US 1865098 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
A. J. GREEN B INDER June 28, 1932.
Filed Oct. 9, 1930 r W Y a Patented June 28, 1932 UNITED STATES AMOS J.'GRF -EN, OF MOUNT HOREB, WISCONSIN BINDER Application filed October 9, 1930. Serial No. 487,466.
The invention relates to improvements in binders and particularly a binder having improved loose-leaf holding means.
An object of the invention is to provide an improved binder in which the loose leaves, when the binder'is open, shall spread out flat in order to facilitate inspection of or writing on same. 1
Another object is to provide a loose-leaf 1o binder with improved means to facilitate ready insertion or removal of loose-leaf sheets.
Another object is to provide a binder with improved manually operable means for securing or releasing the contents therein.
Another object is to provide an improved article of the character referred to with a receptacleadapted to contain such writing material as a pen and/or a pencil.
Another object is to provide an improved binder with an interchangeable memoranda or calendar pad.
Another object is to provide animproved binder adapted to contain loose-leaf sheets havingextensions thereon, with means for holding said extensions to prevent their be coming torn or crumpled.
The foregoing and such other objects of the invention as will appear hereinafter as the description proceeds, will be more readily understood from a perusal of the following specification, reference being had to the accompanying drawing, in which: f
Fig. 1 is a perspective viewof the improved loose-leaf binder, shown open.
Fig. 2 is a fragmentary plan view ofthe binder.
Fig. 3 is a transverse sectional view of the improved loose-leaf binder, taken on line 83 of Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is a transverse sectional view through the back of the binder, taken on line 4 1 of Fig. 2. y 7
Fig. 5 is a sectional perspective view of a portion of the back, showing the receptacle therein.
.The improved loose leaf binder preferably includes a rigid back member 11 which may be semi-circular in cross-section, or of any suitable shape, having a chamberhollowed out to provide a space for movable parts and for such writing equipment as may be placed therein. The back 11 preferably is closed at its ends and is provided with a plurality of transverse partitions 12 arranged to divide the chamber therein into a plurality of compartments including those marked 13 and 14,
Suitable oscillatable rock shafts 15 extend longitudinally of the back and are journaled in the partition walls12, one adjacent each side wall of said back, as shown. Ordinary book covers 16 are secured by hinges 17 to the respective side walls of the back 12 and are adapted to fold outwardly therefrom to" provide a substantially flat surface when the binder is open. The chamber portions in the back 11 between each end wall and the ad acent partition wall 12 preferably are closed to provide a finished surface, by a top 'plate 18.
The compartments 13 adjacent the closed end portlons are adapted to contain suitable loose-leaf securing mechanisms Which will be referred to'in detail hereinafter. The intermediate compartment 14 is adapted to contain such writing equipment as it may be desired to place therein, and said, compartment is provided with a suitable cover 19 preferably hingedly mounted upon one of the longtudinal rock shafts 15. A yieldable clamp 21 fixedly secured on the under side of the cover 19 is adapted and arranged to cooperate with the other rock shaft 15 foryieldably securing the cover inclosed position.
If desired, a frame 22 adapted to contain amemoranda pad or calendar 23' may be mounted upon the outwardly disposed face of the cover 19. I
F ixedly secured on each rock shaft 15, and
extending inwardly and upwardly laterally therefrom are a pair, of spaced impaling prongs 24 which are centrally located in the respective compartments13. The impaling prongs 24 are substantially arcuate shaped and each arches over the respective compartment 13 substantially to a point vertically above the longitudinal center of the book back 11. The prongs on each rock shaft are adapted to co-operate with the respective prongs on the other rock shaft to provide a continuous arch over the chamber compartment 13 when said prongs are in closed position.
Suitable sheets of paper 25 are adapted to be held in the improved loose-leaf binder by said prongs 24, said sheets being provided with spaced extensions 26 having apertures 27 therein to receive said prongs. \Vhen the sheets are arranged in the hinder the extensions 26 extend into the respective compartments 13. Extending laterally of the side walls of the back 11 within each compartment 13 are lips 28 arranged to co-operate with the sheet extensions 26 to prevent their becoming mutilated or torn. The provision of sheets having extensions 26 thereon is particularly desirable when using a notebook binder of the improved character, because said sheets will lie flat. upon the covers 16 and the intermediate cut-out portion thereof provides for viewing the memoranda or calendar pad 23 and permits access to the chamber 14 therebeneath.
To provide for opening and closin the impaling prongs 24, each of the rock Shafts 15 has an arm -29 extending at right-angles from one end. The free end of each arm 29 is formed with a suitable bearing portion 31, adapted to extend into and-co-operate with a slot 32 formed in each arm 33 of a crosshead 34. This cross-head has a tapped opening for receiving therethrough an adjusting screw 35 rotatably mounted in the back but held against end-Wise movement. Upon manipulation of the screw 35, the cross-head 34 is moved therealong, thus varying the position of the arms 29 and bearing members 31, to-eifect rocking, in'opposite directions, of the shafts 13. v
Manipulation of the screw 35 is effected by a suitable thumb nut 36 which is fixedly "secured upon the reduced end, 37 of said screw, which inner end projects through the top plate 16 adjacent one end of the back 11. The other end of the screw 35 is journaled in a suitable bracket 38 mounted on the inside face of the back 11.
