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Publication numberUS1857431 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 10, 1932
Filing dateNov 21, 1927
Priority dateNov 21, 1927
Publication numberUS 1857431 A, US 1857431A, US-A-1857431, US1857431 A, US1857431A
InventorsClark Malcolm S
Original AssigneeAlbert B Fridaker, Bert B Balkema, Harnischfeger Corp, Starrett Building Company, Walter W Ahlschlager Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Vehicle storage apparatus
US 1857431 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

May 10, 1932. 5, CLARK 1,857,431

VEHICLE STORAGE APPARATUS Filed NOV. 21, 1927 5 Sheets-Sheet lv x '0 i 28 /0 U D g 29 D 20 Q {I m LI 3 i C a j L I Inventor Malcolm 15. Clark Attornqy y 10, 1932. M. s. CLARK VEHICLE STORAGE APPARATUS Filed Nov, 21, 1927 5 Sheets-Sheet 3 tmmgy ffalcolm 1556201 6 @m'a/Mwm B y 1932- M. s. CLARK 1,857,431

VEHICLE STORAGE APPARATUS A? I Inventor -%Zc07m 5.67010? Attorn ey May 10, 1932. M. s. CLARK VEHICLE STORAGE A PPARATUS Filed Nov. 21, 1927 5 Sheets-Sheet 5 HEHHH Malcolm 5. C'Zar/r 5 M QH Patented May 10, 1932 UNITED :jS 'I'A'TES MALCOLM S. QLAR'K,-OF FERND'ALE, MI-GHIGAN, ASSIGNOR 0F ONE-FIFTH TD ETARRETT PATIENT OFF'IQE BUrLn-nve .oorare vy, ,A GOEi-PGRATION' or rear-were, SEE-FIFTH no risen-isotr- FEGEIe- G,OREORATIO1\T, ACORPORATION or Wisconsin,'orrnernrrirfro WALTER -w. nnnscnrnsna, and, .A conroaarioner runners, ounsrrr'rn r0 ALBERT s. anemia, or curoaeo, rumors, AND QNE-ZEENTH ro BERT B. BALKEMA, or

DETROIT, MICHIGAN VEHICLE APPARATUS Application .filed November 21, 1227. Serial N o. 234,847.

The present invention relates to an apparat-us for storing vehicles in a-building and has for its principal object to provide means for hoisting the vehicle and distributing'the same at various elevated positions in the building so as to compactly arrange the same and utilize all availablespaces in the building for the storage of the cars. i i

A further object is to provide an endless conveyor operating about a track arranged within the building and upon which track is also movably carried a number of cars adapted for movement about the track through the operation of the conveyor, saidtrack being arranged in a continuous circuit in section and various elevated positions in the building, each section being spaced so as to "traverse the entire area of the building and at the same time permit the free movement of the cars thereuponand arranging an elevator within the building adapted to receive the vehicle from the car disposed at any ofthe elevated track sections.

A still further object is to provide a car adapted to travel about thetrack in asuspended position therefrom and suitable for supporting a vehicle thereon for movement about the-track'bythecar, each of said cars being equipped with an automatically operated chock forengaging the wheels of the veiicle after the same has been placed in a predetermined positionupon the car forsecuring the same in position on the car.

Another 7 obj eat is to provide an apparatus of this character of simplezand practical construction whichis efiicient and reliable .inperformance, which providesan extremely economical means in {utilizing practically the enire face of abuilding for vehicle storage purposes without sacrificing a part of thebuilding fonconstructing extended runways for the purpose of moving the vehlcles from one floor to anotherofthe building, which is relatively inexpensive to manufacture,installand maintain in operation and otherwise well adapted for the purpose for which the same is intended. V i

Other objects and advantagesreside in the special construction and combination of the various elements comprising the invention,

reference being had to the accompanying drawings forming a part hereof, wherein:

Figure l is a diagrammatic elevational .view showing the manner of. arranging the track circuit for supporting the cars and moving the same throughout the building,

