|Publication number||US1852869 A|
|Publication date||Apr 5, 1932|
|Filing date||Dec 7, 1931|
|Priority date||Dec 7, 1931|
|Publication number||US 1852869 A, US 1852869A, US-A-1852869, US1852869 A, US1852869A|
|Original Assignee||George Willens|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (1), Classifications (9)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
April 5, 1932. G. WILLENS ADVERTISING CLOCK Filed Dec. '7, 1931 2 sheets-sheet 1 G. WILLENS April 5, 1932.k
ADVERTIS ING CLOCK Filed Dec. 7, 1951 2 sheets-sheet 2 Patented Apr. 5, 1932 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE GEORGE WILLENS, or CHICAGO, ILLINOIS ADVERTISING CLOCK Application filed December 7, 1931. Serial No..579,372.
My invention relates in general to advertising clocks. It relates more in particular to an improved drive mechanism disposed between the clock mechanism and the advertising instrumentality of the clock.
In my prior patent application, Serial No. 543,330, tiled June 10, 1931, I disclose an advertising clock comprising in general a clock mechanism preferably comprising a small synchronous motor with a train of gears disposed to rotate the hands of the clock at proper time speed in the usual manner. In the clock casing are disposed a rotatable drum adapted to bear advertising matter and means connected with both the clock mechanism and advertising drum for driving the drum from the synchronous motor. I/Vhile the drive mechanism of my prior patent is fully satisfactory in many respects, I find that it requires somewhat more power than is advisable to take from the motor and requires, as well, very careful adjustment to secure satisfactory results.
The object of my present invention is to provide an improved drive means between the clock mechanism and the drum.
Another object is to provide. an improved drive means in which the losses by friction are relatively very small.
'Another object is the provision of an improved drive means which is simple to manufacture, assemble and adj ust.
Other objects and features of the invention will be apparent from a consideration of the following detailed description taken with the accompanying drawings, wherein Fig. 1 is a front elevational view partly broken away of an advertising clock of my inventi on g r rjtion-ftheconnection for drivingmtlie drum Fig. 1a is a sectional view showing in eleva.
.inoL rin 34,A a. holdinV ratchet wheel 36 and e f2 I Fig. 5 is a sectional view taken along the line 5-5 of Fig. 4, looking in the direction of the arrows; and l Fig. 6 is a transverse sectional view taken along the line 6 6 of Fig. 4.
Referring now to the drawings, I show in Fig. 1 a clocl-I casing l0 having a clock face 11, a synchronous motor 12 having a shaft 13 driven at measured speed. Shaft 13 carries a spur gear 14 ,which meshes with a G0 pinion 1G carried on a short shaft 17, the shaft 17 also carrying a relatively heavy wheel 18 to which a horizontal rod 19 is pivoted, the pivot point 21 being off-center so that a general reciprocating motion may be imparted to the rod as a whole. This rod is pivoted at 22 to a lever 23 which has its pivot at 24. This lever 23 has'pivoted to one end thereof a vertical operating rod 26 which through suitable connections, which will be described, rotates a drum 27, a partial rotation at a time. This is the drum previously referred to which is adapted to carry advertising matter or other display matter.
The driving means which I provide between the rod 26 and the drum is of such a type that there is very little loss in friction, and moreover it is positive and cannot readily get out of adjustment. In general, it constitutes a ratchet mechanism in which the pawls, however, operate substantially entirely by gravity but with some mechanical aid.
The drum 27 is pivoted on a pivot rod 28 disposed transversely of the casing 10. At one end of the drum, there is a hub 29 having an annular flange 31, against which the end of the drum 27a is held by a small compresam-Jf sion spring A3 2,A k .Aimlre--other side of the springrisia'driving ratchet wheel 33, a spac- 90 a spun tiange 37 On the hub 29 which serves to hold the entire hub assembly together. A ring 30, secured on the shaft or rod 28 in any suitable way, aids in spacing the drum on the rod.
Between the hub and the adjacent portion of the casing 10 is a frame member comprising rectangular frame pieces 38 and 39, held together by studs 41 and 42, which studs are mountedv to the rectangular frame members preferably by riveting in such a lway as to leave heads 41a and 420; which are adapted to extend through suitably provided openings in the clock casing to position this trame member properly. One end of the rod 28 projects through the frame member 39 and against the frame member 36. A machine screw 43, however, has its shank extending through its casing and through the frame member 39 into the threaded end of the rod 28. This holds the rod 26 stationary and maintains the drum driving mechanism in assembled position.