It can readily be understood that the improvedloose-leaf binder is very eflicient in use and because novel loose-leaf sheets are provided and mounted in a novel manner, a substantially flat writing surface is assured. The improved sheets arealso held within the binder by novel mounting means of a construction which insures their being secured and locked in place. WVhen the impaling prongs are in open position, as shown in dotted lines in Fig. 4, a sufliciently large space is afforded between their opposed ends *to make insertion of new sheets 'very easy.
Although an exemplary form of the loose leaf binder has been shown in the accomanying "drawing and described herein in etail, it is-to be understood that the improved construction may embody such variations in detail structure as will fall with in the spirit of the invention and the scope of the appended claims.
1. A loose-leaf binder comprising, in combination, a chambered back having a plurality of compartments therein, shafts extending longitudinally of said back, a cover for one of said compartments, said cover being hingedly mounted on one of said shafts and having frictional clamping means cooperating with the other shaft, and a card holder on said cove-r.
2. A loose-leaf binder comprising, in combination, a chambered back having a plurality of compartments therein, shafts eX- tending longitudinally of said back, a cover on one of said chambers, and said cover being hingedly mounted on one of said shafts and having frictional clamping means 00- operating with the other shaft.
3. A loose-leaf binder comprising, in combination, a back, a plurality of compartments arranged longitudinally in said back, a hingedly mounted cover over an intermediate compartment, loose-leaf holding prongs arranged in the compartments adjacent said intermediate compartment, oscillatable rock shafts upon which said prongs are mounted,
and means including a screw for rocking.
said shafts to move said prongs into open and closed position.
4. A loose-leaf binder comprising, in combination, aback, a plurality of compartments arranged longitudinally in said back, looseleaf holding prongs arranged in two of said compartments, oscillatable rock shafts upon which said prongs are mounted, and means including a screw adjacent one end of said back for rocking said shafts to move the prongs into open and closed position.
5. A loose-leaf binder comprising, in combination, a chambered back, partitions in said back forming compartments, a movable COVel on one of said compartments, a pair of parallel longitudinal rock shafts mounted in said back, cooperating prongs mounted in spaced compartments on said shafts, and means including a screw adjacent one end of said back to rock said shafts to move the vide loose-leaf holding means, an arm on one end of each shaft, and a screw-actuated member engaging said arms to move and retain said cooperating prongs into or out o engagement with each other.
-7. In combination with a loose-leaf binder iii) having a chambered back formed with compartments having paper-holding means therein, a plurality of loose-leaf sheets, spaced extensions on one edge of each of said sheets, and each of said extensions having an opening therethrough to receive said paper-holding means.
8. A loose-leaf binder having a chambered back, a compartment therein having a hinged cover, loose-leaf holding means adjacent each end of said compartment, and means including a screw for moving said loose-leaf holding means into open and closed position.
9. A loose-leaf binder having a chambered back, a compartment therein having a hinged cover, loose-leaf holding means adjacent each end of said compartment, said means being mounted on parallel rock shafts, an arm on one end of each rock shaft, and screw means co-operating with said arms to effect rocking of said shafts to move the loose-leaf holding means to open and closed position.
10. In a loose-leaf binder, in combination, a chambered back, having a plurality of transverse partitions, a pair of longitudinal oscillatable rock shafts journaled in said partitions, co-operating prongs on said rock shafts, an arm extending at right-angles from one end of each rock shaft, a manually operable screw, a cross-head operatively mounted on said screw, and said arms engaging said cross-headwhereby the shafts are rocked to move the prongs to open and closed position upon manipulation of said screw means.
11. In combination with a loose-leaf binder having a card receptacle in its back, loose-leaf holding means on each side of said card receptacle, a plurality of loose leaves having openings therein for receiving said holding means whereby the leaves are held in the binder, and portions of said leaves, adjacent the edge having the openings, being cut away to provide for viewing said card receptacle.
12. A sheet for a loose-leaf binder having a compartment in its back, said sheet having spaced openings therein for receiving sheetretaining means mounted in said back, and a portion of said sheet, adjacent the edge having said openings, being cut away to provide access to said compartment. 7
13. In a loose-leaf binder for sheets having perforated extensions on one edge, means for engaging in said perforations, manually operable means for operating said first means, locking or releasing said sheets, and means in said binder fixedly spaced to receive said extensions therebetween whereby said extensions are retained in close association with each other.
14. A loose-leaf binder having, in combination, a chambered back, transverse partitions dividing said back into compartments, a pair of longitudinally disposed oppositely oscillatable rock shafts extending throu h said compartments, adjacent the side wa ls of the back, a curve prong carried on each rock shaft in the compartments formed on each side of an intermediate compartment, the prongs on each rock shaft cooperating with the companion prongs on the other rock shaft to provide sheet-retaining means in the respective compartments, a cover over the intermediate compartment hingedly mounted on one of said rock shafts, and means on said cover arranged to co-operate with the other rock shaft to hold said cover in closed position.
In testimony whereof I afiix my signature at 10 South La Salle Street, Chicago, Illinois.
AMOS J. GREEN.