US 1855003 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
W 19, 1932- I J. SNARCK 1,855,003
FAGOTING EMBROIDERY AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING SAME Filed Dec. 26, 1931 INVENTOR WWI SNARCK n u k W4 .Q/ L/ A'ITORNEY Patented Apr. 19, 1932 UNITED STATES .mcx siuzacx, on 'NEW. You, R. Y.
FAGOTING EMBRODEBY AND IE'I'HOD OF MANUFACTURING SAME 31, 1 med December 26, 1981. Serial No. 583,330. B
This invention relates to improvements in fagoting embroidery and methods of manufactur' same.
One the'objects of this invention is to provide a method and apparatus for producing fagoting embroidery with great speed and economy; to produce a method whereby a subsequently dischargeable fabric is employed to provide an interposed protective oundation or element between the fagoting cross-threads and the embroidery fabric so as to enable the cutting and edge-foldin tools to be rapidly and quickly m'ani ulate to sever or slit fabric traversely of suc crossthreads and to fold over the severed edges without danger of severing orotherwise 1njuring the cross-threads or stitches; to provide a method and a paratus by the use of which the severed e es of slit in the embroidery fabric may in one o eration, neatly and quickly opened up, fol ed over and initially ironed in preparation for subsequent pressing and fastening down. a
With these and other objects in view, the invention comprises the combination of members and arran ement of parts so combined as to co-act and cocrate with each other in the performance 0 the functions and the accomplishment of the results herein contemplated, and comprises in one of its adaptions the species or preferred form illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which: i
Fig. 1 is a view in plan of a finished piece of fagoting embroidery embodying my invention;
Fig. 2 is a section on the line 22 of Fig. 1, looking in the direction of the arrow;
Fig. 3 is a view in plan of the reverse side of a piece of material or fabric mounted upon vanishing fabric and stitched with a fagoting stitch;
Fig. 4 is a section on the line 4-4 of Fig. 3 looking in the direction of the arrow;
Fig. 5 is a view similar to Fig. 3 showingthe embroidered material slit intermediate the cross-threads of the fagoting stitch;
Fig. 6 is a view similar to Figs. 3 and 5 showing the edges of the slit fabric initially folded by a novel turning and pressing or folding clement;
Fig. 7 is a side elevation of a novel tool employed in slit-opening, edge turning and initial hot-pressing or ironing;
Fig. 8 is a bottom view in plan of the tool shown in Fig. 7
Fig. 9 is an enlarged detail view of the fagoting embroidery stitch preferably employed by me.
Referring now to these drawings which illustrate a preferred embodiment of my invention, 1 indicates a single, unfolded piece of fabric or material to be embroidered, which I shall hereinafter call an embroidery fabric, 2 indicates a piece of heat-dischargeable fabric, adapted on subjection to heat to be discharged and to be brushed away, and which, in the preferred embodiment of my invention, I utilize as a protective foundation fabric or protective element. As illustrated in Figs. 3 and 4, the, embroidery fabric superposed over the h eat-dischargeable fabric with the front face of the embroidery fabric abutting the dissolvable fabric, and a fagoting-embroidery stitch, preferabl such as -shown in Fig. 9, is stitched throng both of said fabrics to produce a suitable design of any bent or curvi-form configuration and composed of two rows of parallel longitudinal stitches having cross-threads extending between the same and all formed or arranged in a single plane. My preferred stitch, 3, comprises a chain-stitch portion 3, fagoting cross-threads 3a and connecting stitch portion 36. When this stitch is made in the superposed embroidery fabric and discharge- 3' and 36 may be slit, as shown at 4 in Figs 5 and ,6 by a pair of scissors, a knife or m anyother suitable manner, and in this slitting operation, the heat-dissolvable protective element 2, being disposed betweenthe fabric 1 and the cross-threads 3a will serve as a protective foundation to prevent engagement and severing of cross threads by the severing tool, thus permitting greater speed in manufacturing than would otherwise be possible.
After the fabric is slit as shown at 4 in Figs. 5 and 6, I open up the slit, turn over the edge and initially iron or hot-press the same, and for this purpose, I utilize a novel device combinin edge turner and initial hot presser.
The slit-opening portion of this tool is inserted in the slit and upon sliding the tool along through the slit on the dischargeable fabric I turn or fo1d outwardly and downwardly in opposite directions the marginal edges adjacent to the slit and in the same operation I iron or hotress these edges so as to cause such edges to initially retain their folded position.