For transmitting motion from the vertical rod 26 to the drum, through the ratchet members previously described, l employ a movable frame member. rllhis movable iframe member comprises plates 44 and 46 held together by short studs 47 and 48, so that a unitary frame member results. T his trame member is pivoted on the rod 2S intermediate the stationary frame members 38 and 39, and
spacing rings 49 and 5l are provided for spacing the movable frame away from the stationary frame. This movable frame member carries the pawls, both the locking pawls and driving pawls for controlling the operation of the drum inl co-operation with the ratchet wheels.
The driving pawl 52 is loosely supported across the two driving frame members, and has a relatively thick center section 52a, so that although the pawl is merely loosely fitted in the two frame members, it cannot move far enough longitudinally in either direction to permit it to become displaced. This driving pawl extends over the holding` ratchet 36 so as to contact with the periphery of the driving ratchet 33. It will be seen that there are a number of equally spaced recesses 53 in the driving ratchet. These recesses or teeth are equal in number to the advertising or display spaces on the drum 27, so that on reciprocal movement of the movable drive frame the pawl 52 may, if properly controlled, advance the drum one tooth position' .for each cycle of movement, thereby movlng the drum from one display position to another. At the place where the pawl 52 eX- tends through the plate 46, a cam slot 56 is provided (Fig. '5). When the pawl occupies the position shown in Fig. 5 it is in the slot and the move-ment of the plate 46 is in a div' rectionlo drive thewratchet wheel 33.` On reslot 56 act as the cam to lift the pawl 52 out of the slot in the ratchet wheel and permlt the return movement of the entire drive assembly.
Now, as to the drive for the movable frame, I form the stud 48 with a section of relatively small diameter so that the rod 26 is merely looped around this section of the stud 48 to form a driving connection for the movable es pawl carrying frame. It will be seen from 5,5 turn movement, howeverjle'edgesof-the.
Fig. 4 that the rod is looped in such a way as to form a spacer to keep the rod out ot close Contact with the plate 46.
l also provide a locking pawl carried by the stationary frame and engaging the drive 'l ratchet. This ypawl 57 is loosely carried by the stationary frame and is adapted to engage in one ot the openings 53 on the ratchet wheel. It engages, however, to prevent overrunning of the drum and to secure other advantages which will be apparent. Tt operates in the following manner:
@ne end of this pawl projects loosely into the stationary frame member 36 and the other end extends through a slot 56 in the stationary frame member 39. The pawl is provided with a weighted portion 59 so that it tends to drop very quickly by gravity. lWhen the drum is being driven forwardly, the vpawl rests upon the smooth edge of the ratchet wheel 33, but, as soon as it has reached its proper forward position, this pawl 57 drops down into the opening 53, which is now adi acent this stationary pawl, and prevents any further forward movement of the ratchet wheel which might occur otherwise due te a tendency for the drum to overrun by inertia. As the movable frame, however, returns and nears the position where the driving pawl is about to engage another driving opening 53, arcuate cam-like edges 6l of the movable frame engage the stationary pawl 57 and lift it out of the opening 53 which it is then in engagement with to the position shown in Fig. 4. At this time, the pawl 52 has engaged and is ready to start forward. The holding cams 6l are so positioned that they hold the pawl 57 until the driving movement of the driving ratchet has started, but when the pawl 57 is then released, there is no opening 53 in alignment and instead it engages on the smooth edge of the ratchet wheel and cannot effect the operation thereofuntil another opening 53 is presented thereto.
I also provide means for preventing any tendency of the drum to move backwards when the movable pawl carrying iframe is making a reverse movement. The stationary frame has a locking pawl 63 loosely carried thereby and, to prevent interference between this locking pawl and the movable frame, are the cut out portions of the plates 44 and 46 as indicated at 64. This locking pawl 63 is adapted to engage the teeth of the holding --raichet 38. The frame member 39 is provided with a cam-like opening 66 through which the locking pawl 63 projects. When the movement is in a driving direction or in a clock-wise direction (looking at Fig. 5), the pawl 63'rides up into the wider portion of the slot 66 and the teeth of the holding ratchet pass readily. As soon as the movement ceases, however, the pawl 63 immediately drops back to substantially the position Shown in Fig. 5 and then any tendency for the holdingratchet to move in a reverse direction (that is, in a counter-crosswise direction, looking at Fig. 5) is absolutely prevented. Such a tendency mightoccur due to a slight imbalance in the drum itself or due to the fact that there might be some slight friction in the parts as the movable frame returns preparatory to making another driving movement.