Figure 2 is an elevationalviewof oneend of a track section showing :the'bars inposition extendedtherefrom together with the endless chainprovided for the movement of the cars about the track, V

Figure 3 is a fragmentary sectional view through one of the rails of the track illustrating the manner of supportingthecars there- Figure 4 is a side elevational view of one of the cars with a'vehicle shown in transporting position thereon and illustrating the manner of securing the vehicle in position upon the car,

Figure 5 is a top plan view of one of the cars with parts broken away illustrating the wheel chock operating mechanism,

Figure '6 is a transverse sectional View through a fioor of the building illustrating the manner of arranging the track and supporting the cars therefrom, V c

Figure 7 is a transverse sectional view through a section of the train'taken substantially along a line 7+7 of'Figure 2,

Figure 8 is an end elevational view-of a modified arrangement of the apparatus,

Figure 9 is a diagrammatic side elevational view of the simplified arrangement'shown in Figure 8 and Figure 10 is a side elevational view of a modified car construction,

Referring now to the drawings in detail, my invention consistsof a vehicle storage apparatus comprising a continuously formed track 5 formed of a pair of spaced "parallel rails 6, of an I beam formation in crosssection'having. upper and lower flanges? and '8 respectively. As shown in'Figure 1, ofthe drawings, the track extends vertically adjacent one side of the buildingfirom thebottom to the top thereof andtransversely across the upper portion ofthe building and continues in a series of horizontal sections at diiferent elevated positions throughout the height of tion 10. The lowermost horizontal section is in turn connected with the vertical section throughout the height of the building.

The building may be provided with the usual floors 11 and supporting column 12, the columns 12 at each alternate floor level extending from the floor to the ceiling of such floor level whereas the remaining column terminates short of the ceiling and have their upper ends provided with heads 13 extending transversely of the column and upon which the rails 6 may be supported. Any suitable number of track circuits may be arranged throughout the building, Figure 6 of the drawings representing a fragmentary section of one of the floor levels illustratingthe manner of supporting a doubletrack section.

Upon each rail of the track is arranged a carrier 14 having a pair of rollers 15 rotatably mounted at each end thereof and engageable with the horizontal surface of the track,

- each side of thecarrier being provided with jejections 16 extending in a direction toward theopposite end of the track and forming a mounting for a pair of rollers 17 engaging I thesurface of the flange of the track in opposed relation with respect to the rollers 15. As clearly illustrated in Figure 3 of the drawings, the arrangement of the rollers constitutes a guide for the flange of the track whereby to prevent the derailment of the carri er therefrom. An axle 18 is rotatably carried by a pair-of the carriers 14 disposed on the corresponding rails of the track, said axle forming a support for the upper edge of the sides 19 of a car 20 arranged in suspended movement of the car with respect to the axle.

An endless chain indicated generally at 22 is arranged upon thevtrack, said chain being disposed in sections of suitable length with one end of each section attached to the rear of one of the carriers 14 with the opposite end of each section attached to the forward end of the adjacent carrier.

Each chain section is composed of a plurality of links arranged in end to end rela tion as illustrated in Figure 2 of the drawings, each link comprising a longitudinally extending rod section 23 with flanges 24 arranged at each side thereof and adapted to extend over the side of the flange of the rail. Each of the links 22 are provided with opposed rollers engageable with the opposite surfaces of the flange of the rail, and comprising rollers 25' rotatably mounted upon the rod section 23 of the link and rollers 26 disposed inwardly with respect to the flanges 24 and rotatably engaging the opposite surface of the fiangc,-said rollers 25 and 26 thereby forming uides for receiving the flange of the rail. y connecting the carriers of each of the cars in this manner it will be apparent that the entire group of cars maybe moved along the rails as a unit A suitable drive means indicated at 27 is provided for engaging the links of the chain whereby to move the same along the rails, said drive means being of any suitable construction, such as for instance the sprocket wheel operativelyconnected with a collar flange and engaging the chain for the operation thereof in a manner well known in the art. j

With theiparts of the apparatus assembled in the manner heretofore explained it will be apparent that the cars 20 may be moved 7 along the track, and as illustrated in Figure 2' of the drawings the carrier 14 will travel along the upper flange 7 of the rail while traversing one horizontal section of the track and uponpassing around the curved section of'the track will be suspended from the lower flange 8 thereof while traversing the next succeeding horizontal section thereof. The manner of swingingly mounting the cars upon the axle 18 readily permits of such traversing of the carriers 14 with respect to the rails so as to maintain the cars constantly in a suspended position.

