which is so slotted. and shaped that it may be insertedflwithin. an opening with a pushing movement and which, after being inserted, will: resist any normal efi'ort to displace it. I g j The above objects and other objects, to which reference will be madein the ensuing disclosure, I accomplish by that certain com.- bination and arrangement of parts of which I have illustrated a preferred embodiment; Referring to the-drawings; J v v Figure 1 is a sectionalview showing a portion of a radiator shell with the name plate and the attaching device ready for insertion within the opening, V V v v Figure 221s a sectional view showing the de I vice after it has been secured within the open mg. a n
Figure3 is a front elevation of the, name a plate secured in position on the radiator shell.
I have indicated a radiator shell l having I an .inturned flange, 2, the inner edge of'which is indicated at 3. The opening is of suitable I size to receive the cup shaped expansion member of my attaching device.-
, A name plateis indicated at 4.: To this I name plate I have soldered an annular cupshaped member 5 having slots 6 and With-,3 convex bead or annular rinr The slots 6 provide segmental spring members 8 which, due to the formation of the head 7 ,tend to resume their normal expanded positiomre- 'sisting a tendency to be collapsedinto cylindrical shape.
The inner end of the cup-shapedvexpansion threagh the hole and expand against the ad.-
within the opening in the shell. The head 7 after passing the inner edge 3 of the opening, interlocks in back of the edge, and the slots cause the sections 8 to expand, thus retaining the late within the opening.
It shoifld e noted that my attaching device does not depend. on any frictional engage--- gient of the walls of the opening, because on'ifthe position indicated at 10 in Figure 2 until the annular bead or rim 7 is reached,
there is no surface contact between the outer wall of the expansion cup and the inner surface of the wall of the shell. This is an imortant feature of my invention, because it iias been found that devices which depend on a frictional interlock for seating are much more susceptible to dislodgment than if there iswpositive interlock against'the edge of the casing or shell on which the'name plate is moaned;
stated, 'the attaching device disclosed herein is suitable for mounting any article within the walls of an opening, the particular reference to the name plate of an automo- Bile and'the radiator shell being merely for pu pesesbf explanation. a
' wing thus described my invention, what I'elain'r as new and desire tosecure by Letters Patent, is
I 1'. A device for attaching a plate to a member" having an opening therethrough, rampa ing a neck extending from the surfitte of the plate that isto be adjacent'to said member, with resilient laterally extended terminal portions'adapted to recede for passage-or said neck through said opening, and seed sii'cha distance from said surface of t e plate relative to the'length of said opening through said member that said terminal portions will extend through the hole: and expand into retentive engagement with the edges of the end of said hole where said portions extendthrou'gh and bind said surface ofthe'plateclcsely to the adjacent surface of said member, the intermediate extent of said neck between the plate and the terminal portions being substantially less in cross dimension' than said opening, whereby the plate is held substantiall stationary with respect to said member in ependently of any'engagementef said intermediate extent of said neck with sides" of said hole.
I 2; In combination with a plate to be at tuned to a member having an opening, a neck onsaid plate' having resilient laterally 'extended terminal portions spaced from the plate a distance relative to the length of the ole such that said portions will extend ries of concentric, arcuate-shaped. sprin leaves", saidleaves havingoutwardly exten ing portions adjacent their ends providing ridges which spring into interlocking engagement against the inner edge of the openingin the supporting member, the shape of said tubular member being slightly frustroconical, whereby thewalls'of the device, ex-v cepting at the ridged portions, have clear ance from the walls in which the opening is formed. 7 j a 4. An attaching device for an article to be mounted comprising an integrally formed cup-shaped member having slots arranged longitudinally in the open end of the cup separating the device-into radially spaced spring leaves, each of which has an outwardly extending bead adjacent its end edge, the depth of said cup shaped member being sufliciently greater than the depth of the walls of the'hole adapted to receive the device that the outwardly extending beads will'engage and interlock against the inner edge of the wall surrounding the hole, and said cup-shaped member being of less diameter than'the diameter of the walls of the hole.
'5. An attaching device for an article to be mounted comprising an integrally formed cup-shaped member having slots arranged longitudinally in the open end of the cup separating'the device into radially spaced spring leaves, each of'which has an outwardly extending bead adjacent its end edge, the depth of saidvcup 'shaped member being sufliciently reat'er' than the depth of the walls of the (7 hole adapted to receive the device that the outwardly extending beads will engage and interlock against the" inner edge of the wall surrounding the hole, the extreme end edges of the leaves being bent inwardly to assist in entering the device within its'mounting hole, and said cup-shaped member being of less diialmleter than the diameter of the walls of the o e. a t
v 6. An attaching device for mounting in an opening in a wall shapedto receive it, comprising an open ended tube having an annular rim adjacent its end bent outwardly and inwardly, said end beingindented with slots forming radiallyspaced spring leaves, and saidtube-being of a smaller diameter than the diameter of the opening.
7. An attaching device for a name plate, comprising an integral tubular member having arcuate spring leaves with an outwardly extendingbead adjacent the ends of the leaves, said bead being arranged at a suitable distance from the other end of the device so as to interlock With the inner edge of' an opening in the wall of suitable shape to receive thedevice, said tubular member being of smaller diameter than the diameter of said opening. 7
LEONARD J. FOX.