US 1853282 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
April 12, 193,2. J. w. oNElLL RADIUM yEMIMTOR Filed Sept. 16, 1927 J @www M M mmm@ Patented Apr. 12, 1932 JOHN LW. 'ONEILL' ,0F CHICAGQZILLINOIS nAiJrUM nii/IANATon Application filed September 16, 1927. .Y Serial No. 219,950. f
My invention relates to means-"for administering radium emanation and involves a construction whereby practicallythe entire emanation resulting during each opening and air admitting period of operationwill be administered to or obtained by they user with each withdrawal ory inhalation and as a result more uniform quantities of the radium emanation is obtained in keeping with the prescribed doses. y
The invention also" has for itsobject the provision of a construction whereby the radium element is preventedy from contact with outside Y'air andescape of theradium preventedwhile the device is not inuse.
The invention also contemplates a construction which will permit an increased quantity, or dose of greater strength, to be administered with each inhalation or withdrawal. f
The `objects, and advantages of my invention will be readily comprehended from the detailed description of the' accompanying drawing, wherein- Figure 1 is a sectional view of my improved emanator shown in condition for use; the withdrawal tube and water-holdingl-vessel or glass beingonly partially shown.
Figure 2 isa detail sectional view taken on the line 2*-2 of'Figure 1 looking inthe directionof the arrows.
Figure .3 is a sectional viewy ofthe device,-with a portion in elevation and the Withdrawal tube broken away,'--andy provided with an auxiliary yemanation administering portion.
VMyinvention relates to a device intended for administering the, emanation of radium',
in conjunction with agiven quantity of pure vwater or other media; the device -being such that` the air, before entering and passing about thefradium element, when the device 'is iny operation, is made to passthrough a suitable air purifying medium inadvance ofits contact with the radium element and therefore inf advance of the emanation coming into contact withythe waterfor other fluid media with which thesame are administered.
In the'specific yexempliic'ation of the invention as disclosed in Figure 1, the device 'the valve.
communicates witha duct 2&2, at they inner Lend of the plug-valve,y which connects with a port f shown in Figure l. a
" Thechamber 21, at ari-intermediate point,
Vcomprises a casing or housing 100i any suitable configuration andy ycored to receive a plug-valve 11. In thedevice as illustrated,
the plug-valve 11 is` preferably of the tapered type having the threaded stud' y12 disposed through one side wall of the-casing 10 in order to receive the nut ll?) whereby the valve is held in'place and at thefsame time its proper ittingrelation with the casing 10 maintained'.
'The opposite 'end'of the plug-valve lllias an externally threaded extension 14, which receives a suitable hand-Wheel or controlling member 15 wherebythe plug-valve may be tration withtheV respective ports in the casing 1-0. The hand-wheell may be secured tothe extension 14 in anyfsuitablemanner, for erample .by means ofthe set-screw 16.] Thev internally threaded hub portion of the handlother Vendofthe springis secured to the handwheel at 19. It is obvious with this construction thatfth'e hand-wheel 15 willv automati-.
callyV return to its normal position (which 'constitutes ythe'closed positionof the valve) when the operator releases the hand-wheel. I-n order to'prevent'improper contact withithe may bey omitted if desired. f
The plug-valve KV11 'is cored longitudinally from yone end thereof to a predetermined extent in order to vprovide af chamber 21 within The inner end of the chamber 21 ycoil spring,l I" prefer to employ the enclosing cylindrical shell or collar 20 which, however,
23 and-which in turn, when the valve is in f f open position, communicates withfa port 24 valve is intended to hold the radiumeleinent, generally indicated at 25,l .which is preferably jplaced'in a wire meshcapsule is internally threaded Vto receive a` closure plug o'r containeras f es Y held within the inner end of the chamber 21, intermediate of the duct 22 and the plug or screw 26 and therefore normally out of contact with air.
The plug-valve 11 is provided with a port 27 which enters the chamber 21 forward of the closure plug 26. The port 27 in turn is intended to register with ay port 28y in the casing l() when the plug-valve has been properly turned to open position.
The casing 10, about the port r28, is counterbored to provide a pocket 29, which, in Figure l, is shown provided with a suitable air filtering element, such as asbestos, Wool, cot; ton, or the like, indicated at 30, which is preferably laced intermediate of the wire-mesh or per orated discs 31; the discs and air purifying element being held in place by a suitable yWasher 32 screwed into the threaded counterbore; the washer being provided with a central opening to permit passage of air therethrough.
f The port 24 in casing 10 is provided with a tube 33; and the casing is provided with a counter-bore encircling the 'port 24 and tube 33 for the purpose of receiving the large tube 34y shown threaded into the counterbore in order to permit assembl and removal. The large tube 34 is prefera ly longer than tube 33 and has its lower end provided with a suitable cheek-valve 35 for normally closing the inlet port 36 in the closure member andfvalve housing 37 and thus prevent discharge or `radon through the lower end of the tube.