Rollers 28 are mounted at each end of the cars adapted for engagement with vertically disposed rails 29 arranged adjacent the curved portion of the track whereby to prevent tilting movement of the cars while pass ing around the curved section thereof.

Through the engagement between the rollers and the rails 29,'the tilting, of the car is also prevented duringthe loading and unloading of the vehicle therefrom.

By mounting the rails at one floor leve upon the upper edge of the T-head supports 13 and suspending the rails from the ceiling of the adjacent floor level in a manner as illustrated in Figure 6, of the drawings provides a practical method of permitting the carriers 14 to travel upon the opposite flanges 7 and 8 ,of the rails.

At the side of the building adjacent the vertically disposed section of the track is arranged an entrance way from the street level indicated at 30 providing means for driving the vehicle on to the cars 20 as the same are moved into position opposite the entrance way. Each of the cars 20 are open at each end and have a floor 31 connected with the lower edge of the sides 19, said floor having a pair of longitudinally extending slotted openings 32 formed therein to each end of which a lever 33 extends, the lower end of the lever at the adjacent end of the slot being mounted on a rock shaft 34 with the upper end thereof protruding above the surface of the floor connected by a trans versely disposed rod 35.

lhe rod 35 disposed at the respective end of the slotted openings 32 form a connection for one end of a pair of rack bars 36 extending toward the center of the car, the rack formed on the bars at each side of the car being opposed with respect to each other as clearly illustrated in Figure 4 of the drawings and engageable with the opposite side of a side pinion 37 mounted on a transversely disposed end 38 and which shaft also carries a worm drive 39 connected with a motor 40 forming the drive means for the pinion.

The motor 40 is connected in a circuit 41 with a suitable source of current and in which is also interposed a switch 42 operated through a movable platform 43 disposed slightly above the surface of the floor 31, which upon being depressed will operate to close the circuit. Normally the rods 35 and rack bars 36 connected therewith are disposed below the surface of the floor and upon the driving of a vehicle as indicated by the dotted line in Figure 4 of the drawings, the front wheels 44 of the vehicle coming into contact with the platform 43 will thereby operate to close the switch and through the operation of the motor '41 to raise the rods 35 so as to engage the opposite sides of the front and rear wheels of the vehicle and thus prevent further movement of the vehicle across the floor of the car. breaker 46 of any suitable type is interposed in the circuit 41 and adapted to break the circuit upon the overloading of the motor 40 after the limit of the movement of the rod 35 against the respective wheels of the vehicle.

Suitable guides in the form of leaf springs 47 may be employed for maintaining a positive engagement of the rack bars 36 with the drive pinion 37.

At the side of the building opposite from the entrance way may be installed an elevator indicated at 48 adapted to be moved adjacent any of the floor levels of the building and to receive the vehicle from the car at any of the floor levels so as to enable the removal of any of the vehicles at any time from the building regardless of the order of the entrance thereof intothe building. The elevator is adapted to discharge the vehicle at an exit from the building disposed adjacent the street level as shown at 49.