It is believed that operation of the ratchets and pawls, the manner in which they alternately hold and drive the drum is clear from the preceding description. The operation, therefore, will not be described in detail.
lt will be noted that a loop 25 is provided in the rod 26. Since this rod is formed of spring material, this loop Will take up the shock of any quick movement, that is, will act as an inertia device to prevent the resistance of the drum to insure movement from being carried back directly to the synchronous motor and either causing final injury thereto, a stoppage thereof, or a loss of time.
It will be noted thatthe lever Q3 is counter-weighted. This counter-Weight is so designed that the Weight is falling by gravity at the time the drum is being driven, so that, instead of having an alternate load and no load condition'on the motor, the actual effort required to drive the drum is substantially reduced in half by being spread out over the entire movement cycle. This counter-Weight also prevents any tendency of the lever to fall by gravity on the down-stroke, which would cause a jump in the second hand of the clock. This feature, together with the substantially total absence of resistance and friction in the drum driving mechanism, enables me to secure an adequate operation of the advertising drum without applying an unusually heavy load or intermittent shock on the motor. The result is that the motor operates substantially as well and with substantially as long a life When employed in my advertising clock as when employed in merely the ordinary time clock alone.
What I claim as new and desire to protect by Letters Patent of the United States is:
l. In an advertising clock, a clock mechanism, a rotatably mounted drum adapted to bear advertising matter, and means for driving said drum from the clock mechanism, said driving means including a relatively heavy wheel, a drive connection between said wheel andclock-mecismra pivoted levergcafi'dhaving one end pivoted to the lever and the other end pivoted to the Weighted wheel away from the center thereof, an operating rod pivoted to said lever, and ratchet mechanism operated by the rod for intermittently advancing and holding said drum.
2. In an advertising clock, a clock mechanism, a rotatably mounted drum adapted to ,bear advertising matter, and means for driving said drum from the clock mechanism,
said driving means including aa'elatively heavy wheel, a drive connection between said Wheel and clock mechanism, a pivoted counterweighted lever, a rod having one end pivoted to the lever and the other end pivoted to the weighed wheel away from the center thereof, an operating rod pivoted to said lever, and ratchet mechanism operated by the rod for intermittently advancing and holding said drum, the countervveight on the lever aiding in the movement of the drum.`
3. In an advertising clock having a time telling means including a clock mechanism, and a rotatable drum bearing advertising matter, a drum driving ratchet, a stationary frame, a pivoted movable frame, a gravity controlled drive pawl carried by the movable frame and engaging said ratchet, a rod pivoted t0 said movable frame, means including said clock mechanism for reciprocating said rod, a gravity operated stop pawl carried by said stationary frame, and means for preventing engagement of the stop pawl with the ratchet wheel when the drive pawl is engaged.
l. In an advertising clock having a time telling means including a clock mechanism, and a rotatable drum bearing advertising matter, a drum driving ratchet, a stationary frame, a pivoted frame, a gravity controlled drive' pawl carried by the movable frame, and engaging said ratchet, a rod pivoted to said movable frame, means including said clock mechanism for reciprocating said rod, a gravity operated stop pawl carried by said stationary frame, and means for preventing engagement of the stop pawl with the ratchet wheel when the drive pawl is engaged, said means, including means carried by the movable frame, for lifting the stop pawl out of engagement with the ratchet when the drive pawl is in position to re-engage the ratchet.
5. In an advertising clock having time telling means including a clock mechanism, and
a drum adapted to bear advertising matter, a center shaft, means for rotatably supporting the drum on the shaft, a ratchet Wheel having a'plurality of spaced notches serving as teeth, a friction drive between the ratchet Wheel and drum, a frame rotatably supported on the shaft adjaceritsaidratehet-V Wheel, an operating-redhavig one end piv- Wotedto said frame, means including the clock mechanism for reciprocating said rod and a relatively heavy drive pawl loosely supported on said frame and having one end loosely projecting through a slot in a portion of said frame, said slot shaped to force the projecting end of the pawl into a notch in the ratchet Wheel when the frame is rotated in. one direction and to Withdraw the same from the notch when the frame is 'rotated in a reverse direction.