The casing 10 at one side of the plug-valve 11 is shown provided with a duct 38 extending therethrough; the lower end of the duct communicating withtube 34 while the upper end of the duct is provided with withdrawal tube .39 (see Figure 2) a portion of this tube being preferably iexible or of rubber to permit the same to be taken into f the mouth ofy the user `for the purpose of withdrawing,-by means of suction,-the liquid or Water and result-ant radium emanation.
When the device'is not in use, the springvl7 will rotate the plug-valve 11 in such direction that ports or ducts 23 and 27 kwill be out of register with ports 24 and 28, respectively, and as a. result air cannot enter chamber 21 and come into contact withthe radium element indicated at 25, hence no emanation can be emitted because no withdrawal can be made from the inner end of the chamber. 21.
When the device is intended to be used, the lower end of tube 34 is inserted into a glass or suitable vessel 40, containing water or'other proper media; the free end of tube 39 is placed in the users mouth and plug-valve 11 is rotated by turning hand-wheel15 so as tobring port 23 into register withfport 24 and port 27 into register with port 28. Suction on the tube 39 will cause air to flow upward through the purifying or air filtering into chamber 21, allowing it to pass about the radium element 25, out through duct 22, ports 23, 24 and tubes 33 into the immersed, fluid holding end of tube 34. The suction will cause check-valve 35 to move upward off its seat, causing the liquid from the vessel 0r glass 40 to pass upward into tube 34 into contact with the radium ema-nation and to be charged thereby; the emanation holding Huid then passing upward through duct 38 and out through tube 39. As soon as the user has taken the requisite quantity and releases hand-wheel 15, spring 17 will rotate plug-Valve 11 in the reverse direction back to normal condition where ports 23 and 27 will be'out of register with ports 24 and 28, re-
spectively; while check-valve 35,k which is held in the closure member 37 by perforated cap 41, will drop to its seat. The check valve 35'is employed to prevent loss or passage of the emanation into atmosphere and the takeoff tube 39 is also preferably provided with a check valve as at 39a to prevent improper use.
In Figure 3 I show my improvedy emanator lprovided with an auxiliary radium element holding receptacle intended to be employed when the user is to receive a double strength dose as it were, namely where a greater quantity of emanation is to be taken with each withdrawal thanmight be obtained from the quantity of radium held within the chambered valve of the main casing as described in connection with vthe construction shown in Figure 1. The construction disclosed in Figure 3 shows the casing 10 vhaving the plugvalve 11, which is identical with that disclosed in Figure'l and controlledibythe hand-wheel or grasp 15. The casing 10, as previously described, is provided with the ducts or ports 24, 28 and 38 (the latter not shown); the latter duct establishing communication with the large outer tube 34 which is intended to be inserted into a liquid-holding vessel or glass; said tube 34 encloses the small tube or stem 33 which communicates with outlet port 24 in the casing and which is intended to have communication with port 23 in the plug-valve 11 when the latter is properly rotated. Such rotation of the plugvalve will cause the port 27 in the valve to be brought into register with the port'28 in the casing. The valve 11 in Figure 3 is shown in closed osition. The inner tube 33, as shown in igure 1, is purposely shorter in length than outer tube 34, so that when outer tube 34 is inserted in the liquid or water in vessel 40, the emantion discharging through tube 33 will pass into the fluid or water which has entered tube 34, and be entrained with the fluid, asthe emanation will rise toward the upper end of outer tube 34 when the device is in use. As a result, the user will receive all of the emanation when the valve 11 has been turned to` open position. n
k'Vl/'here an additional i or auxiliary supp-ly of'vradium is to be administered, the enlarged counterbore 29 aboutkport 28 receives. the threaded nipple 42 of a casing 43. Before the nipple 42 is lscrewed into thelcounterbore 29, the filtering element with the'disc 31 yand Washer 32 are removed. The casing 43,:which maybe of any suitable configuratiomis shown provided with yanrannularflange 44 on the lower side and externallythreadedto receive the cylinder 45 shown'internally'threaded at theupper end. `The casing is formed to receivea plug-valve46, controlled by the handle or lever 47 the valve being preferably tapered yand secured in place by the rnut 48 aitthe' opposite or small endfthereof. The plug-valve is provided at predetermined points with ports 49 and 50 extending therethrough.y The port 49wis intended Vto bey brought into register `withan lair inlet duct 51.; while port 50 is intended to be brought into register with outgoing duct 52. W'here `oiireceptacle '45 is shown'provided with a `lug or teat adapted to engage in a socket 'in the'flower'end Aof'handle 47 to rictionally hold the latterwith the valve in inoperative or closed position,y
`When the deviV eis used, handle 47 is" oscillated to rotatetheivalve-46 into a'position T(if).
