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Publication numberUS1859132 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 17, 1932
Filing dateNov 20, 1928
Priority dateNov 20, 1928
Publication numberUS 1859132 A, US 1859132A, US-A-1859132, US1859132 A, US1859132A
InventorsFechtenburg Jorgen F H
Original AssigneeFechtenburg Jorgen F H
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Suction comb
US 1859132 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

May 17, 1932. J. F. H. FECHTENBURG- 1,859,132

SUCTION COMB Filed NOV. 20, 1928 'Patented Mey 17, 41932 .Tnen rr. n. rune,

or cnmnnnm rownsnre;

i rmsnvanu Y `MHWJIGGIIIERY COUNTY,

sumaron coma- Application med November 20, 192B. Serial No. 820,607.

This invention relates to what I na be termed a suction comb and is particu arly adapted for use in the cleamn of cows, horses' and other animals. The evice com '.5 prises a comb which is adapted to sleek the animals coat and at the same time loosen any dirt or scuri which may be imbedded 1n the hair, the suction nozzle, which is comblned with the comb, acting to carry the foreign L matter away immediately and therebyprevent its resettling on the animal.

It will be understood that the suctlon nozzle is adapted to be coupled to any suitable form of vacuum' producing apparatus for i creating the desired suction in the nozzle around the comb.

One object of the invention is to construct the comb in such a manner that loose hair will not become entangled in the comb and thereby clog the nozzle.

Another object of the invention is to form the nozzle in twoseparatc pieces, comprising the nozzle proper and a hollow or tubular handle therefor, and so constructing these elements that the nozzle proper, 'which is of wide expanse and is adapted for use in cleaning the readily accessible parts of the animal, may be quickly removed from the hollow handle which on its end is provided with comb teeth and is adapted to be used alone in cleaning those parts of the animal which are not so readily accessible.

Referring to the drawings:

Fig. 1 is a longitudinal sectional elevation of ,the device taken on the line 1-1, Fig. 2;

Fig. 2 is a transverse sectional elevation taken on the line 2 2, Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 is an inverted plan view;

Fig. 4 is an end view of the tubular handle of the device; and

Figs. 5, 6, 7 and 8 illustrate alternate forms of the invention. p

The device comprises a suction nozzle 1, which consists of an elongated substantially flat hollow body portion 2 which gradually increases in height from its opposite ends toward its center where the said hollow body portion is provided with a substantially cylindrical hollow extension 3, which projects from one side of the said body portion at an angle with respect to the general plane of the saidbody portion. e respective side walls 4 and 5 ofthe hollow body portion 1 are spaced apart to forman elongated mouth oropening 6 in which is located the comb 7. j

The comb 7 comprises a`solid portion or back Swhich is located within the opening 6 of the body portion 2 and is spaced above and substantially parallel to the bottom edge 9 of thev said body portion12. Teeth 10 of the comb project from the back 8 of the comb to a point below or outside the bottom edge 910i1 the body portion 2 of the suction nozz e The comb 7 may be applied to the nozzle by slotting the end walls 11, 11 of the body portion 2 as at 12 and placing the ends of the comb in said slots, swaging the ends of the comb over the said end walls 11 at each side of the slots, or by sweating, soldering, or welding the comb in the slots, or by locating the comb in a suitable die and casting the body portion 2 around the comb to hold vthe comb in place.

The metal at the base of spaces formed between adjacent teeth is beveled in both direct-ions from the central plane of the comb as indicated at 13 presenting a knife edge to the jdirt and hair being drawn into the nozz e li have found by experimentation that this construction prevents loose hairs from piling up between the teeth and clogging the nozzle, the knife edge 14 preventing the hairs from balancingon Ithe comb with one end on oney side thereof and the other end on the opposite side thereof, such as happens when the base of the spaces between the teeth are permitted to remain flat and at right angles to the direction of travel of the air moving into the nozzle.

Obviously for 'short haired animals the teeth 10 do not extend as far below the bottom edge 9 lof the nozzle as is Vthe case wherethe comb is to be used on long haired animals. Likewise the spacing of the teeth may vary in accordance with the state of compactness of the hair on different animals.