As illustrated in Figs; 6 to 8 inclusive, I utilize a tool having a pointed and upwardly inclined portion which is preferably semiconic in configuration and is adapted for ready insertion in the slit to cause a raising of the fabric edges and this pointed semiconic or upwardly-inclined portion merges with another portion for turning down such edges, and said tool also provides means for the initial pressing or ironing of such edges so as to cause them to maintain their folded condition.
As illustrated, my novel tool 5 includes a metallic head 6, having a pointed insertion portion"? provided with an upwardly-m clined surface 7 merging with a reverselyinclined wall portion 7 a serving as a turning portion. Said wall portion 7a is slightly inclined in the opposite direction and has a bevelled edge 7b. This bevel-edged wall 7a preferably surrounds the semi-conic pointed nose, constituting a major circumference mer ing at its lower end with a fiat bottom portion 70 which preferably extends outwardly to provide ressing wing portions beneath which the fa ric margin is lead to permit hot pressing. This flat surface also preferably merges or extends to the point 7.
Suitable means is employed for supplying *heat to the tool 5and' in the embodiment shown, the head 6 is provided with a shank 6' which screws into a handle 8. The handle 8 has a suitable socket 8 and contains an 1 electric heating element of conventional between the edges 33b of the stitch 3 and in one tool a slit-opener,.
- beneath said initially folded marginal edges over the protecting fabric 2 and forming a uide for the semi-conic opening surface 7'.
his portion 7 f lifts and opens the marginal edges of the slit and these edges upon reaching the bevelled wall 7a are turned outwardly and downwardly'beneath the outer wing portions 7d which merges with the fiat portion 7 c. The heating of the heating element thereupon supplies the necessary heat and pressing or ironing means to initially retain said folded portion 'in folded condition.
After initially folding down the marginal edges as above described, I apply on the reverse side of the fabricbeneath the folded edges of the slit a conventional fastening material such as rubber," which is spraye by the use of conventional spraying apparatus.
The embroidered fabric is then, preferably 2* in one operation or simultaneously, subjected to heat and pressure whichnot only securely fastens down the said marginal edges but also serves to discharge the protective dischar ing and heating may be brushed away to leave the open fagoting channel with the cross-threads only of fagoting stitches exposed at the front side as shown'in Fig. 1,
while the parallel chain and connecting stitch portions 3, 3b are concealed on the reverse side by the fastened down marginal edges of the slit.
As many changes could be made in the above construction and many apparently widely different embodiments of thls invention could be made without departing from the scope thereof; it is intended that all matter contained in the above description or shown in the accompanying drawings shall be interpreted as illustrative and not in a limiting sense.
Having described my invention, I claim:
1. The methodof manufacturing fagoting embroidery consisting in embroidering a single piece of material with two rows of parallel stitches and cross-threads extending between such stitches, slitting the fabric between such parallel rows of stitching, and in a single operation folding down the edges of the slitted portion in opposite directions over the parallel rows of stitching to conceal the same and applying heat to said edges to retain the same-in folded position.
2. The method of manufacturing fagoting embroidery consisting in taking a piece of fabric to be embroidered, superimposin the same on a piece of fabric dischargeab e by heat, applying a fagoting embroidery stitch through said fabric to be embroidered and through said dischargeable fabric to cause longitudinal parallel rows of stitches to be exposed on one side of said embroidered fabric and cross stitches to be exposed on the opposite side of the dischargeable fabric, slitable fabric which, after such pressting said embroidered fabric between saidiexposed two longitudinal rows of, stitches and above said dischar eable fabric, foldin the edges of the slitted ortion downwardly to conceal the rows of stitches and simultaneously turning over the edges of the slitted port1on and ironing the same in a single operation to initiall retain the same in folded condition and t en simultaneously subjecting said fabric to heat and pressure to dischar the dischargeable material and to press t a and above said dlschargeable fabric, folding the edges of the slitted portion downwardly to conceal the longitudinal rows of stitches and in the same operation simultaneously turning over the edges of the slitted portion to retain such edges in initially folded condition, spraying under the folded edge portions a fastenin material and then simultaneously subjecting said fabric to heat and pressure to discharge the dischargeable material and to press the folded edges.
4. Fagoting embroidery embodying, in combination, a single piece of fabric, a stitch embroidered in said fabric in an ornamental curvi-form design of any suitable configuration and comprisin two rows of parallel longitudinal stitches th arranged complete- 1y on one face of the fabric and cross-threads passing through the fabric to the opposite ace 0 t he fabric, said fabric having an open channel between said parallel longitudinal stitches to expose the cross-threads and having the ed s of the fabric at each side of the channe folded and fastened down over the said rows of longitudinal stitches to conceal the same. I
In witness whereof I have signed my name to the foregoing specification.