For selecting the proper stopping position for unloading a desired vehicle from the car, transporting the same, a suitable mechanical chart may be arranged in an operators quarters, said chart constituting a miniature of the storing apparatus which will move in comparison to the operation thereof, each car of the miniature being identified with a corresponding car of the main apparatus. The operation of the apparatus will be under An overload circuit.

constantcontrol by :the i operatorand according-lyasc one of the carsaappnoachess a. pr'efde termined floor level, the-.operatorswill thus be enabled to interrupt the operation of: the apparatus to -permit the discharge of the desired -=velri'cle from: the *oar onto the elevator 48 and "discharging the same: from the building atthe street level.

ln. Figures :8 'andx9 of: the drawings I have illustrated a constructionin. which the apparatus is reduced to 1 .its very simplest: form,

Figure 8 representingadouble track construction about which the/cars 50.:are adapted to travelft-he track being arranged :in the. form of a 'vertica'lly dispo'sed loop, .as shown in Figured), Without any. horizontal sectionsiat the various floor levels as provided 'lIli the form of the. invention heretofore described. This form of the invention is 2 adapte'dipan ticjularlyfifor'luse inconnection with relatively ing disposed: a position distant above'.the cenrter line 0f the car: in order to maintain the same in :a suspendedposition.

F-rom the foregoing explanation it will-be apparent that an exceedingly economical method is=provided for conveniently andra-pidly storing a large number of vehicles within the=building.

It is obvious that the-inventionis suscepti- Isle; of various "changes andmodifications, withoutdepa'ntingfrom the spirit or scope of the invention or sacrificing any of its advantages, and I accordingly claim all such forms of the device to which I am entitled.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new is:

1. In an apparatus of the class described, an endless track including a plurality of vertically spaced horizontal runs and runs connecting alternate ends of said horizontal runs, storage cages supported for movement along said track means for moving said storage units, and an elevator operating adjacent said endless track for unloading storage cages of any horizontal run of said track.

2. In an apparatus of the class described, an endless track including a plurality of vertically spaced horizontal runs and runs connecting alternate ends of said horizontal runs, storage cages supported for movement along said track, means for moving said storage units, an elevator operating adjacent said endless track for unloading storage cages of any horizontalrun of said track, vertical.

guide means adjacent said elevator a'ndco- 5 operating with the cages as they'travel along the vertical runs at one side of the track.

'8. In an apparatus of the class described,

a plurality of storage cages, means for sup-" porting said cages for movement along an endless path having spaced horizontal runs and a single unloading device associated with said'means and adapted to be alined with cages at any level.

4. In an apparatus ofthe class described, a continuously formed rigid track structure including aplurality of superimposed interconnected horizontal track sections and a vertical section, said track being constructed in the form of an I beam in cross-section, carriers mounted for movement about the track, rollers mounted on the carrier adapted for engagement with the opposite surfaces of the flanges of the track, said carriers being adapt ed for movement upon the upper flange of 1, the track at one horizontal section and upon the lower flange of the track of the adjacent horizontal section, an axle extending between the carriers of the opposite rails of theitrack, a car swingingly suspended from said axle 30 and a chain section mounted for movement about the flanges of the track and forming a connection between the adjacent carriers whereby to enable "the movement of the cars about the track as a unit, each of said cars adapted to support a vehicle thereon. 1 5. In an apparatus of the class described, the combination of-an endless rigid track structure arranged in vertical and horizontal sections, car suspension means movable about the track, and flexible connectors for the suspension means whereby to connect a predetermined number thereof for movement as a unit about the track;

In testimony whereof I affix my signature.


Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2609112 *Mar 26, 1949Sep 2, 1952Mckenzie James GElevator apparatus
US2728467 *Jan 28, 1954Dec 27, 1955Herman GlickerParking tower structure
US3011659 *Jun 2, 1955Dec 5, 1961Dominik DlouhyRotary storages
US4252488 *Nov 29, 1977Feb 24, 1981Uwe KochanneckStorage retrieval system with pivoted holder frames
DE1170605B *Jul 10, 1962May 21, 1964Heinrich KuipersParkeinrichtung zum Abstellen zweier Kraftfahrzeuge uebereinander
DE1207591B *Dec 1, 1959Dec 23, 1965Heinz Jelto FalkensteinVorrichtung zum Abstellen von Kraftfahrzeugen
WO2014091122A1Dec 5, 2013Jun 19, 2014Ruiz Diez Josť AntonioFacility for conveying motor vehicles having balanced force transmission
U.S. Classification414/248
International ClassificationE04H6/14
Cooperative ClassificationE04H6/14
European ClassificationE04H6/14