The inner :face of the wall of the extension 3 100 tus .45 vofthenozzle.l l

'By m king` the T c'ombsjf removablafcombs is slightly' tapered to receive the externally tapered end 15 of a suitable hollow handle pgrts of the animal the nozzle 1 is employed,l

ing frictionally held on the hollow handle 16 but for the places less accessible, such for example as the places where the limbs join the body, the nozzle 1 may be removed and the toothed end of the hollow handle emplo ed to comb and clean in such places,in whlch case the hollow handle functions as the nozzle. j

Placing the comb directly in the center-,of

the nozzle mouth or opening 6 and running the comb longitudinally of the opening with the walls 4 and 5 spaced relatively close to the comb on each side thereof permits the dirt to be loosened by the comb and immediately removed from the hair and does not allow the ,dirt to settle on another part ofthe animals bod Spacing the knife edges 14 inwardly from the bottom edge 9 of the nozzle permits the teeth to thoroughly comb the hair without the hair becoming entangledin the teeth by the suction in the nozzle. If desired, the comb may be removably se cured in the nozzle 1 in any suitable manner,

suchfor example as that illustrated in Fig.A

5, wherein the ends of the lcomb 7a extend beyond the end walls 11, 11 as illustrated at 18, and a pin or other.y securing device 19 passed through the ends 18 ofthe combs resting in socketsl 20 form'edat` the intersection of the bead 21, whichfs formed -around the .rions existent conditions.

' mouthy of the lnozzl'e,j vcithj-the body portion having various degrees oflcoursenessgorteeth of various lengths, etc.,may-bereadilyplaced in the nozzle tomeet the requirements of -va-y In Fig. 6, I have shown a comb 7b in which the teeth are curved outwardly, ina direction away from the handle of the nozzle, as illustrated at 10b, the ortion of the teeth extending beyond the p ane w-w of the mouth of the nozzle being disposed substantially at an.

angle relative to the plane of ther mouth of the nozzle. This curvature of the teeth obviates the possibilities of the teeth pressing into the hide when the device is pushed-rather `than pulled over the hide. In pushing .the device over the hide,the curvature-of thev teeth 10b presents the lower portion of the teeth at an acute anglel withrespect'ftothe' h1de whereupon the teeth will readily ride maaien over the hide rather than having a tendency to dig into the hide. In pulling the device over the hide the natural tendency is for the teeth to move away from the hide, therefore, there is vno tendency for the teeth to dig into the hide. The operation of this form of the '1 device is smooth and` eicient even in the hands 'of the most inexperienced or` indiscreet'operator. v 't Obvlously the curvature of the teeth 10b may ,be eliminated vand the portion of the teeth extending beyond the plane wof the mouth yof the nozzle bent at an angle other than ninety degrees with res ect to said plane as shown at 10c Fig. 7, wit equal eifectiveness.

In Figs. v7 and 8, I have shown a comb adapted especially for use with animals which are shedding hair. In this form of the invention the teeth of. the comb are spaced relatively far a art andthe bases of the aces between t e teeth are curved as at 20, t ereby presentin no shar corners in which loose hair may co lect. A so these bases are beveled on one side only as indicated at 130, and these bases are located but a slight distance from the glane :v -w of the mouth of the nozzle, so t atv should any loose hairs become entangled'in the teeth of the comb they may be readily removed by merely removing the nozzle 1 from the handle 16 and vrunning the end .of the handle across the comb, the suction in the handle 16 thereby removing the loose hairs from the teeth of the comb. l

I claim: v

1. The combination of a suction nozzle having a hollow body portion terminating in an elongated mouth opening of restricted width and wherein (pposite sides of said mouth opening are de ned b a pair of relatively spaced rectilinear wa ls extending in planes substantially parallel to each other vwith the edges `of said. walls at the mouth Vto each of said side walls, providing an un'- obstructed relatively narrow air passage extending from' said mouth opening into the said hollow body portion of the nozzle at each side of the comb between the comb and the adjacent side wall of the nozzle whereby the suction will bev concentrated at each side of the comb.

2. The combination of a suction nozzle having a hollow body portion terminating in an elongated mouth opening of restricted width and wherein opposite sides of said mouth opening are defined by a pair of relatively spaced rectilinear walls extending in planes vfsubstantially parallel to each other with the edges of said walls at the mouth opening unlsas broken and disposed in a common plane substantially at right angles to the planes of said walls, and a comb disposed in said mouth opening in a plane intermediate and in substantially parallel spaced relation to each of said side walls, providing an unobstructed relatively narrow air passage extending from said mouth opening into the said hollow body portion of the nozzle at each side of the comb between the comb and the adjacent side wall of the nozzle whereby the suction will be concentrated at each side of the comb, said comb comprising spaced teeth projecting outward beyond the plane of the mouth opening and the bases of the spaces between the teeth being located within the mouth of the nozzle and spaced inwardly from the said plane of the mouth opening.

3. The combination of a suction nozzle having a hollow body portion terminating in an elongated 'mouth opening of restricted width and wherein opposite sides of said mouth opening are defined by a pair of relatively spaced rectilinear walls extending in planes substantially parallel to`each other with the edges of said walls at the mouth opening unbroken and disposed in a common plane substantially at right angles to the planes of said walls, and a comb disposed in said mouth opening in a plane intermediate and in substantially parallel spaced relation to each of said side walls,providing an unobstructed relatively narrow air passage extending rom said mouth opening into Z e the said hollow body portion of the nozzle at each side of the comb between the comb and the adjacent side wall of the nozzle whereby the suction will be concentrated at each side of the comb, said comb comprising spaced teeth projecting outward beyond the plane of the mouth opening and the bases of the spaces between the teeth being located within the mouth of the nozzle in a plane substantially parallel to and spaced inwardly from the plane of the mouth of the nozzle.