where its .ports 49, Oxarebrought into register withducts :51 andr52grhand-wheel 15 is then rotatedfsoas to bring ports 23 and 27 vof, plug-valve 11 iinto register with ducts 24 andf28, respectively. i .Asduct 28 of casing l() is in register withthe-ductk 52of casing 43,'it- -is'apparent'that communicationk will be es-V tablished with auxiliary vessel 45. The user thenzplacesthe Aouter tube 34, which maybe termed the mixing chamber, into a vessel7con- Atainingthe desired fluid and .upon inducing Asuction in'lthe device,` causes vthe Vai-rf to pass through the iilterfhfdown through tube 53 and upthroughV tube 54 and into the chamber of valve 1l.v This causes the emanation yresulting from-'the' ra-dium'inrthe auxiliaryY receptacle 45 and Jromthe' radium 25 in valve llto pass downthroughinner tube 83 and dischargeinto large outer tube 34 and with the'fluidrfrom the vessel 40 topass up through duct 38 out throughf tube 39.
' have shownwhat'l 'believe-to be the best embodiment ofthe invention, and have de-v Yscribed the 'same inte'r'ms' employed merely as terms of. descriptionand not as terms of limi,H tation as modifications may be made without departing from the spirit kof my invention.
What I claim is y l; A radium emanator comprising a ported housing, one of` said ports being an air admitting port, a second being a discharge port, while aA third constitutes a ytake-off port, a plug valve in said housing'adapted to`estab- 'lish communication between thek first two ports, said valve having a radium holdingr chamber .intermediate of .and communicatlng with ltsaports whereby the ingoing air 1s caused to passabout the radium and discharge its emanation through said second port of the housing, and a pair yof tubes, one of which connects with said discharge port while the other tube communicates with said take-off port of the housing, the last mentioned tube having a fluid admitting inlet.
2. A radium emanator comprising a cored housing provided ywith spaced ports leading tothe cored portion of the housing, a plugvalve rotatable in said cored portion and provided with a radium holding chamber having ports at opposite ends. adapted t0 register with the portsiin thehousing when said valve is rotated, air purifying means secured .to one of the portsin the housing, a discharge tube i secured tothe other `port in the housing, and withdrawal means arranged'to establish communicationk withy said discharge tube; and means whereby said valve is normally rotated to port closing position;
3. Avradium emanator comprising a hous- 1 ing provided with an intake port and an outlet port, air purifyingmeans at the orifice of the intake port, a plugvalve 'rotatable in the housing and provided withlports adapted to register with theports ofthe housing, said valve having aradium holding chamber intermediate of theports thereof and in communication therewith,.a tube connected with the outlet port of the housing, a second tube disposed about the first tube, onejend ofsaid tube being secured to the housing, aiwithdrawal tube'y communicating with the interior of said'second table.y p
' 4.` A radium emanator comprising ya housing provided with an inlet port, an outlet port and a ,take-offI Aport, a hollow vradium vholding valve rotatable in the housingV and promeans whereby said valve is normally held in closed'position, anda pair of tubes ar- Y rangedv one within lthe other, thefinner tube being securedto the housing Fat the outlet port, while the outer tube is `disposed labout thetakeeoii port. f y V5.- radium Vem'anator comprising a casing having a4 longitudinal valve-chamber and spaced ports communicating with opposite ends-ofthev chamber, a chambered lIradium holding-plug seatable in said Vvalve-chamberA 1130 i and having ports adapted to be brought into register with the ports of said casing, a closure for said'radium holding chamber, means for normally holding the plug-ports out of register with the casing ports, an inner tube connected with one of said casing ports, an outer tube of greater length and diameter than said inner tube adapted to receive the emanation discharged from the inner tube, and a withdrawal tube communicating with the upper end of said outer tube.
6. A radium emanator comprising a casing provided with a plurality of ducts communicating with the casing interior at spaced points; one of the vducts constituting an air admitting duct,airffiltering means at the orifice of said air admitting duct, means for controlling passage through said ducts, a discharge tube secured in the other of said ducts, a second tube surrounding said first tube and adapted to receive the discharge of the first tube, the upper end of said second tube communicating witha' third duct in said casing,.and a suction tube secured to the opposite end of said third-duct.
