US 1850787 A
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March 22, 1932. M. A. BRISINGER 1,850,787
BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Filed May 6, 1930 .4 Aims? KKQKWEYEWEFMM wimmsmx INVENTOR Marcel 4. fir/smger HIS ATTORNEY Patented "Mar. .22; 1932.
UNITED STATES MARGEL' A. BRISINGER, OF KEARNY, NEW. JERSEY BUILDING CONSTRUCTION.
Application filed May 6, 1930. Serial.No. 450,087.
The invention relates to building construction and more particularly to the construction of interior walls .of dwelling'houses or any other buildings.
5 The principal object of the invention is the provision of a system of construction by which a satisfactory smooth, rigidand permane'nt surfaceimay be formed upon the) of a'wall which will absorb both sound and moisture thereby providing a wall'which has both acoustic properties and longilife under all climatic conditions,
Another object is the provision of a wall which will be healthier, more sanitary, warmer'and more permanent than known types of walls. p y
.In addition tothe'foregoing objects and advantages awall isprovided which is less expensive in construction.
The invention contemplates the use of wall I boards formed'of a fibrous composition, numerous types of which are in the market; completely covering the wall. boards with sheets of fabric and applying a'thin coat of plastic materialto the fabric to provide a finishing surface. It is well known in the art to apply'a finishingcoat of plaster direct to such wall boards. However, the ordinary finishing coat does not readily adhere to the wall boards and when it is applied in such fashion cracks almost invariably form at each, of-the meeting or abutting edges,'ren- "dering the wall unsightly and unsatisfactory for high grade work. It has been further proposedto cover the vertical and horizontal joints between the wall boards with strips of wire fabric. While this helps conditions to w some extent it still does not provide a satis- A still further object is the construction the construction at a corner; and
factory wall. With this construction the finishing coat must be prepared with great care in order to adhere to the wall boards and a reasonably thick layer of plaster must be applied to thesurface; With such a thick 5 layer, regardless of its constituency, cracks are bound to develop.
In accordance with the present invention the finishing coat is made of an elastic and tough but not brittle material and is applied to the fabric in an extremely thin layer. A bond is thus actually formed between the finishing coat and the fabric and cracks are eliminated regardless of the ordinary distortion of the walls caused by settling of the as building, vibration or other causes.
2 Furtherobjects and advantages of theinvention will be inpart set forth in the followingspecification and in part will be obvious therefrom without being specifically pointed out, the same being realized and attained by means of the instrumentalities and combinations pointed out in the claims hereof.
For a completeunderstanding of the invention drawings have been provided .in which a preferred embodiment of the inventionis illustrated. Referring to said drawings:
- Fig. 1 is a fragmentary elevational view of a wall constructed in accordance with the invention and having various layers broken away for clearness of illustration;
Fig.2 is a sectional plan view taken on line 22ofFig. 1, andin addition showing Fig. 3 is a fragmentary detail sectional view on an enlarged scale and is taken on line 3 3 of Fig. 1, althoughsaid view might be atypical section through any part of the wall construction.
Referring again to said drawings the ref erence numeral 5 designates the main wall structure or studding. This studding may be of the conventional wooden structure, metallie supports or any approved construction. In some cases, particularly in repair jobs, it may even be desirable to install the wall over the existing wall of wooden or metal lath, plaster board or whatever it might be.
Secured to the studding 5, preferably by nails 6, are sheets of wall board 7. These sheets as illustrated extend from the floor line 8 to the ceilin (not shown). However, they may extend lengthwise of the wall if desired or may even be made up in small sections although the latter construction is not considered toheso advantageous. The wall boards are preferably formed of a fibrous composition such as cane, wood pulp, asbestos or similar substances. However, almost any of the numerous well kllQWIL'lWfillfliOflldS-TOH. the market are readily adaptable for the purpose. As illustrated the sheetsofwall board are laid in abutting relation to each other. In Fig. 1 the width of the sheets of wall board are designated by thev dimension lines marked (1..
