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Publication numberUS186411 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 23, 1877
Filing dateApr 20, 1876
Publication numberUS 186411 A, US 186411A, US-A-186411, US186411 A, US186411A
InventorsWilliam Lee Chueoh
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Improvement in lateral water-pipes
US 186411 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

w. L. CHfiRCH. LWATERAL WATER-PIPE; No. 186,411. Patented Jan. 23,1877.

- Witnesses [RI enter;


of Constructing Lateral W nect hydrants or building are less liable to be affected by force, P P

chambers by means of a p circulating current. Up



Specification forming part of Letters Patent N 0. 186,41 l

April 20 To all whom "it may concern:

Be it known that 1, WILLIAM LEE CHURCH, late of the town of La'nsingburg, State of New York, and now a resident of the town of Havana, Schuyler county, State of New York, haveinvented a new and Improved Method ater-Pipes that cons with a water-sup ply main, of which the following is a specification:

The object of my invention is to prevent the Water in lateral water-pipes from freezing, and so as to avoid the deposit of sediment Within them. I

It is well known that water-supply mains the action of frost than the laterals which connect hydrants or buildings with the supply-mains. This occurs from the fact that there is a Well-established current in the former, while in the latter the water is for most of the time in a quiescent condition, and on this account rendered more liable to freeze. To cause the currentwhich produces the result in the main to extend into the laterals by means of a mechanical arrangement of co operating parts constitutes my invention.

I accomplish this result by dividing the area inclosed within the lateral in part longitudinally, and so as to form two circulatingartition -wall or septum. These two chambers areformed and arranged to connect at any point within the lateral to which it is desired to extend the influence of the circulating current away from the main attachment. This connection between the divided horizontal spaces within the lateral is formed by omitting the septum or partition at such, point remote'from the main as is deemed necessary to employ the on the end of the septum or partition, and where the lateral is at tached to the water-main, the partition is extended beyond the lateral and projected into the current-force of the main, so as to intercept and divert it in part into the lateral. The end'of the partition which enters the current may be bifurcated or divided, so as to form entry and discharge ports for thecircu lation; or it may be projected into the current V B, with which the circul p connect.

dated January 23,1877; application filed 1876.

force at right angles to it. Although I prefer to use the former modification of means, yet both constructions will, .in degree, perform the same office.

In the accom panying drawing, Figure 1 exhibits a view of the exterior of a hydrant lateral pipe, with a vertical sectional view of the water-main to which it this illustration the partitio truded into the inclosed a main at'O; the watereral fitted illustrates lateral sh n is shown as inthe lateral is designated at A, and main in section at J, with the latto receive the hydrant at D. Fig. 2 a longitudinal sectional view of the own at Fig. 1, and also a longitudinal sectional View of the Water-main to which it is attached, with the lateral fitted to receive the hydrant.

In this illustration the d septum is designated at trudes into the water-main, and is bifurcated or divided at S and S. The direction of the current-force of the main is designated by arrows. The partition or septum O is shown as in part dividing the inclosed area of the lateral in two circulating-chambers, 10 and p, with thelateral exterior wall designated at a a a a. At the end of the lateral,remote from where it is attached to the water-main, the partition is omitted, so as to leave the space ating-chambers p and The watermain,in section, is shown at J and J, and the lateral as fitted to receive a hydrant at D.

The operation of the construction thus described is as follows: The current-force of the main, in passing through it, as indicated by the arrows, impinges upon the divided end of the partition 0 at s, and is, in part, diverted and directed into the space 1), and along and through which it passes until it reaches the end of the partition, and into the space E. It then passes around the end of the partition into the space 1), and returns to the watermain through the delivery-port 8, while the circulation receives the direct force of the current to impel it into the lateral; it also reivision-partition or O, and where it inceives the aid of the draft capacity of the current exerted upon the delivery discharge velocity.

-port 8, to accelerate its PATENT FFrCn;

is attached. In

rea of the water- Having thus described my invention, what I claim, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-

1. The division-plate or septum 0, applied to a lateral water-pipe so as to divide in part its inclosed area in two circulating-chambers or connected spaces, with the division-plate or septum 0 extended into the current-force of the water-main to which the lateral is at tached, and so as to divert and direct the current-force of the main in part into the lateral, substantially as shown and described.

2. In combination, and applied to the inside area of a water lateral pipe, the septum or partition 0, the circulating-chambers p and p, with the connecting-space 13, arranged Within the lateral and connected with a wafSGAl 1 ter-xnain, as and for the purposes described and shown.

3. The entry and delivery ports 8 and 8, formed upon the end of the septum 0r partition which divides the area of a water lateral in two connecting chambers or spaces, and when the before-named partition is intruded into the current-force of the main supply-pipe to which the lateral is attached, as and for the purposes described.

Signed at Havana, New York, this 16th day of March, 1876.

WM. LEE CHURCH. Witnesses: S. E. CHURCH,


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US2594762 *Dec 26, 1945Apr 29, 1952Phillips Petroleum CoFluid distribution system
US2725892 *Sep 28, 1953Dec 6, 1955Perfection Mfg CorpDevice for flushing pipe line outlets
US4091261 *Sep 13, 1976May 23, 1978Noland Wayne BElectrically heated animal watering device
US4391551 *Mar 3, 1980Jul 5, 1983Walter C. BelcherSnake cleanable fluid flow system
US4800953 *Oct 14, 1987Jan 31, 1989Veldhoff James ABaffle for coolant passage
US5248218 *Jul 2, 1992Sep 28, 1993Belcher Walter CSnake cleanable fluid flow system
US7137414 *Dec 21, 2004Nov 21, 2006General Motors CorporationFluid transfer apparatus
US20060130921 *Dec 21, 2004Jun 22, 2006Marc AndresFluid transfer apparatus
Cooperative ClassificationF16L53/002