4. The combination of a suction nozzle having an elongated mouth opening of restricted width and wherein opposite sides of said mouth opening are defined by a pair of relatively spaced rectilinear walls extending in planes substantially parallel to each other with the edges of said walls-at the mouth opening unbroken and disposed in a common plane substantially at right angles to the planes of said walls. and a comb disposed in said mouth opening in a plane intermediate and in' substantially parallel spaced relation to each of said side walls, providing an unobstructed relatively narrow air passage at each side of the comb between the comb and the adjacent side wall of the nozzle l whereby the suction will be concentrated at each side of the comb, said comb comprising spaced teeth projecting outward beyond the plane of the mouth opening and the bases of the spaces between the teeth being located within the mouth of the nozzle and spaced j inwardly from the said plane of the mouth opening, the said bases being' beveled toward the mouth-of the nozzle. l

5. The combination of a suction nozzle havingan elongated mouth opening of restricted width and wherein o posite sides of said mouth opening are de ed by a pair of relatively spaced rectilinear-walls extending in planes substantially parallel to each other with the edges of said walls at the mouth opening unbroken and disposed in a .common lane substantially at right angles to the p anes of said walls, and a comb disposed in said mouth opening in a plane intermediate and in substantially parallel spaced relation to each of said side walls, providing an unobstructed relatively narrow air passage at each side of the comb between the comb and adjacent side wall of the nozzle whereby the suction will be concentrated at each side of the comb, said comb comprising spaced teeth projecting outward beyond the plane of themouth opening and the bases of the spaces between the teeth being located within the mouth of the nozzle and spaced inwardly from the said plane of the mouth opening,

the said bases being beveled in vopposite di- JRGEN F. H. FECHTENBURG.

IIJ

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2616120 *Oct 3, 1946Nov 4, 1952Separator AbAnticlogging nozzle for currying apparatus
US2675575 *Feb 11, 1950Apr 20, 1954Air Way Electric Appl CorpAdjustable agitator for vacuum cleaners
US3633241 *Apr 10, 1969Jan 11, 1972Whirlpool CoVacuum cleaner nozzle
US3668736 *Apr 13, 1970Jun 13, 1972Petcraft Ind IncGrooming and cleaning device
US3696818 *Apr 1, 1971Oct 10, 1972Scovill Manufacturing CoHair-drying comb
US3955238 *Sep 6, 1974May 11, 1976Corporate Products ResearchDog brush
US3981313 *Apr 28, 1975Sep 21, 1976Clairol IncorporatedHair dryer concentrator
US4207909 *Jun 10, 1977Jun 17, 1980Wilcher Gene ELiquid applicator
US4291430 *May 21, 1980Sep 29, 1981Ronald HightowerJanitor's rake for removing staples imbedded in carpet
US4476607 *Sep 30, 1982Oct 16, 1984David RossPortable vacuum cleaning device
US4485583 *Jul 26, 1982Dec 4, 1984Audrey PlantyFlea-vacuum
US4570286 *Jul 17, 1984Feb 18, 1986David RossPortable vacuum cleaning device
US5768748 *May 16, 1996Jun 23, 1998Silvera; CurtisVacuum attachment for grooming cats and dogs
US6086682 *Apr 12, 1999Jul 11, 2000Anderson; Daniel P.Comb-like, for use with a vacuum cleaner
US7159274 *May 17, 2002Jan 9, 2007Freidell James EVacuum grooming tool
US8230819Jan 23, 2006Jul 31, 2012Hair Patrol LlcVacuum grooming tool
US8429790 *Aug 13, 2008Apr 30, 2013Hair Patrol LlcVacuum grooming tool
US8732893Jul 28, 2012May 27, 2014Petgroom Tech LlcMethod for removing hair from a hand-held grooming tool
US8918955Apr 29, 2013Dec 30, 2014Petgroom Tech LlcVacuum grooming tool
US20090293225 *Aug 13, 2008Dec 3, 2009Hair Patrol LlcVacuum grooming tool
US20110041347 *Nov 4, 2010Feb 24, 2011Wang Hou-PiaPet hair trimming cutter
EP1400170A1 *Apr 30, 2003Mar 24, 2004Slavin, KathrynAnimal grooming device
WO1999052410A1 *Apr 12, 1999Oct 21, 1999Daniel P AndersonVacuum aid for lice and nit removal system
Classifications
U.S. Classification15/402, 15/416, 132/219
International ClassificationA01K13/00
Cooperative ClassificationA01K13/002
European ClassificationA01K13/00C