Sheets, of fabric 9iare .adhesively secured to the .wall bQards'Z. The sheets offabrioare .preferabl .formed of a, tough muslin suitably treated 13. though other fabrics maybe used and evena wire mesh would'notv precluded althoughv atough th fabric ispreferred.
' The sheets of fabrictcompletely coverthe wall boards and as previously stated are firmly secured thereto. by a suitable adhesive. In
the wall boards. the joints between. the wall boards will h notice they would be appliedto -,thewall .arfds in a manner substantially the same as wallpaper is appliedtoa wall. The eda s v of the sheetsof fabric are preferably llaidin abutting relation, although this is. byzno means essential, and. itjis desirable. that th abutting edges, of the Sheets :of fabricv be staggered in relationtosthe abnttingedges of 'Inthis manner each of covered by. the fabric. Due to ,the elasticity or inherentstretch in he fabricflit will be apparent; thatiany natural weaving or'distort on of the. walls will not materially efiect the. fabric. It is Preferable to lay the sheet of fabric in the same general direction as the sheets of wall board but this is not eswSfiIlld-fil for instance, the sheets of fabric 7 might be; laidat right angles or diag nally to the sheets of. Wall board. lin,JFig..1 th width of the sheets of fabric is designated by the dimension lines 1).. As illustrated the widths of the sheets of fabric are different from the widths of the wall board sheets. However, this may vary according to the standard widths of fabric and wall board I used A thin coating of plastic materiallflfis applied to the sheets of fabrio s. Thisfplastic material is formed of any suitable substance which 1s tough and elastic but not too brittle. The fabric being more or less porous will absorb a certain amount of the coating of 'lastic material and a firm bond, will be ormodbetweenthe fabric and coating. Thus the coating of plastic materialniaybe extremely thin. This makes for great economy of construction but principally provides a finishing surface which is hard smooth, of
This also. has the great advantage'in that a flat paint of the desired color or tint maybe selected and the ex ense of painting the Wallis eliminated. owever, a plastic material of aneutral color may be em loyed and a permanent hard finished snr e is provided which may'bepainted 0r decorated in any desired manner.
At the corners of the room or betweenthe walls and ceiling itisv referable, to. we a- 1 sheetmetal anglell as s own inlFig. 2,.
Changes in material, detailsof construction, and arrangementsof partsrmay be made by one skilled, in the art without departing from the spirit of theinvention or the scoped of .theappended claims. f
.1. :An interior wall construction comprising, in combination with the mainwall structure ,or studding, wallboardssecured to. said a! structure, sheets of fabric, completely coveringandsecured directly upon the proximat face ofthesaid wall boards, and a thin coating of plastic material laid on said sheets of fabric.v
2. An interior wallconstruction comprising,'in combination with .themain-wall structure or studding, fibrous composition wall boards secured to'sa'id structure, sheets of :tough cloth fabric completely. covering and 1t adhesively secured directl upon the proximate face of the said wall cards, and athin coating of plastic material laid on and form- .ing a bond withisaid'sheets of fabric.
3. An interior wall construction comprisi ing, in combination with the main wallstructure or studding, sheets of wall board secured in abutting relation toisaid structure,
sheets of fabric completelycovering and ad- ,hes'ively secured directly upon the proximate -35 face of the said sheetsof wall board, the joints between said sheets of wall board and said sheets of fabric being staggered in relation to each other, and a thincoating of lastic materiallaid on and forming a hon -with said l sheets of fabric. I 4. An: interior wall construction compris- 1,850,787 a 3 in fabric being staggered in relation to each other; and *athin coating of plastic material laid on and forming a'bond with said-"sheets of fabric. p
5. Aninterior wall construction comprising, in combination with the main wall structure or stu'dding, wallboards secured to said structure, sheets of fabric completely covering and adhesively secured directly upon the proximate face'of the said wall boards, and a thin coating of plastic material laidon' and forming a bond with said sheets of fabric, said plastic material comprising paint mixed with substantially equal parts of plaster of Paris and Whiting.
In testimony whereof I aflix my signature.
I MARGELQA. BRISINGER.