7. A radium emanator comprising a casing provided with a plurality of ducts, at spaced points, one of the ducts constituting an air admitting duct, air filtering means at the orifice of said duct, a plug-valve rotat ably mounted in the casing and provided with ports adapted to be brought into register with certain of said ducts, said plug-valve having a chamber extending lengthwise and communicating with the ports thereof, said chamber constituting a radium holding chamber, removable closure means for one end of said chamber, a discharge tube secured in a second duct, a second tube surrounding said first tubeand adapted to receive the discharge of said first tube, Vthe upper end of said second tube communicating with a third'duct in said casing, and a suction tube secured to the opposite end of said third duct.
8. A radium emanator, comprising' a casing formed to provide ak chamber having spaced ports communicating therewith, one of said ports constituting an air intake port, air purifying means at the orifice of said port, means whereby egress through said air admitting port is prevented, a valve for simultaneously controlling said ports, an outlet tube connected with one of said ports, an enclosure for said tube extending therebeneath andprovided in its lower end with a check valve, and
a take-ofi` suction tube arranged in communication with said enclosure.
9. A radium emanator comprising, a casing having a chamber and spaced ports communicating with said chamber, one of said ports constituting an intake port While the other constitutes an outlet, a valve for simultaneously controlling said ports, an outlet tube connected with said outlet port, a second tube rabout, the outlet tube and extending therebeneath, the bottom of` said second tube having a check valve, a take-offv tube connected with said second tube, in combination with a second ported casing removably secured to the intake port of the first mentioned casing with one of the ports of said second casing communicating with the intake. port of the first casing, the other port of said second casing constituting an air intake port, a radium holding receptacle removably secured to said second mentionedl casing and provided with tubes connecting respectively Vwith the ports of said casing, and valve mechanism for controlling the ports of said second mentioned casing.
10. In a radium emanator, a radium holding receptacle, closure means for 'the receptacle comprising a casing having ducts extending therethrough, one of said ducts constituting an air intake duct while the other constitutes an outlet duct, each of said ducts at their lower ends being provided with tubes extendingy into the receptacle, a rotatable plug-valve mounted in said casing adapted Y to simultaneously control both of said'ducts, and air filtering means secured about the orifice of the air intake duct.
11. A radium emanator, comprising a cas ing having a chamber with spaced ports ex tending to the casing exterior, one of said VhavingitsV lower end normally closed by a check valve, and a take-ofi' suction tube ar ranged in communication with said second mentioned tube; f i
12. Aradium emanator, comprising a casing having a chamber with spaced ports extending to the casing exterior,the orifice of the intake portbeing enlarged and internally threaded, a chambered radium holding valve for simultaneously controlling said vports and having ports at opposite ends of the chamber adapted to register with certain of the casing ports, an outlet tube secured to one of said portsk of the casing, a second tube of larger length and diameter disposedy about ythe first tube, withone end secured to said casing'while the lower end is closed with ya check valve, a duct in said casing communieating with the upper end of said second tube, a suction tube communicating with the other end of said duct, in combination with an auxiliary radium holding receptacle, the upper kend whereof is provided with a closure member having ducts extending therethrough, one of ,said ducts terminating yin a threaded nipple adapted to screw into the threaded oriice of the intake port of' the first mentioned casing, a valve mounted in said closure member adapted to control both of said ducts.
13. A radium emanator comprising a casing having a chamber With spaced ports eX- tending to the chamber exterior, one of said ports constituting an air intake While the other constitutes an outlet port, a ported holloW valve, adapted to hold a radium element mounted in said chamber for simultaneously controlling both casing ports, an outlet tube secured to the outlet port of the casing, a second tube of greater diameter and length disposed about the first tube with one end secured to said casing While vthe lower is closed by a check valve, a suction tube arranged in communication with the upper end of said second mentioned tube, and removable means secured at the inlet p ort of said casing forl ltering the ingoing air.
JOHN W. ONEILL.
Patent No. 1, 853, 282.
CERTIFICATE 0F CRRECTION.
Granted April I2, 1932, to
JOHN W. ONEILL.
It is hereby certified that error appears in the printed specification of the above numbered patent requiring correction as follows: Page 3, Iine 113, claim 3, for the word "table" read tube; and that the said Letters Patent should. be
read with this correction therein that the same may conform to the record of the case in the Patent Office.
Signed and sealed this 17th day of May, A. D. i932.
M. J. Moore, (Seal) Acting Commissioner of Patents.