6. In an advertising clock having time telling means including a clock mechanism, and
a drum adapted to bear advertising matter, a center shaft, means for rotatably supporting the drum on the shaft, a ratchet wheel having a plurality of spaced notches serving as teeth, a friction drive between the ratchet wheel and drum, a frame rotatably supported on the shaft adjacent said ratchet wheel, an
operating rod having one end pivoted to said i frame, means including the clock mechanism for reciprocating said rod and a relatively heavy drive pawl loosely supported on said frame and having one end loosely projecting through a slot in a portion of said trame, said slot shaped to force the projecting end of the pawl into a notch in the ratchet wheel when the frame is rotated in one direction and to withdraw the same from the notch when the trame is rotated in a reverse direction, a stationary stop pawl for limiting the movement of the drum, and means carried by the movable frame for holding said stop pawl out of engagement with the ratchet wheel when*` the drive pawl initially engages the ratchet wheel.
7. In an advertising clock having a clock mechanism and a rotatable drum adapted to bear advertising matter, a drive ratchet with a driving connection to said drum, a stationary frame, a movable rotatably supported frame, a gravity operated drive pawl on the rotatable frame adapted to engage said ratchet, means including said clock mechanism for oscillating said movable frame, and a stop pawl weighted to engage said ratchet to prevent overrunning of the drum, and means on the movable frame to hold said stop pawl out of engagement with the ratchet during a portionv of its movement,
8. In an advertising clock having a cloclr mechanism and a rotatable drum adapted to bear advertising matter, a drive ratchet with a drive connection to said drinn, a stationary frame, a holding ratchet mounted to turn with the driving ratchet, a movahly rotated supported trame, a gravity operated drive pawl on the rotatable frame adapted to ensaid drive ratchet, means including said ioclr mechanism for oscillatug said movable rame, a stop pawl weighted to engage said "iving ratchet to prei/ent over-running of the drum, means on the movable frame to hold said stop pawl out of engagement with the drive ratchet daring a portion o the ille movable iranie., and a third gravity ope atedp er 'he holen ratchet on reverse movement or frame and releasing said stop i the movable trame is operating drive ratchet.
9. The combination described in claim 8, wherein said third pawl is loosely supported in the stationary frame and has its ratchet engaging end projecting loosely through a cam-like slot in a portion of said stationary frame whereby movement in one direction is ,en we chet when to drive the permitted by the pawl riding toward a relatively wider portion of the slot and movement in the opposite direction is prevented bysaid pawl wedging in a narrow portion of the slot against the ratchet teeth.
10. The combination described in claim 8, wherein said driving pawl project-s through a cam-lilre slot in a portion of the movable frame, movement in one direction causing said drive pawl to ride up along the edge o said slot to withdraw the cam from contact with the ratchet, and movement in a reverse direction assisting gravity to wedge the pawl against the driving ratchet.
ll. In an advertising clock having a clock mechanism and a rotatable drum adapted to bear advertising matter, a driving ratchet having a drive connection to said drum, a bipart stationary Jframe having projections adapted to extend into openings provided in a casing to position the stationary frame, a rotatable "fram-e pivoted between the members of the stationary frame, said rotatable frame including a pair of spaced plates, a driving pawl loosely mounted across the plates and having one end projecting to form a contact with the drum driving ratchet, a stop pawl loosely supported across the stationary 'trame members and having one 'end projecting and adaptedto contact with the drum driving pawl, means including a clock mechanism for oscillating the rotatably mounted frame to intermittently advance the drum driving ratchet through said driving pawl, and means carried by the rotatable frame for lifting the stop pawl out of engagement with the ratchet as the driving pawl initially engages the drinn driving ratchet.
l2. rlhc combination described in claim ll, including a second ratchet wheel mounted to move with said drum driving ratchet and a reverse movement preventing pawl carried by the stationary trame and adapted to engage the second ratchet wheel to prevent reverse movement of the drum.
In witness whereof, I hereunto subscribe my naine this 2nd day of l'lovember, 193i.
f GE llTlLL-ENS.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4827642 *||Aug 12, 1985||May 9, 1989||Chatten Victor H||Drive mechanism|
|U.S. Classification||40/473, 968/384|
|International Classification||G09F23/16, G09F23/00, G04B45/00|
|Cooperative Classification||G04B45/0023, G09F23/16|
|European Classification||G09F23/16, G04B45/00D|